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animal to kick as much as it liked, and as it soon discovered that, whenever it tried to kick, it tumbled over, it learned to give up the attempt. As to the habit of biting, that was soon conquered by the simple plan of putting in its mouth a thick wooden bit, which kept its jaws so far apart that it could not make its teeth meet.

The boers of South Africa, who call themselves“ baptized men,” share many native prejudices, as is often the case when uneducated white men associate much with savage tribes. Among other peculiarities they consider the use of zebra flesh to be derogatory to the character of a “ baptized man,” and will never use it themselves, but give all the meat to their Hottentots, reserving only the hide for themselves.

As travellers are apt to make use of the popular name when describing the habits and appearance of various animals, and have, therefore, given rise to much uncertainty on the part of careful readers, it may be as well to record briefly a few of the names by which this animal is mentioned. It is the Hippotigris or Horse-Tiger of the ancients, the name being clearly derived from the striped fur. It is the Wild-paard, or Wild Horse of the Dutch boers. It is the Daow of Harris, and the Wilde Esel of Kolbe.

EXERCISE.-.53. COMPOSITION. 1. Name the chief peculiarities of the zebra. 2. Give the various names by which this animal is known.

3. Describe in your own words the means by which a zebra was tamed by Rarey.

4. Fill up the following blanks so as to make complete sense: The-
pleasant. It is

in temper, and thereforeused for

It is found

Its flesh



ROBERT BURNS. pov-er-ty (L. pauper, poor), want, indigence. hame-ly or home-ly [A.S. ham, home], plain, pertaining to home. hon-est (L. honestus, from honor, honour], just, fair-dealing. broth-ers (A.S. bródhor). sons of the same parents, fellow-creatures.

Is there, for honest poverty,

That hangs his head, and a' that;

The coward-slave, we pass him by,

We dare be poor for a’ that.
For a' that, and a' that,

Our toils obscure, and a' that,
The rank is but the guinea stamp,

The man's the gowd (1) for a' that.
What though on hamely fare we dine,

Wear hodden grey, and a' that?
Gie (2) fools their silks, and knaves their wine,

A man's a man for a' that.
For a' that, and a' that,

Their tinsel show, and a' that ;
The honest man, though e’er sae (3)

Is king o' men for a’ that.
A prince can mak (4) a belted knight,

A marquis, duke, and a' that;
But an honest man's aboon (5) his miglit,

Gude (6) faith, he maunna fa’ (7) that!
For a' that, and a' that,

Their dignities, and a' that,
The pith o' sense, and pride o' worth

Are higher ranks than a' that.
Then let us pray, that come it may,

As come it will for a' that,
That sense and worth, o'er a' the earth,

May bear the gree,(8) and a' that.
For a' that, and a' that,

It's coming yet, for a' that,
That man to man, the warld o'er,

Shall brothers be for a' that.

EXERCISE.--54. PARSING, ETC. 1. Turn the whole piece into English prose. 2. What is the co-relative to that in the second line ? 3. What is the case of slave ? 4. Parse :-by, be, that, but, guinea, stamp, man's, in the first verse. 5. What case is fools, and why? 6. Why is the verb in the last line of the third verse in the plural nunber?

(6) good.

(1) gold. (2) give. (3) so. (1) make. (5) above. not try. (8) equivalent to “bear away the bell,”


ex-ten-sive (L. ex, out; tendo, to stretch), large, occupying a consi. derable area. ex-ces-sive [L. ex, beyond ; cedo, to go], violent, extreme, immoderate. di-verts [L. diverto, from de, from ; verto, to turn), turns away, changes the direction of; also amuses, entertains. The most extensive of our foreign territories is British North America, covering an area nearly as large as the whole of Europe. It must not be supposed, however, that the influence of this portion of our dominions is commensu. rate with its extent. Although its dimensions are vast, its population is small, being only about 3,600,000, or one-sixth more than that of Scotland. A great part of this immense region is altogether uninhabitable, and the larger proportion of the people are found in Canada, which forms only a small division of the whole. The climate is much more severe than that of England, although the latitude of some portions is the same. During several of the winter months the -rivers and lakes are ice-bound ; but for a short period of summer the heat is intense. The cause of the excessive cold of winter may be said to be threefold. The position of the continent, sloping towards the polar regions, renders it open to the icy blasts of the north, from which it is protected by no sheltering hills; there is but a small portion of the continent within the tropics, while even that is of a mountainous character, retaining little of the sun's heat; and the rising ground towards the western coast diverts the warm winds, which otherwise would blow eastwards and relieve the rigour of the climate.

