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FARTHINGS TABLE. PencE TABLE. SHILLINGS TABLE. d.

d.

£ 4 fgs. 1 12 pence.. 1

20 Sgs. .

0 5

20
1 8 30

1 10 6 12 24 2

2 0 7 11 30 2 6 50

2 10 2 36 3 0 60

3 0 9 21 40 3 4 70

3 10 10 21 48 4 0 80

4 0 11

50
4 2 90

4 10 12

3
60
5 0 100

5 0 13 31 70

5 10
110

10 14 31 72

6
120

6 0 15 33 80 6 8 130

6 10 16

84
7 0 140

7 0 17 41 90 7 6 150

7 10 18 43 96 8 0 160

8 0 19 4 100 8 4 170

8 10 20 5 108 9 0 180

9 0 21 51 120

10
190

9 10 22 51 130 10 10 200

10 23 53 132 11 0 210

10 10 24 6 140 11 8 220

11 0 To find the Pence in

144
12 0 240

12 0 any number of Far- To find the Shillings in To find the Pounds in things, divide by 4; any number of Pence, any number of Shillings, the quotient will be divide by 12 ; the quo- divide by20; the quotient Pence, & the remain-tient will be Shillings; will be Pounds, and the der, Farthings: the remainder, Pence. remainder, Shillings. Thus, 4) 27 fargs. Thus, 12)87 pence. Thus, 2,0)17,5 Sgs.

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6.3

7.3

8.15

That is, 27 fgs.=63d. that is, 87 pence=7s. 3d thatis, 175Sgs. = £8.15s.

TROY WEIGHT. By this weight are weighed Gold, Silver, Jewels, precious Stones, Liquors, and most other things of a fine or costly nature.

THE TABLE.
4 Grains (grs.)

1 Carat....
24 Grains, or 6 Carats.. 1 Pennyweight dwt.
20 Pennyweights

1 Ounce
12 Ounces..

lb.

1 Pound

car.

oz.

Grains.
4 =

1 Carat.
24 = 6 = 1 Pennyweight.
480 = 120 = 20 = 1 Ounce.

5760 = 1440 = 240 = 12 = 1 Pound. The standard for gold coin is a mixture of 22 carats of fine gold with 2 carats of alloy.

AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT.

This weight is used for weighing Bread, Meat, Cheese, Butter, Groceries, Coals, &c., and most of the necessaries of life ; also all Metals, except Gold and Silver.

THE TABLE.
16 Drams (dr.).... 1 Ounce....

oz.
16 Ounces.

1 Pound..

lb.

1 Stone of Meat.... st. 28 lb.

1 Quarter

qr. 4 Qrs. or 112 lb..

1 Hundred-weight.. Cwt. 20 Cwt.

1 Ton.....

T.

8 lb.....

16 =

Drams.
16 =

1 Ounce.
256 =

1 Pound.
7168 =
448 =

28 =

1 Quarter. 28672 1792 = 112 =

4 =

1 Cwt. 573440 = 35840 = 2240 = 80 = 20 = 1 Ton.

APOTHECARIES WEIGHT Is chiefly used by Apothecaries and Druggists in compounding medicines.

20 Grains (gr.)..
3 Scruples
8 Drams...
12 Ounces.

THE TABLE.
1 Scruple....

....... scr.
1 Dram

dr. 1 Ounce..

oz. 1 Pound

lb.

32. Divide 33. Divide 34. Divide

EXERCISES.
8 37 0 4 6 9 by 700
3 6 9 4 5 7 8 2 6 9 by 38000
1 2 70 45 8 9 6 4 7 by 13,5 000

Quotient 94108 +9647 rem.

There is a contracted way of performing Long Division (called the Italian method,) which differs only from the common method by omitting the several products.

Erample. Divisor. Dividend. Quotient. 437 in 2875, 6; 6 times 7 are 42, 437) 2875961 (6581 42 from 45, 3 remain, carry 4.

