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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF NEBRASKA,

Article 1. Bill of rights. 2. Distribution of powers. 3. Legislative. 4. Legislative apportionment. 5. Executive department. 6. Judicial department. 7. Rights of suffrage. 8. Education, 9. Revenue and finance. 10. Counties. 11. Railroad corporations. 12. Municipal corporations. 13. Miscellaneous corporations. 14. State, county and municipal

indebtedness. 15. Militia. 16. Miscellaneous provisions. 17. Amendments. 18. Schedule.

ARTICLE I. Section Bill of Rights. 1. All persons are by nature free

and independent, and have

certain inherent rights. 2. There shall be neither slavery

nor involuntary servitude, ex

cept as punishment for crime. 3. No person shall be deprived of

life, liberty or property with

out due process of law. 4. Freedom of religious thought

and worship. 6. Freedom of speech.-- In trials

for libel, truth may be given

in evidence. 6. The right of trial by jury shall

remain inviolate. 7. Unreasonable searches and seiz

ures prohibited. 8. The privilege of a writ of

habeas corpus shall not be

suspended. 9. Excessive bail shall not be re

quired, nor excessive fines

Section

imposed, nor cruel punishment

inflicted. 10. No person shall be held for a

criminal offense, unless on in

dictment of the grand jury. 11. In criminal prosecutions, the

accused shall have the right to defend in person or by

counsel. 12. No person shall be compelled in

any criminal case to give evidence against himself or be twice put in jeopardy for the

same offense. 13. All courts shall be open.- Jus

tice shall be administered

without delay. 14. Treason against the State de

fined. 15. Conviction shall not work cor

ruption of blood. 16. No bill of attainder, or ex post

facto law shall be passed. 17. Military shall be subordinate to

the civil power. 18. The quartering of soldiers. 19. The people have the right to

assemble peaceably to consult

for the common good. 20. No person shall be imprisoned

for debt, unless. 21. Private property shall not be

taken for public use without

just compensation. 22. All elections shall be free. 23. The writ of error shall be a

writ of right in all cases of

felony. 24. The right to be heard in all

clvil cases in a court of last

resort shall not be denied. 25. Resident allens and citizens

have same right in property. 26. The enumeration of these rights

shall not be construed to imSection

pair other rights retained by the people.

be

or

ARTICLE II.

Distribution of Powers. 1. Legislative, executive and ju

dicial.

Section 16. It shall not grant extra com

pensation, nor shall the compensation of any public officer

ARTICLE III.

Legislative. 1. Legislative authority is vested

in the Senate and House of

Representatives. 2. An enumeration of the inhabi

tants to be taken every ten

years. 3. The House of Representatives

shall consist of eighty-four members; the Senate of thirty

members. 4. Members of the Legislature.

Their term of office and pay. 5. To be eligible to the office of

Senator or Representative. 6. No person holding office under

the United States, etc., shall be eligible to have a seat in

the Legislature. 7. When the session of the Legis

lature shall commence. The majority of members of each house shall constitute

a

increased diminished during his term of office. 17. The Legislature. shall never

alienate the salt springs be.

longing to the State. 18. State lands shall never be do

nated to companies, nor pri

yate individuals. 19. Appropriations for the expenses

of the government shall be

made. 20. What is to vacate an office. 21. Lotteries illegal. 22. No money shall be drawn from

the treasury, except by appro

priation. 23. Freedom of speech in debate. 24. When an act shall take effect.

ARTICLE IV. Legislative Apportionment. 1. Until otherwise provided for by

law, the senatorial and representative districts shall be as follows.

quorum. 8. Each house shall keep a journal

of its proceedings. 9. A bill may originate in either

house. 10. The enacting clause of the law. 11. Every bill and resolution should

be read at large at three

different days in each house. 12. When members shall be privi

leged from arrest. 13. No person elected to the Legis

lature shall receive any civil

appointment within this State. 14. The Senate and House of Rep

resentatives shall have the

sole power of impeachment.
15. The Legislature shall not pass

local or special law in any
of the following cases.

