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Nor lacks he fit attendance; for close behind his heels,

Of all the wicked ten still the names are held accursed, And of all the wicked ten Appius With outstretched chin and crouching Claudius was the worst. pace, the client Marcus steals,

He stalked along the forum like King His loins girt up to run with speed, be the errand what it may,

Tarquin in his pride; Twelve axes waited on him, six And the smile flickering on his cheek marching on a side; for aught his lord may say. Where'er ye shed the honey the buzzing flies will crowd,

Where'er ye fling the carrion the raven's croak is loud,

The townsmen shrank to right and left, and eyed askance with fear His lowering brow, his curling mouth, which always seemed to sneer. That brow of hate, that mouth of scorn marks all the kindred still, For never was there Claudius yet but And wheresoe'er such lord is found wished the commons ill. such client still will be.

Where'er down Tiber garbage floats, the greedy pike ye see,

5. Macaulay then describes the seizing of Virginia by Marcus as she was passing through the market-place, the commotion among the people, and the spirited but vain appeal which young Icilius, the lover of Virginia, made to the people to rise and free themselves from the power of their oppressors. After a mock investigation, held by Appius in the Roman forum a few days later, the tyrant was on the point of taking possession of the maiden, when her father, who had in the mean time come from the army to protect his child, begged permission to take leave of her and speak a few words to her in private:


Straightway Virginius led the maid a

little space aside,

To where the reeking shambles stood,
piled up with horn and hide,
Close to yon low dark archway, where
in a crimson flood,

And then his eyes grew very dim and
his throat began to swell,
And in a hoarse, changed voice he
spake, "Farewell, sweet child, fare-

Oh how I loved my darling! Though
stern I sometimes be,

Leaps down to the great sewer the To thee, thou know'st, I was not so. gurgling stream of blood.

Who could be so to thee?

Hard by a flesher on a block had laid And how my darling loved me! How

his whittle down;

glad she was to hear

came back last year!

Virginius caught the whittle up and My footstep on the threshold, when I

hid it in his gown;

And how she danced with pleasure to

see my civic crown,

And took my sword and hung it up,

and brought me forth my gown! Now all those things are over-yes,

all thy pretty ways, Thy needlework, thy prattle, thy snatches of old lays

And none will grieve when I go forth or smile when I return,

Or watch beside the old man's bed or weep upon his urn.


"The house that was the happiest within the Roman walls,

The house that envied not the wealth of Capua's marble halls,


Then, for a little moment, all people held their breath,

And through the crowded forum was stillness as of death;

And in another moment brake forth from one and all

A cry as if the Volscians were coming
o'er the wall,

Till, with white lips and bloodshot
eyes, Virginius tottered nigh,
And stood before the judgment-seat
and held the knife on high.
"O dwellers in the nether gloom,
avengers of the slain,

By this dear blood I cry to you, do
right between us twain;

And even as Appius Claudius hath dealt by me and mine,

Now, for the brightness of thy smile, Deal you by Appius Claudius and all

must have eternal gloom,

And for the music of thy voice the

silence of the tomb.

The time is come. See how he points

his eager hand this way! See how his eyes gloat on thy grief,

like a kite's upon the prey! With all his wit, he little deems that, spurned, betrayed, bereft,

Thy father hath in his despair one fearful refuge left.

the Claudian line!"

So spake the slayer of his child, and
turned and went his way;
But first he cast one haggard glance
to where the body lay,
And writhed and groaned a fearful
groan, and then, with steadfast feet,
Strode right across the market-place
unto the Sacred Street.


'Stop him, alive or dead!

Ten thousand pounds of copper to the man who brings his head!"

He little deems that in this hand I Then up sprang Appius Claudius: clutch what still can save Thy gentle youth from taunts and blows, the portion of the slave; Yea, and from nameless evil, that passeth taunt and blowFoul outrage which thou knowest not, which thou shalt never know. Then clasp me round the neck once

more and give me one more kiss; And now, my own dear little girl, there is no way but this."

He looked upon his clients, but none
would work his will;

He looked upon his lictors, but they
trembled and stood still.
And as Virginius, through the press,
his way in silence cleft,
Ever the mighty multitude fell back
to right and left.

With that he lifted high the steel and And he hath passed in safety unto his

smote her in the side,

woful home,

And in her blood she sank to earth, And there ta'en horse to tell the camp

and with one sob she died.

what deeds are done in Rome.

