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The commerce with the United States shall be on the same footing as is the commerce with Spain, or as that with the most favored natiosifor the time being; anil thtir citizens shall be respected and esteemed, and have full liberty to pass and repass our country and seaports whenever they please, without interruption.
Merchants of both countries shall employ only such interpreters, and such other persons to assist them in their business, as they shall think proper. No commander of a vessel shall transport his cargo on board another vessel; he shall not be detained in port longer than he may think proper; and all persons employed in loading or unloading goods, or in any other labor whatever, shall be paid at the customary rates, not more and not less.
In case of a war between the parties, the prisoners arc not to be made slaves, but to be exchanged one for another, captain for captain, officer, for officer, and one private man for another ; and if there shall prove a deficiency on either side, it shall be made up by the payment of 0112 hundred Mexican dollars for each person wanting. And it is agreed that all prisoners shall be exchanged in twelve months from the time of their being taken, and that this exchange may be cficcled by a merchant or any other person authorized by either of the parties. ARTICLE XVII.
Merchants shall not be compelled to buy or sell any kind of goods. but such as they shall think proper; and may buy and sell all sorts of merchandise but such as are prohibited to the other Christian nations. ARTICLE XVIII.
AH goods shall be weighed and examined before they are sent on board, and to avoid all detention of vessels, no examination shall afterwards be made, unless it shall first be proved that contraband goods have been sent on board, in which case, the persons who took the contraband goods on board, shall be punished according to the usage and custom of the country, and no other person v hatever shall be injured,, nor shall the ship or cargo incur any penalty or damage whatever. ARTICLE XIX.
No vessel shall be detained in port on any pretence whatever, nor be obliged to take on board any articles v, ithout the consent of the commander, who shall be at full liberty to agree for the freight of any goods he takes on board.
If any of the citizens cf the United States, or any persons under their protection, shall have any disputes with each other, the consul shall decide between the parlies, and whenever the consul shall require any aidorassistar.ee from our government, to enforce his decisions, it shall be immediately granted to him.
If a citizen of the United States should kill or wound a Moor, or, on the contrary, if a Moor shall kill or wound a citizen of the United States, the law of the country shall take place, ar.d equal justice shall be rendered, ihe consul assisting &t the triJ; ac/J if auy delinquent shall make bis escape, the consul shall not be'answerable for him in any manner whatever.
If an American citizen shall die in our country, and no will shall appear, the consul shall take possession of hi3 effects ; and if there shall be no consul, the effects shall be deposited in the hands of some person ■worthy of trust, until the party shall appear who has a right to demaml them; but if the heir to the person-deceased'be present, the property shall be delivered to him without interruption; and if a will shall appear, the property shall descend agreeable to that will, as soon as th< consul shall declare the validity thereof.
The consuls of the United States of America, shall reside in any seaport of our dominions that they shall think proper; and they shall be respected, and enjoy all the privileges which the consuls of any other nation enjoy; and if any of the citizens of the United States shall contract any debts or engagements, the consul shall not be in any manner accountable for them, unless he shall have given a promise in writing for the payment or fulfilling thereof, without which promise inwriiing, tl6 application to him for any redress shall be made. '' : '■ ARTICLE XXIV.
If ony differences shall arise by either party infringing on any of the articles of this treaty, peace and harmony shall remain ndtwlthstanding, in the fullest force, until a friendly application shall be made for an arrangement, and until that application shall be rejected, no appeal shall be made to arms. And if a war shall break out between the parties, nln« months shall be granted to all the subjects of both parties, to dispssC of their effects and retire with their property. And it is further declared, tha': whatever indigencies, in trade or otherwise, shall be granted to any of the Christian powers* the citizens of the United State* shall be equally entitled to them.
This treaty shall continue in full force, with the help of God, for fifty years.
We have delivered this book into the hands of the beforementioned Thomas Barclay, on the first day of the blessed month of Ramadan, irt the year one thousand two hundred.
I certify that the annexed is a true copy of the translation made by 1st-: Cardoza Nunez, interpreter at Morocco, of the trtaty between the Emperor of Morocco, and the United States of America.
Grace to the only God.
I, The undcr-wfitten, the servant of God, Taher Ben Abdelkack Fennish, do certify, that his Imperial Majesty, my master, (whom GoJ preserve) having concluded a treaty of peace and commerce with the United States of America, has ordered me, the better to complete i'a ^*d in addition of the tenth article of the treaty, to declare, "That if "any vessel belonging to tlie United States, shall be in any of the porta "of his Majesty's dominions, or within gun-shot of his forts, she shall "be protected as much as possible ; and no vessel whatever, belonging "either to Moorish or Christian powers, with whom the United States "may be at war, shall be permitted to follow or engage her, as we novt "deem the citizens of America our good friends.""
And, in obedience to his Majesty's commands, I certify this declartion, by putting my hand and seal to it, on the eighteenth day of Ramadan, * in the year one thousand two hundred. "v ''
The servant of the King, my master, whom God preserve,
I do certify that the above is a true copy of the translation made at M&> roccOs by Isaac Cordoza Nunez, Interpreter, of a declaration made and signed by Sidi Hage Taher Finnish, in addition io the treaty between the Em'.cror of Morocco and the United States of America, which declaration the said Taher Fennish made by the express directions of his Majesty.
Now, Know Ye, That we the said John Adams and Thomas Jeffer. »on, Ministers Plenipotentiary aforesaid, do approve and conclude the said treaty, and every article and clause therein contained, reserving the san.e nevertheless to the United States in Congress assembled, for their final ratification.