It is to be observed that 4 is supposed 2539

to stand before 5, that 42 may be

subtracted; and whatever figure is 3546

supposed to be so placed, is always

carried to the next. 6 times 3 and 501

4 carried are 22; 22 from 27, 5 re

main, carry 2: 6 times 4 and 2 are 64 Remainder. 26 ; 26 from 28, 2 remain. Bring

down 9. 437 in 2539, 5 : 5 times 7 are 35; 35 from 39, 4 remain, carry 3; 5 times 3 and 3 are 18; 18 from 23, 5 remain, carry 2: 5 times 4 are 20, and 2 are 22; 22 from 25, 3 remain. Bring down 6; 437 in 3546, 8: 8 times 7 are 56 ; 56 from 56, 0 and carry 5: 8 times 3 and 5 are 29 ; 29 from 34, 5 remain, carry 3: 8 times 4 and 3 are 35; 35 from 35, 0. LastlyBring down 1; 437 in 501, once ; 7 from 11, 4 remain, carry 1; 1 and 3 are 4; 4 from 10,6 remain, carry 1 ; 1 and 4 are 5; 5 from 5, 0. The quotient is 6581, and 64 remaining. Another Example.

Proof Divisor. Dividend. Quotient. Multiplicand 74225 7285) 540729863 (74225

Multiplier .. 7285

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The foregoing exercises, from No. 20 to the end, may be worked by the contracted method.

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Sg.

48 =
12 =

1

£ 960 = 240 = 20 = 1 A Half-Crown=2s. 6d. A Crown=5s. A Half-Sovereign=10s.

A Guinea=21s.
A Pound or Sovereign, sterling money, is equal to
960 Farthings.

12 Twenty-pences.
480 Halfpence.

10 Two-shillings. 240 Pence.

8 Half-Crowns. 120 Two-pences.

6 Three-shillings & four80 Three-pences.

pences. 60 Four-pences.

5 Four-shillings. 40 Six-pences.

4 Crowns. 30 Eight-pences.

3 Six-shillings & eight-pences. 24 Ten-pences.

2 Ten-shillings. 20 Shillings. All Accounts are kept in Pounds, Shillings, Pence, and Farthings.

Note.-£ denotes Pounds.

S. ...... Shillings.
D....... Pence.
1

One Farthing.
3 Two Farthings.

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I

FARTHINGS TABLE. PENCE TABLE. SHILLINGS TABLE. d.

d.

£ .1 12 pence.. 1

20 Sgs.

0 5 11 20

30

10 6 11 24

2
40

0 7 11 30

2
50

2 10 8 2 36 3 0 60

3 0 9 21 40

3
70

3 10 10 2 48 4 0 80

4 0 11 2 50

2 90

4 10 12 3 60

5
100

5 0 13 31 70 5 10 110

5 10 14 31 72 6 0 120

6 0 15 31 80 6 8 130

6 10 16

84
7 0 140

7 0 17 41 90 7 6 150

7 10 43 96 8 0 160

8 0 19 43 100 8 4 170

8 10 20 5 108 9 0 180

9 0 21 51 120 10 0 190

9 10 22 5} 130 10 10 200

10 0 23

132
11 0 210

10 10 24 6 140 11 8 220

11 0 To find the Pence in

144
12 0 240

12 0 any number of Far- To find the Shillings in To find the Pounds in things, divide by 4; any number of Pence, any number of Shillings, the quotient will be divide by 12; the quo- divide by20; the quotient Pence, & the remain-tient will be Shillings; will be Pounds, and the der, Farthings: the remainder, Pence. remainder, Shillings. Thus, 4) 27 fargs. Thus, 12)87 pence. Thus, 2,0)17,5 Sgs.

18

6.3

7.3

8.15

That is, 27 fgs.=64d. that is, 87 pence=7s. 3d thatis,175Sgs.= £8.15s.

TROY WEIGHT. By this weight are weighed Gold, Silver, Jewels, precious Stones, Liquors, and most other things of a fine or costly nature.

THE TABLE.
4 Grains (grs.)

1 Carat....
24 Grains, or 6 Carats. 1 Pennyweight dwt.
20 Pennyweights .

1 Ounce
12 Ounces..

lb.

1 Pound

car.

oz.

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