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July, established himself at the maritime prefecture up transfer of Buonaparte on board this vessel. The same to the 8th. Pressed by General Becker, who had been day a frigate of the station made preparations for sailcharged with escorting him till his embarkation, anding for England. by M. le Baron de Bonnefoux, the maritime prefect, “ On the 16th, the Bellerophon sailed at half-past to avail himself of every occasion offered by the wind one, in the afternoon. The nature and the direction of and tide, he at length decided on embarking in the the wind which has since prevailed, does not permit us to canoes which attended on him each tide, and repaired, suppose that she can arrive off the coast of England beat ten o'clock in the evening, on board the Saal, and fore the night between the 19th and 20th. ordered his suite to be distributed on board this frigate
“On the 17th, the maritime prefect of Rochefort adand the Meduse.
dressed to the troops and marines under his orders a “ On the morning of the 9th, he disembarked on the proclamation, announcing the return of his majesty to Isle of Aix, and visited its fortifications.
Paris with the acclamations of the inhabitants, and pre“On the 10th, the winds were favourable for getting scribed the white cockade to be worn, &c. out; but the English cruiser and the moon-light left the “ Your excellency will find subjoined a copy of a frigates but little hope of escaping.
letter, addressed by Napoleon to the Prince Regent of * From the 10th to the 11th, Buonaparte sent Gene- England, which must have reached his royal highness rals Savary and Las Cases on board the English vessel by means of the English station. Bellerophon with a flag of truce. They returned on the
“I entreat, &c. llth.
“ The capitaine de fregate,
H. De REgiNY." “ Between the 11th and the 12th, Napoleon learned from his brother Joseph the dissolution of the chan The following letter, written by Buonaparte to the bers, and the entry of the king into Paris. Up to this Prince Regent, was sent to London with the despatches, moment Buonaparte had often announced an opinion announcing the fact of his surrender to Captain Maitthat the chambers would recall him; whether he thus land :wished to impose on the authorities who surrounded him, or really entertained the hope.
“ Altesse ROYALE, “On the 12th, he descended on the Island of Aix, “ En butte aux factions que divisent mon pays, et à with his suite and his baggage; and, on the night be- l'inimitie des plus grandes puissances de l'Europe, j'ai tween the 12th and 13th, two half-decked long-boats terminé ma carrière politique, et je viens, comme The-, arrived there from La Rochelle. It appears that Napo- mistocle, m'asseoir sur les foyers du peuple Britannique, leon bad caused them to be purchased, in the intention Je me mets sous la protection de ses lois, qui je reof embarking in them, and endeavouring to gain, by clame de V. A. R. comme le plus puissant, le plus confavour of the night, a Danish smack, with which, it is stant, et le plus genereux, de mes ennemis. supposed, he had been in treaty, and which was to
“ NAPOLEON." look for him at thirty or forty leagues out at sea. It is not known why he did not avail bimself of these dis
Translation. positions: they undoubtedly appeared too hazardous * Royal Highness, to him.
Exposed to the factions which divide my country, "In the night, between the 13th and 14th, he re- and to the enmity of the great powers of Europe, I paired on board the French brig l'Epervier; and, on bave terminated my political career, and I come, like the evening of the 14th, General Becker, who had been Themistocles, to throw myself on the hospitality of the sent on a truce to the English station, having returned, British 'nation. I place myself under the safeguard of Napoleon ordered his suite and his baggage to be em-their laws, and claim the protection of your royal highbarked on board the l'Epervier.
ness, the most powerful, the most constant, and the “On the morning of the 15th, this vessel was per- most generous, of my enemies. ceived setting sail, with a flag of truce, towards the
“ NAPOLEON." admiral's ship; the state of the sea not permitting him to approach rapidly, the English transports came to “ The allusion in this letter to the illustrious Athemeet him, and transported the passengers on board the nian," says an interesting writer, “has been justly , Belleropbon. In this circumstance, Lieutenant de censured as puerile and absurd. There is little similarity Vaisseau Jourdan, commanding the l’Epervier, con- between the surrender of Themistocles and that of ceived it his duty to demand, and obtained, from the Buonaparte. The former had been the saviour of his captain of the Bellerophon, a written attestation of the country, and had made her mistress of Greece. In the
very zenith of her prosperity, she became ungrateful to to make France the mistress of the world, and to con her benefactor, and doomed him to perpetual banish- tribute to her internal embellishment, while he estabment. Having sought in vain a safe retreat among the lished her external power. In the accomplishment of Grecian republics, and in the harbours of Thrace, he these objects both were equally careless of the justice threw himself on the generosity of a monarch whose or honesty of the means. The total disregard of BuoApets he had defeated, and whose father he had de- naparte for all the precepts of morality needs no proof. struyed.