10. The people gathered around the dead body, and when laudius attempted to disperse them a furious onset was made upon the lictors, who were driven back severely wounded and with garments torn in shreds. A rush was then made at Appius himself; but when the people could not reach him, owing to the crowd of his dependents who gathered around him, they resorted to other means of assault:

When stones began to fly,

He shook and crouched and wrung his hands, and smote upon his thigh: "Kind clients, honest lictors, stand by me in this fray!

Must I be torn to pieces? Home

home the nearest way!"

While yet he spake and looked around

with a bewildered air,

Four sturdy lictors put their necks

beneath the curule chair,

"Tribunes! we will have tribunes!"

rose with a louder swell;

And the chair tossed as tosses a bark with tattered sail,

When raves the Adriatic beneath an eastern gale;

When the Calabrian sea-marks are lost in clouds of spume,

And the great Thunder-Cape has donned his veil of inky gloom.

And fourscore clients on the left, and One stone hit Appius on the mouth fourscore on the right,

Arrayed themselves with swords and
staves, and loins girt up for fight.
But though without or staff or sword,
so furious was the throng,
That scarce the train with might and
main could bring their lord along.


and one beneath the ear, And ere he reached Mount Palatine

he swooned with pain and fear. His cursed head, that he was wont to hold so high with pride, Now, like a drunken man's, hung

down and swayed from side to side. And when his stout retainers had brought him to his door,

His face and neck were all one cake
of filth and clotted gore!
As Appius Claudius was that day, so
may his grandson be!

Twelve times the crowd made at him; five times they seized his gown; Small chance was his to rise again if once they got him down; And sharper came the pelting, and God send Rome one such other sight, evermore the yelland send me there to see.

SELECT ETYMOLOGIES.-Adhere: L. ad and hœ'reo, hæ'sum, to stick: v. HESITATE.. Betray: A. S. be and L. tra'do (=trans-do), trad'itum, to give up or over; F. trahir; fr. trans and do, I give; h., tradition, traitor, etc.: v. DATE. . . . Darling: A. S. deorling, dim. of deor, dear. Decemvir: L. de'cem, ten, vir, a man.... Disperse : L. disper'go, disper'sum, to scatter about; fr. dis and spar'go, spar'sum, to strew; h., a-sperse (a=ad), inter-sperse, sparse, etc. Forum: a market-place in Rome; fr. L. for'is, out of doors. Impeach: F. empêcher (ang-pā'shā), to hinder; supposed to be fr. the L. imped'ico, I entangle. . . . Infamous: in



not, and famous; fr. L. fa'ma the talk of the many; h., de-fame, etc. . . . Investigate: L. inves'tigo, I track; fr. in, upon, vesti'gium, a footstep; h., vestige. Moment: L. momentum, a balancing motion; a very small portion of anything; fr. mov'eo, I move: v. MOVE. . . . Oppress: L. op'primo, I press against; fr. op=ob and prem'o, pres'sum, to press; h., compress, de-press, ex-press im-press, imprima'tur (let it be printed), im-print, press, print, re-press, re-primand, sup-press. ... Plebeian: L. ple-be'ius ; fr. plebs, plebis, the common people. Presence: L. præsen'tia, a being before or in view; fr. prœ and ens, en'tis, p. pr. of es'se, to be. . . . Refuge : L. refù'gium; fr. re, back, and fù'gio, fu'gitum, to flee; h., centri-fugal (flying from the centre), fugitive, subter-fuge, etc. . . . Tribunal : L. tribu'nus, the chief of a tribe; fr. trib'us, a tribe. . . . Whittle: A. S. hwittl, a little knife.



THE bell strikes one. We take no note of time
But from its loss; to give it then a tongue
Is wise in man. As if an angel spoke,
I feel the solemn sound. If heard aright,
It is the knell of my departed hours.

Where are they? With the years beyond the flood.
It is the signal that demands dispatch;

How much is to be done! My hopes and fears
Start up alarmed, and o'er life's narrow verge
Look down-on what? A fathomless abyss!
A dread eternity! how surely mine!

Oh the dark days of vanity! while here
How tasteless! and how terrible when gone!
Gone? they ne'er go; when past they haunt us still;

The spirit walks of every day deceased

And smiles an angel, or a Fury frowns.

Nor death nor life delights us. If time past
And time possest both pain us, what can please?
That which the Deity to please ordained-
Time used! The man who consecrates his hours
By vigorous efforts and an honest aim,

At once he draws the sting of life and death;
He walks with Nature, and her paths are peace.


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