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SERMON LXV,-LXXI. The Pregnant Promise with her Issue; or, the Children
of Promise brought forth and described, . 193 GAL. iv. 28. Now we, brethren, as Ifacc was, are
the children of promise. After taking a view of the words in their connection, dividing, explain..
isg, and fixing the proper sense of them, the following general topics
are treated at great length, viz. 1. The promise whereof believers are the children, opened up, 199
2. This character, of their being the children of promise, unfolded; ..and in what respects they are for inquired into, - 227 3. The comparison stated, or the parallel run, between them and Isaac,
and so the truth of the proposition evinced, viz. that a; he was,
so they are the children of promise, - - 241 4. The grounds of the doctrine enumerated, both with reference to
the prolific virtue of the promise for begetting children to God, and also the pleasure of the Prorniser, why he will have people to be the children of promise, - :
253 . A copious application of the whole, in four uses, Use 1. Of information, in twenty inferences,
2. Of examination and trial, -
365 4. Of exhortation, to three sorts of persons,
SERMON LXXII. The Mediator's Power in Heaven and Earth, 424 Matth.xxviii. 18. And Jesus came, and spoke unto them,
saying, All power is given unto me-in beaven and earth. After the words are divided and explained, and summed up in a doc
trinal proposition, the following general leads of method are hand
led, viz. 1. The truth of the proposition illustrated from parallel texts and · fcripture instances,
- 428 2. The power that is delegated to, and resides in the person of Christ, enquired into, .
- 435 3. The extent of this power unfolded, as it is declared to be all power in heaven and earth, - - . ..
444 4. The divine donation thereof touched at, by shewing when and how it was given to Christ,
449 5. The reasons of the doctrine assigned, why all power in heaven and earth is given to him.
455 to Sundry inferences deduced for the application,
303, FS E R MON LVI,---LXIV.
The HAPPY CONGREGATION; or, The Great
Gathering of the People to Sulon*,
reference to God, of people to:
GENESIS xlix. 10.
The sceptre shall not depart from fudab, nor a lawgiver
from between bis feet, until Shilob come; and unto bim Mall tbe gathering of the people be.
nto tbem, Leartb. : p in a deetan
THE twelve sons of Jacob were very reinarkable in in 424 1 th
their day : but the twelve tribes of Israel, that were descended and denominate from them, were yet more remarkable and renowned : for we find their
names upon the twelve gates of the new Jerufalem, - Rev. xxi. 12. In the view hereof, their dying father,
Jacob, says some things remarkable concerning each
fin, and his tribe. Holy Jacob, the nearer he was to 428 his death, the nearer to God; his foul had not only of Chri, a kind of divinity, but of divination also, whereby he
I are hando
, and how
449 eaven and
* This subi ct is the substance of eight discourses, preached at feveral places, on facramental occasions. The first three were delivered at - the facrament at Kinglailie, June 5th, 6th, and 7th; and end about the middle of the third general head. The next three were preached at the sacrament of Airth, June 19th, 20th, and 21st; and end with the fifth general head. The last two were delivered at the facrament of Carnock, July 4th, and 5th: all in the year 1725. VOL. IV.
prophesies of what shall take place concerning, them and come to pass in the latter days. From Jacob's Couch, and death-bed prophecy, we may learn fume new lesions, tho' it be an old itory, and spoken more than three thoufand years ago.-Many great things are said to and of the several fons of Jacob, when now they were gathered together at his bed side: but especially, very glorious things are spoken of Judah and his tribe; as, 1. That it should be an honourable tribe; ver. 8. “ Judah, thou art he whon thy brethren shall praise.” 2. That it thould be a victorious tribe; “ Thy land shall be in the neck of thine enemies." 3. That it should be a superior tribe to the rest; “ Thy Father's children shall bow down before thee." 4. That it Mould be a powerful and courageous tribe, ver. 9. “ Judah is a lion's whelp." 5. That it should be a royal tribe, from which the Melfias the Prince shall come, ver. 10. “ The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a law-giver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the ga. thering of the people be.”
