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94. Give an account of either of the following periods of English History, mentioning the chief persons and events connected with it:

from 1500 to 1550.

(2) from 1650 to 1700.

95. State very briefly the occasion, the chief events, and the results of the following wars: the Thirty Years' war, the American war, the Peninsular war, the Succession war.

96. Give an account of the political and social state of England, (1) at the death of William the Conqueror, (2) at the accession of Henry VII. 97. Enumerate in succession the ministries which held office in England during the reign of George III., mentioning the leading features of the policy of each, and the chief persons who formed it.

98. Give an account of the circumstances under which the Union between England and Ireland was brought about; and state briefly the terms of the Union, and what have been its results.

3 hours allowed for Questions 99 to 106.

99. Give an account of the Mutiny at the Nore, the First Crusade, the Trial

of the Seven Bishops.

100. What do you know of Stephen Langton, Sir T. Munro, Bishop Latimer, Strongbow Earl of Pembroke, Lord Somers, John of Gaunt, Simon de Montford ?

101. Give an account of either of the following periods of English History, mentioning the chief persons and events connected with it :

·

(1) From 1550 to 1600.

(2) From 1700 to 1750.

102. State very briefly the occasion, the chief events, and the results of the following wars:-The Thirty Years' war, the American war, the Peninsular war, the Succession war.

103. Give an account of the political and social state of England, (1) at the death of William the Conqueror, (2) at the accession of Charles I.

104. Enumerate in succession the ministries which held office in England during the reign of George III., mentioning the leading features of the policy of each, and the chief persons who formed them.

105. Give an account of the circumstances under which the Union between England and Scotland was brought about; and state briefly the terms of the Union, and what have been its results.

106. Give some account of the following battles:-The Boyne, Saratoga, Dunbar, Evesham, Vittoria, Plassy, La Hogue, Shrewsbury.

QUESTIONS IN THE OUTLINES OF HISTORY. To Candidates for the situation of Clerk in the WAR DEPARTMENT.

OUTLINES OF HISTORY.

IN ALL CASES DATES SHOULD BE GIVEN.

1. Who were the contending parties in the following battles:-Marathon, Cannæ, Ilerda, Granicus, Charonea, Pavia, Vittoria, Marengo, Borodino, Megiddo ?

Describe minutely the circumstances and results of any three of them. 2. Mention any famous person or events connected with Alexandria, Troyes, Campo Formio, St. Jean d'Acre, Seringapatam, Toulon, Quebec, Elba,

Issus.

3 Sketch briefly the lives and characters of Pericles, Scipio Africanus the elder, Philip of Macedon, the Black Prince, Gustavus Adolphus.

4. What claim had William I., Stephen, James I., George I., to the English throne? Who were their immediate predecessors? What European Sovereigns were contemporary with any of them?

5. Mention the most important events that occurred, and the most remarkable persons who flourished, either between 1500 or 1550, or between 1 1700 and 1750 A.D.

6. Who were the parties and who the most remarkable individuals engaged in the following wars, what were their causes and results, and what were the most important actions fought in them?

The Peloponnesian War, the second Punic War, the Peninsular War,

the American War.

7. Give some account of the establishment and extension of the Turkish power in Europe.

8. Sketch briefly the history of the Peloponnesian War; mentioning the
states concerned in it on each side; its origin; the principal events
that occurred in it; the chief men who took part in it; its results.
9. Who were the contending parties in the following battles, and what were
their results :-

Marathon, Wagram, Naseby, Culloden, Zama, Granicus, Marengo,
Poictiers?

10. Describe minutely the circumstances of any three of them.

Trace briefly the causes of the rise and fall of the power (1) of Venice, (2) of Spain. At what period was each at its greatest height of prosperity? In what condition is each at present?

11. Draw a parallel between the war with Russia and any other war in ancient or modern history.

12. Give a brief account of the life and character of any three of the Popes. 13. Sketch briefly the causes of the great rebellion in England.

14. Sketch briefly the life and character of any three of the following_persons:-Vespasian, Mary Queen of Scots, Alcibiades, Francis I. of France, Frederic the Great, Henry VIII.

