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412

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.

datire instead of the accusative. Never mind the order of Latin words

at present; learn to read, we say again, and have patience; we will LAZARUS: If you really can get " Webster's Large Dictionary,” for tell you all in due time.-W. Fitz-HENRY (Waterford): The German 16s., you will get a dead bargain. You have solved the Dean's riddle, chirography is becoming more round in daily practice. The 28. 10d. 2, 2, 1,0, 4.-BENVOLIO (Bury): We do not recollect the name of any English History contains the same as the 48; all the difference is in the recent work on Dyeing, except that of Bertholiet, published some years binding.-R. C. Typo (Oakham): To suppose that the Gothic arch is ago by Dr. Ure.

founded upon the Athanasian creed, is as absurd as to suppose the creed J. G. G. (Leeds): If your mind be quite full of the subject, and you can

to be a proposition in Euclid. The solution of the query p. 240 does not speak pretty fluently, the speech off-hand will be best ; but if not, you come up to the requirements ; that of the Collier's query is right, so is had better prepare your speech in time. Elocution will, of course, form FRED. STERN'S (Chelsea).-JOHN (Fleet-st.): Go on, John. -HENRY part of our intended lessons.-E. EVANS (Ashby-de-la-Zouch), and J. LAYLAND (Old Kent-road): Well done, Henry: the Key to the next OLIVER (Burslem): The signature of Addison's papers in the Specta- Latin Lessons will be immediately given.-A WITHERS (Bristol) protor" is CLIO, or one of the letters of this word. He wrote the “ Evidences of the Christian Religion,” and several other ingenious works. But edi. poses a new system of stenography; it may be good, but we cannot say

we admire it. -- SAM JOHNSON (Belfast): English History will come in dons of all his works complete in so many volumes are to be bad.-J. A. due course ; in the meantime, use Cassell's History of England, price (Lancashire) : Cassell's Euclid is both cheapest and best for a beginner.- 38. for 600 pages.-R. G. (Dundee): Emeritus means one that has bt. Rollox (Glasgow): The poetry is fit for a lady's album.-J. L. served his time, and receives a merited pension for his services. SchoJOBSON (Lees): The Steam-Engine as soon as we can.-W. M. (Chelten-liast means an ancient commentator or annotator upon the classics. It ham) will oblige us with a list of the words he does not understand.

A true that every substantive noun in German is or ought to be spelt CALLICRATIDAS ( Bampton): Zumpt's Latin Grammar is reckoned the with a capital letter at the beginning, like proper names in Englishbest ; most Latin Grammars contain lessons on Prosody; Neilson's, G. M. (Holme-lane, near Bradford) solves a Colliers query (p. 336, col. fluntingford's, or Howard's Greek exercises will do.-S. SMITH: a, e, i, 1. line 2) thus : Calling C's part of the work 1, B's part will be 2, and 0, U.-W. M. (St. George's East): Norie's Navigation is the best ; it explains the plain scale and sector more fully:-A Welsh correspondent pression for the whole work that A, B, and Ċ do in 10 days. Whence,

A's part 4, in the same time. Therefore, 1+2+4= 7 will be the ex. need not be surprised at our not answering his queries, we cannot make by proportion, 1:7:: 10 days : 70 days, C's time of doing the work out his signature yet; but as for " dear old Wales,” we love it as a part, alone ; again, 2 :7::10 days : 35 days, B's time of doing the work alone ; and a noble part of " dear old England,"or rather of “ dear old Britain.”— A SUBSCRIBER to the “ Exhibitor" and EDCCATOR: We are not laws and, 4:7:: 10 days : 174 days, A's time of doing the work alone. A yers, but we understand that a boy becomes a man

at twenty-one, which great variety of other solutions have been given, but this is the easiest.

- Correct answers to the question of L. T. C. D. received from J. H. we have found to our sad experience.-S. S. (Ryecroft): A fairish attempt NORRIS (Stalybridge), H. ROBINSON (Sheerness), and others.-F. C.C. at R. C. Typo's problem. -Lily Dawson must, like a good girl, try (Brompton), JAMES STANSFIELD (Barrowford): Yes. and be correct in writing and reading; for instance, she calls our journal the Popular Instructor instead of EDUCATOR! Now this is not cor; SMITH (Baldoch): “Our Evenings have merged into the “ French