As Abraham saw Christ's day afar cff, fo did Jacob here : though his bodily eyes were dim, yet such a clear-fighted soul hath he, that he sees that which the eve of mortality never faw, even an object at such a far distance, that he spake clearly of it more than fixteen hundred years before the accomplishment thereof; and while there was nothing but shadows, that interveened betwixt the prophecy and the event. And, notwithftanding all the legal interveening ihadows, and that his fun was going down in his hemisphere of nature, his eyes dim through infirmity of age; yet his mind being irradiated by the Spirit of God, he fees the Sun of righteousness, the Morning-star, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Light of the Gentiles, and the Glory of his people Ifrael. As Mofes, from the mount, beheld the land of Canaan afar off; fo Jacob from the mount of his divine contemplation, even when his heart and eye. ftrings are breaking, fees to the furthest end and period of all the prophets.
This text is the more remarkable, that it is the third promise of grace and of Christ to mankind sinners after
the the fall. The first promise was, Gen. iii. 15. “ The
feed of the woman fhall bruise the head of the serpent.” * The second was, Gen. svii. 13. where God says to Eti Abraham, “In thy feed thall all the nations of the earth
u be blessed.” But this is the third, b:t! fuller and plain2 er than the former two; for these few that it shall be, Le but this Mews, wben it shall be; pointing out the very
precise period of time when Christ shall come : So that,
if any one demand, When shall this Mellias be reveal. T ed? The answer is, When the sceptre is departed from eit Judah.
This text hath two parts: the first pertaining to the v Jews, The fceptre jhall not depart from Judah, nor a lawoli giver from between bis feet until Shiloh come; the second heilt pertaining to the Gentiles, To bim fall the gathering of el the people be. He shall come to the Jews, and be re
ceived by the Gentiles: for Christ, the King of the Jews,
came to them; “ He came to his own, and his own reherceived him not.” The Gentiles it all be subject to the
King of the Jews, and at last tlie Jews shall be subject to
the King of the Gentiles. The former part of the verse fich speaks forth the conviction of the Jews, the latter part chi the conversion of the Gentiles. Fat Now, in the first part of the words, relating to the Liste Jews, you may notice two things, first, a Sign; and, ; fecondly, an Event. . The sign is, the departing of the Petri fceptre from Judah, and the government. The event i is, the coming of Christ the Shiloh. .
1. You have the Sign; and this figni, if it be not atut doubled, is at least twice mentioned in the text; for mit the fame may be understood by the sceptre and the lawe Su giver; where there is a fueptre, there must be a legisla. tritt tor. They may be either considered to be the same, oft namely, the sceptre, or the law-giver; or separately, - be as some read it, the sceptre of the law-giver ; making nito the one the principality, and the other the magistracy, ere as it were, at the feet of the former; as Paul at the erit feet of Gamaliel. Jacob here foresaw, that the fceptre
and government would come to the tribe of Judah, thirt which was fulfilled in David, on whose family the crown after was intailed. He foresaw also that the fceptre would
. continue in that tribe, at least a government of their own, till the coming of the Messias, in whom, as the King of Zion, and great High-priest, it was fit that both the priesthood, and royalty, fhould terminate and centre.
I know it is objecteel here, especially by the Jews, who deny that the Meflias is come, that in the captivity of Babylon, Where was the sceptre of Judah? And that the Maccabces were of the tribe of Levi; Where taen was the tribe of Judah? For clearing of this, you are to remember, that when the sceptre entred upon Judah, it remained there. You may fee Judges i. 1, 2. " That after the death of Joshua, the children of Ifrael aiked the Lord, faying, Who Thall go up for us against the Canaanites, to fight against them? The Lord anfwered, Judah shall go up, because I have delivered the land into his hand.” But when it is said, Tbe fceptre
all not depart from Fudah, it is not meant, the sceptre hall still remain there in the same fplendor and glory : it is not taken away, when it pleases God to eclipse the glory, and obscure the splendor of it, as a punishment of their fins. Now, as until the captivity, ail along from David's time, the sceptre was in Judah; fo in their cap. tivity they had their princes exiles. You see the king of Babylon lifting up the head of Jeloiakim king of Judah, when he was his captive, and advancing him above the other kings that were with him in Babylon, 2 Kings xxv. 27. And after the captivity, their rulers were either by the father or mother's side, descended from the tribe of Judah. They had still a governor of that tribe, or of the Levites, that adhered to it, which was equivalent, till Judah became a province of the Roman empire, just at the time of our Saviour's birth, and was at that time taxed, as one of the provinces of that empire, Luke' ii. 1. And though the act of go. vernment might, at some time or other, ceafe, yet the right of government was still in Judah; the crown still did belong to Judah, and the principality had its deno. mination from Judah: and to this day, they have the name of Jews from Judah, and will ever be so called ; the name shall not wear out, till Christ's second coming: