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Yet fruits that bloffom firft, will firft be ripe:
Content thyself a while.-By the mafs, 'tis morning:
Pleasure, and action, make the hours feem fhort.-
Retire thee; go where thou art billeted ;

Away, I fay; thou shalt know more hereafter :—
Nay, get thee gone.-
[Exit Roderigo.

Two things are to be done,

My wife muft move for Caffio to her mistress;
I'll fet her on;

Myfelf the while, will draw the Moor apart,
And bring him jump when he may Caffio find
Soliciting his wife :-Ay, that's the way;
Dull not device by coldness and delay,




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Before the Caftle.

Enter Caffio, with Muficians.

Caf. Mafters, play here, I will content your pains, Something that's brief; and bid-good-morrow, general. [Mufick plays; and enter Cloren,

ferent things, all planned with the fame art, and promoted with
the fame diligence, fome must fucceed fooner than others, by the
order of nature. Every thing cannot be done at once; we must
procced by the neceffary gradation. We are not to despair of flow
events any more than of tardy fruits, while the caufes are in regu-
lar progrefs, and the fruits grow fairer against the fun. Hanmer
has not, I think, rightly conceived the fentiment; for he reads,
Thofe fruits which blossom firft, are not first ripe.
I have therefore drawn it out at length, for there are few to
whom that will be eafy which was difficult to Hanmer,


5 will draw] The old copies read-to draw, which may be right, and confiftent with the tenor of this interrupted speech. Jago is ftill debating with himfelf concerning the means to perplex Othello. STEEVENS,



Clown. Why, mafters, have your inftrumcnts been at Naples, that they speak i' the nofe thus ? Muf. How, fir, how!

Clown. Are thefe I pray you, call'd wind inftru-

Muf. Ay, marry, are they, fir.
Clown. O, thereby hangs a tail.
Muf. Whereby hangs a tale, fir?

Clown. Marry, fir, by many a wind inftrument that I know. But, mafters, here's moncy for you: and the general to likes your mufic, that he defires you, of all loves, to make no more noife with it. Muf. Well, fir, we will not.


Clown. If you have any mufic that may not be heard, to't again: but, as they fay, to hear mufic, the general does not greatly care.

Muf. We have none fuch, fir.

Clown. Then put up your pipes in your bag, for I'll away: Go; vanish into air; away.

[Exeunt Muf. Caf. Doft thou hear, my honeft friend? Clown. No, I hear not your honeft friend; I hear you.

Caf. Pr'ythee, keep up thy quillets. There's a poor picce of gold for thee: if the gentlewoman that attends the general's wife, be ftirring, tell her, there's one Caffio entreats her a little favour of fpeech: Wilt thou do this?

Clown. She is flirring, fir; if the will ftir hither, I fhall feem to notify unto her,

[Exit Clown.

6 Why, mafters, have your instruments been in Naples, that they Speak the nofe thus] The venereal difcafe first appeared at the iege of Naples. JOHNSON.


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— of all loves.—] The folio reads—for love's fake.


for I'll a-vay-1] Hanmer reads, and bie away. JOHNSON. vanish into air.] So the folio and one of the quartos. The eldest quarto reads-Vanish aray. STEEVENS.

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Enter Iago.

Caf. Do, good my friend.-In happy time, Iago,

Iago. You have not been a-bed then?

Caf. Why, no; the day had broke

Before we parted. I have made bold, Iago,
To fend in for your wife: My fuit to her
Is, that he will to virtuous Desdemona
Procure me fome accefs.

Lago. I'll fend her to you prefently:

And I'll devife a mean to draw the Moor
Out of the way, that your converfe and bufinefs
May be more free.
Caf. I humbly thank you for't. I never knew
A Florentine more kind and honeft.

Enter Emilia.

Emil. Good morrow, good lieutenant : I am forry
For your ditpleafure; but all will foon be well.
The general, and his wife, are talking of it;
And the fpeaks for you ftoutly: The Moor replies,
That he, you hurt, is of great fame in Cyprus,
And great affinity; and that in wholesome wisdom,
He might not but refufe you: but, he protefts, he
loves you;

And needs no other fuitor, but his likings,
To take the fafeft occafion by the front ',
To bring you in again,


Caf. Yet I beseech you,

you think fit, or that it may be done,Give me advantage of fome brief discourse With Defdemona alone.

Emil. Pray you, come in;

To take the fafeft occafion by the front,] This line is wanting in the folio. STEEVENS.

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I will bestow

you where you fhall have time

To fpeak your bofom freely.

Caf, I am much bound to you 2.



A room in the caftle,

Enter Othello, Iago, and Gentlemen.

Oth. These letters give, Iago, to the pilot; And, by him, do my duties to the ftate": That done, I will be walking on the works, Repair there to me.

Jago. Well, my good lord, I'll do't.

Oh. This fortification, gentlemen,-fhall we fee't? Gent. We'll wait upon your lordship.

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An open place before the caftle.

Enter Defdemona, Caffio, and Emilia.


Def. Be thou affur'd, good Caffio, I will do All my abilities in thy behalf.

Emil. Good madam, do; I know, it grieves my husband,

As if the cafe were his 4.

Def. O, that's an honest fellow.-Do not doubt,

But I will have my lord and you again

As friendly as you were.

2 I am much bound to you.] This fpeech is omitted in the first quarto. STEEVENS.

3 ftate:] The folio reads-fenate. MALONE.

4. As if the cale were his.] The folio reads-As if the cauft were his. STEEVENS.


Caf. Bountcous madam,

Whatever fhall become of Michael Caffio,
He's never any thing but your true fervant.

Def. O, fir, I thank you: You do love my lord;
You have known him long; and be you well affur'd,
He shall in ftrangenefs ftand no farther off
Than in a politic diftance,

Caf. Ay, but lady,

That policy may either last fo long,
Or feed upon fuch nice and waterih diet,
Or breed itself fo out of circumftance,
That, I being abfent, and my place fupply'd,
My general will forget my love and service.

Def. Do not doubt that; before Æmilia here,
I give thee warrant of thy place: affure thee,
If I do vow a friendship, I'll perform it

To the last article: my lord thall never reft;
"I'll watch him tame, and talk him out of patience;
His bed fhall feem a fchool, his board a fhrift;
I'll intermingle every thing he does

5 That policy may either laft fo long,] He may either of himself think it politic to keep me out of office fo long, or he may be fatisfied with fuch flight reafons, or fo many accidents may make him think my re-admiffion at that time improper, that I may be quite forgotten. JOHNSON,

• I'll watch bim tame,-] It is faid, that the ferocity of beasts, infuperable and irreclaimable by any other means, is fubdued by keeping them from fleep. JOHNSON.

Hawks and other birds are tamed by keeping them from fleep, and it is to the management of thofe Shakspeare alludes. So, in Cartwright's Lady Errant:

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we'll keep you,

"As they do hawks, watching untill you leave

"Your wildness,"

So, in Monfieur D'Olive, 1616: " - your only way to deal with women and parrots, is to keep them waking."

Again, in Sir W. D'Avenant's Juft Italian, x630:

“Tho've watch'd my hardy violence so tame," Again, in the Boske of Haukyng, Huntyng, &c. bl. 1. no date: Wake her all nyght, and on the morrowe all daye, and then she will be previ enough to be reclaymed." STEEVENS,

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