40 miw FARTHINGS TABLE. PencE TABLE. SHILLINGS TABLE. d. d. £ 4 fgs. 1 12 pence.. 1 20 Sgs. . 0 5 20 1 10 6 12 24 2 2 0 7 11 30 2 6 50 2 10 2 36 3 0 60 3 0 9 21 40 3 4 70 3 10 10 21 48 4 0 80 4 0 11 50 4 10 12 3 5 0 13 31 70 5 10 10 14 31 72 6 6 0 15 33 80 6 8 130 6 10 16 84 7 0 17 41 90 7 6 150 7 10 18 43 96 8 0 160 8 0 19 4 100 8 4 170 8 10 20 5 108 9 0 180 9 0 21 51 120 10 9 10 22 51 130 10 10 200 10 23 53 132 11 0 210 10 10 24 6 140 11 8 220 11 0 To find the Pence in 144 12 0 any number of Far- To find the Shillings in To find the Pounds in things, divide by 4; any number of Pence, any number of Shillings, the quotient will be divide by 12 ; the quo- divide by20; the quotient Pence, & the remain-tient will be Shillings; will be Pounds, and the der, Farthings: the remainder, Pence. remainder, Shillings. Thus, 4) 27 fargs. Thus, 12)87 pence. Thus, 2,0)17,5 Sgs. 6.3 7.3 8.15 That is, 27 fgs.=63d. that is, 87 pence=7s. 3d thatis, 175Sgs. = £8.15s. TROY WEIGHT. By this weight are weighed Gold, Silver, Jewels, precious Stones, Liquors, and most other things of a fine or costly nature. THE TABLE. 1 Carat.... 1 Ounce lb. 1 Pound car. oz. Grains. 1 Carat. 5760 = 1440 = 240 = 12 = 1 Pound. The standard for gold coin is a mixture of 22 carats of fine gold with 2 carats of alloy. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. This weight is used for weighing Bread, Meat, Cheese, Butter, Groceries, Coals, &c., and most of the necessaries of life ; also all Metals, except Gold and Silver. THE TABLE. oz. 1 Pound.. lb. 1 Stone of Meat.... st. 28 lb. 1 Quarter qr. 4 Qrs. or 112 lb.. 1 Hundred-weight.. Cwt. 20 Cwt. 1 Ton..... T. 8 lb..... 16 = Drams. 1 Ounce. 1 Pound. 28 = 1 Quarter. 28672 1792 = 112 = 4 = 1 Cwt. 573440 = 35840 = 2240 = 80 = 20 = 1 Ton. APOTHECARIES WEIGHT Is chiefly used by Apothecaries and Druggists in compounding medicines. 20 Grains (gr.).. THE TABLE. ....... scr. dr. 1 Ounce.. oz. 1 Pound lb. 32. Divide 33. Divide 34. Divide EXERCISES. Quotient 94108 +9647 rem. There is a contracted way of performing Long Division (called the Italian method,) which differs only from the common method by omitting the several products. Erample. Divisor. Dividend. Quotient. 437 in 2875, 6; 6 times 7 are 42, 437) 2875961 (6581 42 from 45, 3 remain, carry 4. It is to be observed that 4 is supposed 2539 to stand before 5, that 42 may be subtracted; and whatever figure is 3546 supposed to be so placed, is always carried to the next. 6 times 3 and 501 4 carried are 22; 22 from 27, 5 re main, carry 2: 6 times 4 and 2 are 64 Remainder. 26 ; 26 from 28, 2 remain. Bring down 9. 437 in 2539, 5 : 5 times 7 are 35; 35 from 39, 4 remain, carry 3; 5 times 3 and 3 are 18; 18 from 23, 5 remain, carry 2: 5 times 4 are 20, and 2 are 22; 22 from 25, 3 remain. Bring down 6; 437 in 3546, 8: 8 times 7 are 56 ; 56 from 56, 0 and carry 5: 8 times 3 and 5 are 29 ; 29 from 34, 5 remain, carry 3: 8 times 4 and 3 are 35; 35 from 35, 0. LastlyBring down 1; 437 in 501, once ; 7 from 11, 4 remain, carry 1; 1 and 3 are 4; 4 from 10,6 remain, carry 1 ; 1 and 4 are 5; 5 from 5, 0. The quotient is 6581, and 64 remaining. Another Example. Proof Divisor. Dividend. Quotient. Multiplicand 74225 7285) 540729863 (74225 Multiplier .. 7285 The foregoing exercises, from No. 20 to the end, may be worked by the contracted method. Sg. 48 = 1 £ 960 = 240 = 20 = 1 A Half-Crown=2s. 6d. A Crown=5s. A Half-Sovereign=10s. A Guinea=21s. 12 Twenty-pences. 10 Two-shillings. 240 Pence. 8 Half-Crowns. 120 Two-pences. 6 Three-shillings & four80 Three-pences. pences. 60 Four-pences. 5 Four-shillings. 40 Six-pences. 4 Crowns. 30 Eight-pences. 3 Six-shillings & eight-pences. 24 Ten-pences. 2 Ten-shillings. 20 Shillings. All Accounts are kept in Pounds, Shillings, Pence, and Farthings. Note.-£ denotes Pounds. S. ...... Shillings. One Farthing. 4 fgs. I FARTHINGS TABLE. PENCE TABLE. SHILLINGS TABLE. d. d. £ .1 12 pence.. 1 20 Sgs. 0 5 11 20 30 10 6 11 24 2 0 7 11 30 2 2 10 8 2 36 3 0 60 3 0 9 21 40 3 3 10 10 2 48 4 0 80 4 0 11 2 50 2 90 4 10 12 3 60 5 5 0 13 31 70 5 10 110 5 10 14 31 72 6 0 120 6 0 15 31 80 6 8 130 6 10 16 84 7 0 17 41 90 7 6 150 7 10 43 96 8 0 160 8 0 19 43 100 8 4 170 8 10 20 5 108 9 0 180 9 0 21 51 120 10 0 190 9 10 22 5} 130 10 10 200 10 0 23 132 10 10 24 6 140 11 8 220 11 0 To find the Pence in 144 12 0 any number of Far- To find the Shillings in To find the Pounds in things, divide by 4; any number of Pence, any number of Shillings, the quotient will be divide by 12; the quo- divide by20; the quotient Pence, & the remain-tient will be Shillings; will be Pounds, and the der, Farthings: the remainder, Pence. remainder, Shillings. Thus, 4) 27 fargs. Thus, 12)87 pence. Thus, 2,0)17,5 Sgs. 18 6.3 7.3 8.15 That is, 27 fgs.=64d. that is, 87 pence=7s. 3d thatis,175Sgs.= £8.15s. TROY WEIGHT. By this weight are weighed Gold, Silver, Jewels, precious Stones, Liquors, and most other things of a fine or costly nature. THE TABLE. 1 Carat.... 1 Ounce lb. 1 Pound car. oz. |