8. If you should receive 9 dollars froni one man, ana 5 from another, how many dollars would you receive? Section 2. 1. Two little boys went into a shop to be weighed. The oldest of them weighed 40 pounds, and the youngest, 30 pounds How many pounds would they weigh both together? Solution. 40 is the same as 4 tens, and 30 is the same as 3 tens. Then 4 tens and 3 tens are 7 tens; -and 7 tens are the same as 70. 2. There were 40 oranges in one basket, and 20 in another. How many were there in both baskets? 3. What is the whole number of scholars in a school, that consists of 20 boys and 30 girls ? 4. A baker paid 50 dollars for a horse, and 30 dollars for cart. How many dollars did he pay for both ? 5. If I read 50 pages of history, and 40 pages of poetry, how do I read of both ? 6. If a man has lived 20 years in the city, and 10 years in the country, how old must he te? 7. James paid 60 cents for his Reader, and 40 for his Arithmetic. How many cents did they both cost? 8. Suppose you should buy 60 quills at one store, and 50 at another; how many quills would you have ? Solution. 60 is 6 tens, and 50 is 5 tens. 6 tens and 5 tens are 11 tens. 11 tens are 1 hundred and 1 ten; that is, 110. 9. Suppose 70 books are upon my table, and I put on 50 more; how many will then be on the iable ? 10. If a gold watch cost 90 dollars, and the chain 40 dollars; how many dollars do they both cost? 11. In a certain orchard, there are 80 pear trees and 60 peach trees. How many trees in the orchard? 12. If 90 persons should enter a hall at one door, and 60 at another; how many would there be in the hali? 13. If I purchase 80 barrels of flour from one inan, and 80 from another; how many barrels shall I have? 14. A miller had 90 bags of wheat on hand, and received so bags more. How many bags had he then: How many 15. If a horse cost 90 dollars, and a gig 90 dollars, how much do the horse and gig both cost? 16. How many pounds of honey in two jars;---There being 70 pounds in one jar, and 60 in the other? SECTION 3. 1. A yudener called three boys to the garden gate to give them some grapes. To the first boy he gave 46 grapes, and to the second 40; but the third boy attempted to push the others aside, and the gardener seeing it, gave nim only 6. How many did he give them all ? Solution. 10 grapes and 40 grapes are 80 grapes. Then 80 grapes and 6 grapes are 86 grapes. 2. John, James, and Henry went a fishing. John caught 30 fishes, and James caught 40; but Henry caught only 9. How many did they all catch? 3. How many are 30 and 40 and 9 ? 4. A traveller gave 70 dollars for his horse, 20 dollars for his saddle, and 5 dollars for his bridle. dollars did he give for the whole ? 5. How many are 70 and 20 and 5 ? 6. A farmer kept 50 sheep in one pasture, 30 in another, and 7 in another. If he had kept them all in one pasture, how many would there have been together? 7. How many are 50 and 30 and 7? 8. How many cents will it take to buy a seal, a blank-book, and a pencil; supposing the seal to cost 69 cents, the blank-book 20 cents, and the pencil 8 cents ? 9. How many are 60 and 20 and 8? 10. An escort went out to meet Gen. Layfayette: 40 men rode on horseback, 30 rode in gigs, and 10 rode in coaches. Of how many did the escort consist ? 11. How many are 40 and 30 and 10? SECTION 4. 1. A certain class consists of 11 studious boy's, and 2 idle boys. How many are there in the class ? 2. How many are 11 and 2? il and 3? 11 and 4? 11 and 5? 11 and 6? il and 7? 11 and 8? 11 and 9? 11 and 10? 3. Alfred paid 1l cents for. a pen-knife, and 10 cents for a writing-book. How much did he pay for both? 4. If you should pay 12 cents for a slate, and 3 cenis for an orange, how many cents would they both cost? 5. How inany are 12 and 2? 12 and 3? 12 and 4? 12 and 5? 12 and 6? 12 and 7? 12 and 8? 12 and 9? 12 and 10? 6. If 12 boys play at foot-ball on one side, and 8 boys on the other, how many are there in the play? 7. A certain class consisted of 13 small boys, and 4 large boys. How many were there in the class ? 8. How many are 13 and 2? 13 and 3? 13 and 4? 13 and 5. 13 and 6? 13 and 7? 13 and 8? 13 and 9? 13 and 10? 9. A number of sheep are in a fold;—13 are lying down, and 6 are standing up. How many are there? 