In testimony whereof, we have signed the same with cur names and seals, at the places of our respective residence, and at the dates expressed undi-t •«;• signatures respectfoeli:
JOHN ADAMS, (L. S.)
London, January 25th, 1767.
%%xmvof \bmt ant> l&mity
Concluded this present dry I—ima artasi, the twenty-first of the Luna safer, year of the Hcgira 1210, corresponding with Saturday the fifth of September, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-five, bet ween Has>sr.n Bashuw, Dry of Algiers, his Divan and Subjects, and George Washington, Prcy sident of the United States of North-America, and the Citizens of the said United States.
ROM the date of the present treaty, there shall subsist a firm and sincere peace and amity between the President and citizens of the United States of North-America, and Hassan Bashaw, Dey of Algiers,
"* The Ramadanof the year of the Hegira, 1200, commenced on the 2i,th June, in the year of our Lord 1786.
his Divan and subjects; tlie vessels and subjects of both nations reciprocally treating each other with civility, honor and respect.
All vessels belonging to the citizens of the United States of NorthAinerica, shall be permitted to enter the different ports of the Regency, to trade with oar subjects, or any other persons residing within oar jurisdiction, on paying the usual duties at our custom-house that is paid by all nations at peace with this Regency; observing that all goods disembarked and not sold here shall be permitted to be rcenibarked without paying any duty whatever; either for disembarking or embarking. All naval and military stores, such as gun-powder, lead, iron, plank, sulphur, timber for building, tar, pitch, rosin, turpentine, and any other goods denominated naval and military stores, shall be perimttcd to be sold in this Regency, without paying any duties whalerer at the custom-house of this Regency.
The vessels of both nations shall pass each other without any impediment or molestation; and all geods, monies or passengers, of whatsoever nation, that may be on board of the vessels belonging to either party, shall be considered as inviolable, and shall be allowed to pass unmolested.
AH ships of war belonging to this Regency, on meeting with merchant-vessels belonging to citizens of the United States, shall be allowed to visit them with two persons only beside the rowers; these two only permitted to go on board said-vessel, without obtaining express leave from the commander of said vessel, who shall compare the passport, and immediately permit said vessel to proceed on her voyage unmolested. All ships of war belonging to the United States of NorthAmerica, on meeting with an Algerine cruiser, and shall have seen her passport and certificate from the Consul of the United States of North-America, resident in this Regency, shall be permitted to proceed on her cruise unmolested: No passport to be issued to any ship* but such as are absolutely the property of citizens of the United States: And eighteen months shall be the term allowed for furnishing the ships of the United States with passports.
No commander of any cruiser belonging to this Regency, shall be allowed to take any person, of whatever nation or denonjinatio-, out of any vessel belonging to the United States of North-America, in order t6 examine them, or under pretence of making thent confess any tiling desired; neither shall they infiict any corporal punishment, or any way else molest them.
If any vessel belonging to the United States of North-America, shell be stranded on the co.ist of this Regency, they shall receive every poisille assistance from the subjects cf this Regency: All goods saved horo the wreck shall be permitted to be reembarked on board of any other vessel, without paying any duties at the custom house. ARTICLE Vll.
The Algerines are not, on any pretence whatever, to give «r sell awy vessel of war to any nation at war with the United States of NorthAmerica, or any vessel capable of cruising to the detriment of the commerce of the United States.
Any citizen of the United States of North-America, having bought any prize condemned by the Aljjerir.es, shall not be again captured by the cruisers of the Regency then at sea, although tley hs»ve not a passport; a certificate from the consul resident being deemed sufficient, until such time thev can procure such passport.
If any of the Barbnry states at Avar with the United States of NorthAmcrica, shall capture any American vessel and bring her into any of the ports of this Regency, they shall not be permitted to sell her, but sluill uepart the port on procuring the requisite supplies of provision. .
Any vessel belonging to the United States of North-America, when at war with any other nation, shall Le permitted to send their prizes into the ports of the Regency, have leave to dispose of them, without paying any duties on sale thereof. All vessels wanting provisions or refreshments, shall be permitted to buy them at market pi ice.
AH ships of war belonging tp the United States of North-America, on anchoring in the ports of the Regency, shall receive the usual presents of provisions and refreshments, gratis. Should any of the slaves of this regency muke their escape on board said vessels, they shall be immediately returned: No excuse shall he made that they have hid themselves amongst the people and cannot be found, or any other cquivocalion.
No citizen of the United States of North-America, shall be obliged to redeem any slave against his will, even should he be lis brother: Neither shall the o»nerof a slave be forced to sell him against his will; but all such agreements must be made by consent of parties. Should any American citizen be taken on board an enemy-ship, by the cruisers of this Regency, having a regular passport, specifying they are citizens of the United States, they shall be immediately set at liberty. On the central-), they having no passport, they and tlreir property shall be considered lawful prizt;; as this Regency know their friends by their passports.
Should any of the citizens of the United States of North-America, die within the limits of this Regency, the Dey and his subjetls shall not interfere with the property of the deceased; but it shall be under the immediate direction of the consul: Unless otherwise disposed of by will. Should there be no consul, the e3eels shall be deposited in the hands of some person worthy of trust, until the party shall appear who has a right to demand them ; when they shall render an account of the property. Neither shall the Dey or Divan give hindrance in the execution of any will that may appear.
JSTo citizen of the United Slates of North-America, shall l»c obliged