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95 Letter-opening at the General
177 Lewis, the ‘Crofter' Population of, 156
72 the Pains and Mitigations
257 Conical Growth of Trees, the, 326 | Little Bird' (or Two) has told me
Navy, a Good Plain, 288 Livingstone, Our Campaign at, 316
233 Llamas got to Australia, How
281 Modern Priests and Temples of
211 Duchy of Lancaster, the Queen Money-making and Money-makers, 193
and the, -
200 Month, the: Science and Arts-
79, 142, 207, 270, 351, 415
305 My Easter Holiday,
384 Friends who should be in the
170 Naval Volunteer Reserve Force,
211 Navy, a Good Plain Cook for the, 288
91. | Europe, the Cheapest Capital in, 397 New Lamps for Old Ones, - 147
Expenditure, Curiosities of Public, 110 York Bank-parlour, the, 250
127 Non-combatant, a Romance of a, 321
81 Noxious Vapours,
Following the Trail,
76 Gleanings from Dark Annals, 220 Our Campaign at Livingstone, 316
Head; and was he hung in The Steps He took to see the
311 The London Feast of Lanters, 267
381 Pains and Mitigations of Polished
Pantomime in Florence, the, - 284
Navy, a, 288 Parish Registers, Curiosities of, - 300
4 Patent-office, the, -
205 Growth of Trees, the Conical, 326 Pauper, Settling a : a'Curiosity'
of the Laws of England, 225
45 Peaks and Valleys of the Andes, 313
337 | Plants, the Sleep of,
81 | Poet without a Public, ,
281 the Llamas got to Australia, 340 Polish Subjects of Russia, the, 244
they supplied the Obvious Population of Lewis, the Crofter, '156
97 Postage-stamps -- The Stamp
28 Post-office, Letter-opening at the
189 Poultry-yard, My Friends who
should be in the,
218 a Passage from the History of Prince of Wales and the Duchy of
330 Princes of Wales and their
387 Problem of Transmutation Solved,
291, 398 the,
369 Prose of Battles, the,
15 Transmutation Solved, the Problem
413 Trees, the Conical Growth of, 326
272 Valleys and Peaks of the Andes, 313
31 Ventnor-My Easter Holiday, 305
353 | Victim to Science, a,
223 Voice from the Federal States, a, 36
264 Volunteer Reserve Force, the
45 Royal Naval,
291, 398 Sun, the Modern Priests and Wales, Princes of, and their
1 Swishem's, How they supplied the Water-cure-An Improvement on
19 Wearing the Hat before the
161 What a Little Bird' (or Two)
302 has told me about Himself, 209
401 Winter Weather, Canadian, 68
light, when my eye lit upon a dreadful writing on the A VICTIM TO SCIENCE.
wall, which I had not before observed : *Caution.On the very first morning, this autumn, that I Before a full bench of magistrates at Sandstone, on essayed to leave Sandstone for London at 8.50, I July 9th, Thomas Jones was fined L.2 and costs for missed the train by exactly two minutes and a half. smoking in a railway-carriage. No smoking is perIt was more than a mile from my new residence to mitted either in the carriages, or in any part of the the station (without adding in the 'miss,' which is company's stations. This was a sad blow, indeed, said to be as good as a mile'), so I did not think for it was drizzling enough to make the going out of it worth while to retrace my steps, but determined doors unpleasant. I sat down and stared at the to remain where I was for the 10.5 express. No sixteen-shilling trousers until I felt all legs. Then railway waiting-room with which I am acquainted I stared out of the window that looked towards the is a pleasant spot for the passing of spare time; but town. Upon the horizon appeared a black speck, the apartment devoted to that purpose at Sandstone is which, after a great length of time, developed itself peculiarly cheerless. One of its windows looks out into a man with an umbrella. He moved with all on a blank wall about a foot distant from it, and the the slowness and deliberation of a geometrical body; other on the straight, white, treeless road that leads the motion of the point produced the line, the motion to the town. The walls are decorated with the usual of the line produced the plane, the motion of the advertisements : that enormous Bed, with Sent Free plane produced a very solid old gentleman carrying by Post printed under it, with which the public is so a carpet-bag. terribly familiar; Mr Bass's inverted pyramid ; and I was not displeased to find that there was another the sixteen-shilling Sydenham trousers. There is a victim to unpunctuality as well as myself ; but being missionary-box on the mantel-piece, with a half-penny a person of conciliatory disposition, I observed : ‘I am in it; but that dropped out at the slit so easily, that afraid, sir, that you have arrived a little late for the it did not afford me the least satisfaction in attempting train.' to get at it. There is also a time-table in a neat black The stout passenger's palo face became florid for frame.
