Examine the arrangement of dots enclosed in the lines below, and find how many there are in each enclosure. Observe, that the figures standing over the several enclosures, represent the number of dots contained therein. Example 1. Which of these numbers is the greatest, One, or Ten, or One Hundred, or One Thousand ? 2. How many ones are there in a ten?? 3. How many tens are there in a hundred ? 5. Ten ones make what number? Ten tens make what number? Ten hundreds make what number? 6. What figures stand to represent the number ten? 7. What figures stand to represent one hundred? 8. What figures stand to represent one thousand ? SECTION 2. If one hundred scholars were in school, and one scholar more should come in, the number of scholars would then be one hundred and one; and would be expressed in figures thus;--101. Again, if you had one hundred books, and you should buy two books more, you would then have one hundred and two books, and their number would be expressed in figures thus;--102. In Part First, you learned to read figures expressing all numbers, from One to One Hundred. You will now see, in the following columns, how the figures stand to express numbers, from One hundred, to Two hundred. 100 One hundred, 120 one hund. and twenty, 101 one hund. and one, 121 one hund, and twenty-one, 102 one hund. and two, 122 one hund. and twenty-two, 103 one hund, and three, 123 one hund. and twenty-three, 104 one hund. and four, 105 one hund. and five, 130 One hund. and thirty. 106 one hund. and six, 107 one hund. and seven, 140 One hund, and forty. 108 one hund. and eight, 109 one hund. and nine, 150 One hund. and fifty. 110 one hund, and ten, 111 one hund, and eleven, 160 One hund, and sixty. 112 one hund, and twelve, 113 one hund. and thirteen, 170 One hund, and seventy. 114 one hund. and fourteen, 115 one hund. and fifteen, 180 One hund. and eighty. 116 one hund. and sixteen, 117 one hund. and seventeen, 190 One hund. and ninety. 118 one hund. and eighteen, 119 one hund. and nineteen, 200 Two hundred. Edward's mother gave him one hundred walnuts, his sister gave him sixty, and his brother gave him eight; making together, one hundred and sixty-eight. Being required to tell what figures would express the number of his walnuts, Edward looked over the columns of figures on the last page, and discovered, (as you may), that 1 means one hundred, whenever two figures are standing at the right hand of it; and, that 6 means sixty, whenever one figure is standing at the right hand of it. He therefore said, “1, 6, 8, are the figures.” 1. How many tens does the figure 6 represent, when there is one figure standing at the right of it? 2. What are 6 tens usually called, in reading numbers ? 3. How many tens does the figure 4 represent, when there is one other figure standing at the right of it? 4. What are 4 tens usually called, in reading numbers ? 5. What number does the figure 1 represent, when there is one other figure standing at the right of it? 6. What number does the figure 1 represent, when there are two other figures standing at the right of it? 7. What are 1 hundred and 5 tens usually called ? 8. What are 1 hundred and 9 tens usually called ? 9. What are 1 hundred and 3 ones usually called ? 10. What are 1 hundred and 8 ones usually called ? 11. What are 3 tens and 2 ones usually called ? 12. What are 1 hundred, and 7 tens, and 5 ones usually called, in reading numbers ? Note to Teachers. Require the learners to read the numbers expressed in the following columns, without recourse to the preceding columns. 109 172 104 168 113 127 190 110 140 147 145 121 132 122 169 163 143 155 195 183 181 165 176 177 103 118 187 198 159 125 136 154 186 131 158 The comparisons on the next page will show you, that all the hundreds are expressed in the same manner that one hundred is expressed. 100 One hundred. 133 One hund. & thirty-three. 200 Two hundred. 633 Six hund. & thirty-three. 106 One hund. & six. 149 One hund. & forty-nine. 306 Three hund. & six. 749 Seven hund. & forty-nine. 117 One hund. & seventeen. 154 One hund. & fifty-four. 417 Four hund. & seventeen. 854 Eight hund. & fifty-four. 121 One hund. & twenty-one. 199 One hund. & ninety-nine 521 Five hund. & twenty-one. 999 Nine hund. & ninety-nine. Note to Teachers. The learners may be required to read the severa. numbers expressed in the following columns of figures. 814 293 552 466 851 372 947 444 664 767 528 381 786 391 579 451 619 369 940 296 CHAP. II. ADDITION. SECTION 1. 1. The Humane Society gave Charles a premium of 6 dollars, for saving a boy from drowning, and a lady gave him 5 dollars more. How much did he receive ? Solution. 6 dollars and 5 dollars are 11 dollars. 2. A merchant sold 7 barrels of flour to one man, and you pay 9 cents for a book, and 4 cents for a pencil, how much would you pay for both ? 4. A farmer paid 10 dollars for a plough, and 9 dollars for a harrow. How much did he pay for both ? 5. A baker bought 8 barrels of flour of a merchant, and 8 more of a miller. How many did he buy? 6. Thomas gave 9 cents for a purse, and had 7 cents left to put in it. How many cents had he at first ? 7. A farmer sold 5 cows, and then had 6 cows left, How many cows had he at first ? . Edward's mother gave him one hundred walnuts, his sister gave him sixty, and his brother gave him eight; making together, one hundred and sixty-eight. Being required to tell what figures would express the number of his walnuts, Edward looked over the columns of figures on the last page, and discovered, (as you may), that 1 means one hundred, whenever two figures are standing at the right hand of it; and, that 6 means sixty, whenever one figure is standing at the right hand of it. He therefore said, “1, 6, 8, are the figures." 1. How many tens does the figure 6 represent, when there is one figure standing at the right of it? 2. What are 6 tens usually called, in reading numbers ? 3. How many tens does the figure 4 represent, when there is one other figure standing at the right of it? 4. What are 4 tens usually called, in reading numbers ? 5. What number does the figure 1 represent, when there is one other figure standing at the right of it? 6. What number does the figure 1 represent, when there are two other figures standing at the right of it? 7. What are 1 hundred and 5 tens usually called ? 8. What are 1 hundred and 9 tens usually called ? 9. What are 1 hundred and 3 ones usually called ? 10. What are 1 hundred and 8 ones usually called ? 11. What are 3 tens and 2 ones usually called ? 12. What are 1 hundred, and 7 tens, and 5 ones usually called, in reading numbers ? Note to Teachers. Require the learners to read the numbers exprcsscd in the following columns, without recourse to the preceding colunns. 109 172 104 168 113 127 190 110 140 147 145 121 132 122 169 163 143 155 195 183 181 165 176 177 103 118 187 198 159 125 136 154 186 131 158 |