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Students, who commenced the study of Greek and Latin in this class, have been admitted, after a creditable examination, into the Theological Department, properly so called.
The Council have made provision for two branches of instruction, which although not hitherto considered indispensable to the training of Theological Students, appear likely to further the efficient discharge of their ministerial and parochial duties; and which were not lost sight of in the original scheme for the foundation of this department.
The first of these measures is the appointment of a Lecturer in Public Reading. It is superfluous to say much on the value of good, clear, unaffected reading, when applied not only to the delivery of a sermon, but to the due performance of Divine Service in all its parts. The beauty of the Liturgy of the Church of England, and even the sense of Holy Scripture itself, are too often obscured, if not desecrated, by indistinct and inarticulate reading; while it not unfrequently happens that a sermon, excellent in respect of doctrine, of reasoning, and of composition, fails to reach the hearts, or even the ears, of the congregation, for want of a little attention to the merely physical management of the voice and lungs. Nor is it unimportant to add that the health, and consequently the usefulness, of many of the Clergy in large parishes is sacrificed to disregard or ignorance of the simplest elementary rules on this subject. The Council have the satisfaction of announcing that they have intrusted this new and important office to the Rev. A. S. Thelwall—a gentleman thoroughly qualified by his scientific investigation of the subject, and by his long experience, to take the lead in a path hitherto comparatively untrodden.
The second measure adverted to is the foundation of an annual Course of Lectures on the Physical condition of the poor, with particular reference to its bearing upon the management of a parish. It is now generally admitted, that little progress can be made in the attempt to persuade men to be Christians, so long as their physical condition is degraded below the level of humanity. It seems essential to the full success of the Pastoral office, with respect even to its primary
objects, that the health and outward well-being of the Parishioners should be, in their degree, cared for, as necessary though secondary elements in the cure of souls. The local influence of the Clergy cannot be more beneficially employed, or more surely increased, than in promoting amongst their people habits of cleanliness, decency, and self-respect; in providing a sufficient supply of pure air and water; and in eradicating the seeds of the various forms of disease and wretchedness which lurk in over-crowded, dark, unventilated dwellings. And if attention to these particulars is becoming more and more imperative upon the Parochial Clergy, a knowledge of the principles upon which physical improvement depends can hardly be acquired too early. Such were the considerations which induced the Council to establish this course of lectures, open at a trifling expense to all Students of the College, but especially designed for the gratuitous instruction of Theological Students. Dr. Guy, Professor of Forensic Medicine in the Medical Department, has been appointed to deliver these lectures. During Lent Term the Professor treated of the subjects alluded to above, and he is about to devote the concluding lecture of this most interesting course to a consideration of the measures to which a Clergyman, in the absence of medical advice, can safely have recourse, to meet such emergencies of sudden disease or accident as may easily arise in populous parishes.
The DEPARTMENT of GENERAL LITERATURE and SCIENCE fully maintains its well-merited reputation, both in the College and in the Universities. At Oxford a former Student of King's College was placed in the first Class in Mathematics, and subsequently obtained the University Mathematical Scholarship, open to Bachelors of Arts. Two others have been elected to Scholarships open to the whole University. At Cambridge, a former Student, the first who obtained the Senior Mathematical Scholarship of this College, was this year second Wrangler and second Smith's Prizeman. Four others were in the list of Wranglers, one of whom was also placed in the first Class of the Cla sical Tripos, and four were amongst the
Senior Optimes. One has been elected a Fellow of Trinity, and another a Fellow of Clare Hall.
The General Court will be gratified to hear, as a proof of the wide-spread reputation and usefulness of this Department of the College, that seven Egyptians, sent by the Pasha of Egypt to be educated in England, have just enrolled themselves as occasional Students in General Literature and Science, with the special object of qualifying themselves for the profession of diplomacy. Mr. Stutzer, Lecturer in Modern History, has taken charge of this class.
Professor Bullock, to the great regret of the Council, having been compelled by the pressure of his judicial functions, to resign the office of Professor of English Law and Jurisprudence, immediate steps will be taken for supplying his place, with a view to the resumption of Lectures on those subjects.
