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from an insalubrious climate. He may be severely tried with the ignorance, the obstinacy, the cruelty, the abominations of the heathen around him, and be "grieved at the transgressors, and his righteous soul may be vexed from day to day with their ungodly deeds." He may be tried with the darkness of the prospect before him, and with the apparent inefficiency of his labors.
He may be tried, and severely tried, with the languor and covetousness of the churches at home; and while he has forsaken all, and, without any prospect or desire of earthly remuneration, is wearing out his life as their messenger to the heathen, he may cast bis! eye back upon the churches he has left, and see them hoarding up their treasures, living in luxury and splendor, sharing all the supposed innocent enjoyments of earth, and neglecting to furnish him with the means of spreading out his labors most extensively and usefully, or delaying to send out to his relief more laborers. And O how trying must it be to the missionary, sent forth by the churches, with their sacred pledge, that they will furnish him all necessary and possible assistance by their charities and prayers, to feel himself, amidst all his toils and privations and sorrows in a land of pagan darkness, in any measure forgotten or neglected by the churches, which sent him forth? If he is ever constrained to feel this, surely he has no other hope from earth, and can find support only in the promised presence and grace of the Lord Jesus Christ. But of these churches we are persuaded better things, though we thus speak. This cruel, this almost insupportable trial they will not impose on these.
nor any of the beloved missionaries, they have sent forth to the heathen. While they forsake all that is flattering in this world, that they may minister in spiritual things to the wretched and the perishing, the churches at home will think it a small matter to minister to them in temporal things.
The Christian missionary may be severely tried by the loss of friends. All indeed are exposed to this trial. But those in a Christian land, if called to sustain bereavements, are still in the midst of surviving friends; and those who remain, may do much to repair the loss of those, who are removed. The Christian missionary on the contrary, if deprived of his bosom companion, has no parents, no brethren and sisters, and often no sympathising friend to assuage his griefs, and into whose bosom he can pour his sorrows. He is among strangers and heathen, who have no consolation to communicate to his bleeding heart. Like the much lamented Fisk, when Parsons sunk into the arms of death, he may be left solitary and alone; and in the midst of the greatest multitude of human beings, he may feel himself in the deepest solitude and loneli
Without proceeding to mention the many more multiplied trials of the Christian missionary,-how could all these be sustained without the promised presence and support and consolation of the Great Head of the Church? Would it not be presumption and temerity for a missionary to go forth, expecting to endure to the end, under all these complicated and heavy trials, without confiding in the promise of Jesus Christ, “Lo, I am with you alway, even to the end
of the world! Could even Gabriel sustain all these trials unsupported?
The promise of Jesus Christ is important to the Christian missionary under the peculiar temptations which assail him. Every private Christian, it is admitted, must endure sharp temptations; and every Christian minister must sustain severe spiritual conflicts. But the temptations which assail the missionary of the cross, are often peculiar and powerful. He may be tempted, as soon as he resolves to spend his life in labors of love among the heathen, to conclude that he is not called, or is not qualified to engage in such an enterprise; and when he goes forth to its trials and toils, that he has run before he was sent. He may
be tempted to believe, that his motives have been wholly defective, and that God will not bless his labors, por accept his sacrifices. He may be tempted to employ his advantages, and the eminence his office gives him in the view of the Christian world, to display his talents and acquisitions, and to erect a monument of his own fame. After the novelty of his enterprise has passed away,
be tempted to slothfulness in his exhausting labors, and to an undue and unjustifiable compliance with the customs of the heathen. He may also be tempted to court popular favor, and with the delusive hope of augmenting his influence, and becoming more useful hereafter, he may neutralize his labors, and injure his character, and destroy all prospect of achieving any thing great or good. He may even be tempted to turn away from the incessant toils of his office, to descend from the dignity of his character, and to yield to the vices,
which surround him. We have reason to bless the Great Head of the church, that this has been so seldom found in the history of modern missions.
The missionary in the midst of numerous and powerful temptations, it should be remembered, has not a host of Christian friends to fortify his mind, to strengthen his resolutions, and to stay up his hands; and where can he look for succor and defence, but to the Lord of missions? How could he ever hope to overcome all the numerous and powerful temptations which assail him, without the promised presence and grace of our Lord Jesus Christ? Take away this precious promise, and must not the missionary, in view of the unavoidable temptations which assail him, and meet his eye in prospect, sit down in despair?
Consider also the importance of the promise of Jesus Christ to the missionary of the cross amidst his discouragements. The Christian minister finds many painful discouragements, when planted in the best cultivated field at home. How much greater the discouragements of the missionary in the midst of a thick forest perhaps, or what is more disheartening, a moral desert. He has every thing to do; nor can he enter directly upon his great work of preaching the gospel to the heathen. He finds almost insurmountable difficulties in learning their languages; perhaps reduced to no grammatical rules, perhaps never written. When he attempts the exhibition of divine truth, instead of preaching the gospel in the style of a refined taste, and in the language of a commanding eloquence, he must make known its
truths through the slow and dull medium of an interpreter, or in broken accents, and with a stammering tongue.
He finds discouragements, also, in obtaining a comfortable subsistence, and in conducting his temporal concerns so as not to impede his pursuit of higher objects. Deprived of all his former Christian privileges, he finds no small discouragement in the slow progress he makes in piety. And here I cannot omit to introduce a pathetic remark from a beloved friend at one of the most eligible of the missionary stations. “We have no doubt,” he writes, “but our friends at home have pleasant meetings still, but we do not enjoy them; they have their praying circles, but we meet not with them. They sit únder the droppings of the sanctuary, but there are no such droppings here. If their hearts are frozen, they melt the ice at each other's fires; but if our hearts are cold, every thing around us is colder still; if our fires go out, there is no spark near us by which they can be rekindled.”
The missionary of the cross finds discouragements also, from the unwillingness of the heathen to attend to his instructions, from their insensibility, from their captiousness, their prejudices, their vices. He is sometimes ready to exclaim, “I have made all these sacrifices, sustained all these privations, and endured all these toils, apparently in vain." And what can animate his drooping spirits, and raise him from his depression amidst all these discouragements, but the presence, and support, and grace of Jesus Christ? It is this alone which sustains him, inspires him with