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Yds
25
52
17
26
14
27

CLOTH MEASURE.

EXERCISES.
[33]
[34]

[35]
qrs. nls. Ells Eng. qrs. nls. Ells. Flem. qrs. nls.
2 3
26 3 2

24 2 1
1 2
17 2 3

17 2 3
2 1
25 3

15 1 2
3 3 16 1 2 16 0 1
1 2 28 4 3 34 2 3
2
14 2

9 1 1

36. Bought six parcels of cloth; the 1st contained 37 yds. 1 qr. 2 nls.—the 2nd, 54 yds. 3 qrs. 1 nl.—the 3d, 15 yds. 1 qr. 1 nl.—the 4th, 72 yds. 1 qr. 3 nls.--the 5th, 23 yds. 2 qrs.-—and the 6th, 31 yds. 2 qrs. 3 nls. How many yards were purchased ?

Answer 235 yds. O qrs. 2 nls.

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40. The distance from E to F, is 2 mil. 3 fur. 18 po.—from F to G, 5 mil. 1 fur. 25 po.—from G to H, 7 mil. 7 fur. 12 po.—from H to I, 8 mil. 3 fur. 31 po.—from I to K, 4 mil. 3 fur. 15 po. Required the whole distance from E to K?

Answer 28 mil. 3 fur. 21 po.

SQUARE, OR LAND MEASURE.

EXERCISES.
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[42]

[43]
Sq. yds. ft. in.

Acr. rd.
po.

Po. yds. ft.
175 7 104
28 1 34

5 171 3
38 3 29
17 3 14

2 25 6
47 5 75

10 1 27 1 131 7
156 8 131

74
19

4

85
81
76
63
31

3 7 235 2 24

55
38

6 121

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44. A gentleman had five fields; the first contained 4 acr. 3 rds. 25 po.--the 2d, 6 acr. Ord. 37 po.—the 3d, 3acr. 1 rd. 20 po.—the 4th, 7 acr. 3 rds. 31 po.—and the 5th, 10 acr. 1 rd. 17 po. What was the whole number of acres ?

Answer 32 acr. 3 rds. 10 poo

ft.

in.

CUBIC, OR SOLID MEASURE.

EXERCISES.
[45]
[46]

[47]
Yds. ft. in.
Yds.

Yds. ft. in.
35 18 35
706 22 91

5 16 939
17 5 21
437 16

3 25 1376
40 23 96
593 18 29

4 10
59 4 58
406 17 50

1 18 943
37 16 9
28 943

2 7 29
5 22 73
591 10 25

1 24 570

725

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51. A wine merchant sold 2 hhds. 15 gals. 3 qts. of Sherry.— 5 hhds. 43 gals. 2 qts. of Madeira. — 3 hhds. 7 gals. of Bucellas.—7 hhds. 53 gals. 3 qts. of Port-and 4 hhds. 27 gals. 1 qt. of Claret. How much did he sell in all ?

Answer 23 hhds. 21 gals. 1 qt.

[52] Hhds. gal. pts. 71 37 2 45 45

C DOVAN

BEER MEASURE.

EXERCISES.
[53]

[54]
Kil. gal. qts. Butts. hhds. gals. qts.
7 12 1

1 1 30 3 5 15 3

0 1

18 13 6 0

8 29 7 16 18 0 33 16 6 19 3 3

2 0 14 3 4 9 2

1 1 35 2 1 13 1

1 0 49 0 8 7

2 1 7 2

55. Received from a brewer the following quantities of beer, viz. 5 hhds. 17 gals.—3 hhds. 25 gals. 1 qt-1 hhd. 8 gals. 2 qts. 1 pt.37 gals. 1 qt. 1 pto—and 2 hhds. 5 gals. 3 qts. I demand the whole quantity ?

Answer 12 hhds. 40 gals.

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59. Purchased 50 qrs. 3 bus. 2 pks. of Wheat.—7 qrs, 5 bus. 3 pks. of Oats.—31 qrs. 6 bus. 2 pks. of Rye.—19 qrs. 4 bus. of Barley—and qrs. 7 bus. 3 pks. of Beans. What was the whole quantity ?

Answer 118 qrs. 3 bus. 2 pks.

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COMPOUND SUBTRACTION

Teaches to find the difference between two numbers of different denominations.

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Example. £

S. d. Begin with the lowest name, pence. 3 from 8, 5. 17 12 8 15 from 12 cannot be taken ; borrow 20, because 9 15 3 20 shillings=£1*; 20 added to 12, are 32; 15 from

32, 17. 1, that was borrowed, added to 9, are 10; 7 17 5 10 from 17, 7. The remainder or difference, is

£7. 17s. 5d.
Method of Proof is the same as Simple Subtraction.

d. Begin with the farthings. 3 farthings from 371 15 21 1 farthing cannot be taken ; borrow 4*, because 236 8 9 4 farthings=l penny ; 4 added to 1 are 5—3 from

5, 2. that was borrowed, added to 9, are 10; 135 6 41 10 from 2 cannot be taken-borrow 12*, because

12d.=1 shilling; 12 added to 2 are 14-10 from 14, 4. 1, that was borrowed, added to 8, are 9; 9 from 15, 6. The Pounds are the same as Simple Subtraction. The difference is £135. 6s. 41d.

EXERCISES.
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[2]
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[4]
£
£

£
d. £

d. 27 12 35 6 7 14 8 40 15 4 15 12 14

5 9 6 17 10

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s.

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* Note that you always borrow as many of the less as make one of the next greater denomination.

13. From £15. 13s. 9 d. take £8. 19s. 7 d. 14. From £172. 16s. 8d. take £94. 185. 10 d.

15. Borrowed £25. 14s. 11d., and returned in part £12. 17s. 63d. What remains due ?

Answer £12. 178. 4}d. 16. Lent a person £158. 13s. 9 d. and he has returned £79. 15s. 3 d. What remains due ?

Answer £78. 18s. 5 d. 17. Balance the following Sums.* £ d.

d. 471 18

175

3 03 26 17 21

28 17 51 375 10 03

1000 12 89 7 11

4 0 9 300 11 44

37 15 11 77 13 81

2 19 101 4 16 53

128 8 03 134 15 7

5 11 41

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94

les SAN

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Answer £98. 2s. 42d.

18. Required the balance of the following.

£ S d. 29 14 6 452 8 11

3 13 03 781

15 111 33 19 9 105 12 103

8 7 13 53 18 01 348 5 6

£
8.

d.
158 3 91
965 19 14
28 12 6

4 7 158 4

72 5 104 206 17 1 31 0 91 9 18 7 73

Answer £182. 5s. 2 d. 19. A merchant is indebted to A £253. 9s. 8}d.-to B, £87.13s. 101d. to C, £419. 15s. 11d.—to D, £148. 5s. 5ļd.—to E. £83. Os. 730.to F, £716. 14s. 7d.—to G, £29. 13s. 3ļd. ; but, upon examining his books, finds that A owes him £59. 4s. 6d.—B, £117. 2s. 11įd.C, £283. 16s. 8}d.-D, £179. 4s. 3}d.-E, £41. 5s. 94d.-F, £280. 10s. and G, £30. 175. 1 d. Is the balance in his favour? And how much?

• The difference between the Totals is the Balance.

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