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THE FIRST VOLUME
Reasons for writing another book about the Puritans.... xxiii
Investigations among early New York records.
New England institutions found in New York when a
Holland must have been a common source, as they did
not come from England.....
Search for others.-Puritanism as a political force began
in Holland ....
The war with Spain a Puritan war.—Great number of
Englishmen in the Netherlands.
Influence on England overlooked by English historians.. xxix
Influence on America more marked, but equally over-
Incompleteness of American history, and its causes.-
Written only from English standpoint.-English self-
Another cause.-Scientific historical investigation of very
All histories being rewritten...
Dangers of early writers in Europe..
Until a recent date, government archives closed to the
Difficulties in the way of their examination in England. xxxvii
Little attention paid to foreign history when American
history first written.....
Results of modern investigation....
Early American history where Bancroft left it fifty years
History of English Puritanism unintelligible as usually
written, and why.....
Neglect of the influence of the Netherland Republic.... xliii
When America settled, Holland, in general civilization,
led the world by about two centuries....
New England Puritans misrepresented in history..
Modes of meeting charges against them.
|| English, and not Puritan, defects of character exhibited
in America ...
The whole truth regarding English civilization the vindi- cation of the New England Puritans...
Scope of this work....
THE PEOPLE AND INSTITUTIONS OF THE UNITED STATES
Assumption of most writers that the people of the United
States are an English race with English institutions.... 1
Effects on American history....
How this idea has been developed..
Ignorance of Englishmen regarding America.
For Americans no such excuse..
American people always cosmopolitan. -- Some of their
leading men in colonial days,
Middle colonies at time of Revolution.—IIalf of population
Leading institutions of United States not of English origin. 11
Influence of institutions upon national character...
No State Church as in England. ---Its importance there... 12
Its abolition in the United States..
Principle of civil equality underlying American system.— Its
The written Constitution of the United States and Eng-
land's unwritten Constitution......
The President, Senate, House of Representatives, and Su-
preme Court.-Not English..
How regarded by English statesmen..
The state constitutions more important as showing the
growth of American institutions
Their development and provisions..
Distribution of land in England, and its effects.—Primo-
Obstacles to its alienation.-No recording system.
Enclosure of English common lands....
England entering on an era of change..
Distribution of land in the United States. Its importance. 29
Popular education in America.—Its early date..
Popular education in England.—Its recent date.
Opposition of the governing classes...
Public libraries in England and America.
Free high schools and colleges.....
Defects in English university education.- Why American
students go to the Continent....
Rapid progress of American colleges..
Local self-government.—The English system incomprehen-
The American system, township, county, and state...... 44
Importance of the townships.—The system not English... 45
Religious liberty in England and America.-Date of its
Freedom of the press.-Date of its introduction...... 48
The written ballot.— Date of its introduction....
English and American charitable institutions contrasted... 54
Prison reforms.-Debt of England to America..
America's reformatory institutions copied in Europe.. 57
America's legal system and its origin....
Opposition of the colonists to English jurisprudence. 61-
Modern jurisprudence derived from the Roman law..... 63