Themistocles, fearing that the advance of the Persian “Buonaparte had once made France the mistress of monarch might prove irresistible, sent an agent to his Europe; but, while she maintained her bigh estate, her camp, secretly to intimate that Themistocles was anxigratitude knew no bounds. She unreluctantly surren ous for his safety, and advised him to retreat ere it was dered to bim her liberties, her treasure, and the blood of tro late. The Persian halted in his career, bis project her children. It was when he had become the destroyer was blasted, and Greece was saved. When he was unof his country, when he had laid her prostrate before able otherwise to mould the people to his will, he imthe bayonets of foreigners, that she was compelled to piously tampered with the ministers of religion, and chase him from her soil as the bane of her prosperity dictated the oracles and auguries that he wished; and, and her peace. Themistocles sought refuge with a mo- to close his list of crimes, he secretly counselled the narch whom he had humbled, and over whom he had Athenians to burn the fleet of their allies, then peace. uniformly triumphed; Buonaparte fled to a people by ably anchored in the Piræus, and thus render Athens whom he had been repeatedly vanquished, whose glory mistress of the seas. he had contributed to exalt, and who had lately borne " In other respects, the coincidence is curious. Both the principal share in hurling him from the throne of were born of obscure parents; both shunned the sopower. Themistocles shewed much courage in surren- ciety of their youthful companions, and both have been dering himself to an arbitrary monarch, whose pride sacrificed to the suspicions and apprehensions of the he had so severely humbled, and whose revenge he enemies of their country." had cause to dread ; Buonaparte, vanquished and pow It is worthy of. remark, that the letter addressed to erless, had no outrage to fear from those whose glory the Prince Regent was signed Napoleon ; which affords was so intimately connected with their opposition to one convincing proof that the Corsican still considered hira, and whose proudest characteristic it was to spare himself a potentate, notwithstanding his professed dea fallen foe.
sire of residing in England, as a private individual. "There was, however, a similarity between Themis- Indeed this was sufficiently obvious, from the profound tocles and Buonaparte, of which the latter probably respect with which he was still treated by his retinue; was not aware himself, and which is not a little curious. none of wliom ventured to approach him, but at his Theunistocles has been described by Plutarch as ambi- invitation, or attempted to speak to him without being tious of glory and enterprise. No one will deny that uncovered. ambition and the love of enterprise have been the lead When the Bellerophon weighed and set sail for Enging traits in the character of Buonaparte. It is said of land, Buonaparte remained on deck, taking particular Themistocles, that, in the midst of adversity, be pos- notice of the manner of making sail and tacking ship. sessed resources which could enable him to regain his He observed that the latter manæuvre was differently splendour, and even to command fortune. In the ra- performed in French ships. He spoke much concernpidity with which Buonaparte recovered from the losses ing the battles of the Nile and Trafalgar, frequently of the Russian campaign,-in the struggle which he mentioning the name of Lord Nelson with approbation. maintained with all the powers of Europe, even in the He also asked several questions of the officers, relative very heart of France, at the close of which, had it not to the different braces, haulyards, topsails, &c. been for his infamous duplicity, he would have been As soon as the arrival of the Bellerophon at Torbay recognised Emperor of France, and would have ruled was announced, it became the centre of attraction; and over an extent of territory of which even Louis XIV. every one manifested an anxiety to behold the inost could not boast,--and, in the rapidity with which he extraordinary character of modern times. In conseoverthrew the Bourbons, and resumed the sceptre that quence, numerous parties set out in boats, in order to had been wrested from his gripe, we behold the full | obtain a view of him, and, though they were not perdisplay of resources which could even command for- mitted to come alongside, it was calculated not less tune. The ambition of Themistocles was directed to than one thousand put off daily. the aggrandisement of his country; and surely it can During the time necessarily occupied by official disnot be denied that the grand wish of Buonaparte was I cussion, as to the disposal of the too-celebrated stranger
Buonaparte continued on board the Bellerophon, around was an ass, and totally unfit for the office assigned to which a proper guard was prudently established. The him. He acknowledged that England alone had ruined number and eagerness of spectators remained un- all his grand plans, and that but for ber, he had now abated, during the whole of this period; and as every been emperor of the East, as well as of the West. He one saw with his own eyes, and formed his own con- walked on the poop and quarter-deck, conversed with clusions, the accounts thus furnished are interesting, the seamen, and affected great gaiety and unconcern." though sometimes various. From these the following, In the different conversations he had on board, he selected from the public newspapers, may not be un- declared that he would sooner have perished than have acceptable.
