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two daughters respectably, in Dublin. I saw them both, married women, and heard since, that they all went to London.
" The extent of the preparations in Dublin will never be fully known. Considerable quantities of gunpowder were sent to the country; and one stout party in particular, who had defied the power of government for five years, in the mountains of Wicklow, was amply supplied with ammunition and
“ Bernard Duggan, one of the superintendents of the Depots, informs me, that shortly after Mr. Emmet's arrival, a message came to him by one ‘Jemmy Hope,' of Belfast, to call on Mr. Emmet. Quigley had come over from France at that time : he had been one of the state prisoners of 1798. He (Duggan) is not certain whether Councellor William Henry Hamilton came over with Quigley, or before him. John Mahon and Thomas Wylde were sent down to the county of Kildare, to Naas, Maynooth, Kilcullen, and several other towns, to inform those whom they conceived might be depended on, that there would be a meeting of 'the friends of Ireland,' on Patrick's day, at John Rourke's* who then kept a public-house in Thomas-street. When the time fixed for the meeting arrived, about forty or fifty persons came there, and were waiting for the business to be opened; but some of the true men to the cause, who were firmly attached to Emmet, seeing some persons there, in whom they did not place implicit confidence, gave word to Emmet not to appear, and then caused it to be reported, that it was all a delusion. This account was also given to the several persons who came into town, and who were met in different parts of the city, before they came to the house ; so there was no meeting that day. Mr. Emmet began his active preparations, March 21, 1803, having got several of the most confidential men of 1798 to join him, and to assist in the work carried on in the different Depots, and in other capacities. Among them, were Michael Quigley, of Rathcoffy, who had surrendered in 1798, and had gone to France imme
* This poor man, John Rourke, now a comb-maker by trade, the brother of Felix Rourke, I lately found living in the greatest distress, with a large family, in the Liberty, in Dublin, in a place called Tripoli
. He bears à most excellent character. He lost his little property in 1798, suffered years of imprisonment, and came out of jail à ruined
diately after the peace of Amiens ; Bernard Duggan, Henry Howley, Edward Condon, George and Richard Eustace, Thomas Wylde, and John Mahon; occasionally Finerty, John Rourke, Christopher Nowlan, Owen Kirwan, Michael M’Daniel, Joseph White, M'Intosh, and the two Keenans. These men, and many others, assisted in the different Depots, in constructing pikes, making ball-cartridges, and several other combustibles. There was a Depot in Marshalsea-lane, at the rear of the Bull Inn, in Thomas-street (now the premises belonging to Fitzpatrick, a chandler). There was another Depot in Patrickstreet, another in Smithfield, another in Winetavern-street* (in an old building, formerly an inn, opposite Christ's Church), and another in Irishtown. There were no arms kept either in Winetavern-street or Smithfield. M'Intosh and the two Keenans, Kirwan and M’Daniel, were employed in Patrickstreet; Joseph White, in Thomas-street ; Burke, Duggan, Condon, and Quigley, visited the several Depots, as they were ordered, to see how the work went on there and elsewhere.
"Michael Quigley, of Rathcoffy, had been, in 1798, in business as a master bricklayer. Quigley, after having escaped from his pursuers for a long time, was at length taken. He made a full confession of all he knew of the affairs of 1798 and 1803. There was a stop to prosecutions, and no more innocent men suffered. He was imprisoned in Kilmainham till 1806.
“Henry Howley was a carpenter, born in the Queen's county; had been in the 1798 rebellion. It was he who shot Cornet Brown in Bridgefoot-street. Ned Condon, of Kildare, was a cabinet-maker ; he was the person who shot Mr. Dar
* One of Robert Emmet's depots, was located in Wine-tavern street, the appearance of which has been completely changed by the removal in the present century, of the entire of the western side of the street, together with other alterations in its southern extremity.—"The Streets of Dublin,” in Irish Quarterly Review.
† Nov. 1, 1803, Quigley and Stafford, who had been arrested about the middle of October, were arraigned pro forma, at the court of Oyer and Terminer, Green street. The trial was put off
, and on the following day Quigley was brought before the Privy Council, "and it is believed,” says tħe London Chronicle, “has given the fullest and most efficient information. He is said to have stood high in the confidence of Emmet." The London Chronicle, of the 17th of December, states, that Quigley had again been examined before the Privy Council, and also a young man of the name of Daly, from the county Kilkenny.
ragh, a justice of the peace, living near Athy. He came alone to Mr. Darragh’s hall door, mounted on horseback.*
"Joe White was a hedge-carpenter, from Rathcoffy. He was not in the 1798 business, and was never taken up. John Burke was a carpenter, from Naas. He escaped to America : he had not been in the 1798 movement. Dunne, a carpenter, of Naas, was never taken up. George Eustace, of Dirty-lane, roller-maker, was never taken up : he was not in the business of 1798. John Walsh, of Celbridge, a shopkeeper, taken up in 1803, escaped. Dick Eustace, of Naas, a carpenter, was not in 1798. The other occasional assistants, were men from Palmerstown and Prosperous. M’Daniel was usually employed in the Rocket Depot, in Patrick-street.
“In the afternoon of the 23rd, Mr. Emmet sent a sum of sixty guineas to pay for some arms, blunderbusses and pistols, which he had bought in Dame-street, and was in immediate want of. One of Emmet's confidential men declined going, on account of fatigue ; and then George M'Donnell, the man who was in the Patrick-street Depot when the explosion took place, when making the fusees of the rockets, (and drinking at the same time,) offered to go for the arms. He took the sixty guineas, and never returned more to the Depot with the money or arms. Even this contributed to the failure.