ARTICLE V.

Executive Department. 1. To consist of whom. 2. To be eligible to the office of

Governor, or Lieutenant-Gov.

ernor. 3. Treasurer shall be ineligible for

office for two years next after

two consecutive terms. 4. What shall be done with the

election returns for the offices

of the executive. 5. All civil officers liable to im.

peachment. 6. Supreme executive power vested

in the Governor. 7. Governor's message. 8. He may convene the Legislature. 9. In case of disagreement be.

tween the two houses, he may

adjourn them. 10. He shall nominate all officers,

etc. 11. In case of vacancy, how filled.

Section 12. The Governor may remove any

officer, etc. 13. He shall have the power to

grant reprieves and pardons. 14. He shall be commander-in-chief

of the militia. 16. Every bill shall be signed by

the Governor before it becomes

a law. 16. Lieutenant-Governor to act as

Governor, when. 17. He shall be president of the

Senate and only vote in case

of tie. 18. When the president of the

Senate shall act as Governor. 19. A Commissioner of Public

Lands and Buildings, Secretary of State, Treasurer and Attorney-General should form a board, which shall have general supervision of all

State buildings and land. 20. How certain State offices, if

vacant, are to be filled. 21. All moneys received and dis

bursed shall be accounted for by officers of the executive

department. 22. They shall report to the Gover

nor at least ten days preceding the regular session of the

Legislature. 23. The seal of State to be kept by

the Secretary. 24. The salaries of State officers. 25. They shall give bonds of at

least double the amount of money which comes into their

hands. 26. No other executive State office

shall be continued or created.

Section 3. At least two terms of the Su

preme Court shall be held each year at the seat of gov

ernment. 4. Election of judges of Supreme

Court.- Term of office. 5. They shall be classified by lot. 6. The judge having the shortest

term shall be Chief Justice. 7. To be eligible to the office of

judge of the Supreme Court. 8. The reporter shall also act as

Clerk of the Supreme Court,

librarian, etc. 9. The District Courts, their juris

diction. 10. The State shall be divided into

six judicial districts, as fol

lows. 11. The number of judges of Dis

trict Courts, etc., may be in

creased. 12. Judges of District Courts may

hold courts for each other. 13. Their salary. 14. No judge of the Supreme or

District Court may receive other compensation or per

quisites. 15. There shall be a judge of the

County Court.- His term of

office. 16. County Courts shall be courts

of record. - Their jurisdiction. 17. Appeals to the District Courts

and County Courts allowed in

criminal cases. 18. The election of justices of the

peace and police magistrates. 19. All laws relating to courts shall

be general and of uniform

operation. 20. All officers provided for in this

article shall hold their office until their successor shall be

qualified. 21. How offices are filled in case of

vacancy in the Supreme and

District Court. 22. The State may sue and be sued. 23. Jurisdiction of the judges of

Courts of Record. 24. Style of process.

ARTICLE VI.

Judicial Department. 1. Judicial power of the State shall

be vested in the Supreme, District and County Courts, and

justices of the peace, etc. 2. The Supreme Court shall con

sist of two judges, the majority of whom will be necessary to form a quorum.

Section 11. No sectarian instruction shall

be allowed in any school. 12. Reform schools.

ARTICLE VII.

Rights of Suffrage. Section 1. To be eligible as a voter. 2. Those who may not vote. 3. Every elector in the actual

military service of the United States, or of this State, not in the regular army, will ex

ercise. 4. No soldier or seaman of the

United States will be deemed a resident of this State be

cause stationed therein. 5. Electors privileged from arrest, etc. ARTICLE VIII.

Education. 1. A board of commissioners shall

be constituted for selling and leasing lands for educational

purposes. 2. All land and money bequeathed

for educational purposes shall be used in accordance with

the terms of such bequest. 3. Enumeration of perpetual fund

for common school purposes. 4. All other grants, gifts, etc.,

hereafter made to this State and not otherwise provided for, shall be used for mainte

nance of the common schools. 5. All fines, penalties and license

money shall be paid over to the counties for the use of

common schools. 6. The Legislature shall provide

for free instruction in common

schools. 7. The income of the school fund

shall be equitably distributed among the several school dis

tricts of the State. 8. Lands for educational purposes

shall not be sold for less than

seven dollars an acre. 9. All funds belonging to the State

for educational purposes shall

be deemed trust funds. 10. The general government of the

University of Nebraska, how vested.

ARTICLE IX.

Revenue and Finance. 1. The need for revenue shall be

raised by the levying of a tax.

Peddlers, auctioneers, etc.,

may be taxed. 2. What property is to be exempt

from taxation. 3. The right of redemption from

all sales of real estate for the nonpayment of taxes shall ex

ist in the favor of owners. 4. The Legislature shall have no

power to release any of the subdivisions of the State, nor the inhabitants from thelr

proportionate share of taxes. 5. The limit of tax to be assessed

by Congress. 6. Cities, towns, etc., shall have the

power to make local improve

ments by special assessments. 7. Private property not taken and

held for payment of the corporate debt of municipal cor.

porations. 8. The Legislature at its first seg.

sions shall provide by law for the funding of all outstanding indebtedness, at a rate of interest not to exceed eight

per cent per annum, 9. The order to examine and adjust

all cialms upon the treasury.

ARTICLE X.

Counties. 1. New counties shall not be formed with an

area of less than four hundred square

miles. 2. No county shall be divided with

out first submitting it to the

people. 3. There shall

be

no territory stricken from an organized county unless a majority of the voters therein petition for such division.

ARTICLE XIII.

Miscellaneous Corporations.

Section 1. No corporation shall be created

by special law, etc. 2. The street railways in cities

and towns before building must get the consent of a

majority of the electors. 3. All corporations may

sue and be sued. 4. In cases of claims against corporations, etc.,

the exact amount justly due shall first

be ascertained. 5. The Legislature shall provide

by law for the election of

directors, etc. 6. All existing charters or grants

of special or exclusive privileges under which organizations shall not have taken place within sixty days from the time this

Constitution takes effect, shall have ao

validity. 7. Every stockholder in a banking

corporation shall be respons sible and liable to its creditors, etc.

ARTICLE XIV.

State, County and Municipal

Indebtedness.

1. The State may, to meet casual

deficits in the revenues, contract debts

not

to exceed $100,000. 2. No subdivision of the State

Sectinn
4. The Legislature should provide

by law for the election of
such county and township

officers as may be necessary. 5. It shall provide by general law

for township, organizations,
etc.

ARTICLE XI.

Railroad Corporations.
1. Every railroad corporation do.

ing business in this State shall
maintain a public office in the

State.
2. Other particulars in regard to

railroads.
2. The rolling stock and other

movable property of a rail-
road considered personal

property.
3. Railroads, railroad companies

and telegraph may not consoli-
date with a parallel or com-

peting line.
4. Railroads are considered public

highways, and the Legislature
may establish reasonable

rates.
5. No railroad corporations shall

issue stock or bonds except

for money, etc. 6. The right of eminent domain

shall" never be abridged.
7. Laws shall be passed to correct

abuses and prevent unjust dis-
criminations in charges of
express, telegraph and rail.

road companies.
8. No railroad corporation, organ-

ized under the laws of any
other State or of the United
States, doing business in this
State, shall be entitled to ex-
ercise the right of eminent
domain.

shall make donations to any
railroad, etc., for works of

internal improvement. 3. The credit of the State shall

never be given or loaned.

ARTICLE XII.
Municipal Corporations.

ARTICLE XV.

Militia.

1. No subdivision of the State shall

be subscriber to the capital
stock in any railroad or pri-
vate corporation.

1. The Legislature shall determine

what persons shall constitute the militia of the State.

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