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Disease: L. dis, asunder; Fr. aise, ease; derived by some fr. Gr. aiʼsiðs, happy, lucky.... Efficient: I.. efficiens; fr. effi'cio, effec'tum, to make out; fr. ex, out, fa'cio, I make. Extirpate: L. exstirp'o, I root out; fr. ex, out, and stirps, stock, root. Gladiator: L. fr. gladius, a sword... Important: L. impor'to, I bear into; fr. im in, into, and por'to, porta'tum, to bear or carry along; h., com-port, de-port, ex-port, im-port, im-portunity, porch, port (bearing), portable, portal, porter, portico, portly, pur-port, re-port (to bear back), sup-port (sup = sub, under), trans-port, etc.: v. OPPORTUNE.
Individual: L. individ'uus, indivisible; fr. in-, not, dīvido, divi'sum, to divide; fr. di = dis, apart, and vid'uus, bereft; h., a-void, de-vice, de-vise, de-void, di-vide, di-vidend, di-vision, in-di-visible, void, widow (L. viďua), etc.... Police: Ľ. poli'tia, the State; fr. Gr. põl'is, a city; h., cosmop'olite, a citizen of the world (fr. kös'mŏs, world, and poli'tēs, citizen), inter'-polate (lit., to polish between; h., to foist in), metro-polis (fr. mē'tēr, mother, and pol'is, city; h., the mother-city), policy, polish, polite, politic, politics, polity, etc.... Posterity: L. poster'itas; fr. pos'terus, coming after; fr. post, after; h., posterior, postern (a back gate), posthumous, pre-posterous (having that first which ought to be last), etc. . . . Reluctant: L. reluctans; fr. re, against, luctor, I wrestle. . . . Salubrity: L. sălu'britas; fr. sal'us, health; h., salutary, salute, etc. Science: L. scien'tia; fr. sci'o, sci're, to know; sci'ens, knowing.. Seminary: L. semina'rium; fr. se'men, se'minis, seed; h., dis-seminate, etc. . . . Society: L. soci'etas; fr. so'cius, a companion; h., associate, dis-sociate, sociable, social, etc.
XXII.—THE TWO FRIENDS.
We talked with open heart and tongue,
A pair of friends, though I was young
We lay beneath a spreading oak,
Beside a mossy seat,
And from the turf a fountain broke,
"Now, Matthew," said I, "let us match
With some old border-song or catch
"If there be one who need bemoan
The household hearts that were his own,
My days, my friend, are almost gone,
"Now both himself and me he wrongs,
I live and sing my idle songs
And, Matthew, for thy children dead,
At this he grasped my hand, and said,
SELECT ETYMOLOGIES.-Approve: L. ap'probo; fr. ap-- ad, and prò'bo, I try or prove; h., dis-prove, im-probable, im-prove, probable, probate, probation, probe, probity, prove, re-probate, re-prieve (lit., to try over again), reprove, etc.... April: L. Aprilis, a contraction of a-peri'lis; fr. apèr'io, apertum, to open, April being the month in which the earth opens for new fruit; h., aperient, aperture, etc. . . . Beautiful: beauty and full; F. beau, fine; fr. L. bel'lus, pretty. . . . Fountain: L. fons, fon'tis, a spring. Reply: L. re'plico, I fold or turn back; fr. re and pli'co, I fold: v
1. CONVERSATIONAL power is a gift of birth. It is some men's nature to talk. Words flow out incessantly like drops from a spring in the hillside, not because they are solicited, but because pushed out by an inward force that will not let them lie still. We have known persons whose tongues ran from the rising of the sun until the going down of the same. One sentence ran into another as continuously as one link in an endless chain took hold of another link. We always marvel whether they do not wake up of nights and have a good talk by themselves, just for the relief it would give them.
2. From this extreme there is every degree of modification until we come to the opposite extreme, in which men seem unable, certainly unwilling, to utter their thoughts. Some men are poor in simple language. They have thoughts enough, but the symbols of thought-words-refuse to present themselves, or come singly and stingily. Others are silent from the stricture of secretiveness. Others are cautious and look before they speak, and before they are ready the occasion has passed.
3. In regard to language itself, the habit of reading pure English and of employing it every day is the best drill for a talker. People always act more naturally in their every-day clothes than they do when dressed up for Sunday, and the reason is, that they are unconscious in the one case and selfconscious in the other. It is so in speech. If one allows himself to talk coarsely and vulgarly every day and out of company, he will most assuredly find it not easy to talk well in
4. Habit is stronger than intention, and somewhere the common run of speech will break through and betray you. To converse well at some times requires that you should converse well at all times. Avoid all vulgarisms, all street colloquialisms, even when they are not vicious; for by-words and slang sentences amuse only while they are new. As soon as they become habitual they corrupt your language, without any equivalent in amusement.
5. On the other extreme, avoid magniloquent and highflown language of every kind. Nothing is more tedious than a grand talker. Everybody laughs at a pompous fellow who lugs into his conversation big words or pedantic expressions. The best language in the world is that which is so simple and transparent that no one thinks of the words which you use, but only of the thought or feeling which they express.
H. W. BEECHER.
SELECT ETYMOLOGIES.-Caution : L. cau'tio; fr. cav'eo, cau'tum, to be on one's guard. Colloquialism: L. collo'quium, conversation: v. ELOQUENT.... Company: L. com cum, and pa'nis, bread; h., pannier, pantry.. Magniloquent: L. mag'nus, great, lõq'uens, speaking.. Modification: L. modif'icor, I set a measure to: v. ACCOMMODATE.... Occasion: L. occa'sio, a falling out: v. CASCADE.... Pedant: a contraction of the Italian pedagogante, a pedagogue; fr. Gr. pais, pai'dos, a boy, ag'ein, to lead... Relief: L. rel'evo, I lift up; fr. re and lev'o, leva'tum, to raise; fr. lev'is, light; h., al-leviate, e-levate, leaven, levant (the point where the sun rises), lever, levy, levity, re-levant, relieve, etc. . . . Solicit: L. sollicito, sollicita'tum, to move violently, to stir up.
If thou shouldst ever come to Modena,
Pronounce Modena, mod'e-na; Reg'gio, red'jo; Orsini, or-see'ne; Ginevra, je-nev'ra; Francesco, fran-tshěs'ko.
"Tis of a lady in her earliest youth: