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CHAP. with the other Jews'. They consisted prin-
cipally of deserters from Judæa; and they have
city. The principal object of veneration, among Jacob's the present inhabitants, is Jacob's Well, over
which a church was formerly erected. This
in br th S. S th
(1) Josephus says of them, that they boasted of their Jewish origin whenever the Jews were in prosperity, but disowned any connection with them when in adversity. Vid. Antiq. lib. xi. c. 8.
(2) The antient medals of the city bear the name of Flavia Neapolis. Spanheim (De Præst. et Us. Numism. p. 769. Amst. 1761), notices a medal of the Emperor Titus, in Seguin's Collection, with this inscription, ΦΛΑΟΥΙΝΕΑΠΟΛΙΣΑΜΑΡΕΙΑΙ. Vaillant mentions colonial coins of Philip the Elder, on which appeared Mount Gerizim, with a temple on its summit. For an account of this temple, named, by Antiochus, the Temple of Jupiter, see Josephus, Antiq. lib. xi. c. 8. lib. xii. c. 7.
(3) See Reland. Palæst. Ilust. lib. iii. p. 1008. tom. II. Utrecht, 1714. Procopius, lib. v. De Edificiis Justiniani, cap. 7.
(4) Attributed, as usual, to the Empress Helena. (See Maundrell's
(5) “ About one third of an hour from Naplosa, we
in the road to Jerusalem ; and has been visited by pilgrims of all ages; but particularly since the Christian æra, as the place where our SAVIOUR revealed himself to the woman of Samaria. The spot is so distinctly marked by the Evangelist°, and so little liable to uncertainty, from the circumstance of the well itself and the features of the country, that, if no tradition existed for its identity, the site of it could hardly be mistaken. Perhaps no Christian scholar ever attentively read the fourth chapter of St. John, without being struck with the numerous internal evidences of truth which crowd upon the mind, in its perusal. Within so small a compass it is impossible to find, in other writings, so many sources of reflection and of interest. Independently of its importance as a theological document, it concentrates so much information, that a volume might be filled with its singular illustration of the history of the Jews, and the geography of the country. All that can be collected upon these subjects from Josephus seems but
seems but as a comment to this chapter. The journey of our Lord from Judæa into Galilee ; the cause of it; his passage
(6) John, c. iv.
CHAP. through the territory of Samaria ; his approach
to the metropolis of that country; its name ;
(1) “ At this well, the narrow valley of Sychem ends; opening itself into a wide field, which is probably part of that parcel of ground given by JACOB to his son Joseph." Journey from Alep. to Jerus. p. 63. Oxf. 1721.
(2) See p. 185, Note 1 ; and p. 186; of this volume.
THE HOLY LAND-NAPOLOSE TO JERUSALEM. Journey to Jerusalem-Singular Cultivation of
Stores - Library-Exactions of the Turks-
Appearance Other Relics—Plan for the Survey of the City-Sion Gate-Discovery made by the Author—Inference derived from itPossible Site of Golgotha, or Calvary– Greek Inscriptions — Remarkable Tomb—Hebrew In
scriptions— Conjecture respecting Mount Sion.
We left Napolose one hour after midnight, that Journey to we might reach JERUSALEM early in the same
day. We were however much deceived concerning the distance. Our guides represented the journey as a short excursion of five hours: it proved to be a most fatiguing pilgrimage of eighteen'. The road was mountainous, rocky,
(1) Authors disagree very much concerning this distance. Reland,
mil. 28, vel, 29.