an instant, and his eye dilated with terror; but I felt as though I had entered one of those hair- immediately afterwards he replied, with deliberate dressing establishments kept by a female, where the calmness : 'You are mistaken, sir; I go by the 10.5. proprietress inveigles you into that awful back-room There are still five-and-forty minutes to spare, which of hers, with the remark, that the young man will is sufficient time, though by no means too much. You be with you in a minute,' which you both know will should be careful, however, in making such alarming be half an hour at least. The book-stall was closed, observations : you might cause angina pectoris.' and the man who kept it had fled away immediately
'I was afraid, sir, that you had missed the 8.50,' after the train had gone. The clerk had shut himself replied I; 'I failed to catch that train myself by but into his mysterious den, and nothing but fire would a minute or two.' induce him to open the same again for fifty minutes,
*Are you, then, one of those imprudent persons who I knew. The two porters were playing some game, endeavour to catch the train ?' observed the stranger with which I was totally unacquainted, with a lugs with unaffected pity. Permit me to present you gage-truck and a turn-table. There were no less than with a little work, the perusal of which may tend seven severe, uncompromising chairs in the apartment, to prolong a life which you are doing your best to but I was ignorant both of Low and Lofty Tumbling, shorten.' He selected a small yellow pamphlet from and could make nothing of them.
about a dozen others which he carried in a capacious My wife had been urging me to make haste all the inside-pocket, and placed it in my hand; its title time I was at breakfast, for fear I should miss the was, The Influence of Railway Travelling on Health." train. I now regretted that I had hurried myself. 'I give you that,' pursued he, ' upon condition that My memory hovered sorrowfully over the marmalade, you do not read it in the railway-carriage. “Under with which I had not concluded my repast, as usual; the most favourable circumstances,” says Mr White my regretful fancy fluttered muffinward. I drew my cigar-case from my pocket, and was about to strike a
Reprinted from the Lancet.
Cooper," there is on railways a vibration requiring of air in a full railway-carriage, capable of decomincessant efforts on the part of the muscles and posing the permanganate solution’adjusting apparatus of the eyes to follow the “The ticket-office is open, my dear sir,' intershaking words, and in proportion as the carriages rupted. La remark which had the desired effect of are ill-hung or the line rough, are these efforts great. immediately diverting the stout gentleman from his
atmospheric statistics. There can be no doubt that the practice is fraught
You go first-class,' said he, of course.
A good with danger.”. You will discover in that volume to deal of the impurity of the air is retained by the what conclusion the most eminent men of science woollen coverings, and is not given off, but oxidised have come upon the subject of catching the_train. in its place. In the second and third classes, also, "I have, like many others,” observes Dr Forbes there are often only boards to sit upon, and the Winslow,
removed my family during the summer vibrations are communicated directly to the system. season to a watering-place some fifty miles from An eminent chemist once counted no less than ninety London, and travelled to and fro night and morning thousand vertical movements in a railway-carriage by express train. I have been convinced that the between Manchester and London. The tendency of advantage of sleeping by the sea-side, and of an each of these movements is to produce more or less occasional day of rest there, was fully counterbalanced motion in the twenty-four pieces of which the human by the fatigue and wear and tear of mind and body spine is made up. Subject to concussions due to incidental to daily journeys over this considerable vertical movement and lateral oscillation, communi. distance. I went to bed at night conscious that I cated through the trunk, and actually transmitted by must rise at a given and somewhat early hour, or the bony walls of the head, when it rests against the miss my train. I am sure that this does not render back of the carriage, the brain is indeed apt to suffer. sleep more sound and refreshing; and every one Epilepsy ensues ; or- Now, there's a man I wouldn't sleeps best on the Saturday night, when this disturb travel with, on any account,' said the stout gentleman, ing element does not exist-since the next is the day interrupting himself hastily, and dragging me after of rest. In the same way, breakfast is eaten with this him into the carriage. Look at his wild eye! He necessity of being in time still on one's mind. Then, has evidently a predisposition to cerebral disease. It like every one else, I had to get the cab or carriage, is ten to one that he will go mad some day, and very and down to the station; to scramble for the likely destroy some of his fellow-travellers. morning paper, and get a seat.'
