A Treatise on Elementary Geometry: With Appendices Containing a Collection of Exercises for Students and an Introduction to Modern Geometry
J.B. Lippincott & Company, 1884 - 368 σελίδες
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ABCD altitude axis base bisects called centre chord circle circumference circumscribed coincide common cone constant construct contain Corollary cylinder Definition denote describe diagonals diameter diedral angle difference distance divided draw drawn edges equal equivalent expressed extremities faces fall figure follows formed four given circles given plane given point given straight line greater hence homologous indefinitely inscribed intersection joining lateral less limit locus mean measure meet middle point one-half opposite sides parallel parallelogram pass perimeter perpendicular plane plane MN polar pole polyedron polygon preceding prism problem proportional PROPOSITION proved pyramid quadrilateral quantities radii radius ratio rectangle respectively right angles Scholium secant segment sides similar sphere spherical square suppose surface symmetrical taken tangent tetraedron theorem third triangle ABC unit vertex vertices volume
Σελίδα 338 - Three lines are in harmonical proportion, when the first is to the third, as the difference between the first and second, is to the difference between the second and third ; and the second is called a harmonic mean between the first and third. The expression 'harmonical proportion...
Σελίδα 120 - The area of a rectangle is equal to the product of its base and altitude.
Σελίδα 189 - The lateral area of a prism is equal to the product of the perimeter of a right section of the prism by a lateral edge. Let AD...
Σελίδα 19 - The perpendicular is the shortest line that can be drawn from a point to a straight line. Let PC be the perpendicular, and PD any oblique line, from the point P to the line AB. Then PC < PD. For, produce PC to P', making CP
Σελίδα 206 - The areas of two triangles which have an angle of the one equal to an angle of the other are to each other as the products of the sides including the equal angles.
Σελίδα 79 - To draw a straight line through a given point parallel to a given straight line. Let A be the given point, and BC the given straight line ; it is required to draw a straight line through the point A, parallel to the straight hue BC.
Σελίδα 244 - The angle of two arcs of great circles is equal to the angle of their planes, and is measured by the arc of a great circle described from its vertex as a pole and included between its sides (produced if necessary). Let AB and AB...
Σελίδα 117 - The sum of the squares of the sides of any quadrilateral is equal to the sum of the squares of the diagonals plus four times the square of the line joining the middle points of the diagonals.