9. What will 38 loads of hay cost, at 6 £. 10 s. per load ? Ans. 247 £. 01. What cost 25 barrels of wine, at 4 £. 3 s. 4 d. per barrel ? Ans. 104 £. 3 s. 4d. 11. What cost 4678 lemons, at å of a penny each? Ans. 14 £. 12 s. 41 d. 12. What is the value of 8404 pounds of sugar, at 10 d. per pound? Ans. 35 £. 0 s. 74 d. 13. What will 12504 cords of wood come to, at 18 s. per cord ? Ans. 1125 £. 4 s. 6 d. 14. What cost 658 pounds of rice, at 6 d. per pound? Ans. 16 £. 9 s. 15. What will 871 cwt. of iron cost, at 3 £. per cwt. ? Ans. 2613 £. 16. What cost 385 pounds of hyson tea, at 8 s. per pound ? Ans. 154 £. 17. What must I pay for 896 skeins of silk, at 3 d. per skein? Ans. 11 £. 4 s. 18. What cost 584 beaver hats, at 17 s. 6 d. each? Ans. 511 £. 19. What will 2157 cords of bark cost, at 3 £. 15 s. 21 d. Ans. 8108 £ 19 s. 54 d. 20. What cost 458 bushels of rye, at 5 s. 77 d. per bushel ? Ans 128 £. 16 s. 3 d. 21. How much will 345 yards of broadcloth cost, at 2 £. 6 s. 8d. per yard? Ans. 805 £. 22. Bought 5 quires of paper, at 1 £. 13 s. 4 d. per ream; what must I pay? Ans. 8 s. 4 d. 23. What cost 3 quarters 2 nails of cloth, at 4 £. 10 s. per Ans. 3 £, 18 s. 9 d. 24. What will 32 gallons 3 quarts and 1 pint of wine cost, at 47 £.5 s. per hogshead? Ans. 24 £. 13 s. 1 d. 25. What cost 100 bushels 4 quarts of wheat, at 6 s. 8 d. Ans. 33 £. 7 s. 6 d. 26. What cost 372 oranges, at 14 d. each? Ans. 2 £. 14 s. 3 d. 27. What will a salary of 200 £. per annum amount to in 5 years 3 months and 25 days ? Ans. 1063 £. 17 s. 9 d. 28. What will 24 sheep come to, at 18 s. per head? Ans. 21 £. 12 s. 29. What cost 7523 yards of calico, at 1 s. 10 d. per yard ? Ans. 68 £. 19 s. 7 d. 30. What will 67 yards and 2 quarters of cloth cost, at 6 s. 1 d. per yard ? Ans. 20 £. 10 s. 77 d. per cord ? yard ? per bushel ? a 31. A man bought a farm, containing 598 acres and 2 roods, at 44 £. 18 s. 6 d. per acre; what did it cost him? Ans. 26887 £. 12 s. { { The second 143:292. SECTION X XIII, FELLOWSHIP, OR COMPANY BUSINESS. 1. Three merchants traded in company; A put in 600 dollars, B 400 dollars, and C 250 dollars; they gained 500 dollars; what is the share of each partner, in proportion to his stock in trade? $240 A's gain. Ans. 160 B's gain. 100 C's gain. 2. Two merchants joined their stocks and bought a quantity of goods for 820 dollars; the first paid 350 dollars, and the second 470 dollars; they sold their goods so as to clear 250 dollars ; what ought each to share ? $106.707+ Ans. 3. Two merchants traded in company; A put in 215 dollars for 6 months, and B 390 dollars for 9 months, but by misfortune they lost 200 dollars; how must they share the loss? 146.25. 4. Three men entered into copartnership with equal concern in the stock, they gained 1000 dollars; what is each man's share ? Ans. $333.333}. 5. Two merchants entered into trade; P put in stock to the amount of 2500 dollars for 3 months; E put in 1800 dollars for 5 months; they gained 875 dollars; what was each man's share of the gain ? $. 6. G and W commenced business in company; G put in 9740 dollars, and W put in 8790 dollars; they gained 1874 dollars; what must each share of the gain ? G's share $985.038. 888.961. 7. Three partners, L, M, and N, shipped 108 mules for the West Indies, of which L wned 48, M 36, and N 24. In consequence of a storm 45 of them were thrown overboard; how much of the loss must each owner sustain? L 20. Ans. M 15. N 10. Ans. { A's share $ 53.75 Ans. {E's share 477.272 Ans. {W's share Ans. 8. Three ship carpenters built a vessel, which cost them 15500 dollars; S advanced 4000 dollars, H 7000 dollars, and B 4500 dollars. The ship sold for only 14850 dollars; what did each lose ? S $167.741+. Ans. H 293.548+. B 188.709+. 9. A, B and C are to share 600 £.; A is to have a certain sum, B as much again as A, and C three times as much as B; what is each man's share? (A's 663 £. B's 133} £. C's 400 £. 10. A gentleman bequeathed his estate to his four sons in the following manner, viz. to his first son, 5000 dollars, to his second, 4500 dollars, to his third, 4500 dollars, and to his fourth 4000 dollars. But his whole estate, after paying debts, amounted to but 12000 dollars; what must each son receive? Ist $3333.333}. 2d 3000. Ans. 3d 3000. 4th 2666.666;. 11. J and M commenced business in company; J put in stock to the amount of 240 £., and M the same; at the end of 6 months M took out his stock, but J continued his in trade 6 months longer, at which time they settled and found their gain to be 280 £.; what should each receive ? J 186 £. 