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The extravagant and erring fpirit hies To his confine: and of the truth herein This prefent object made probation.
Mar. It faded on the crowing of the cock". Some fay, that ever 'gainst that season comes Wherein our Saviour's birth is celebrated, This bird of dawning fingeth all night long: And then, they fay, no fpirit' dares ftir abroad; The nights are wholefome; then no planets ftrike, No fairy takes, nor witch hath power to charm, So hallow'd and fo gracious is the time.
Hor. So have I heard, and do in part believe it. But, look, the morn, in ruffet mantle clad,
But this change, though it would smooth the construction, is not neceffary, and, being unneceffary, fhould not be made against authority. JOHNSON.
Bourne of Newcafile, in his Antiquities of the common People, informs us, "It is a received tradition among the vulgar, that "at the time of cock-crowing, the midnight fpirits forfake thefe "lower regions, and, go to their proper places.-Hence it is, " fays he, that in country places, where the way of life requires more early labour, they always go chearfully to work at that "time whereas if they are called abroad fooner, they imagine "every thing they fee, a wandering ghoft." And he quotes on this occafion, as all his predeceffors had done, the well-known lines from the first hymn of Prudentius. I know not whofe tranflation he gives us, but there is an old one by Heywood. The pious Chanfons, the hymns and carrols, which Shakspeare mentions prefently, were usually copied from the elder Christian poets.
FARMER. 8 Th' extravagant-] i. e. e. got out of its bounds. WARBURTON. So, in Nobody and Somebody, 1598: "-they took me up for a Aravagant." STEEVENS.
9 It faded on the crowing of the cock.] This is a very ancient fuperftition. Philoftratus giving an account of the apparition of Achilles' fhade to Apollonius Tyaneus, fays that it vanished with a little glimmer as foon as the cock crowed. Vit. Apol. iv. 16.
1 Dares flir abroad. Quarto. The folio reads-can walk— STEEVENS.
lameness or difeafes.
2 No fairy takes,] No fairy frikes with This fenfe of take is frequent in this author.
Walks o'er the dew of yon' high caftern hill:
Mar. Let's do't, I pray; and I this morning know
Where we shall find him moft convenient. [Exeunt.
A room of fate.
Enter the King, Queen, Hamlet, Polonius, Laertes, Voltimand, Cornelius, Lords and Attendants.
King. Though yet of Hamlet our dear brother's
The memory be green; and that it us befitted.
-high eastern bill:] The old quarto has it better eastsward. WARBURTON.
The fuperiority of the latter of these readings is not, to me at leaft, very apparent. I find the former ufed in Lingua, &c. 1607: "and overclimbs
"Yonder gilt eaftern hills."
Eafern and cafevard, alike fignify toward the Eaft. STEEVENS. 4 With one aufpicious, and one dropping eye: The quarto, with fomewhat lefs of quaintnels:
Thus the folio.
With mirth in funeral, and with dirge in marriage,
Now follows, that you know, young Fortinbras,
Loft by his father, with all bands of law,
With an aufpicious, and a dropping eye.
The fame thought, however, occurs in the Winter's Tale: "She had one eye declined for the lofs of her husband; another elevated that the oracle was fulfilled." STEEVENS.
I once thought that dropping in this line meant only depressed, or caft downwards; an idea probably fuggefted by the paffage in The Winter's Tale, quoted by Mr. Steevens. But it means, I believe, weeping. "Dropping of the eyes" was a technical expreffion in our author's time." If the fpring be wet with much fouthwind, the next fummer will happen agues blearnefs, dropping of the eyes, and pains of the bowels." Hopton's Concordancia of year es, 8vo, 1616. MALONE.
5 Colleagued with this dream of his advantage,] The meaning is, He goes to war fo indifcreetly, and unprepared, that he has no allies to fupport him but a dream, with which he is colleagued or confederated. WARBURTON.
Hanmer reads-collogued, and perhaps rightly, as this word is frequently ufed by Shakipeare's contemporaries. So, in Marion's Malecontent, 1604: "Why look you, we must collogue fometimes, forfwear fometimes." Again, in Green's Tu Quoque, 1599: "Collogue with her again." Again, in Heywood's Love's Miftrefs, 1636: This collegued lad." Again, in Swetnam Arraign'd 1620: "For they are cozening, cellegring, ungrateful, &c." STEEVENS.
Of this his nephew's purpofe,-to fupprefs
King. We doubt it nothing; heartily farewel. [Exeunt Voltimand and Cornelius. And now, Laertes, what's the news with you? You told us of some fuit: What is't, Laertes? You cannot speak of reason to the Dane, And lofe your voice: What would't thou beg, Laertes,
That fhall not be my offer, not thy afking?
6 to Suppress
His further gait therein,] Gate or gait is here ufed in the northern fenfe, for proceeding, paffage; from the, A. S. verb gae. A gate for a path, paffage, or street, is still current in the north.
7-more than the fcope] More than is comprised in the general defign of these articles, which you may explain in a more diffuse and dilated style. JOHNSON.
thefe dilated articles] i. e. the articles when dilated.
9 The head is not more native to the heart,
The band more infirumental to the mouth,
Than is the throne of Denmark to thy father.] This is a flagrant instance of the firft editor's ftupidity, in preferring found to sense. But head, heart, and band, he thought must needs go together, where an honest man was the fubject of the encomium: though what he could mean by the head's being native to the heart, I cannot conceive. The mouth indeed of an honeft man might, perhaps, in fome fenfe, be faid to be native, that is, allied to the VOL. X. T
The hand more inftrumental to the mouth,
Laer. My dread lord,
Your leave and favour to return to France;
Pol. He hath, my lord, [wrung from me my flow leave,
By labourfome petition; and, at last,
heart. But the speaker is here talking not of a moral but a
Part of this emendation I have received, but cannot difcern why the bead is not as much native to the heart, as the blood, that is, natural and congenial to it, born with it, and co-operating with it. The relation is likewife by this reading better preferved, the counfellor being to the king as the head to the heart. JOHNSON.
I am not certain that the part of Dr. Warburton's emendation which is received, is neceffary. The fenfe feems to be this, the head is not formed to be more useful to the heart, the hand is not more at the service of the mouth, than my power is at your father's fervice. That is, he may command me to the utmost; he may do what he pleases with my kingly authority. STEEVENS.