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A.

A.

NOTE. The first part of this table is commonly used by surveyors, but the second is the best, and easiest to calcuiate by.

EXAMPLES.
1. po.
A. t. po.
Ch.

Ch. 46 3 26 75 1 16 46 4 9000 41 5 4361 25 1 31 36 2 11 64 5 3631 37 2 9 73 2 15 41 1.21 57 6 29 11

5 61 64 1 17 75 3 34 73 99697

11 1521 53 0 13 24 2 23 53 5 999 58 45638 74 2 8 63 1 28 35 4 6368

627 9990 26 1 24 58 2 18 42 3 7089 99 4 9938

364 1 14

Liquid Measure. Liquid Measure is of two kinds, viz. Wine, and Beer or Ale Measure.

Wine Measure. The denominations of Wine Measure are expressed in the following

TABLE. 4 gills, marked gi. make I pint,

marked pt. 2 pts. or 8 gi.

I quart,

qt. i gallon,

ga. anchor of brandy, An. I runlet,

Run. 31 ga.

1 barrel,

Bbl. I tierce,*

Tier. I hogshead of wine, Hhd.

1 puntheon of rum or brandy, Pun. 2 hhd. or 126 ga.

pipe, or butt, Pi. 2 Pi. or-4 Hhd. or 252 ga. 1 tun of wine, or oily

T.

4 qts.

10 ga. 18 ga.

42 ga. 63 ga. 84 ga.

* Some casks are called tierces in the United States and elsewhere, which contain about 64 gallons.

The anchor and runlet are seldom used the UNITED STATES.

The wine gallon contains 231 solid (or cubic) inches, and is divided as above, into quarts, pirts and gille.

An. ga qto. 36 3 1 41 6 2 73 5 1 64 7 1 63 6 2 58 3 1 26 4 2

EXAMPLES.
Tier. 9. qts.

Hhd.

qt. 47 20 3 64 41 1 31 16 2 36 27 3 65 19 1 57 36 2 74 27 3 58 60 1 52 21 0 35 21 2 68 25 1 63 35 0 34 22 2 42. 26 1

Pu. ga. gts. 47 39 3 73 45 1 65 70 2 84 36 1 52 44 0 26 38 2 34 13 1

364 6 2

8 ga.

fi.

9 ga.

Beer and Ale Measure, Called, in England, Winchester Measure. The beer or ale gallon contains 282 solid (or cubic) inches ; the denominations of this measure are express: ed in the following

TABLE. 2 pints marked pt. make l quart, marked

qt, 4 qts.

1 gallon,

ga. I firkin of ale, 1 firkin of beer,

fi. 2 fi,

1 Kilderkin,

ki. 2 ki. or 4. fi.

I barrel of beer, bb. ale, ab. libb. or 54 ga.

I hogshead of beer, hhd.
EXAMPLES.

Had. ga.
BB. A. ga. at.
46 2 1 3

64 1 0 3 2 56 31 2
65 1 3 1
36 0 1 4 1

63 27 1
74 2 5 2

73 1 0 6 2 42 26 3.
46 3 4 1

56 O 1 4 1 37 16 1
53 1 70
35 0 1 4. }

43 22 1
34 2 5 2
63 1 0 3 2

36 2.5 2.
25 1 3. 1
26 0 1 1 1

57 26 o

AB. ki. fi. ga. qt.

346 3 3 %

Dry Measure. In a gallon, Dry Measure, are 268 solid (or cubic) inches, and eight tenths of an inch, expressed thus, 268,8

2 qts. % pot. 2 ga. 4 pe.

The denominations of Dry Measure are expressed in the following

TABLE. 2 pints, marked pt. make I quart,

marked qt. 1 pottle,

pot. 1 gallon,

ga. I peck,

pe. I bushel,

bu. 2 bu.

I strike,

str. 2 str. or 4 bu.

I coom,

Coo. 2 Coo. or 4 str. or 8 bu. 1 quarter of corn, qr. 4 qrs. or 32 bu. of England

I chaldron of coals, ch.