J. K. (Forfar), JUVENIS (Barking): Answered before. - EDWARD She should get a small copy of " Dr. Johnson's Dictionary," which she may get for a shilling or so; and keep it always by her, when Manual,” price 23.-J. J. F. (Halsted): Let him repeat his questions she is writing to anyone, to consult when she is at a loss for the spelling irreconcileable ; but

the simplest way to arrive at the truth is this, take

they never reached us.- John HORDER (Ludwell): The statements are of a word. When she has written a word, she should count first the number of the letters, to see if it agrees with the number in the book, a good edition of Dr. Johnson's “ Dictionary in Miniature," count the then observe if the letters are all the same, and are put in the same

number of lines in a column, then double this number for the number order. As to reading, she must read aloud to some kind friend, and of words in a page, and multiply the latter by the number of pages, willingly submit to be told of her faults in pronunciation.

and you have the answer. We did this with a small“ Johnson' we W. OGDEN (Manchester) : The Germans has a mark in the middle pro

have just now, and found the answer 30,820 words. jecting right and left; but the German í has scarcely

any mark, being can pass out of the stomach until digested, persons have been known to

A YOUNG THINKER wishes to know how it is that if no substance only a little thicker where the mark stands in the former. Greek is pass a sixpence or any similar substance. To understand this he has easier in some respects, but harder in others. — PoliLOSOPHOS (Richmond): only to bear in mind that the indigestible substance is forced through the His suggestion will be kept in view.-JUVENIS (Barking); DAWSON land); QUI QUE CE SOIT; A GLANCE, &c. (Norwich), are informed that amputation the circulation of the

blood is secured? The blood vessels (Knaresborough); D. M. WAKE (Bradford); J.J., and J. T. (Sunder body in connexion with the digested material, and but for the process of

He asks, how in the case of the proposition denominated the Pons Asinorum, that is, Asses' Bridge, is the fifth proposition of the First Book of Euclid's Elements.-D. open into each other, and thus a free circulation is insured. His third JAMES (Camden-town): Read the advice to Lilly Dawson.-J. I. P. question is, whether a vegetable or mixed diet is the best? Taking into (Hammersmith): Mr. Cassell's Arithmetic, &c., are recommended as the account the variations of our climate, we say a mixed diet is preferable. best for the money.-Iolo (Cardiff) may get any mathematical instruminded that all which a vegetable requires for its growth is a supply of

-R. AN.- If you turn to the first lesson in physiology you will be rement separate ; for instance, he may get a pair of compasses for 18. 6d.

water and carbonic acid, and these being universal, the “wild plant" or 28. 6d. according to its finish.- Communications received from W. J. STURGES (Brades) ; E. L. (Yeadon); E. WILSON (Leeds); A. MK.

can have no difficulty in finding what it requires for its nutrition. (Inverness); DOUGLAS; S. CLARE (Ashton-under-Lyne); E. C.

NovACASTRENSIS wishes to know the meaning of the expression I[UGHES (Luard-st.); Thos. HALLAM (Manchester); A. P. T.(Exeter);

“Kentish fire."— T. 0. U. (Wishington) is wrong in the comparison of R. WATERS (Gateshead); and G. BATES (London).-G. L. M. (Russell. Dires. Carpenter's Physiology is a very good one for a beginner.-J. F. square) will find most of his difficulties removed in the “Series of MORETON (Burnham): Work on at the Latin ; never mind what any one Lessons in French,” reprinted from the “Working Man's Friend," price calls a good two hours' work. Gis hard in lego, and soft in legere, on 60.-J. C. P. (Oxford) should consult M. Adelung's work; he is a great the old English rule that g sounds hard before a, o, and u,and soft before authority. As to the Tower of Babel—is it necessary that the language e, i, and y:-AN INQUIRER (Highgate Rise) is informed that if a ball of a monopolising or overbearing party of men should be changed in be dropt from a balloon, it will when it reaches the ground be directly order to separate them ? The confusion of their own counsels forced under the balloon, by the law of the composition of motion.-T. CASE them to separate, because they could not agree among themselves. He (Gee Cross): To find two whole numbers without ciphers, so that if one who turned Achitophel's counsel to foolishness, did the same to the were multiplied by the other, the product would be 10, 100, 1000, &c.. followers of Nimrod. -GEORGE ROBB (Belfast): Many thanks for his or any power of 10. Rule, raise the number 2 to the power denoted by list of errata.—AMATEUR DES LANGUES (Liverpool: According to the the number of ciphers in the proposed power of 10, and this will be the rule p. 161, col. 1, line 44, the division of words into syllables in one number required; then divide the proposed power of 10 by this French and in German are very different ; your letter is very neatly and number, and it will give the other number required.-G. G. A. (Yarcorrectly worded.-A SCOTTISH SCHOOLMASTER, (Burn Green) is ad- mouth) will obtain Cassell's “ History of the Steam Engine" by sending vised to abandon the method of dividing a whole number by a mixed to this office, price 6d. ; postage 6d. will bring it to your door. number of which he seems enamoured ; in practice, it is worthles3.- If A WELSHMAN (Birmingham): Half a revolution is an angle of 180 ITALIANA (London) will call upon us, we will speak to him on the sub. degrees.—UN JEUNE HOMME (Bath): Light travels at the rate of about ject he mentions.-F. LLOYD (Blackheath): Chemistry will be had two hundred thousand miles per second ; and the nearest fixed star can

He will find an answer to his query about the distance of the not be at a less distance than 20 millions of millions of miles; therefore visible horizon in Cassell's Euclid, p. 82.-FREDERICH VON BRUNO light would take three years to come even from the nearest star. Hence (Glasgow): Certainly, we shall have extracts both in French and Ger- it is inferred that some stars are so remote, that since they were created, man.-BJ. BATTLEY (Ashford): His letter does him great credit. the first ray of light which they emitted bas not yet reached the limits We are printing the very book he wants on Arithmetic. He shall have of our system. The circumference of the earth is about 35 thousand it soon, at one shilling.--BEGINNER (York): Come, this is very good; miles. Pronounce demesne like demean. your penmanship is quitc fit for a solicitor's office Don't worry yourself About the Latin pronunciation ; it's a dead language ; learn to read Printed and Published by John Cassell, La Belle Sauvage Yarda und translate it; this is the thing for you. Some verbs govern the

Ludgate-hill, London.-September 25, 1852.

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BOUNDARIES.

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NORTH : The Mediterra

nean. South: S. Atlantic Ocean. East: Red Sea, Indian

Ocean. West:

The Atlantic Ocean.

DIVISIONS. (ANCIENT AFRICA.) Countries.

Chief Towns. LOWER EGYPT, Alexandria. MIDDLE EGYPT, Gnd. Cairo. UPPER EGYPT, Girgen. LOWER NUBIA, Derr. UPPER NUBIA, Sennaar. ABYSSINIA. Gondar.

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(NORTH AFRICA.) Morocco, Morocco. ALGERIA, Algiers. TRIPOLI, Tripoli. TUNIS,

Tunis. BELADEL GERID, Gardeia.

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(CENTRAL AFRICA.) Fezzan,

Mourzook. SAHARA, Tarassa. W. SOUDAN,

Timbuctoo E. SOUDAN, Saccatoo.

ISLANDS. Madeira, W. of Morocco. Porto Santo, N.E. of Ma

deira. The Canaries, S. of Ma

deira,
The Cape Verde, W. of

Cape Verde.
Ascension, S. of Sierra

Leone.
St. Helena, S.E. of Ascen-

sion.
Fernando Po, Bight of

Biafra.
Prince's Island, S. of Fer-

nando Po.
St. Thomas, S. of Prince's

Island. 30 Annabona, S. of St. Tho

mas. Madagascar, E. of Sofala. Bourbon, E. of Madagas

car. Mauritius, N.E. • Bour

bon.
Rodrigue, E. of Mauritius.
The Comoro, N. W. of

Madagascar.
The Amirante, N.E. of

Madagascar.
The Seychelle, N.E. O

Amirante.
Socotra, E. of Cape Guard-

afui.
OCEANS, SEAS, GULFS, &c.
N. Atlantic, W. of Africa,
S. Atlantic, W. and S. of

Africa.
Indian Ocean, E. of Africa.
Red Sea, E. of Africa,
Mediterranean,

of
Africa.
Gulf of Sidra, Mediterra--
Gulf of Cabes, Mediterra.

nean, 70 Gulf of Guinea, S. of

Guinea.
Bight of Benin, Gulf of

Guinea.
Bight of Biafra, Gulf of

Guinea.
St. Helena Bay, Cape Co.
Saldana Bay, Cape Colony.
Table Bay, Cape Town.
False Bay, Cape of G. Hope,
Algoa Bay, Cape Colony,
Delagoa Bay, N. of Natal.
Sofala Bay, Sofala.
Mozambique Channel, E.

of Sofala.
Gulf of Aden, S.E. of Red

(West Africa.) SENEGAMBIA, Fort Goree SIERRA LEONE, Freetown. LIBERIA, Monrovia. ASHANTEE, Comassie. DAHOMEY, Abomey. BRITISH

Cape Coast GUINEA

Castle. Dutch GUINEA, EI Mina.

