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upper part of the picture, consists only of these
Church. T: r the back T presenta: nore is
MARY THE VIRGIN.
atient stoke i irgin
, bear Jests
. I those cuna found in
The third picture is, perhaps, of more modern origin than either of the others, because it is painted upon paper made of cotton, or silk rags, which has been also attached to a tablet of sycamore wood. This is evidently a representation of the Virgin Mary and the Child Jesus, although the words “ The · Holy," in Arabic, are all that can be read for its illustration; what followed having been effaced. Three lilies are painted above the head of the Infant Messiah ; and where the paint has wholly disappeared, in consequence of the injuries it has sustained, an Arabic manuscript is disclosed, upon which the picture was painted. This manuscript is nothing more than a leaf torn from an old copy-book : the same line occurs repeatedly from the top of the page to the bottom; and contains this aphorism :
; that it is ription. E painted ar Theophilusia ; 'which a reat antii
ning of chai Ter a mut
THE UNBELIEVER HATH WALKED IN THE WAY OF SIN.
cies of che
placed in s
Whatsoever may have been the antiquity of these early specimens of the art of painting, it is probable that they existed long prior to its introduction into Italy; since they seem evidently of an earlier date than the destruction of the church, beneath whose ruins they were buried, and among which they were recently
CHAP. discovered. No value was set upon them :
they were not esteemed by the Arabs in whose
Among the various authors who have mentioned Sephoury, no intelligence is given of the church in its entire state : this is the more
(1) The author is further indebted to his learned friend, the Rev. J. Palmer, of St. John's College, Cambridge, Arabic Professor in the University, for the following observations upon these pictures. Professor Palmer travelled in the Holy Land soon after they were dis covered.
“ The antiquity of the Tablets cannot be determined precisely: yet it inay be of importance to remark the absence of any Arabic titles corresponding with me, er, and exOTOKOC, so commonly, not to say invariably, inscribed upon the effigies of the Virgin, some of them more than five hundred years old, which are seen in the Greek churches.
“ I assume, as beyond doubt, that these tablets belonged to some church, or domestic sanctuary, of Malkite Greeks; both from the close correspondence, in figure and expression, between the effigies in their churches, and those on the tablets ; and from the fact, familiar to all who have visited Eastern countries, that such tablets are rarely, if ever, found among Catholic Christians."
Arabs in the
- two fragma the rode la
onstructed for ding. Non
remarkable, as it was certainly one of the state
liest edifices in the Holy Land. Quaresmius, although se! who published in the seventeenth century a
copious and elaborate description of the Holy
but even his account is avowedly derived from their remeCTz
a survey of its ruins. Speaking of the city, he
who have me
is giren d't is is the or
(2) This work is very little known. It was printed at Antwerp in 1639, in two large folio volumes, containing some excellent engravings, onder the title of " Historia Theologica et Moralis Terræ Sanctæ Elucidatin." QUARESMIUS was a Franciscan friar of Lodi in Italy, and once A postolic Commissary and Præses of the Holy Land. He had therefore every opportunity, from his situation, as well as his own actual observation, to illustrate the ecclesiastical antiquities of the country.
(3) “ Nunc diruta et desolata jacet, rusticanas dumtaxat continens domos, et multas objiciens oculis ruinas ; quibus intelligitur quàm eximia olim extiterit arbs. Celebris est, et digna ut visitetur, quòd credatur patria Joachim et Annæ, sanctorum Dei Genitricis parentum. Et in loco ubi Joachim domus erat fuit posteà illustris ædificata Ecclesia ex quadratis lapidibus : duos habebat ordines columnarum, quibus triplicis navis testudo fulciebatur: in capite tres habebat capellas, in præsentiå in Maurosam domuneulas accommodatas." Quaresmi Elucid. Tert. Sanct. lib. vii. cap. 5. tom. II. p.852.
immons, no D, some of the or Greck charba et belonged to ; both from te
the eliges 1 Ct, familiarder
CHAP. the house of Joachim stood, a conspicuous sanc
tuary, built with square stones, was afterwards
(1) The testimony of Epiphanius concerning this country is the more valuable, as he was himself a native of Palæstine, and flourished so early as the fourth century. He was born at the village of Besanduc, in 320 ; lived with Hilarion and Hesychius; was made bishop of Salamis (now Famagosta) in Cyprus, in 366; and died in 403, at the age of eighty, in returning from Constantinople, where he had been to visit Chrysostom.
(2) As it appears in the writings of Socrates Ecclesiasticus and Sozomen. Vid. Socrat. Hist. xi. 33. Sozomen. Histor. lib. iv. c. 7.
“ There was," says
the life of Constantine ; therefore the church of
among them, one Josephus, not the antient writer and historian of that name, but a native of Tiberias, contemporary with the late Emperor, Constantine the Elder, who obtained from that sovereign the rank of Count, and was empowered to build a church to Christ in Tiberias, and in Diocæsarea, and in Capernaum, and in other cities.”
The æra of its destruction may be referred to that of the city, in the middle of the fourth century, as mentioned by Reland", upon the
(3) "Ην δέ τις εξ αυτών Ιώσηπος, ουχό συγγραφούς, και ιστοριογράφος,
(4) The reader, after a fruitless examination of the pages of Adri.