« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
of April, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-two, shall be performed by the district judge of Pennsylvania, the attorney for the united states in the district of Pennsylvania, and the commissioner of loans for the state of Pennsylvania. (See antea 18 and 27.]
ACT of April 30, 1802. (Vol. VI. p. 119.) 43. So much of the act, entitled, “ An act for regulating foreign coins ; and for other purposes," as is contained within the second section thereof, shall be, and the same hereby is suspended, for and during the space of three years, from and after the end of the present session of congress. (See antea 38.]
ACT of April 14, 1802. (Vol. VI. p. 74.) 1. Sect. I. Any alien being a free white person, may be admitted to become a citizen of the united states, or any of them, on the following conditions, and not otherwise :
First, That he shall have declared, on oath or affirmation, before the supreme, superior, district or circuit court of some one of the states, or of the territorial districts of the united states, or a circuit or district court of the united states, three years at least, before his admission, that it was, bona fide, his intention to become a citizen of the united states, and to renounce for ever all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state or sovereignty whatever, and particularly, by name, the prince, potentate, state or sovereignty whereof such alien may, at the time, be a citizen or subject.
Secondly, That he shall, at the time of his application to be admitted, declare on oath or affirmation, before some one of the courts aforesaid, that he will support the constitution of the united states, and that he doth absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to every foreign prince, potentate, state or sovereignty whatever, and particularly, by name, the prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty whereof he was before a citizen or subject ; which proceedings shall be recorded by the clerk of the court.
Thirdly, That the court admitting such alien shall be satisfied that he has resided within the united states five years at least, and within the
state or territory where such court is at the time held, one year at least; and it shall further appear to their satisfaction, that during that time, he has behaved as a man of a good moral character, attached to the principles of the constitution of the united states, and well disposed to the good order and happiness of the same : Provided, That the oath of the applicant shall, in no case, be allowed to prove his residence.
Fourthly, That in case the alien, applying to be admitted to citizenship, shall have borne any hereditary tille, or been of any of the or. ders of nobility in the kingdom or state from which he came, he shall, in addition to the above requisites make an express renunciation of his title or order of nobility in the court to which his application shall be made, which renunciation shall be recorded in the said court : Provid. ed, That no alien who shall be a native citizen, denizen or subject of any country, state or sovereign, with whom the united states shall be at war, at the time of his application, shall be then admitted to be a citizen of the united states: Provided also, That any alien who was residing within the limits, and under the jurisdiction of the united states, before the twenty-ninth day of January, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-five, may be admitted to become a citizen, on due proof made to some one of the courts aforesaid, that he has resided two years, at least, within and under the jurisdiclion of the united states, and one year, at least, immediately preceding his application, within the state or territory where such court is at the time held; and on his declaring on oath, or aflirmation, that he will support the constitution of the united states, and that he doth absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty whatever, and particularly, by name, the prince, potentate, state or sovereignty, whereof he was before a citizen or subjeâ : And moreover, on its appearing to the satisfaction of the court, that during the said term of two years, he has behaved as a man of good moral character, attached to the constitution of the united states, and well disposed to the good order and happiness of the same ; and where the alien, applying for admission to citizenship, shall have borne any hereditary title, or been of any of the orders of nobility in the kingdom or state from which he came, on his moreover making in the court an ex. press renunciation of his title or order of nobility, before he shall be entitled to such admission : All of which proceedings, required in this proviso to be performed in the court, shall be recorded by the clerk thereof : And provided also, That any alien who was residing within the limits, and under the jurisdiction of the united states at any time between the said twenty-ninth day of January, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-five, and the eighteenth day of June, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight, may, within two years after the passing of this act, be admitted to become a citizen, without a compliance with the first condition above specified.
