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A SYSTEM

OF

GEO G R A P H Y,

POPULAR AND SCIENTIFIC,

OR

A PHYSICAL, POLITICAL, AND STATISTICAL ACCOUNT

OF THE

WORLD AND ITS VARIOUS DIVISIONS.

BY JAMES BELL,

AUTHOR OF CRITICAL RESEARCHES IN GEOGRAPHY, EDITOR OP ROLLIN'S ANCIENT HISTORY,

&c. &c.

ILLUSTRATED BY A COMPLETE SERIES OF MAPS, AND

OTHER ENGRAVINGS.

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GLASGOW:
ARCHIBALD FULLARTON AND CO.;
W. TAIT, EDINBURGH; W. CURRY, JUN., & CO., DUBLIN;

SIMPKIN & MARSHALL, AND W. S. ORR, LONDON.

MDCCCXXXII.

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CONTENTS OF VOLUME SECOND.

SWITZERLAND.
Name-Extent-Boundaries, 1.
CHAP. I. HISTORY-Early History, 2-Struggle

with Austria, The Reformation, 5-Hel.
vetic Republic, 6-Recent Act of Confeder.

acy, 7.

CUAP. 11. PHYSICAL FEATURES-CLIMATE-PRO-

DUCTIONS AGRICULTURE. INDUSTRY AND

COMMERCE-Physical Features-Mountains,

7-Table of Heights, 8-Glaciers, 9-Ava-

lanches-Rivers, 10- Lakes, 11-Climate-

Productions Animals-Minerals, 12-Agri.

culture and Rural Industry-Industry and

Commerce, 13-Money, 14.

CHAP. IU POPULATION-MANNERS AND CUSTOMS

-RELIGION - LITERATURE-ESTABLISHMENTS

FOR EDUCATION-GOVERNMENT-Population-

Manners and Customs, 14Religion-Litera-

tureEstablishments for Education-Consti-

tution, 15.

CHAP. IV. THE CANTON OF ZURICH, 17.

CHAP, Y. THE CANTON OF BERNE, 17.

CHAP. VI. THE CANTON OF LUCERNE, 19.

CHAP. VII. THE CANTON OF URI, 20.

CHAP. VIL. THE CANTON OF SChweiz, 21.

CHAP. IX. TAL CANTON OF UNDERWALDEN, 21.

CHAP. X. TUE CANTON OF GLARUS, 21.

CHAP. XI. THE CANTON OF ZUG, 21.

CRAP. XII. THE CANTON OF PRYBURG, 22.

CHAP. X11]. THE CANTON OF BOLEURE, 22.

CHAP. XIV. TUE CANTON OF BASLE, 23.

CHAP. XV. THE CANTON OF SCHAFFHAUSEN, 23.

CHAP. xvi. THE CANTON OF APPENZELL, 24.

CUAP, XVII TAE CANTON OF ST GALL, 24.

CHAP. XVIII. THE CANTON OP TUE GRISONS, 21.

CHAP. XIX, THE CANTON OF AARGAU, 25.

CHAP. XX. THE CANTON OF THURGAU, 25.

CHAP. XXL THE CANTON OF TESSINO, 25.

CHAP. XXII. THE CANTON DE VAUD, 26.

CHAP. XXIII. TAE CANTON OF VALAIS, 26.
CHAP. XXIV. THE CANTON OP NEUFCHATEL, 27
CHAP. XXV. TUE CANTON OF GENEVA, 28.

NETHERLANDS

CHAP. III. CLIMATE-SOIL AND AGRICULTURE-

PRODUCTIONS-FISHBRIES-- MINERALS-Con-
MERCE-MEASURES–Climate, 45 Soil and
Agriculture, 46-Animal Kingdom-Fish.
eries, 47-'Minetals-Trade and Commerce,

48—Monies-Weights and Measures, 52.
CHAP. IV. POPULATION-MANNERS AND CUSTOMS

-RELIGION-LITERATURE-STATE OF EDUCA-
TION-Population - The Dutch, 53- The Bel.

gians, 55— Religion, 56%Literature, 58—

State of Education-Establishments for Edu-

cation, 60—Fine Arts, 61.

CHAP. V. GOVERNMENT-REVENUE-ARMED FORCE

-Constitution and Government, 61-Re.

venue-Armed Force, 64.

CHAP. VI. TOPOGRAPHY-NORTHERN PROVINCES-

PROVINCE OF HOLLAND-Physical Features-
Climate and Productions-Population-The

Hague, &c., 65—Leyden, 66–Rotterdam

Amsterdam, 67_Haerlem, 68.

CHAP. VII. THE PROVINCE OF FRIESLAND, 69.

CHAP. VIII. THE PROVINCE OF GRONINGEN, 69.

CHAP. IX. THE PROVINCE OF DRENTUE, 70. "

CHAP. X. THE PROVINCE OF OVERYSSEL, 70.

CHAP. X1. THE PROVINCE OF GUELDERLAND, 71.

CHAP. XII. THE PROVINCE OF UTRECHT, 71.

CUAP. XIII. THE PROVINCE OF ZEELAND, 72.

CHAP. XIV. THE PROVINCE OF NORTH BRABANT, 73.

CHAP. XV. SOUTHERN PROVINCES-PROVINCE OP

SOUTH BRABANT, 74_Brussels, 75.
CHAP. XVI. THE PROVINCE OF ANTWERP, 76-City

of Antwerp, 77.

CHAP. XVII. THE PROVINCE OF EAST FLANDERS-

Ghent, 78.

CRAP. XVIII. PROVINCE OF WEST FLANDERS, 79.

CHAP.xix, TÍLÉ PROVINCE ON HAULAULT, 40.

CHAP, XX. The provisce or Nama, 81. i

CHAP. XXI. THE PROVINCE OF LIEGE, 81.

Cuap. XXII. YIH POViace Of LIBURG, 82.

CHAP. XXIII, TILE PROVINCE OR GRAND DUCHY OF

LUXEMBURG, 83x

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1.-Louis VI.-Louis VII. 35-Philip II, and

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