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REDS YELLOWS BLEWS GREENS. Mafticot. Ultramerine Bice,
Curmine the beft Red. Scarlet Flocks
Saffron. the beft Blue.Sap Green.
Being thus provided of thefe feveral Colours here named, which you may have in divers places in London, as alfo of a Grinding-S one and Muller, which any Mafon in London will furnish you with, alfo divers Pencils of feveral fizes, and Gally-pots, Gar-Glaffes, or Horfe-Mufcle-fhells, to put your Colours in when they are ground and tempered, you are then ready at any time to make use of them, and now will I fhew you how all the forementioned Colours are to be ground and tempered,
Of the ordering of Colours.
Of thefe Colours before mentioned, fome are to be Ground forme Wafbed, fome only Steeped or Diffolved, others to be Boyled, and fome to be burnt, and then Ground.
I. How any Colour is to be Ground.
Take what Quantity of any Colour you pleafe, that is to be Ground, and lay it upon your Grinding-ftone, being clean, as alfo your Muller, then with your Muller bruife the Colour, if it be lumpifh, and when it is reasonable small or fine, put fome fair Water to it, and with your Muller grind the Colour and Water together till it be very fine; then with a Krife or piece of thin Lantborn-born, being clean, take it off from the Stone, and put it into a Shell, and when it is dry you may take it out of the Shell, and keep it for your ufe.
The Colours to be Ground are,
Vermillion, Lake, Indigo, Mafticot, White-Lead:
In Grinding of your Colours put not too much Water to them upon the Stone, for they ought to be ground Stiff, like weak
Pafte, or Pap.
How Colours are to be Wafbed.
Take a good Quantity of the Colour which you intend to Wah, and put it into a Bason, pouring to it a good Quantity of fair Water, and ftir the Colour and the Water often toge ther, and then you will fee a great deal of filth fwim at the top of the Water; when the Colour is fettled to the bottom of the Bason, pour away that Water gently into another Veffel or Bafon, and pour more fair Water to the Colour, then ftir the Colour and that fresh Water together, and when the Colour is fettled, pour away that fecond Water to the former, and fo put a third and fourth Water, ftirring it often till the Water come from the Colour without filth, then is your Colour Washed: But before you take the Colour out of the Veffel, lay it with your Hand very thin about the fides of the Veffel, and when it is dry, fome of it will fall to the bottom, which put upon a sheet of Paper, which will be good Colour; but the Remainder, which flicks to the fides of the Bafon, is beft of all, which with a Feather ftrike off the fides of the Veffel, for it will be finer than any Flour.
The Colours to be Wafhed are,
Verditer Spanish • Brown.
These or other Colours thus washed, yo'l may reserve in white Paper free from Dift, and make use of them as you have occasion.
3. How Colours are to be Steeped. This is only to put the Colour into some kind of Liquor, and there to diffolve ; some in cold Liquors, others upon the Fire.
The Colours to be steeped in cold Liquors are,
The Colours to be freeped or boiled are,
Rindes of Wall-nuts.
These Colours when steeped or boiled are to be kept close in Glases, till you have occafion to use them,
4. How Colours are to be burned. Some use only to put a Lump of Colour into a Red-hot place of the Fire, and there let it lye till it be thoroughly burnt; Lut this
is both wafteful and flovenly. The best way is this.
Take a Quantity of your Colour, and put it into a clean Crucible, putting thereto fome Fair water, then cover the Crucible with Clay, and fet it into a hot place of the Fire, letting it there continue till the Crucible be Redhot, then take it out, and when it is cold you may take out the Colour, and grind it as is before taught.
The Colours to be burnt are,
Spanish-Brown. Printers-black. Ivory. Lamp-black. Harts-horn
Or any other grofs and foul Colour.
Having fhewed you the way how to Grind,
Wafb, Steep, Boil, and Burn
your Colours, ĺ
will fhew you now
5. How to temper your Colours..
Fir, Such Colours as are ground with Fair-water, take a finall Quantity thereof, and put it into a Mafele fhell, putting thereto fome Gum water, and the Colour in a fhort time will be molified; then with your Finger (being very clean) bruife the Colour againft the Shell, till you find no knots undiffolved, then with a clean Pncil ftroak down the Colour towards the bottom of the Shell, and