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presume to identify the coffins of their Patriarchs CHAP. and Prophets".

When it is once understood what the real monuments are, to which those traditions allude; the veneration always paid by that people to a place of sepulture ; their rigorous adherence, in burial, to the cæmeteries of their ancestors; the care with which memorials are transmitted to their posterity; and other circumstances connected with their customs and history, which cannot here be enumerated; it is not merely probable but it amounts almost to certainty, that the sepulchres they revere were originally the tombs of the persons to whom they are now ascribed.

In the time of Alexander the Great, Sichem was considered as the capital of Samaria. Its inhabitants were called Samaritans, not merely as people of Samaria, but as a sect at variance

(3) Gerrans, translator of the Hebrew Itinerary of Rabbi Benjamin, published in 1783, makes use of an allusion to the Prophet Daniel's coffin, as a proof of the spurious nature of the Work. (See Dissert. p. 10, prefixed to the volume.) There is every reason to believe that Benjamin's Itinerary is a mere compilation; but the objection thus urged does not impeach its veracity. The tradition alluded to was probably borrowed from former writers.

(4) Josephus, Antiq. lib. xi. c. 8.

CHAP. with the other Jews'. They consisted prin-

cipally of deserters from Judæa; and they have
continued to maintain their peculiar tenets to
the present day. Sichem, according to Pro-
copius", was much favoured by the Emperor
Justinian, who restored the sanctuaries, and
added largely to the other public edifices of the

city. The principal object of veneration, among Jacob's the present inhabitants, is Jacob's Well, over which a church was formerly erected.

This is situate at a small distance from the town'.

in the road to by pilgrims the Christiane SAVIOUR reve Samaria. TI the Evangelis tainty, from and the featu tradition exist could hardly


scholar evera of St. John,

numerous int

crowd upon t

so small a co other writing and of interes as a theologi much informa

(1) Josephus says of them, that they boasted of their Jewish origin whenever the Jews were in prosperity, but disowned any connection with them when in adversity. Vid. Antiq. lib. xi. c. 8.

(2) The antient medals of the city bear the name of Flavia Neapolis. Spanheim (De Præst. et Us. Numism. p. 769. Amst. 1761), notices a medal of the Emperor Titus, in Seguin's Collection, with this inscription, ΦΛΑΟΥΙΝΕΑΠΟΛΙΣΑΜΑΡΕΙ ΑΙ. Vaillant mentions colonial coins of Philip the Elder, on which appeared Mount Gerizim, with a temple on its summit. For an account of this temple, named, by Antiochus, the Temple of Jupiter, see Josephus, Antiq. lib. xi. c. 8. lib. xii. c. 7.

(3) See Reland. Palæst. Illust. lib. iii. p. 1008. tom. II. Utrecht, 1714. Procopius, lib. v. De Ædificiis Justiniani, cap. 7.

(4) Attributed, as usual, to the Empress Helena, (See Maundrell's Journey, p. 62.) Arculfe, as preserved in Adamnanus, gives a plan of it, which proves its form to have been that of a Greek cross: (lib. ii. de Loc. Sanct.) This is also in Reland's Work, (p. 1008. tom. II. Palæst. Illust. Utrecht, 1714.) It was mentioned by St. Jeron in the fourth century. ANTONINUS the Martyr saw it in the sixth ; ARCULPE, in the seventh ; WILLIBALD, in the eighth ; and Phocas, in the twelfth.

(5)“ About one third of an hour from Naplosa, we came to JACOB'S WELL.'" Journey from Alep. to Jerus. p. 62. Oxf. 1721.

with its sing the Jeros, au All that can from Joseph this chapterJudæa into e

(6) John, c. iv. (7) Vid. Antiq.

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in the road to Jerusalem; and has been visited by pilgrims of all ages; but particularly since the Christian æra, as the place where our SAVIOUR revealed himself to the woman of Samaria. The spot is so distinctly marked by the Evangelist', and so little liable to uncertainty, from the circumstance of the well itself and the features of the country, that, if no tradition existed for its identity, the site of it could hardly be mistaken. Perhaps no Christian scholar ever attentively read the fourth chapter of St. John, without being struck with the numerous internal evidences of truth which crowd upon the mind, in its perusal. Within so small a compass it is impossible to find, in other writings, so many sources of reflection and of interest. Independently of its importance as a theological document, it concentrates so much information, that a volume might be filled with its singular illustration of the history of the Jews, and the geography of the country. All that can be collected upon these subjects from Josephus? seems but as a comment to this chapter. The journey of our Lord from Judæa into Galilee ; the cause of it; his passage

(6) John, c. iv.
(7) Vid. Antiq. lib. xi. c. 4,7,8. lib. xii. c.3, 7. &c.


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CHAP. through the territory of Samaria ; his approach

to the metropolis of that country; its name ;
his arrival at the Amorite field which terminates
the narrow valley of Sichem' ; the antient custom
of halting at a well; the female employment of
drawing water; the Disciples sent into the city
for food, by which its situation out of the town
is so obviously implied; the question of the
woman referring to existing prejudices which
separated the Jews from the Samaritans; the
depth of the well ; the Oriental allusion contained
in the expression “ living water;" the history of
the well, and the customs thereby illustrated ;
the worship upon Mount Gerizim ; all these
occur within the space of twenty verses ;

if to these be added, what has already been
referred to in the remainder of the same
chapter, we shall perhaps consider it as a field,
which, in the words of Him who contemplated
its ultimate produce', “WE MAY LIFT UP OUR


Holy Sepulch


Journey to

Judæam pect of t) Entry






Damascu Visit to dor-Ai

for Tro

(1) “ At this well, the narrow valley of Sychem ends; opening
itself into a wide field, which is probably part of that parcel of ground
given by JACOB to his son JOSEPH.” Journey from Alep. to Jerus.
p. 63. Oxf. 1721.

(2) See p. 185, Note 1 ; and p. 186; of this volume.
(3) John, iv. 35.

StoresManufa Fetid 1 Visit to Messia

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Holy Sepulchre, as it existed prior to its reparation, A.D. 1555.

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Journey to Jerusalem--Singular Cultivation of

Judæa-Jacob's Field-Bethel-Beer-Pros-
pect of the Holy City- Formalities of a Public
Entry--Reception by the InhabitantsGate of
Damascus—Identity of the Holy Places” —
Visit to the Governor Convent of St. Salva-
dor-Appearance of the MonksDormitory
for TravellersPilgrim's Chamber-Convent
Stores - Library-Exactions of the Turks-
Manufactures of Jerusalem-Mecca Fruit-
Fetid Limestone-Water of the Dead Sea-
Visit to the Holy Places. Sepulchre of the
Messiah-Its Identity disputed--Its present

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