In the DEPARTMENT of the APPLIED SCIENCES the progress of the Students continues satisfactory. The number of occasional Students attending various classes in this Department is much increased; and the diminution which is to a certain extent observable in the number of its matriculated Students, is accounted for by the general depression which, as a natural consequence of the excess of railway speculations, still affects the profession of engineering, but which may before long be expected to pass away. The Council have learnt with great satisfaction that several former Students of this Department are employed in various situations of trust, some of them not connected in any way with engineering. Experience has indeed shown, that the course of education prescribed in the Department of Applied Sciences is admirably calculated to fit men for many important practical pursuits, without reference to any profession in particular; and it is understood that many of the Students have entered the Department with a view to these general objects, and without any intention of becoming engineers.
The office of Curator of the Museum of George III., which Mr. J. E. Cock retains, has been separated from that of Superintendent of the Workshop, which the state of his health has
compelled him to resign. This latter office has been remodelled, and the Superintendent has now the charge of all works and repairs required to be done within the College. Mr. G. A. Timme, who has been elected to this office, is discharging its joint duties most efficiently, and the result is already apparent in the increased number of working hours during which the Workshop is open to Students under the care and instruction of the Superintendent, in the increased facilities afforded them of acquiring practical information, and in the economy and despatch with which repairs and alterations in the fabric of the College are executed.
The new DEPARTMENT of MILITARY SCIENCE, as being in some degree related to the two Departments just mentioned, seems next to claim the attention of the General Court. The anticipations which were formed in reference to this new branch of the Institution have been thus far fully realized. The number of Students has fluctuated during the year, many of the Military Students having entered with the immediate view of preparing for the examination before the Military Board at Sandhurst, whilst others are continuing their studies in the higher branches of instruction, with the hope of qualifying themselves as thoroughly educated Officers for situations of trust in the Service. Experience has pointed out the best method of suiting the instruction to the special wants of each Student. Various models have been provided for the illustration of the different Military Works, partly by the assistance of the Council, and partly in presents from friends of the College. Amongst the latter, the Council wish to specify a present spontaneously offered by the Master General and Board of Ordnance, one of many proofs of confidence and good-will, a model of the Fortifications at Portsmouth.
A separate Class has been formed for Officers in the Queen's and the East India Company's Service, and four Officers of the latter army, who have been several years with their regiments in India, have joined it. As there is no suitable Institution at which Officers of the East India Company's Service can pursue their studies in the many important branches of their
profession, it may be expected that many, while on furlough, will avail themselves of the very great advantages offered to them by King's College.
During the past year the Council have directed a large share of their attention to the state of the MEDICAL DEPARTMENT. Well as the existing arrangements had worked, they were evidently capable of improvement. Accordingly, the system of discipline which for some years past has been growing more efficient, has been since the last Report still further improved, and more completely assimilated to that already in force in other Departments of the College. The appointment of a permanent Dean, and the indefatigable vigilance and exertions of Professor Guy, who has accepted that office, have contributed to the more perfect and uniform working of the system; and if the experience of one year may be relied on, there is every reason to believe that the recent changes will conduce not less to the comfort and convenience of the Students than to the satisfaction of parents. The conduct and industry of the great body of the Medical Students have been most satisfactory.
The means and appliances of teaching within the College, in the form of Museums and Libraries, have been largely increased during the last year, both by donations and purchase, as well as by preparations executed within the College itself; and all the collections are in a good state of preservation.
In contrast with the facilities for instruction thus provided, the Council again notice with regret the limited accommodation which the present Hospital affords. The Council would by no means undervalue the usefulness of the present Hospital, whether considered as a charitable Institution, or as an adjunct to the Medical Department. But its accommodations are no longer adequate to either of these objects. The mere want of space, while it limits the number of Patients, occasions almost insurmountable difficulties to any scheme for perfecting that part of the system of discipline adopted in the College, which consists in the registration of the attendance on the several classes.