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CH AP.

II.

Pfore sun-rise, me
lg to cross a stone

it shaking * · of the torrent vould fall. The at their Paphics the atmosphere,

CYPRUS.

77
of the Macedonian empire'. A ram is repre-
sented couched in the front. The obverse side
exhibits, within an indented square, a rosary or
circle of beads, to which a cross is attached?.
Of these rosaries, and this appendage, as sym-
bols, (explained by converted heathens at the
destruction of the temple of Serapis",) having
in a former publication been explicit', it is not
now necessary to expatiate. That the soul's
immortality was alluded to, is a fact capable of
the strictest demonstration The Consul of
Berytus also presented to the author a mag-
nificent silver tetradrachm of Tyre, with the Tetra-
inscription "OF TYRE · HOLY AND INVIOLATE.” drachm of

Tyre.

probably the bing during the inundation: the

years ther had . We reached re on board the ssel's fever had we brought for

refreshment to were ultimatels The symptoms laily more ap

ΤΥΡΟΥΙΕΡΑΣ ΚΑΙΑΣΥΛΟΥ

and also this monogram, marking the year

when it was struck; namely, 183 of the Seleucidan

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y individual of

sh Consul had rocure for us

vestiges of he obtained all

, but thick,

considered he foundation

(1) of this opinion is that distinguished antiquary, R. P. Knight, Esq.
anthor of some of the most learned dissertations in our language.

(2) See the Vignette to this Chapter.
(3) Socrates Scholasticus, lib. v. c. 17.
(4) See “Greek Marbles,” p. 78.

(5) Ibid. A most satisfactory proof, not only of the Phænician origin
of this medal, but of its relationship to Citium, is afforded by the Citiean
Inscriptions published by Pococke, (Description of the East, vol. II.
p. 213.) wherein more than one instance occurs of the introduction of
the identical symbol, seen upon its obverse side.

CHAP.

II.

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the Fleet.

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We left Cyprus on the sixteenth of June,

steering for the coast of Egypt, and first made Return to land off Damiata. Thence passing round a

head-land, called Cape Brule, we saw again the
whole coast of the Delta, as far as the Rosetta
branch of the Nile. We arrived in Aboukir Bay
upon the morning of the twentieth. An alarm
had been given at day-break, as we drew near to

the fleet, of smoke issuing from a frigate on Loss of the fire. It proved to be the Iphigenia, Captain Iphigenia. Stackpole, which ship we had so lately seen at

Cyprus. She broke from her mooring as we were sailing towards her, and passing through all the fleet, discharged her guns as they grew hot, but without doing any mischief. Exactly at nine o'clock, the very instant we let go our anchor, she blew up, and presented a tremendous column of smoke and flame, being then close in with the shore. We beheld the explosion from our cabin windows. After it took place, not a vestige of the ship remained. We breakfasted with Captain Russel, and took leave of the crew: the Braakels barge then coming alongside, we left the Ceres.

11

We had been only two days in the fleet, when, being on board the Dictator, Captain Hardy, to attend a court-martial held in consequence

of the loss of the Iphigenia, Captain

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CHAP.
II.

ng round a w again the the Rosetta

Aboukir Bay

An alarm

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Culverhouse, of the Romulus frigate, told us that
he was ordered to Acre for a supply of bul-
locks; and asked if we were willing to accom-
pany him. To this proposal we readily assented i
happy in the favourable opportunity it offered
of enabling us to visit the Holy LAND, as well
as to become acquainted with a very extra-
ordinary man, Djezzar Pasha, tyrant of Acre,
the Herod of his time, whose disregard for the
Ottoman Government, and cruel mode of exer-
cising authority among his people, rendered
him the terror of all the surrounding nations.
The old story of Blue Beard seemed altogether
realized in the history of this hoary potentate.
Sir Sidney Smith entrusted some presents for
him to our care ; and Captain Culverhouse
expressed a wish that the author would act as
his interpreter with Djezzar's Dragoman, who
could only translate the Arabic spoken in the
country into the Italian language. We there-
fore made all things ready for another em-
barkation.

ng through

they grey f. Exacth

let go out tremendous en close in losion from lace, not a rreakfasted the crew ngside, w

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the fleet

, Captain in conse

(1) Neither of those excellent officers, Captain Russel and Captain Culcerhouse, are now living. Captain Russel died of the fever he caught in Cyprus; and Captain Culverhouse fell a victim in his endeavours to save a beloved wife, who was with him in a boat which was overturned off the Cape of Good Hope. He narrowly escaped a similar fate in early life, being by accident on shore when the Royal George sunk at Spithead, to which ship he then belonged, asye midshipman.

, Captain

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Departure from Egypt—Course of the Romulus

Frigate, in her Voyage to St. John D'Acre-
Djezzar Pasha— Importance of the Port of
Acre-Druses-Interview with Djezzarits
Consequences-- Climate of Acre--Shores of the
Mediterranean-- Present State of the City-
its former Condition - Remains of Antient
BuildingsMedals of Acre and of Sidon-
Attack upon the Long-boat of the Romulus-
Appeal to the Pashahis Conduct upon that
occasionFurther Interview with Djezzar-

Commerce of Acre.
ON

n Wednesday morning, June 24th, the Romu-
lus having made the signal for sailing, we left
the Braakel, and were received by Captain

CHAP.

III.

Departure from Egypt.

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СПАР.

III.

the Romu

in her

Culverhouse upon his quarter-deck, at eleven
o'clock. At half-past eleven the ship's crew
weighed anchor. At twelve, the Island of
Aboukir, or Nelson's Island, bore west, distant
five miles?. Our observation of latitude at that Course of
time was 31o. 26, the ship’s course being north- lus Frigate,
east, and the wind north-west and by north. Voyage to
An officer, Mr. Paul, came on board from the Syria.
Foudroyant, as second lieutenant of the Romulus.
At three P. M. the point of Rosetta bore south-
west and by south, distant five leagues. At six,
Cape Brule bore south of us, distant five leagues;
the Romulus steering east and half north. This
day we sailed, upon the average, about seven
miles an hour. At noon, Fahrenheit's thermo-
meter indicated 78o.

he Romulus

D'Acre he Port of Djezzari hores of the the City

Thursday, June the 25th. It had been calm all night. About eight A. M. a light breeze sprung up from the E. S. E. and we were compelled to steer s. s. w. south, and s. s. e. until twelve o'clock : then found our latitude to be 31o. 48'. Nothing more occurred worth notice

of Antient of SIDOR

Romulus

this day.

Djezzar

the Rome

(1) For the sake of greater precision, the author has detailed the observations as taken from the ship’s log-book; and as the navigation of this part of the Mediterranean is little known, they may, perhaps, not be without utility.

VOL. IV.

&; we let

Captain

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