mad already, to be buying one of those cheap papers, It is impossible to render in words the gravity and the print of which is always dim and imperfect. That earnestness with which the stout gentleman delivered tall shambling-looking person, on the other hand, will this quotation. When he had concluded it, I was probably have paralysis; and even that would be about to reply, but he held up a plump finger, to disagreeable to a lady, or a passenger of weak nerves.' entreat my silence, got his breath again, after a short You draw a very frightful picture, sir,' said I, of struggle, and continued his discourse.
the dangers of Railway Travelling.' • Some of the worst cases of dyspepsia I meet 'I do not, however, overdraw them,' returned my with,” writes a gentleman, with large opportunities of companion. You will find them all, and more, in observation, “are amongst persons who habitually that little book. But observe for yourself the people hurry over their breakfasts to catch the train, and on that platform. Do you not see how gray and who have to work their very hardest in the day, that worn they are. They are habitual travellers, and the they may be at the station in time to get down to a habit has aged them, as you see.' late heavy dinner in the evening. Such people are dis- 'I have only just taken my house at Sandstone,' satisfied because the change into the country does not said I, “and therefore I have never seen any of them set them up, forgetting that even the healthiest person before. They seem, however, to be for the most part could not long bear the lives of regularly renewed elderly people.' excitement they lead-their meals, railway journeys, *They seem so, sir, but in reality they are nothing and their business all being done under a condition of of the kind. Travelling a few years since very freexcitement and a sense of racing against time.”) quently on the Brighton line,” observes one of the
I have never suffered any of these things myself,' leading physicians of the metropolis, “I became famisaid I, and I have travelled much.'
liar with the faces of a number of the regular passen* That is because you are fat,' returned the stoutgers on that line. Recently, I had again occasion to gentleman calmly. You will probably die of apo travel several times on the same line. I have had a plexy, without any previous warning whatsoever. large experience in the changes which the ordinary Dilatation and fatty degeneration of the heart are course of time makes on men busy in the world, and probably already going on within you.'
I know well how to allow for their gradual deteReally, sir,' said 1, 'these observations are most rioration by age and care ; but I have never seen any offensive; and permit me to add, that if I am inclined set of men so rapidly aged as these seem to me to to be stout, you are corpulent to rather an extra- have been in the course of those few years." ordinary degree.'
'I am myself a pretty constant traveller,' replied I, .Now, for goodness' sake, do not excite yourself,' and you really alarm me. I feel getting old while returned my companion ; 'motion and flurry are the you speak.' very worst things for a man of your habit of body. I 'I assure you, you look so,' observed my companion am quite aware that I am not thin, but I am by no with disagreeable frankness. “Only conceive a man means so stout as you think. I wear an abdominal of your size travelling without an abdominal bandage. bandage, as recommended by Dr Brown-Séquard, to Why, sir, I never move without all these things.' preclude any danger from locomotion. It is not quite The stout gentleman opened his carpet-bag, and disso safe as taking chloroform into the interior, but it is played a complicated apparatus such as I have seen less inconvenient. I wish I had a spare belt to offer you, put on by a professional diver before entering the but I have only one with me. In my carpet-bag, bell. ““ A small horse-shoe air-cushion" (like this), however- But I perceive there is only twenty says Dr C. J. B. Williams, “ around the neck of the minutes to spare.
I always secure a carriage for traveller, and another of larger size around the loins, myself, by payment of a crown a week to the guard; wonderfully intercept the noise and jarring motion of if you are willing to accompany me, however, you the carriages. All the motion and the worst of the shall do so. Two persons may occupy the same noise are communicated through the solid walls of compartment with safety; but beyond that, the the carriages, and the head and back leaning on them, experiment becomes most hazardous. Dr Angus feel the din and movement in proportion as they are Smith observes respecting the number of cubic inches imperfectly cushioned. Now, the air-cushion muffles