Εικόνες σελίδας
PDF
Ηλεκτρ. έκδοση

PRACTICE

Is a Rule generally used in business, as a compendious method of performing the Rule of Three, when the first term is unity.

It is performed by taking aliquot parts of the price, and dividing those parts into the given quantity.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

1st. When the price is less than a penny.

Example. d. 1705 at 1 2. 12) 4261

Take aliquot parts of a penny,—divide

the quotient by 12, and by 20. This is the 2,0) 3,5.6

same as reducing farthings into pounds. £1.15.61

Aliquot means an exact part of a certain number—thus 1fd. is an aliquot part of a shilling (one-eighth); but 134 d. is not an aliquot part.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

2d. When the price is less than a shilling.

Example.
3795 at 4 d.

d. 4. •

1265
158.11

Take parts of a shilling ;-thus, 4d. is }, and įd. is of 4d. Add-and divide by 20 for the pounds.

2,0) 142,3, 11

Proof, another way.

3795 at 4 d. d. 3..1 948.9 11. 474.41

Here, 3d. is the of a shilling, and 1 d. is the į of 3d.

2,0) 142,3.11

£71.3.11

Example.

529 at 10d. d. 6. 1 264.6 3. 132.3 12.,

66.11 11.04

Here, 6d. is the į of a shilling,-3d. is the

of 6d.,-1]d. is the } of 3d.,-and įd. is the 5 of 11d.

[ocr errors]

2,0) 47,3. 103

NOTE.-In working Pratice, always take the parts to make the full money, before dividing each line.

£23.13 10

Proof, another way.

529 at 104d.
d.
6..

264.
6

Here, 6d. is the l of a shilling, 4d. is the 4.. }

176 . 4 .. 33. 03

} of a shilling, and i is the į of 6d.

This method is frequently shorter, but 2,0)47,3.104

requires care in dividing the proper line.

€23.13.10

7. 357 oz. at 1d.
8. 493 oz. at 11d.
9. 715 oz. at 1}d.
10. 307 oz. at 14d.
11. 948 oz. at 2d.
12. 742 oz. at 2 d.
13. 159 oz. at 3d.
14. 640 oz. at 3 d.
15. 541 oz. at 4d.

EXERCISES.

Answer, £1. 9s. 9d.
Answer, £2. 11s. 4įd.
Answer, £4. 9s. 43d.
Answer, £2. 4s. 9 d.
Answer, £7. 18s. Od.
Answer, £6. 19s. 1 d.
Answer, £1. 19s. 9d.
Answer, £9. 6s. 8d.
Answer, £9. Os. 4d.

16. 833 oz. at 4 d.

Answer, £16. gs. 8fd. 17. 1051 oz. at 5d.

Answer, £21. 17s. Ild. 18. 817 oz. at 54d.

Answer, £17. 17s. 5d. 19. 2143 oz. at 6d.

Answer, £53. 11s. 6d. 20. 574 oz. at 6 d.

Answer, £15. 10s. 11d. 21. 908 oz. at 7d.

Apswer, £26. 9s. 8d. 22. 635 oz. at 7 d.

Answer, £20. 10s. 1įd. 23. 1329 oz. at 8d.

Answer, £44. 6s. Od. 24. 617 oz. at 8 d.

Answer, £22. 9s. 10 d. 25. 574 oz. at 9 d.

Answer, £22. 14s. 5d. 26. 803 oz. at 10d.

Answer, £33. 9. 2d. 27. 476 oz, at 1044.

Answer, £20. 6s. 7d. 28. 359 oz. at 11d.

Answer, £16. 9s. 1d. 29. 645 oz. at 11 d.

Answer, £30. 4s. 8 d. 30. 1174 oz. at 11 d.

Answer, £57. 9s. 6 d. 3d. When the price is a certain number of shillings under 20.

[blocks in formation]

EXERCISES. 31. 723 dwts, at 2s.

Answer, £72. 6s. 32. 587 dwts. at 3s.

Answer, £88. ls. 33. 401 dwts. at 4s.

Answer, £80. 4s. 34. 928 dwts. at 6s.

Answer, £278. 8s. 35. 589 dwts. at 7s.

Answer, £206. 3s. 36. 615 dwts. at 9s.

Answer, £276. 15s.

38. 850 dwts. at 11s.
39. 783 dwts. at 12s.
40. 2057 dwts. at 15s.
41. 1416 dwts. at 18s.
42. 375 dwts. at 19s.

Answer, £467. 10s.
Answer, £469. 16s.
Answer, £1542. 15s.
Answer, £1274. 8s.
Answer, £356. 5s.

4th. When the price is shillings, pence, and farthings.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

EXERCISES.
43. 813 yds. at ls. 8d. Answer, £67. 15s. Od.
44. 275 yds. at ls. 103d. Answer, £25. 15s. 73d.
45. 408 yds. at 2s. 3d. Answer, £45. 18s. Od.
46. 1371 yds. at 2s. 9 d. Answer, £189. 18s. 9 d.
47. 937 yds. at 3s. 4d. Answer, £156. 3s. 4d.
48. 185 yds. at 3s. 7 d. Answer, £33. 14s. 5 d.
49. 433 yds. at 4s. 2d. Answer, £90. 4s. 2d.
50. 2079 yds. at 4s. 8 d. Answer, £487. 5s. 3 d.
51. 873 yds. at 5s. 6d. Answer, £240. ls. 6d.
52. 665 yds. at 6s. 3}d. Answer, £209. 3s. 114d.
53. 721 yds. at 7s. 4 d. Answer, £266. 12s. 4 d.

« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »