time, how many days was he spending the 1460 dols. and what was his whole income during that time ? . Ans. Income 2400 dols. 33. If 3 acres of land rent for 25 dols. for 1 year, what will be the rent of 12 acres, the same time? Ans. 100dls. 34. If 12 acres of land rent for 100 dols. how much will be the rent of 3 acres ? Ans. 25 dols. 35. If 100 dols. pay the rent of 12 acres of land, how many acres will 25 dols. pay for? * Ans. 3 acres. 36. If 3 acres rent for 25 dols. how many acres for 100 dols. ? Ans. 12. 37. If I am taxed 10 dols. for 50 acres of land, how much is the tax of the town, in which the land lies, for 23040 acres of land ? Ans. 4608 dols. 38. If 23040 acres of land be taxed 4608 dols. how much must be paid for 50 acres ? Ans. 10 dols. 39. a town's land tax be $4608, for 23040 acres, how many acres has he, whose tax is. 10 dols. ? Ans. 50. 40. If a man who has 50 acres of land, be taxed-10 dols. how many acres are in the town, whose dand 'tax is 4608 dols. ? Ans. 23040. 41. If £3 sterling be equal to 64 Massachusetts, how. much Massachusetts is equal to £ 1000 sterling? Ans. 61333 6 8. 42. If £1333-6 8 Massachusetts be equal to £ 1000 sterling, how much sterling is equal to 14 Massachu*setts ? 43. If £ 1000 sterling be equal to £ 1333 6 8; Masså-chusetts, how much Massachusetts is equal to £3. sterling? Ans. 64. 44. If £3 sterling be equal to £4 Massachusetts how much sterling is equal to £1333 6 8 Massachu.. setts ? Ans. L1000. 45. Required the value of 112C. 3qrs. 231b. of buttery, when 95C. Oqrs. 20ib. cost £88 16 8 ? Ans £1058 6. 46. If Iqr. 14lb. of merchandize coś! £2 15 9, what will 50C. 3qr's. 241b. come to ?: Ans. £ 378 16 8+ 47: What is the value of 3 hogsheads of brandy, containing one 61 gallons, one. 62, the other 62 galalons, at 65.-8d. per gallon ?: Ans. 261 10 & 48 If I buy 3. hogsheads of sugar,, weighing as folo Ans. £3. lows ; No. 1, 7C. 2qrs, 11]b. No. 2, 8C. Iqr. 10lb. No. 3, 9C. Iqr. 81b. at £ 1 17 4, per cwt. how much did the whole come to, and how much was it per pound ? £ 3 . Ans. The price per pound, 00.4. 49..A bale of merchandize weighed 300lb. its first cost was £ 15 4.9, duties 2d. per lb. freight 25s. porterage Is. ud. how much per pound must I sell it to gain 440. per. lb ? Ans. Is. 8d. ..50. Shipped off 350 casks of butter, weighing in the whole 546C. 2.qrs. !41b. cost 225. 6d. per cwt. paid duties 6d. per cwt. cooperage £ 2 16 01, boat hire 185. porterage £2 37 ; cellarage [ 3 4 7 ; I demand what 1 cwt. of said butter stands me in on board ? Ans £ 1 3 4. 51. Bought 3 sorts of brandy, of each an equal quantity ; one sort at 5s. per gallon, one at 6s, and the third at 7s. per gallon ; what is the average price per gallọn ? Ans. 68. 52. Bought 3 sorts of vinegar, of each an equal quantity, at 3d. 4d, 4 d. per quart, and mixed them together; what does a quart of this mixture stand me in? Ans. 4d. 53. Paid for 4 tons of tallow, £120 ; for 5 tons more, £ 150 5, and for 6 tons more, £ 192 10; what is the average price per ton ? Ans. £30 17. (54. Bought 102 bushels of corn, for $62,20, 140 -bushels more, for $70, 260 bushels for $143,90 ; having inixed the whole together, I demand the average cost per bushel ? Ans. 55 cents. 55. A cashier has £ 109 12, in divers species, which be exchanged for crowns, at 5s. 5d. and ducatoans at 6s. having an equal number of each, how many of each had he? Ans. 192. 56. A captain of a ship has 24000lb. of bread for 200 seamen, of which each man eats 4lb. per week, how long will the bread last ? Ans. 30 weeks. 57. In a fort there are 700 men, provided with 184000lb. of provisions, of which they consume each man 5lb. a week, how long can they subsist? Ans. 52 weeks, and 4 days. 58. If 25 men have lb, of beef each, three times in a Week, how long will 3150lb. last them? Ans. 56 weeks. 59. Suppose 150 seamen are provided with 984 gallons, and 3 pints of brandy, for 7 months, (each month 30 days) what is each share per day? Ans. I gill. 60. How many tiles of 8 inches square, will lay a floor 20 feet long, and 16 feet broad ? Ans. 720. 61. How many yards of cloth, 2 feet wide, will hang a wall that is 24 by 20 feet., Ans. 80 yards. 62. A piece of land which is 80 perches by 70, is to be divided into parcels of 20, by 14 perches ; how many parcels can there be ? Ans. 20. 63. How many tiles. of: 9 inches square will lay a floor of 50 feet by 20. Ans. 17771 64. How many stones of 10 inches long, 9 inches broad, and 4 inches thick, would be wanting to build a wall of 80 feet long, 20 feet high, and 24 feet thick ? Ans. 17280 stones. 65. If in 4 months I spend 3 month's gain, how much can I lay up at the year's end, if I gain £150, every 6 months ? Ans. £75. 66. If 840 eggs are bought at the rate of 10 for a penny, and 240 more at the rate of 8 for a penny, and sold the whole at the rate of 18 foi 2 pence, what is the gain or loss? Ans. 6d. gained. 67. If 30 yards of cloth cost £ 15, how much will a Dutch Ell come to, if 3 yards are equal to 4 Ells ? Ans. 7s. 6d. 68. A fountain has 4 cocks, viz. A, B, C, and D, and under the fountain stands a cistern, which can be filled by the cock A, in 6 hours ; B in 8 hours ; C in 10 ; and D in 12 hours. And the cistern has 4 cocks, viz. E, F, G, and H'; and can, when full, be emptied by the cock E in 6 hours, F in 5, G in 4, and Hin 3 hours. Suppose the cistern full of water, and all the cocks both in the fountain and cistern, ío be opened at the same instant of time, in what time will the cistern be empty ? Ans. 2383 hours. 69. A merchant shipped 400 cloths at £12 euch, for Spain, to have returns one bålf in wines al £30 per ton, and the other half in rice, at 28s.; per cwl. how much had he of each returned ? S 80 tuns. 70. Bought 3 score pieces of Holland for three times as many pounds, and sold them again for four times as many pounds ; but if they had cost as much as I sold 'them for, what should I have sold them for, to gain after the same rate ? Ans. £320. 71. If 21b. of pepper cost 25d. what will 60lb. of cloves cost, if 3lb. of cloves are worth 16lb. of pepper ? Ans. £16 13 4. 72. Bought 45 barrels of beef, at 2 is. Per barrel, among which are 16 barrels, whereof 4 are worth no more than 3 of the others ; how much must I pay ? Ans. £43 1. 73. Suppose a grey hound makes 27 springs, while a hare makes 25 (of equal length) and when they both begin to run, the hare is 50. springs before the hound, how many springs will the hound make before he overtakes the hare ? Ans. 675. 74. A sets out on a journey, and travels 27 miles a day ; 7 days after, B sets out, and travels the same road 36 miles a day ; in how many days will B .over-take A ? Ans. 21. 75. If 69C. Oqrs. 211b. cost £ 607 10, what quantity can I buy for 176 guineas and 2s. each guinea 23s ? Ans. 23C. Oqr. Zib. 76. If 325. 8d will huy 28lb. of galls, what quantity: can I have for £88 13 4. ? Ans. 13C. 2qrs. 8lb. 77. How many tons of merchandize can I have for £ 008 54 if 7 tons cost £285? Ans. 22 T: 2C. 1 qr. 71b. 78. If one sixteenth of a ship cost $ 1500, how much was the whole valued at? Ans. $24000.. 79. Bouglit a parcel of cloth at the rate of 6s. for 2, yards, of which I sold a quantity at the rate of 18s. for 5 yards, and gained as much as 18. yards cost, how ma.. mný yards did I sell? Ans. 90 yards. 80. If a hogshead of wine is sold for £:0, and 6 per cent lost, how much is the gain or loss per cent, when 5 hogsheads are sold for £45 10? Ans. lost 14 per cent. "}. 81. If one pound ten and 40 groats Will buy a load of hay, Note. After finding the value of the 20- loads in pounds, &c. the 19 crowns at 58. cach are subtracted from it, to obtain the answer above. 82. At 18d. a square foot, how much is the value of a piece of plank, which is 5 feet long, 21 feet wide at one end, and l { foot at the other ? Ans. 158. 9d. 83. A travels 24 miles a day; and 15 days after A sat out, B travels after him ; , how many miles a day must B travel, to overtake Ain 60 days? Ans. 30 miles. 84. What is the value of 14cwt. of coffee, at 1{ cent per ounce ? Ans. $40,32. 85. At $11,20 per cwt. how much will 20. 2ąrs. 131b. of wool cost? Ans. $29,30. 86. If I buy 8 bales of cloth, each containing 12 pieces, and each piece 27 yards, at 54. dols. per piece, what was the value of the whole, and of one yard? Ans. the whole 5184 dols. ; per yard 2 dols. 87. Bought 126 gallons of rum for $110, how much water must be added to it, to reduce the first cost to 75 cents per gallon ? Ans. 20 gallons. 88. If I sell coffee at 2s. 3d. per Ib. and gain 35 per cent, what did I give per Ib? Ans. 20d. 89. A grocer bought 4 hogsheads of sugar, each weighing net 9C. 3qrs.' 141b. at the rate of $11,50, per cwt. and 5 bags of coffee, each 100lb. at 27 cts. per How inuch did he pay for the whole, after having 25 per cent discount allowed on the price of the coffee, which proved to be damaged ? Ans. $555,50. 90. Suppose 2000 soldiers had been supplied with bread, sufficient' to last 'them 12 weeks, allowing each man 14 ounces a day, but on examining find 105 barrels containing 200lb. each wholly spoiled ; how much a day may each man eat, that the remainder may supply them the 12 weeks ? Ans. 12 ounces. 91. 2000 soldiers were put to an allowance of 12 ounces of bread per day, for 12 weeks ; having a seventh part of their bread spoiled, what was the whole weight of their bread, (good and bad) and ho much was spoiled ? SThe whole 147000lb. Spoiled 21000 1b. |