surrendered to Russia, Austria, or Prussia. The sove. "Upon the arrival of the Bellerophon at Plymouth, reigns of these countries were despotic, and might have Captain Maitland made a signal for general orders, the violated with impunity all justice and good faith by his telegraphic answer to which was, to prohibit all com- imprisonment or death; but, by delivering himself up munication with the shore, and to stand out three to the British, he threw himself on the generosity of a leagues to sea, and await the orders of the Admiralty. nation. He professed his intention of adopting the Colonels Fraser and Ponsonby, the son of Sir Archibald English customs and manners, and expressed his soMacdonald, and several other officers, came passen- lemn resolution never again to interfere with politics. gers on board the Bellerophon,
He affirmed that, had not this been long his determiy“ Persons from London, and from other parts, are ation, he should not have been on board the BelleroHocking down to Plymouth, though they know that phon; that be was earnestly entreated by the army, Buonaparte is not expected to land, and that they can- which had retired behind the Loire, to join them, and not go on board the Bellerophon; but they can row in resume bis title; and with their aid, and the indignation boats round the vessel, and can occasionally catch a which the conduct of the allies had excited in France, glimpse of him. He is the greater part of the day in he could have been able to have maintained a harassthe stern-gallery, either walking backwards and for- ing war during many years: but, added he, “I have wards, with his hands behind him, as he is represented resolved that no more blood shall be shed on my acin some of the pictures in the print-shops, or surveying count." the shipping and the shore through a glass. In general On being asked why he did not surrender himself to he keeps alone, Bertrand and L'Allemand remaining Austria, where he might have claimed the protection at some distance behind him. Occasionally he beckons of his father-in-law, he replied, “In that case I should to one of them to point out something to him, or to have given myself up to a nation without laws, honour, make some observation; he then walks on alone.
be then walks on alone. Cap- or faith; and the moment I had got there, I should have tain Maitland is more frequently with him than any of been shut up in a dungeon, and never beard of more. bis suite, and he pays him great attention. He is in In surrendering to the English, I have given myself up good health. He passes but a short time at his meals, to a nation with just and honourable laws, which afford and drinks but little wine. He is said to drink regu- protection to all persons.” Speaking of the affair of larly to the health of the Prince Regent. Coffee is fre- Waterloo, he said he did not expect that the Duke of quently served up to him on the deck; and when he Wellington would have given him battle, but that he first came near the land, about Torbay, he is reported would have retreated, and waited the arrival of the to bave exclaimed, 'Enfin, voila ce beau pays !' (At Prussians; “ in which case,” said he, “ I must certainly length, here is this fine country!) adding, that he had bave been defeated. I was therefore highly gratified never seen it, except from Calais and Boulogne, when when, on the morning of the 18th, I saw the British the only points that could be seen, were the white and retain their position on the opposite heights, and I bold rocks about Dover. He is plainly dressed, in ge-knowledge that I felt myself certain of obtaining the deral in a great coat, without any decorations, and a victory. Never was battle so severely contested as that cocked hat."
of Waterloo. I knew and felt, and my troops joined in Another account says—" By some passengers who the sentiment, that the fate of the campaign depended came in the Bellerophon, it appears, that Buonaparte on the issue of that day. My troops did their duty; was quite at his ease on board that ship; took possession they never fought better; and to the present moment i of the captain's cabin, sans ceremonie; invited the offi-reflect with astonishment on the firmness with which cers to his table, talked with great freedom on the pre- their charges were received and repulsed by the British. Sent state of things; said, it was impossible for the On being asked why he continued the engagement Bourbons to govern France, and that Napoleon 11. after he knew of the arrival of the Prussians, or whether pould very soon be re-called to the throne; that Fouche he believed that they were really advancing upon him