St. Paul de ANGOLA,

Loando. BENGUELA,

St. Philip

de B.

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(South Africa.) Cape COLONY, Cape Town, CAFFRARIA, Natal. BETCHUANAS,

Lattakoo. (EAST AFRICA.) SOFALA, Sofala.

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Mozambique, { bique.

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ZANGUEBAR, AJAN,

Magadoxa. Berbera.

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AFRICA.

BOUNDARIES.

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NORTH : The Mediterra

nean, SOUTH: S. Atlantic Ocean. East : Red Sea, Indian

Ocean.
WEST : The

Atlantic
Ocean.

DIVISIONS. (ANCIENT AFRICA.) Countries.

Chief Towns. LOWER EGYPT, Alexandria. MIDDLE EGYPT, Gnd. Cairo. UPPER Egypt, Girgen. LOWER Nubia, Derr. UPPER NUBIA, Sennaar. ABYSSINIA, Gondar.

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ISLANDS.
Madeira, W. of Morocco.
Porto Santo, N.E. of Ma-

deira.
The Canaries, s. of Ma-

deira,
The Cape Verde, W. of

Cape Verde.
Ascension, S. of Sierra

Leone.
St. Helena, S.E. of Ascen-

sion.
Fernando Po, Bight of

Biafra.
Prince's Island, S. of Fer-

nando Po.
St. Thomas, S. of Prince's

Island. 30 Annabona, S. of St. Tho

Madagascar, E. of Sofala.
Bourbon, E. of Madagas.
Mauritius, N.E. • Bour-

bon.
Rodrigue, E. of Mauritius.
The Comoro, N. W. of

Madagascar.
The Amirante, N.E. of

Madagascar.
The Seychelle, N.E. O

Amirante.
Socotra, E. of Cape Guard-

afui.

mas.

car.

(NORTH AFRICA.) Моноссо, , Morocco. ALGERIA, Algiers. TRIPOLI, Tripoli. TUNIS,

Tunis. BELADEL GERID, Gardeia.

(Central AFRICA.) Fezzan,

Mourzook. SAHARA,

Tarassa. W. SOUDAN,

Timbuctoo E. SOUDAN,

Saccatoo.

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(West AFRICA.) SENEGAMBIA,

Fort Goree SIERRA LEONE, Freetown. LIBERIA, Monrovia. ASHANTEE,

Comassie. DAHOMEY, Abomey. BRITISH

Cape Coast GUINEA

Castle. DUTCH GUINEA, EI Mina. ANGOLA,

\ St. Paul de

Loando. BENGUELA,

St. Philip ( de B.

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(SOUTH AFRICA.) Cape COLONY, Cape Town, CAFFRARIA,

Natal. BETCHUANAS, Lattakoo.

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(East AFRICA.) SOFALA,

Sofala. MOZAMBIQUE,

Mozair

bique. ZANGUEBAR,

Magadoxa. AJAN,

Berbera.

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OCEANS, SEAS, GULFS, &c.
N. Atlantic, W. of Africa.
S. Atlantic, W. and S. of

Africa.
Indian Ocean, E. of Africa.
Red Sea, E. of Africa,
Mediterranean,

N. of
Africa.
Gulf of Sidra, Mediterra-

nean.
Gulf of Cabes, Mediterra.

nean. 20 Gulf of Guinea, S. of

Guinea.
Bight of Benin, Gulf of

Guinea.
Bight of Biafra, Gulf of

Guinea.
St. Helena Bay, Cape Co.
Saldana Bay, Cape Colony.
Table Bay, Cape Town.

False Bay, Cape of G. Hope. 20 Algoa Bay, Cape Colony.

Delagoa Bay, N. of Natal.
Sofala Bay, Sofala.
Mozambique Channel, E.

of Sofala.
Gulf of Aden, S.E. of Red
Sea.

STRAITS.
Gibraltar, Mediterranean.
Bab el Mandeb, Red Sea.

ISTHMUS.
Suez, Red Sea.

MOUNTAINS,
Atlas, Morocco.
Sneuwberg, Cape Colony.
Mts. of Moon, Central

Africa.
Kong, S, of Soudan.

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CAPES.
Bon, Tunis.
Spartel, Morocco.
Pajador, W. of Africa.
Blanco, W. of Africa.
Verde, Senegambia.
Palmas, Guinea.
Three Points, Guinea.
Negro, Benguela.
Good Hope, False Bay.
Agulhas, É. of Cape of

Good Hope.
Natal, Caffraria.
Corrientes, Sofala.
Delgado, Zanguebar.
Guardafui, Ajan.

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