13 s. 4 d. Ans. { M 93 £. 6 s. 8 d. 12. Three neighbours hired a pasture for 60 £. 10 s. A put in 5 sheep for 43 months, B put in 8 for 5 months, and C put in 9 for 64 months; how much of the rent must each pay? A 11 £. 5 s. Ans. B 20 £. C 29 £. 5 s. 13. Two merchants entered into partnership for 18 months. A at first put in 500 dollars, and at the end of 8 months put in 100 dollars more; B at first put in 800 dollars, and at the end of 4 months took out 200 dollars. At the expiration of the time they find they have gained 700 dollars; what is each man's share of the gain ? 375.925. 14. R, L and N were concerned in an adventure; R advanced 4740 dollars for 5 months; L 2700 dollars for 6 months; N 4100 for 4 months; by failure they were involved Ans. { B's $324.074 { to the amount of 1800 dollars; what must each sustain of the loss? R$757.726. Ans. L 517.939. N 524.333. 15. Two farmers hold a pasture in common, for which they are to pay 30 €. A put in 20 oxen for 10 weeks, and B 25 oxen for 12 weeks; what ought each to pay for the rent? A 12 £. Ans. 16. On the first of January, A-began to trade with 380 dollars; and on the first of May following, he took in B with 270 dollars; on the first of August following, he took in C with 400 dollars; at the end of the year, they found there was gained 436 dollars; what is each man's shạre of the gain? A's $228. Ans. B's 108. C's 100. 17. R, S and T put their money into a joint stock; R put in 160 pounds; S and T together put in 680 pounds; they gained 504 pounds, of which T took 168 pounds; what did R and S gain, and S and T put in respectively? Ans. | R gained 96£. and S 240£. s 18. Three merchants freight a ship with 340 tuns of wine, of which the first owned 110 tuns, the second 97 tuns, and the third the rest. In a storm 85 tuns were thrown overboard ; how much must each sustain of the loss ? The first 271. Ans. The second 244. The third 334. 19. A copartnership was formed by A, B and C. in 140 dollars, B 250 dollars, and C put in 120 yards of cloth, at cash price; they gained 230 dollars of which C took 100 dollars for his share of the gain; how did C value his cloth per yard in common stock, and what was A's and B's part of the gain ? C put in the cloth at $23 per yd. Ans. A gained $46.666. B gained $83.333. 20. Three persons entered into trade for 16 months; A at first put in $7400, but at the end of 4 months took out $2000, at the end of 12 months he put in $3000, and at the end of 14 months took out $850; B at first put in $5900, and at the end of 3 months he put in $4300 more; but A put at the end of 9 months took out $4000, and at the end of 12 months put in $1500, but withdrew $2000 at the end of 14 months; Cat first put in $12000, at the end of 6 months took out $5000, and at the end of 9 months put in $3200, but at the end of 12 months took out $4000 ; they gained $8000; what must each have of the gain ? A $2219,3953778. Ans. B $2634,870,39711. C $3145,733394 SECTION X XIV. LOSS AND GAIN. per cent.? 1. If I buy serge at 90 c. per yard and sell it again at $1 02 c. per yard; what do I gain per cent. in laying out $100 ? Ans. $13} per cent. 2. A draper bought 60 yards of cloth at $4.50 c. per yard, and 38 yards of cloth at $2.50 c. per yard ; and sold them one with another, at $4 25 c. per yard : did he gain or lose and what per cent. ? Ans. $14.11 c. gain per cent. 3. If I buy a cwt. of sugar for 9 £. 6 s. and 8 d., and sell it again at 1 s. 10 d. per pound; do I gain or lose, and what Ans. 10 per cent gain. 4. Bought sugar at 61 d. per pound, and sold it at 2 £. 3 s. 9 d. per cwt. ; what was the gain or loss per cent. ? Lost 0 £. 16 s. 11 d. 5. If I buy gloves at $1 25 c. per pair; how long credit must I have to gain $13 per cent., when I sell them at $1 36 c. per pair ? Ans. 8 mo. 12 days. 6. If a barrel of powder cost 4 £. how must it be sold to lose 10£ per cent. ? Ans. 3 £. 12 s. 7. If a bag of cotton weighing 8 cwt. O qrs. 20 lbs. cost $45 55 c.; how must it be sold per cwt. to lose $8 per cent. Ans. $5.12 c. 3 mi. 8. Bought 50 gallons of wine, at 75 c. per gallon, but by accident 10 gallons leaked out; at what rate must I sell the remainder per gallon to gain upon the prime cost of the whole, at the rate of 10 per cent. ? Ans. $1.03 c. 14 m. 9. If 194 cwt. of sugar be sold at $14.50 c. per cwt. and I gain $15 per cent. ; what did it cost per cwt. Ans. $12.60 с. 8 m. |