2. Sect. II. Provided also, That in addition to the directions aforesaid, all free white persons, being aliens, who may arrive in the united states after the passing of this act, shall, in order to become citizens of the united states, make registry and obtain certificates, in the following manner, to wit : Every person desirous of being naturalized shall, il ol the age of twenty-one years, make report of himself; or if under the age of twenty-one years, or held in service, shall be reported by his parent, guardian, master or mistress, to the clerk of the district court of the district where such alien or aliens shall arrive, or to some other court of record of the united states, or of either of the territorial districts of the same, or of a particular state ; and such report shall ascertain the name, birth place, age, nation and allegiance of each alien, together with the country whence he or she migrated, and the place of his or her intended settlement: And it shall be the duty of such clerk, on receiving such report, to record the same in his office, and to grant to the person making such report, and to each individual concerned therein, whenever he shall be required, a certificate under his hand and seal of office of such report and registry ; and for receiving and regisiering each report of an individual or family, he shall receive fif ty cents; and for each certificate granted pursuant to this act, to an individual or family, fifty cents ; and such certificate shall be exhibited to the court by every alien who may arrive in the united states, after the passing of this act, on his application to be naturalized, as evidence of the time of his arrival within the united states,
3. Sect. III. Whereas doubts have arisen whether certain courts of record in some of the states, are included within the description of district or circuit courts : It is enacted, That every court of record in any individual state, having common law jurisdiclion, and a seal and clerk or prothonotary, shall be considered as a district court within the meaning of this act; and every alien, who may have been naturalized in any such court, shall enjoy, from and after the passing ofthe act, the same rights and privileges, as if he had been naturalized in a district or circuit court of the united states.
4. SECT. IV. The children of persons duly naturalized under any of the laws of the united states, or who, previous to the passing of any law on that subject, by the government of the united states, may have become citizens of any one of the said states, under the laws thereof, being under the age of twenty-one years, at the time of their parent's being so naturalized or admiited to the rights of citizenship, shall, if dwelling in the united states, be considered as citizens of the united states, and the children of persons who now are, or have been citizens of the united states, shall, though born out of the limits and jurisdiction of the united states, be considered as citizens of the united states : Provided, That the right of citizenship shall not descend to persons whose fathers have never resided within the united states : l'rovided also, That no person heretofore proscribed by any state, or who has been legally convicted of having joined the army of Great-Britain during the late war, shall be admitted a citizen, as aforesaid, without the consent of the legislature of the state in which such person was proscribed. Sect. V. repeals all acts heretofore passed respecting naturalizetion. [See Alien Enemies.]
A corps of marines to be raised
Inspection of provision Pay and lubfiflence
Officers, &c. detached Prefident may commission, &c.
Rules to be hung up and read Form of inliliment
Treatment of the fick If urderet, 10 de duly on there, &c.
Paying off This corps 10 be in lieu of, &c.
Treatment of inferior officers, &c. Oath to be taken
Mafter at arms How to be governed
Crimes not specified Allowance in case of wounds, &c.
Who are petty officers F.xemption from arrifi, &'c.
Alignment of wages, &c. Their duty
General courts martial Marine corps augmented
Oath of members, &c. Pay of comandant
Giving of reftimony Vellel, kow officered
Exhibition of charges Pay and allowance
Treatment of arrested officer Allowance to commanders
Continuance of such court Dacks erected
Order of fufperfion Purchase of timber
Sentences, how given and confirmed Exemplary conduc incumbent, &r.
Power of courts martial Ditline service
Pardon, Gc. of punijuments Punijnment of certain offences
Courts of enquiry Duiy in refpeet of attack and battle
Oath of members, &c. Papers respecting captures
Where. vefsel is loi, &c. Pillaging a prize, &c.
Pay of captives to continue Intercourse with enemies, &c.
Proceeds of prizes, &c. Mutiny and fedition
Diftribution of prize morey Disobedience of orders, &c.
22 Buunty in certain cajes Quarrelling
Appropriation of captured properly, 0.59 Offences on shore
Certain vesels 19 bi rod jauds riguinfi nnited Antes
Six frigates to be retained Improper navigation of veflris
Ration, what Ivend gence in duty
Officers to be retained Murder
Pay to those discharged Duties in relation 10 contoy
Armament againsi Tripoli Receiving merchandise on board
Their vefsels, &c. to be seized i'ate, &r. of public property
Special commillions may be granted Thefts
Provilo Offences aguing people on fhore
Vefjes, &c. adjudged good prizes Detection, &c. of offenders
How long feanien to serve Mufler rolls and flip books
ACT of July 11, 1798. (Vól. IV. p. 199.) 1. Sect. I. In addition to the present military establishment, there shall be raised ansi organized a corps of marines, which shall consist of one major, four captains, sixteen first lieutenants, twelve second lieutenants, forty-eight sergeants, forty-eight corporals, thirty-two drunis and fifes, and seven hundred and twenty privates, including the marines who have been inlisted, or are authorized to be raised for the naval armament; and the said corps may be formed into as many companies or detachments, as the president of the united states shall direct, with a proper distribution of the commissioned and non-commissioneci oficers and inusicians to each company or detachment. (Altered, see postea 8.]