Pat Finerty, who turned approver, was a carpenter. After the business of 1803, he was on board the guard-ship, at Plymouth. Subsequently he was employed at Woolwich, where I lost sight of him ; but I suppose he sold the secret of making rockets to Congreve. The rockets were first tried near Irishtown where the railway now is : by Emmet and some of his companions, they went in a horizontal direction a great distance. General Coote was the first man who employed them in India. Emmet told me this ; and that he had improved on them, and another has improved on Emmet's, and
* Mr. Darragh of Eagle Hill, county Kildare, was one of the terrorists of the time. Musgrave, at page 193, gives an account of this atrocious act. Mr. Darragh is reported to have said, he would wade ankledeep in Popish blood, but denied, on oath, having said so. In March, 1798, a man rode up to him, in front of his house, and, on pretence of presenting him with a letter, drew a pistol, and shot him in the groin ; then drew another, and shot him in the back. He languished for a long time, and eventually died from the effects of the wounds he then received.
Congreve has improved on both. The rockets were of the same nature as those called Congreve rockets, but not so perfect. Finerty and Condon were employed a good deal in the making of the rockets, under Mr. Emmet's orders. after Finerty's arrest that he turned informer. I think that he would not inform, if he had not been arrested. Finerty was detained in the 'stag-house,' opposite to Kilmainham jail, a place for housing informers. He was to give evidence on Emmet's trial; but was not called.
“ At my return from Lisbon, many years after, I called one evening to see a friend of mine, that was master of arms in the Salvador Guard-ship, in dock at Plymouth, and the first man I met in the ship was Finerty, who affected to be glad to see me. I stopped awhile with my friend, and returned to dine next day; and when I came, found that Finerty had left the ship, and gone, I think, to Woolwich.
Counsellor Hamiltou was appointed, with one Smith, to raise the county of Fermanagh and county Cavan. Russell and James Hope were appointed to the county Down for the same purpose.
Mr. Nicholas Gray, an attorney, the aid-decamp of B. B. Harvey, at the battle of New Ross, for the county Wexford ; Dwyer for the county Wicklow ; Mr. Athy for the county Galway ; Quigley, Mahon, and Wylde, for Kildare ; others for different counties, all depending on the taking of Dublin. The quantity of arms and ammunition was very great ; a great quantity of ball cartridges, packed in chests, with various sorts of combustibles, about seventy thousand pikes and muskets, blunderbusses and pistols. 'A quantity of these were dispersed among different persons throughout the country, as well as in Dublin ; combustibles of various descriptions were prepared to blow up in the streets among the troops, when assembled. Most of the powder and ball was got from Mr. Hinchey's, but, as for the money, I cannot tell how, or where, it was obtained. Mr. Hinchey was a grocer, and lived at the corner of Cuffe-street, and was licensed to sell powder ; he got the balls run, or cast, in his own place, and a Mr. Byrne, of New-street, gave a good deal of ball.
ALL THESE PREPARATIONS WERE KEPT A PROFOUND SECRET FROM THE GOVERNMENT, AND THEIR ADHERENTS, until the very day of the turn out. On the Saturday-night week previous to the turn out, an explosion of some combustible took place in
the Depot of Patrick-street, which gave some alarm in the neighbourhood. Major Sirr came to examine the house ; previous to his coming, our friends removed the remaining powder, arms, &c., and all matters which were moveable in the place, notwithstanding some obstruction given by the watch
Other arms were secreted on the premises, and were not discovered until some time afterwards. It was concluded that the affair was only some chemical process which had accidentally caused the explosion.*
This unfortunate occurrence caused a premature rising, which proved abortive. It must be here remarked, that those in charge of the Depot in Patrick-street did not know or frequent the Depot in Marshalsea-lane, but those in Marshalsealane had recourse to the Depot in Patrick-street. * Mr. Emmet,” says Bernard Duggan,
“had three plans that would effect a revolution, without bloodshed, if put into execution, at any period ; and the reason that none of them · were resorted to was, the timidity of some of his own staff, or advisers—the general officers of districts and counties, such as Lord Edward Fitzgerald had to contend with.
* A few evenings before the outbreak, I was informed by Robert Emmet, I would be called on a very important service, namely, to make a prisoner of the Commander-in-Chief, who was in the habit of walking very early every morning on the Circular Road, in the neighbourhood of Kilmainham. I was to be accompanied by another person, and six more of our associates were to be stationed at a short distance, and to be ready, when called on, to lend assistance to me and my com
* The house was slightly injured by the explosion, it has been new fronted; I visited it lately, it is on the right hand side of Patrick-street going from Thomas-street, very nearly opposite Patrick's Church. There are very extensive vaults, and an entrance to the house, like all the Depots of Emmetis, from a dark Court or narrow lane.
+ The Depot at Irishtown, alluded to by Duggan, was in charge of a timber merchant, Mr. Thomas Brangan, who resided in that village. llis daughter, Mrs. Martin, informs me he was very intimate with Robert Emmet, and was engaged in the business of 1803. He had under his charge the district of Sandymount, the Rock, Merrion, and Mill. town, and the intended execution of the plan to take the Pigeon House. Robert Emmet was frequently at Brangan’s, and on several occasions they walked across the strand, when the tide was out, to take plans of the Pigeon House, and make other observations.