British North America comprises, Canada, formerly divided into Upper and Lower, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, Prince Edward's Island, Columbia, Van. couver Island, and the wide tract of land known as the Hudson Bay Territory. The last mentioned belongs to a corporation known as the Hudson Bay Company. It is valuable for the furs and skins which are bought from the Indians, of whom various tribes have here their abode, the principal being the Chippeways, the Crees, and the Stone Indians. Numerous trading stations or forts are established round the shores of Hudson Bay, to which the trappers

bring their spoils of the chase, to be exchanged for firearms, spirits, beads, and other simple articles, esteemed as luxuries by the red-skinned children of the wilderness. The life which the servants of the Company lead at these stations is lonely in the extreme, but such are the charms of solitude, that after a few years'residence, the customs of cities become distasteful, and after a short visit to their homes in Britain, they sigh for the rugged grandeur of the sterile west. In common with this region, Labrador has a cold and dreary climate. The castern coasts of America in this respect resemble those of Asia, while the western coasts are more genial, like those of Europe.

Newfoundland is a large island, chiefly remarkable for the sand banks which lie near it, where a very extensive cod fishery is carried on. Above the sand banks dense fogs frequently occur, caused probably by the condensation of the vapours from the warm current of the Gulf Stream, by the cold waters near the coast. It is in Heart's Content Bay, a small inlet of the Atlantic Ocean on the coast of Newfoundland, that the American ends of the Atlantic telegraph cables are brought on shore, the British ends rising out of the water at Valentia Island, a small island on the coast of Kerry, in Ireland.

Nova Scotia, or New Scotland, as the words mean, is the nearest American country to Britain, and has for its capital Halifax with our finest colonial dockyard. From this place to Galway in Ireland is only 1800 miles across the Atlantic, a distance traversed by steamers in six days. Vancouver Island, on the west coast, abounds with coal, and has a climate not unlike that of Britain. In Columbia, near which it lies, gold was discovered in 1856, so that since that period it has received a large influx of immigrants in search of the precious ore.

The most important of our American possessions is Canada. It is there that the population is greatest, the ground most productive, and the arts of industry most actively pursued. This country, it may be said, is three times as large as Great Britain, so that it offers an excellent field for the enterprising agriculturist or labourer who wishes for fields afresh in which to try his success. Before 1759,

Canada belonged to the French. In that year Upper Canada was captured by the British, and in the following year Lower Canada also passed into our hands. The most memorable battle in connection with the struggle was that of Quebec, fought in 1759, on the plains of Abraham. In this engagement both the English and the French generals— Wolfe and Montcalm-fell, after distinguishing themselves by personal bravery, in remembrance of which a memorial has been erected, giving credit to each for his valour.

Canada borders on the north-eastern frontier of the United States, from which it is separated by the St. Lawrence, a river connected with a series of magnificent fresh-water lakes, Superior, Huron, Michigan, Erie, and Ontario, which are unrivalled for size, and together form a convenient means of inland navigation. Between Lakes Erie and Ontario are the famous falls of Niagara. The roar of their waters rushing over the rocks may be heard miles away, while close to the falls the sound is deafening. The name, which is of Indian origin-O-ni-aw-ga-rah-meaning literally the thunder of the water, is exceedingly appropriate when we consider the immense mass of water which is for ever pouring over the rocks, and the din which it constantly raises. The immense water system of river and lake enables the Canadian farmer to transport his grain or timber with great ease to the various trading ports, and forms a highway for commerce, greatly to the advantage of Canada. During four or five months, however, the St. Lawrence is

Originally a French colony, the province of Lower Canada still bears the marks and traces of its founders in the language of the people, but throughout Upper Canada the population is almost entirely English. Those of French origin are chiefly Roman Catholic in religion, but all the forms of Protestantism are found among the other settlers. The principal Canadian towns are Ottawa the capital, Quebec, Montreal, Toronto, and Kingston. Quebec, sometimes called on account of its position, the Gibraltar of America, is the capital of Lower Canada, and Montreal, in the same province, is remarkable for a very large cathedral.

In 1867, the colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New

frozen up.

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