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, of the car
pardon. He was degraded from his rank as an
to one of it of the Guru
This e ence from riven ocasione boat; son: e opportu eks. Nothin
ary visible :
lligence. of Vebu
The next morning, an Albanian General was ordered into the mountains, with a party of cavalry, to act against the Druses. Djezzar, Further who sent for us to inform us of this cir- with cumstance, further told us, that he entertained Djezzar. some apprehensions on account of our journey to Jerusalem ; but, said he, “I have already sent messengers into the country, that every precaution may be used among the Chiefs, in the villages." He spoke also of the news he had received from Egypt, by which he understood that the Vizier had retreated from before Cairo, owing to the plague. conduct,” said he, "might be justifiable in a Christian General, but it is disgraceful in a Turk?.” He then informed us, that upon Mount Carmel he had found several thousand large balls”, and
VISAGE TA he hecker
said, “l id the auth:
ath that po
e the mit
; pardon & be obtaina o hare the
Culterhus sha, an
(1) Alluding to the predestinarian doctrines of the Moslems, who consider all endeavours to escape coming events as impious and heretical.
(2) We supposed that, by these balls, Djezzar alluded to mineral concretions, of a spheroidal form, found in that mountain. As the Turks make use of stones instead of cannon-shot, it is probable that Djezzar, who was in great want of ammunition, had determined upon using the stalagmites of Carmel for that purpose. Maundrell, however, speaks of having seen, in the fields near Acre, “ large balls of
vut nothing ; him a fost
cannon to fit them ; but that a peasant had
than ordinary allowance of
At last, his engineer coming to consult him concerning the improvements he imagined himself making in the fortifications of Acre, we took that opportunity to retire.
Some notion may be formed of his talents in fortification, by simply relating the manner in which those works were carried on. He not only repaired the memorable breach caused by the French, and so ably defended by Sir Sidney Smith, but directed his engineers to attend solely to the place where the breach was effected, regardless of all that might be wanted elsewhere. “ Some
stone, of at least thirteen or fourteen inches diameter, which were part of
beasant be •té had ca
persons,” said he, putting his finger to his fore-
CONCEITES self making
took to wtion Ication hich this
The Bath of Acre is the finest and best built
that we saw in the Turkish empire. We all
(1) Memoirs, vol. II, p. 3:26. ed. Lond. 1785.
Grotto at Nazareth, said to have been the House of Joseph and Mary.
Commencement of the Author's Journey in the
River Belus-Plants—SHEFHAMER— Reception by the Agha-Grave of an Egyptian form --Plain of Zabulon--SAPPHURA, or SEPPHORIS
Medals—Druses-- State of Christianity in the Holy Land-- Church of St. Joachim and St. Anne-Gothic Remains-Discovery of Antient Pictures—Their probable Age-- Country between Sephoury and Nazareth-Dress of the Arabs---Alarm of the Plague-NAZARETHCondition of the Inhabitants, Fountain of the
Virgin-- Custom illustrating a saying of our
thor's Jourthis place obtained a name
near to its antient appellation, after bearing that of Ptolemais, not only down to the time of Strabo?, but to that of Pliny, who also calls it Colonia Claudä*. It is moreover named Ptolemaïs in the
ney in the
ph and Max
(1) Brocardus maintains that Acre was never included among the places properly belonging to the Holy Land. (Vid. Loc. Terr. Sanct. Desc.) “Nunquam fuit terræ sanctæ connumerata, nec a filiis Israël unquam possessa : tametsi tribui Aser in sortem ceciderit.” It may therefore be considered with regard to Phænicia, which he describes as a part of the Holy Land, what Gibraltar now is with reference to Spain. He makes it the centre of his observations concerning Terra Sancta; “ taking his departure” always from that city. It was, moreorer, the rallying place of the Christians, in every period of the Crusades.
(2) About the same hour, 63 years before, Pococke set out upon the
(3) Strab. Geogr. lib. xvi. p. 1077. ed. Oxon.
s of the RETH