15. Name the English sovereigns of the House of Plantagenet. Whom do you consider (1) the best, (2) the worst, of them? Give reasons for your opinion.

The same, with the following alterations :

For Questions 11, 12, 13, substitute

16. Mention the most important events which occurred, and the most remarkable persons who flourished between 1700 and 1750. A.D.

17. Who were the parties, and who the most remarkable individuals engaged in the following wars? What were their causes and results, and what were the most important actions fought in them?-The Peninsular War, the Thirty Years' War, the American War.

18. Name the most celebrated victories of Alexander, and describe minutely any one of them.

19. Sketch briefly the leading events of the Second Punic War.

20. Write a short account of the life and times of Charlemagne.

21. Enumerate the leading English statesmen in the reign of William III. ; and write a short account of the life and character of any two of them.

22. Divide English history, since the Conquest, into periods; and state the grounds of your division.

23. What were the claims to the English throne of Stephen, Henry II., Henry IV., Edward IV.?

24. What was the question at issue between Henry II. and Thomas à Becket? 25. Give a short account of the policy and character (1) of Lord Strafford,

(2) of Sir Robert Walpole.

26. Who were the contending parties in the following battles, and what were their results: Evesham, Pinkie, Fontenoy, Maida, Albuera, Assaye? Describe minutely the circumstances of any two of them.

27. What Roman general conquered the northern districts of Britain ?-Give

some account of his operations.

28. When did the Danes first invade England ?-Give some account of King Alfred's operations against them. In what manner is he said to have gained intelligence of their counsels and plans?

29. On what grounds did Edward III. claim the throne of France? What battles were fought in his reign by the English against the French and Scotch respectively?

30. What was the claim of Henry VII. to the throne of England? Whom did he marry, and what children had he? What insurrections took place in his reign? Give a sketch of his character.

31. On what occasions were the following battles fought :-Bannockburn, Dettingen, Barnet, Culloden, Marston Moor?

32. What were the "Seven Years' War," the "Thirty Years' War," the "War of Succession," and the "Wars of the Roses?" State very briefly the nations so engaged in them, the nature of the dispute, and the result of the struggle in each case?

33. Enumerate in order the kings and the first twelve emperors of Rome. What forms of government prevailed at Rome under the republic? 34. On what occasions were the following battles fought:-Cannæ, Platæa, Granicus, Zama, Leuctra, Marathon?

35. What countries were comprised in the Roman Empire in the time of Augustus? Mention any countries which were added to the Empire at a later period.

QUESTIONS IN MODERN HISTORY

For Clerkships in the Office of the COMMITTEE OF COUNCIL ON EDUCATION.

[N.B,-In this examination History is not prescribed, but may be selected by any candidate who has made it his especial study," with a view of displaying his industry and intelligence.]

1. Enumerate the chief provisions of Magna Charta.

2. Plantagenet, Tudor, Stuart, Guelph. In what way did members of each of these families first rise to the English throne?

3. Give a character of Henry the Fifth of England before and after his accession to the throne, and a sketch of his campaigns and conquests in France.

4. Write a short life of Oliver Cromwell, and give some account of the relations between his government and the other European Powers.

5. Write short lives of Louis the Eleventh of France, and Charles the Rash

of Burgundy. Show how the character and policy of the one was

E

2

likely to strengthen, and of the other to weaken, his hereditary power, and state, if you can, the substance of the remarkable judgment passed on the character of Louis by Philip de Commines.

6. Write a short description of the life and manners in England in the time of Henry the Eighth or Queen Anne.

7. Explain the allusions in the following passages:

(a) "There was a Bishop of Winchester in King Henry the Sixth's "days. This bishop was a great man born, and did bear such a stroke "that he was able to shoulder the Lord Protector. Well! it chanced

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that the Lord Protector and he fell out, and the bishop would bear "nothing at all with him, but played me the satrapa; so that the "Regent of France was fain to be sent for from beyond the seas to set "them at one, and go between them."-Latimer's Sermons.

