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Fitzgerald, to different parties. When Russell was concealed, she came to F. and said, Russell wished to see him, that he wanted money to take him off. F. sent forty guineas to him by Miss Palmer, and either that day, or on the next, Russell was arrested ; but in the mean time, Russell sent a gentleman to F., and that gentleman said that Russell had received no message from him.

The gentlemen chiefly in Emmet's confidence were Allen, Long, Russell, Dowdall, Norris of the Coombe, J. Hevey.*

Mr. Putnam M’Cabet came over to Ireland first in 1801.

* A man of the name of Barrett, of Cutpurse-row, is said to have been a liberal contributor to the objects of the men of 1798 and 1803. -R. R. M.

# Of all the remarkable men on the public stage at the time, to my mind the most remarkable was William Putnam McCabe. He stands certainly next to Tone as an organizer. If Tone organized with rulers, ministers of state and generals, McCabe worked with the people, and kept the cauldron of United Irishmen seething sedition. If the lives of other members of the conspircy, strike us with reverence for the philosophy with which they met their fates, McCabe's life warms us into admiration at the romance which sustained his love of fatherland. To give a characteristic outline of a career which, to follow its neverceasing action, would fill volumes, is no easy task to the writer, nor one which ensures complete success to the subject. Born in Antrim, he was fortunate in having an upright, high-minded and patriotic father, who was a distant connexion of the American general Putnam, after whom one of his sons was named. McCabe became a United Irishman on Tone's visit to Belfast, and being gifted with energy

and speaking talent, was soon employed by the Committee, on missions among the people. He was inimitable as a mimic, quick-witted, of an audacity not to be overcome, and a courage quite equal to any emergency. As the task imposed on him was one of great danger, his chief desire was to attract the people without exciting the vigilance of the authorities. Thus we find at the commencment, that a “converted papist would preach the Word in a certain barn, and explain how he became convinced of the true doctrines of Presbyterianism.”

Of course a crowd collected, as they did on the docks in New York, or elsewhere, to hear some trumpeter blow himself and Christianity out. Dressed for the occasion, and with a voice to suit, young McCabe would knock down religion, leap on politics, and finally, swear in his auditory. McCabe became too marked an individual to stay long in Belfast. His fame had gone abroad, he disappeared, and turned up in Dublin, where he was well received by, and received new commissions from the leaders in the metropolis. At the trial of some “ Defenders” in Roscommon, an officer having a thorough English accent, appeared in the court-house attended by his sergeant. The officer was

He came over again in 1802 ; his wife followed him over about June, 1802 ; he stopped about a month at Long's. There was a subscription set on foot for him. M'Cabe wanted to borrow a sum of £300 to set up a factory in France. His wife went sometimes by the name of Mrs. Maxwell, and at other times by the name of Mrs. Lee ; she was then young and handsome. Long gave her letters of credit on England; she drew £250, and, besides this sum, Mr. Long gave her £500 in England when he went over.

“Mr. Long was arrested three weeks after the outbreak, August 13, 1803. He was in jail two years and seven months, never having been brought to trial. He was liberated the 8th of March, 1806.

"Fitzgerald was arrested the 23d of November, 1803, and was liberated the 1st of June, 1804. He was confined in Kilmainham, and Long likewise. Before Fitzgerald's arrest, he was visiting Mr. Long in Kilmainham, when Robert Emmet was brought into the jail he seemed greatly agitated. When he noticed Fitzgerald in the passage, he approached and shook hands with him, saying, “How is our friend Long, is he here ?After that Fitzgerald visited the prison frequently, and suggested to Robert Emmet a plan for his escape. tion was conveyed to him in a note describing the means to be employed. Robert Emmet returned an answer on the back of the same note, “I have another, and a better plan.' The turnkey, M'Sally, communicated to Fitzgerald his readiness to effect the escape of Emmet; he refused to listen to him, fearing treachery. The first proposition made to Emmet for a sum of money for the purpose in question, was made to him by M’Sally.

That sugges

led to a prominent seat. The trials went on. The first man, named Dry, was found guilty. The officer addressed the Judge, informed him he was authorized to attempt the forming of such rebellious characters as the prisoner into the army, and requested that his sergeant might confer with the fellow. Assent was heartily given. Dry looked at the sergeant who asked him “if he were willing to enter the service,” and enlisted. A second prisoner, through stupidity, was not so ready to enter the service, which somehow awakened suspicions in the mind of the Judge; but their principal actors had disappeared. McCabe it is needless to say was the officer. Hope, the sergeant.

He escaped the fate of most of the other insurgents, and died in France in 1821.-Abridged from Savage's '98 and '48.

Mr. Long died in 1814, aged 42, he was a native of Waterford, a Catholic; he was not married : his remains were buried in James's-street. Neighan indulged his military taste—he entered the British army—served with distinction on the continent-was at the battle of Salamanca 2—-wounded at Waterloo, and raised to the rank of captain.

CHAPTER VI,

A MONTH before the outbreak, two members of the Merchants' Yeomanry Corps, Messrs. Hawkesley and Rutherford, respectable merchants, were deputed, by their corps, to wait on Lord Hardwicke, to acquaint him with the intended revolt. An interview was granted, their representations were not believed. It was no wonder if they were not, for there, probably, had not been a week, for the last half century, in which the government had not received some alarming intelligence of an intended disturbance of the peace—a tumult—a riota conspiracy of some kind -or an insurrection.

Nevertheless, there are proofs on record, which cannot be denied, that the authorities did know certainly, for four months previous to the outbreak, that preparations were making for an insurrection ; the papers of Major Sirr, which will be found in the Appendix, can leave no doubt on that point. The parliamentary debates, in 1803–4, moreover, prove that the government, unquestionably, had a knowledge of the preparations. In all probability the British ministry had much ampler information on that subject from their agents in Paris, than Lord Hardwicke, at an early period, had in Ireland. The policy of the British minister seems to have been, to allow the conspiracy to go on, of which he held the threads in his hand, and therefore, could eventually count on its defeat, in order to derive the benefit which would accrue from the suppression of an abortive insurrection, and thus to deter the people from a future attempt at a time more unfavorable for England to cope with it, the moment so long apprehended, of an invasion of some part of the United Kingdom.

The persons of respectability, and those of influence among the middle classes in Dublin, and the adjoining counties, who were known to be associated with Robert Emmet in his attempt, were the following ;—Thomas Russell,* formerly Lieu

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We have arrested Russell,” said Lord Castlereagh, visiting the prison of Charles Hamilton Teeling: " Then,” said the latter, the soul of honor is captive.” Look at his picture drawn by a bold and delicate hand; “A model of manly beauty, *** Though more than six feet high, his majestic stature was scarcely observed, owing to the exquisite symmetry of his form. Martial in his gait and demeanor, his appearance was not altogether that of a soldier. His dark and steady eye, compressed lip, and somewhat haughty bearing, were occasionally strongly indicative of the camp; but in general, the classical contour of his finely formed head, the expression of almost infantile sweetness which characterized his smile, and the benevolence that beamed in his fine countenance, seemed to make him out as one who was destined to be the ornament, grace, and blessing of private life. His voice was deep-toned and melodious, and though his conversational powers were not of the first order, yet, when roused to enthusiasm, he was sometimes more than eloquent. His manners where those of the finished gentleman, combined with that native grace, that nothing but superiority of intellect can give.” Russell was born on the 21st of Nov. 1767, at Belsborough, Dunnahane, parish of Kilshannick, county Cork. He was entirely educated by his father, whom Tone described as being in 1790. “a veteran of near seventy, with the courage of a hero, the serenity of a philosopher, and the piety of a saint." Thomas being intended for the church, was made familiar while yet young, with the Greek and Latin tongues. But the cassock was thrown aside for the martial cloak, and we find him at the age of fifteen, going out to India as a volunteer, * * Having served for five years with such distinction as to recommend him favorably to the notice of Sir John Bourgoyne and Lord Cornwallis. He came home, in disgust, it was stated by a relation, his nature being shocked by being a witness of some “unjust and rapacious conduct pursued by the authorities in the case of two native women of exalted rank,” Tone met Russell in the gallery of the Irish Commons, their acquaintance commenced in an argument. — ** Russell was a whig, Tone soon shook him out of the delusion. From that period forward they were dear and bosom friends. ** He became a member of the first United Irish society formed in Belfast, and was arrested in 1796, and, with Samuel Neilson and others, brought to Newgate, in Dublin, where he remained until 1798, when he was sent to Fort George, in Scotland. ** He was liberated with others, in 1802, proceeded to France, thence returned to the North of Ireland, and had no sooner arrived than he devoted himself, with renewed energy, to the attainment of the object to which his dear friend Tone and himself had bound themselves, and for which the former •had died. He quickly followed that brave soul. Of the premeditated movement of Robert Emmet, Russell was a member of the Provisional Government,

tenant of the 64th regiment of foot; John Allen, of the firm of Allen and Hickson, woollen drapers, of Dame-street, Dublin; Philip Long, a general merchant, residing at No. 4, Crow street; Henry William Hamilton, (married to Russell's niece,) of Enniskillen, barrister-at-law; William Dowdall, of Mullingar, (natural son of Hussey Burgh, formerly secretary to the Dublin Whig Club); M. Byrne, of Wexford ; Colonel Lamm, of the county Kildare ; Carthy, a gentleman farmer, of Kildare ; Malachy Delany, the son of a landed proprietor, county Wicklow ; Thomas Wylde, cotton manufacturer, Corkstreet ; Thomas Trenahan, a farmer, of Crew-hill, county of Kildare ; John Hevey, a tobacconist, of Thomas-street ; Denis Lambert Redmond, a coal factor, of Dublin ; Branagan, of Irishtown, timber merchant; Alliburn, of Kilmacud, Windy-harbour, a small land holder ; Thomas Frayne, a small farmer, of Boven, county of Kildare ; Nicholas Gray, an at

rney, at Wexford, had been B. B. Harvey's aide-de-camp at the battle of Ross. There were, moreover, several

persons

of respectability, some of distinction, who were cognizant of his plans, and supposed to be favourably disposed towards them, but who took no active part in their execution. The persons in the humble ranks, who were looked upon as confidential agents by Robert Emmet, were the following :

James Hope,* a weaver, a native of Templepatrick, who

arose.

and General in chief of the Northern District. In this capacity, he issued a proclamation, dated July 24th, 1803, the day after Emmet's rising in Dublin. He was arrested on the evening of the 9th September. When brought before the authorities at the castle, he lost none of that firmness peculiar to him. All that was haughty in his nature

His lofty figure was erect, his face more beautiful than usual with the entire conviction of right that was moving his soul, before finding utterance. Balanced between enthusiasm and determination, and taking from each those emotional indications which the soul at such a moment both invites and grasps at, he looked the cavalier that he truly was: “I glory in the cause," said he, “in which I have engaged, and for it, I would meet death with pleasure, either in the field or on the scaffold.

Russell was tried and convicted at Downpatrick, on the 20th of October. * * He was executed the following day.–Savage's '98 and '48.

* James Hope, McCabe's sergeant in Roscommon, is a man who, irrespective of the relations he held with some of the most important revolutionary leaders, and which must embalm his memory; should ever command the fullest sympathy and most respectful honor,

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