10. There were 14 hats hanging up, and 5 more lying down. How many hats were there in all ? 11. How many are 14and2? 14and3? 14and4? 14and 5? 14 and 6? 14 and 7? 14 and 8: 14 and 9? 14 and 10? 12. If you give 14 cents for a bow, and 4 cents for an arrow, how mucli do the bow and arrow cost? 13. A wagoner drove 15 miles in the forenoon, and 6 n the afternoon. How many miles in the day? 14. How many are 15and2? 15and3? 15and 4? 15and 5? 15 and 6? 15 and 7? 15 and 8? 15 and 9? 15 and 10? 15. If a cow be worth 15 dollars, and a sheep 2 dollars, what are the cow and sheep together worth? 16. David wrote 16 lines in the forenoon, and 7 in the afternoon. How many lines did he write in the day? 17. How many are 16and2? 16and3? 10and4? 16and 5? 16 and 6? 16 and 7 ? 16 and 8? 16 and 9? 16 and 103 19. A trooper gave 16 dollars for his saddle, and 9 dollars for his bridle. How much did he pay for both ? 4. 5 19. A man lost 3 dollars, and still had 17 dollars left. How many dollars had he before he lost any? 20. How many are 17and 2? 17 and 3? 17 and 4? 17and 5 ? 17and 6? 17and 7? 17 and 8? 17 and 9: 17 and 10? 21. If a time-piece cost 17 dollars and a looking-glass 7 dollars, how many dollars do they both cost ? 22. While 18 doves were upon a roof, 9 doves more lit arnong them. - How many were then upon the roof? 23. How many are 18 and 2? 18 and?? 18 and4? 18 and 5? 18 and 6? 13 and 7 ? 18 and 8? 19 and 9? 13 and 10? 24. A man rolled 18 barrels of flour out of a mill and a boy rolled out 5 more. How many did both roll out ? 25. A young man began studying law at the age of 19 years, and studied 3 years. At what age did he finish? 26. How many are 19and 2? 19and3? 19and 4? 19and 5? 19 and 6? 19 and 7? 19 and 8? 19 and 9? 19 and 10? 27. A farmer mixed 19 bushels of oats with 10 of corn. How many bushels were there of the mixture ? Note to Teachers. The following combinations may be embraced in reparate questions by the teacher; thus,--How many are 19 and 4 ? 19 and 4 14 and 2 19 and 9 15 and y 16 and 3 19 and 6 16 and 8 13 and 7 18 and 5 16 and 6 13 and 5 14 and 4 12 and 2 15 and 4 18 and 8 14 and 8 17 and 7 18 and 2 14 and 6 12 and 5 19 and 7 17 and 6 12 and 9 14 and 7 15 and 5 19 and 3 13 and 3 17 and 8 19 and 8 16 and 5 12 and 7 12 and 6 17 and 9 15 and 8 16 and 6 16 and 9 12 and 8 16 and 4 17 and 5 13 and 8 SECTION 5. 1. Charles, had 25 books in his library, and his father gave him 8 more. How many had he then ? Suggestion. You will easily perceive how many 25 and 8 are, since you already know that 5 and 8 are 13, and that 15 and are 23. 2. A father said to his son, 'You are 7 years old, and I arn 47—How old shall we each of us become, in 9 years from this time? What should have been the answer? 3. James bought a small book for 6 cents, and David bought a large book for 56 cents. For how many ceni. niust each boy sell his book, in order to get 4 cents more than he gave? 4. Julia was returning from a walk in the garden, with 8 red roses, and 68 white roses. She met her brother, who gave her 6 more red roses, and 6 white ones. How many of each kind had she then? 5. William has 9 cents, and John has 79 cents. they should each of them get 10 cents more, would each boy then have? Note to Teachers. The following combinations may be embraced in ques. tions by the teacher; thus, How many are 3 and 9? 3 and 9 54 and 6 41 and 10 39 and 8 13 and 9 67 and 3 53 and 9 41 and 7 7 and 6 72 and 9 65 and 6 53 and 9 27 and 6 85 and 7 77 and 3 65 and 2 8 and 3 90 and 5 89 and 5 77 and 10 39 and 8 13 and 4 92 and 7 89 and 6 I and 7 26 and 7 14 and 10 92 and 4 41 and 7 39 and 2 26 and 7 14 and 8 how many SECTION 6. 1. A trader paid 29 dollars for a chest of tea, 4 dollar for a box of lemons, and 5 dollars for a box of raisins. What did he pay for the whole ? 2. How many are 29 and 4 and 5 ? 3. If I pay 38 dollars to one man, 6 to another, and 3 to another, how many dollars do I pay out? 4 How many are 39 and 6 and 3 ? 5. Stephen bad 47 books; he bought 5 more, and then his uncle gave him 6 more. How many had he at last ! 6. How many are 47 and 5 and 6? 7. On a certain day, a passenger travelled 56 miles in the stage, 4 miles in a wagon, and 7 miles on foot. llow snany miles did he travel on that day? 8. How inany are 56 and 4 and 7 ? |