(b) "While England was agitated, first by the dread of an invasion, "and then by joy at the deliverance wrought for her by the valour of "her seamen, important events were taking place on the Continent. "On the sixth of March, William had arrived at the Hague, and had

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proceeded to make his arrangements for the approaching campaign. "The prospect which lay before him was gloomy. The coalition of "which he was the author and the chief had during some months been "in constant danger of dissolution."-Macaulay.

8 Give a sketch of the Thirty Years' War, mentioning the chief leaders on either side, and their fate.

9. Compare France under Louis the Fourteenth with England under Charles

the Second and James the Second.

10. From what great Russian family did Peter the Great spring? At what period in Russian History was the first of that family raised to the throne?

11. "From Macedonia's madman to the Swede:" Illustrate this line by describing the career of Charles the Twelfth.

12. State very briefly when, and with what result, the following battles were fought:

Stamford Bridge, Evesham, Stoke, Dunbar, Sedgemoor, Morgarten, and Morat.

3 hours allowed for Questions 13 to 24.

13. Trace the descent of the reigning sovereign of England from Henry VII. 14. Sketch the character of Henry VII. What were the leading features of his domestic and foreign policy respectively?

Compare the condition of England as to literature and arts during his reign with what it had been in these respects at the beginning of the century.

15. Describe the political state of Italy in the fourteenth, and of Spain in the

fifteenth, century.

16. Give some account of the war known as the Seven Years' War. What nations took part in it, and what were the objects which each sought to gain? Mention the treaty by which it was concluded, and its principal terms.

17. When were the Unions effected (1) between England and Scotland, (2) between Great Britain and Ireland?

18. How was each nation represented in the combined Parliament ?

19. What wars were concluded by the following peaces or treaties?-Give
the date and the most important conditions settled by them :-
Aix-la-Chapelle, Amiens, Bretigni, Cambray, Campo Formio,
Utrecht, Westphalia.

20. Write a short biography of the following persons:-Leo X., Gustavus Adolphus, Cardinal Richelieu, Lord Peterborough, the Emperor Charles V.

21. What was the Pragmatic Sanction? To what contests did it give rise? 22. Explain and state the origin of the terms Guelphs, Ghibelins, Montagnards,

Girondists, Whigs, Tories.

23. Explain fully the allusions contained in the following passage:

"At a time when Europe was outraged by the Duke of Bourbon's capture of Rome, when the children of Francis were prisoners in Spain, and Henry, with the full energy of his fiery nature, was plunging himself into a quarrel with Charles, as the champion of the Holy See"

24. Mention the dates, the names of the commanders on each side, the occasion, and the results of the following battles:

Marengo, Pavia, Pultowa, Minden, Hexham, Rocroi, Dettingen,
Salamanca.

Questions prepared for the "Final Examination" of Candidates for the COLONIAL OFFICE.

1. What causes led to the revival of the spirit of commerce in the Middle ages? Where was it first developed ?

2. What was the origin of standing armies, and what made them general throughout Europe?

3. Give a sketch of the political state of Europe in the reign of Queen Elizabeth.

4. What was the origin of the Thirty Years' War? Mention the names of the principal leaders engaged in it, and the terms of the treaty by which it was concluded.

5. When did the French monarchy first become powerful in Europe? Trace its growth.

6. Give the date and circumstances of the "Sicilian Vespers."

7. What is the Salic Law? In what countries has it been accepted? Mention instances in which it has operated.

8. What were the objects of the League of Cambray, the Partition Treaty, the Edict of Nantes, the Treaty of Tilsit?

9. Write a short biography of the following persons:-Lorenzo de Medici, Cardinal Ximenes, Mirabeau, Washington, Frederick the Great.

10. Mention the dates, the names of the commanders on each side, and the political results of the following battles:

Rocroi, Nancy, Pavia, Lutzen, Fontenoy, Jena.

11. What were the principal causes of the French revolution?

BRITISH HISTORY.

Set occasionally for the INLAND REVENUE.

1. Explain briefly how the political and social state of England was affected -(1) by the Crusades, (2) by the Wars of the Roses.

2. Mention any instances of struggles in the 12th, 13th, and 14th centuries between the ecclesiastical and civil powers in England, and state what measures were taken to control the former.

3. State distinctly the claims of the different aspirants to the throne of Scot

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