Sin London and 4 qrs. or 36 bu. make chaldron

the United States. Note 1. As there are 8 gallons in a bushel, and each gallon is 268, 8 solid (or cubic) inches, it follows that the cubic inches in a bushel are = 268, 8X8=2150, 4 cubic inches, or in words, thus, two thoasand, one hundred and Afty inches, and four tenths of an inch.

Note 11. This measure is applied to corn, seed, fruits roots, salt, sand, oysters and coals.

EXAMPLES.
bu. pe. ga. pět. gt.

th.' du. pe.
36 3
64 2 1 0

46 21 3
21 1
31 1 0 0 ]

31 19 1
482
73 0 0 1 1

65 %3 2
73 1
64 3 1 0 0

27 16 3
63 0
35 10 10

53 14 0
78 2
68 2 1 1 0

68 16 2
51 1
26 3 1 0 0

34 12.3

du. pe.

372 2

SUPERFICIAL and Solid MEASURES used by Mechanicks, are most easily calculated by Duodecimals ; under which head the learner will find a full explanation, for which reason they are omitted here.

Time. The denominations of time are expressed in the following Table.

TABLE. 60 seconds, marked sc. make 1 minute, marked m. 60 m.

I hour,

h: 24 h.

1 day,

d. 7 d.

I week,

W: 4'w.

1 month,

mo 13 m. 1 d. and 6 h. make 1 Julian year ; but 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 48 by some 57 seconds, make 1 Tropical year.

EXAMPLES.
mo. w. d.
mo. V. d.

h.
5 2 3
7 3 4

7 3 4 12 31 26
3 1 4
2 1 2

1 2 3 16 29 31
7 2 2
6 3 5

1 1 2 11 30 29
4 3 3
8 3 6

6 2 3 15.26 27
4 1 3
2 O 2

2 0 2 11 28 33
6 2 2
7.24

8 ] 3 7 30 28
2. 1 4
3 Ꮎ1

8 2 4 12 29 30

mo. y. d.

se.

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Note I. The Kalendar months in common use are not divided into weeks as the foregoing table expresses, but contain some. 30 days, some 31.; and February but 28 days, except in Bissextile (or Leap year,) when it contains 29 days, which is in years divisible by 4, without a remainder.

NOTE II. Seamen and soldiers are paid by Kalendar Months ; the broken (or fractional) parts of a month are computed at 30 days to the month.

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Motion.

Motion is a kind of measure by which astronomers calculate the places of the stars, planets, comets, &c; geographers, the situation of places as to latitude and longitude; and mariners their latitude and longitude

at sea.

The denominations of motion are expressed in the following Table

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11

60"

TABLE. 60 fourths, marked "I make 1 third, marked 60"

1 second,

1 minute, 60'

1 degree, 30.

1 sign,

S 12 s.

I circle of the zodiac, cir. Note. In adding signs, reject all the twelves, and set down only the excess over even twelves; as twelve signs complete the circle; bringing to the point counted from. EXAMPLE.

S The sun has passed the equinoxial point op 0.22.52 Mercury is east of the sun,

0.18 34 Venus is east of mercury,

10.05 36 Mars is east of venus,

0,22.07 Jupiter is east of mars,

9.28.52 Saturn is east of jupiter,

9.17.18 Required the longitude of Saturn, or its distance from m.

6,25.19

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"n,} Answer,

Questions to exercise Compound Addition,

1. A man bought a ship, paid £. 736.19.6 in money, and gave a note for the balance, which was £ 163.0.6. how much was the ship valued at ? Ans. £ 900.

2 A merchant bought sugar to the value of £ 350. brandy £. 256.9.7, wine £. 364.11.6. rum,

m, £. 536.9.4. how much did the whole come to ? Ans. £. 1507.10.5.

3. Three men bought a lot of goods, which they divided in such manner that A had to pay £. 36. 9. 6, B, £.73. 8. 4, and C, £.236 ; what did the whole lot cost?

Ans. £. 345. 17. 10. 4. Suppose I am indebted to A, twenty pounds, seven shillings, and four pence farthing, B, nineteen pounds, thirteen shillings and ten pence halfpenny, C, twelve pounds, fourteen shillings, and seven pence three 'farthings, D, twenty six pounds, seventeen shillings, and four pence farthing, E, twenty eight pounds, thirteen

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