3. Sect. II. The pay and subsistence of the said oficers, privates and musicians, shall be as follows, to wit': To a major, fisty dollars per month, and four rations per day ; to a captain, forty dollars per month, and three rations per day ; to a first lieutenant, thirty dollars per month, and three rations per day ; to a second lieutenant, twentyfive dollars per month, and two rations per day ; and to the non commissioned officers, privates and musicians, conformably to the act, ens titled, “An act providing a naval armament," * as shall be fixed by the
! See Vol. IV. p. i3. This act was passed July 1, 6797, and was limited by | the last section to one year and thence to the end of the next session of congress. The following sections are however given, viz.
Sect. I. The president of the united states shall be, and he is hereby empowa ered, should he deem it expedient, to cause the frigates, United States, Constia tution, Constellation, to be manned and employed.
SECT. II. There shall be employed on board each of the ships of forty-four guns, one captain, four lieutenants, iwo lieutenants of marines, one chaplain, one surdo geon, and two surgeon's mates ; and in the ship of thirty-six guns, one captaing threc lieutenants, one lieutenant of marines, one surgeon, and one surgeon's inate:
Sect. III. There shall be employed in each of the said ships, the following warrant officers, who shall be appointed by the president of the united states, to | wit: One sailing master, one purser, one boatswain, one gunner, one sailmaker;
one carpenter, and eight midshipmen; and the following perty officers, who shall be appointed by the captains of the ships respectively, in which they are to be employed, viz. two master's mares, one captain's clerk, two boatswain's bares, olie cockswain, one sailmaker's mare, iwo gunner's mates, one yeoman of the gun-room, nine quarter gunners, and for the two large ships two additional quarter gunners) two carpenter's males, one armorer, one steward, one coo~ per, one master at arms, and one cook.
SECT. IV. The crews of each of the ships of forty-four guns, shall consist of one hundred and fifty seamen, one hundred and three midshipinen and ordinary seamen, three serjeants, two corporals, one drum, one fife, and fifty mariness and the crew of the ship of thirty-six guris shall consist of one hundred and thirty atle seamen and midshipmen ; ninety ordinary seamen, two serjeants, two cor: porals, one drum, one fife, and furiy marine-, over and above the officers bereid before mentioned.
Seet. V. The pay and subsistence of the respective commissioned and wars tant officers, shall be as follows: A captain, seventy-five dollars per month, and six rations per day; a lieutenant, forry dollars per month, and three rations per day ; a lieutenant of marines, thirty dollars per month, and two rations per day; a chaplain, forty dollars per month, and two rations per day; a sailing master's forty dollars per month, and two rations per cay; a surgeon, fifty dollars per mocth, and two rations per day ; a surgeon's mate, thirty dollars per month, and two rations per day ; a purser, forty dollars per month, and two rations per day a boatswain, twenty dollars per month, and two rations per day; a gonger, twenty dollars per month, and two rariors per day; a sailmaker, twenty dollars per month, and two rations per day ; a carpenter, twenty dollars per month, and two rations per day.
Sect. VI. The pay to be allowed to the petty officers, imidshipmeni, seament; ordinary seamen and marines, shall be fixed by the president of the united states Provided, That the whole sum to be given for the whole pay aforesaid, shall noé exceed fifieen thousand dollars per month, and that each of the said persons shall be entiiled to one sation per day.
Sect, X. The seamen and marines shall not be erigaged to serve on board the frigates, for a period exceeding one year; but the president may discharge the $2 me sooner if in his judgment their services may be dispensed with: