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Titus, had sought refuge upon the water. The CHAP.
victory gained by the Romans was followed
by such a terrible slaughter of the Jews, that Slaughter
nothing was to be seen, either upon the lake Jews.
or along its shores, excepting blood, and the
mangled corpses of the insurgents : their dead
bodies infected the air to such a degree, that
the victors as well as the vanquished were
sufferers upon the occasion : the number of the
slain, after the two actions, (that of Tarichæa
and the naval engagement which followed,)
amounted to six thousand five hundred persons.
Neither was the slaughter less memorable
of the prisoners, who were marched to Tiberias

as the victory had been obtained.
Vespasian caused them all to be shut up in the
amphitheatre; where twelve hundred of them
were put to death, being unable or unfit to

This amphitheatre, according to the account given by Josephus, was large enough to contain thirty-seven thousand six hundred persons, (besides a vast number of others who were given as slaves by Vespasian

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censured for it. The author once heard him express an intention of
proving this last to be the only correct appellation.

(3) Future travellers will perhaps discover the remains of a building
of this magnitude.

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CHAP.

V.

to Agrippa, as well as of the inhabitants of w Trachonitis', Gaulons, Hippos', and Gadara* ; the

sum total of which he has not mentioned,) all of whom were mountaineers of Anti-Libanus and Hermon, or restless tribes of freebooters from Eastern Syria; unable, as Josephus describes them, to sustain a life of peace, and exhibiting, eighteen hundred years ago, the same state of society which now characterizes the inhabitants of this country.

After reluctantly retiring from this limpid Lake, we returned to the castle. Here, within the spacious and airy apartment prepared for our reception, we mutually expressed our hopes of passing at least one night free from the attacks of vermin; but, to our dismay, the Sheik, being informed of our conversation, burst into

(1) Trachonitis was the country near Damascus, to the east of Hermon and Anti-Libanus.

(2) Gaulon gave its name to the district called Gaulonitis, beyond Jordan, on the eastern side of the Lake of Gennesareth. It was one of the six cities of refuge.

(3) A city opposite to Tiberias, upon the Lake Gennesareth, at the south-western extremity of a ridge of mountains bearing the same name, and being a branch of the chain of Hermon.

(4) A city beyond Jordan, distant seven miles and a half from the Lake Gevnesareth. Like Hippos, it gave its name to a small province. The hot baths of Gadara are mentioned by Epiphanius. Gadara, according to Polybius, was one of the strongest cities of the country.

V.

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laughter, and said, that, according to a saying CHAP.
current in Galilee, “ THE KING OF THE FLEAS
HOLDS HIS COURT IN TIBERIAS.Some of the
party, provided with hammocks, slung them
from the walls, so as to lie suspended above the
floor; yet even these did not escape persecu-
tion : and, for the rest of us, who lay on the
bare planks, we were,

as usual, tormented
and restless during the night, listening to the
noise made by the jackals. Being well aware
what we had to expect, we resolved to devote
as many hours as possible, before day-break,
to conversation with the people of the country,
to our supper, and to the business of writing
our journals. They brought us a plentiful
repast, consisting of three sorts of fried fishes
from the lake : one of these, a species of mullet,
was, according to their tradition, the favourite
food of Jesus Christ. The French, during the
time their army remained under Buonaparté in
the Holy Land, constructed two very large
ovens in this castle. Two years had elapsed, Supposed
at the time of our arrival, since they had set caused by
fire to their granary; and it was considered
as a miracle by the inhabitants of Tiberias, that
the combustion was not yet extinguished. We
visited the place, and perceived, that, whenever
the ashes of the burned corn were stirred by

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the French.

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Departure from Tiberias Effect of the Cli

mate —- Productions of the Desert — Lûbi — State of the Country-Mount ThabôrChange of Route--Narrow Escape of the AuthorCamp of Djezzar's Cavalry-Wars of the ArabsTheir Manners and DispositionAddress of an Arab to his Mare-SIMOOM, or Wind of the Desert-Bread baked in the Sun's Rays Emir of the Mountains - Plain of Esdraelon — Encampments — Jennin – Effect produced by Change of Government–SantorriAntient Castle-Napolose or Sichem— Reception by the Governor-Aspect and State of the CityIts various Appellations Circumstances

connected

connected with its antient HistoryTomb of
Joseph-Tomb of Joshua-Nature of those
Relics— Samaritans-Jacob's Well.

CHAP.
VI.

from Tibe

We were on horseback by six o'clock on Mon-
day morning, July the sixth, notwithstanding
our excursion, and continued our route. Leav.
ing Tiberias, we took a different road from Departure
that by which we came, and crossed an ex- rias.
tensive valley, hoping to visit Mount Thabor.
In this valley, three hundred French cavalry
defeated an army of ten thousand Turks ; an
event so astonishing, even to the Turks them-
selves, that they considered the victory as ob-
tained by magic; an art which they believe many
of the Franks to possess.

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Climate.

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All the pleasure of travelling, at this season Effect of of the year, in the Holy Land, is done away by the excessive heat of the sun. A traveller, wearied and spiritless, is often more subdued at the beginning than at the end of his day's journey. Many rare plants and curious minerals invite his notice, as he passes slowly along, with depressed looks fixed upon the ground; but these it is impossible for him to obtain. It appears to him to be an act of unjustifiable cruelty to ask a servant, or even one of the

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