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Table showing the Age and Sex of persons, under 20 years of age, Summarily Convicted during the year 1853.

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TOTAL,......

492

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The above table gives a Total of 8619 offences indicated, committed by persons under 20 years of age, adjudicated summarily by the magistrates.

Table showing the Age and Sex of persons, under 20 years of age, Committed by the Magistrates during the year 1853.

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This Table gives a Total of 531 offenders under 20 years

of age, committed during the year for trial.

Table showing the Age and Sex of persons, under 20 years of age, Committed for Trial, and who were Convicted during the year 1853.

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This Table gives a Total of 280 Convictions of offenders under 20 years of age, tried during they ear1853; and the Grand Total of persons under 20 years of age, summarily convicted or committed for trial, amounted to 8619.

The total number of persons under the above age who were taken into custody during the year is as follows:-under ten years of age, 584 males, 535 females; ten years of age and under 15, 2567 males, 948 females; 15 years of and under 20, 4746 males, 2689 females. We may here observe, that of 48,656 persons of all ages and sexes taken into custody during the year, 27,350 could neither read nor write.

age

Let it be ever borne in mind that not one of these culprits was over twenty years of age. Let it be remembered too, that 472

persons, between the ages of ten and fifteen years, were summarily convicted of the unlawful possession of goods; and that of the 4,665 suspicious characters and vagrants summarily convicted, 924 were under ten years of age, 1,591 between ten and fifteen, 2,150 between fifteen and twenty. If these were Scottish culprits we should be able to state their ages, and the number, if any, of former committals, but unfortunately no such statistical information, with reference to these young criminals, can be obtained from the Tables, elaborate and excellent in other points, now before us. However, we may be satisfied that many of these prisoners were being, or had been, reared to crime; and assuming that pauperism and vice are as rife in Ireland as in Scotland, we would assert that the majority of these children had both father and mother living.

What the condition of the juvenile criminals in Scotland is, may be learned from the Report of the Rev. William Brown, Chaplain of the General Prison at Perth-No. IX, in the Appendix to the Fifteenth Report of the Board of Directors of Prisons in Scotland, for the Year, 1853: it appears that of the 85 juvenile prisoners committed to Perth Gaol in the above year,

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Who that reads these facts, and considers the grave import of these figures, and they are of a like appalling nature all through the Kingdom will not demand the Reformatory and Ragged School for the child criminal or neglected child? Who will not hold with John Foster, " that any man who looks, in the right state of his senses, at the manner in which the children are still brought up in many parts of the land, will hear, with contempt, any hypocritical protest against so much interference with the discretion, the liberty of parents, the discretion, the liberty, forsooth, of bringing up these children a nuisance on the face of the earth."

در

To all who believe the truth of these wise words we have appealed in the course of this paper. If other advocacy, than that furnished by the facts and figures we have collected, be

desired, it can be found, in melancholy force, amid the sad Reports of the Gaol Chaplains, and amongst the records of our Criminal Courts.*

If our readers should be desirous of knowing how the interests of the destitute or criminal juveniles may be advanced, we state that, in our minds, nothing more effective, and likely to conduce to a satisfactory result, can be now attempted than by obtaining signatures for a memorial such as the following, (which we have received through the attention of Mr. Thomson) and by procuring its presentation to the Privy Council, or to Parliament :

:

"COPY of a PROPOSED MEMORIAL sent by the PREVENTIVE and REFORMATORY SCHOOL COMMITTEE to the COMMITTEE of the RAGGED SCHOOL UNION, for their consideration before being presented to the LORDS of the PRIVY COUNCIL.

To the Committee of Privy Council on Education in behalf of Ragged Schools, or Free Day Schools for the Destitute.

Your Lordships' Memorialists respectfully beg to represent: That an increasing large class of Schools, called the Ragged Schools, or Free Day Schools for the Destitute, intended for those children who, by reason of the vice, neglect, or extreme poverty of their parents, are inadmissible to the existing School Establishments recognized by your Lordships, do not, and cannot, receive any fair proportion of the Parliamentary Grant for Public Education under the existing Regulations, yet that for their maintenance in an effective condition, they require it in a far higher degree. They cannot at present receive such aidfor the following reasons: 1st. The neglected condition of the children requires very peculiar qualifications in the Master, and not only would it be impossible for many an excellent Ragged School Master to go through the Examination required by your Lordships for certified Teachers in ordinary Schools, but were he able to do so, such capabilities would by no means test the fitness for his peculiar duties, while other qualifications of a very different kind are indispensable. The Masters, therefore, are not aided.

2nd. The arrangements respecting Pupil Teachers and Stipendiary Monitors are inapplicable in Ragged Schools. Such arrange.

See also" A Sermon preached in the Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Oxford, at the Lent Assizes, 1853," in "University and Other Sermons." By John Field. M. A., of Magdalene Hall, Oxen, Chaplain of the Berkshire Gaol, Reading. London: Longman and Co. 1853. It is sufficient

to add, that the sermon is quite worthy the author of the valuable work "Prison Discipline," to which we have in this and former papers been so much indebted.

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