« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »
so having pleaded guilty, or having been convicted of crime, that there are circumstances in mitigation of the punishment, or that the ends of justice shall be subserved thereby, the court shall have power, in its discretion, to place the defendant upon probation in the manner following:
1. The court, judge or justice thereof, may suspend the imposing, or the execution of sentence, and may direct that such suspension may continue for such period of time, not exceeding the maximum possible term of such sentence, and upon such terms and conditions as it shall determine, which terms and conditions may include, in the discretion of the court, the requirement of bonds for the appearance of the person released upon probation before the court, at any time that the court may require such appear. ance in the investigation of any alleged violation of said terms and conditions of probation, and such bonds may be at any time by the court exonerated without affecting any of the other terms or conditions of such probation; and in case of such suspension of imposition or execution of sentence, the court shall place such person on probation and under the charge and supervision of the probatiou officer of said court, during such suspension, or under the charge and supervision of the probation officer of the county in which such probationer is by the court permitted to reside.
2. If the judgment is to pay a fine, and that the defendant be imprisoned until it be paid, the court, judge, or justice, upon imposing sentence, may direct that the execution of the sentence of imprisonment be suspended for such period of time, not exceeding the maximum possible term of such sentence, and on such terms as it shall determine, and shall place the defendant on probation, under the charge and supervision of the probation officer during such suspension, to the end that he may be given the opportunity to pay the fine; provided, however, that upun the payment of the fine being made, judgment shall be satisfied and the probation cease.
3. At any time during the probationary term of the person released on probation, in accordance with the provisions of this section, any probation officer may, without warrant, or other process, at any time until the final disposition of the case, rearrest any person so placed in his care and bring him before the court, or the court may, in its discretion, issue a warrant for the rearrest of any such porson and may thereupon revoke and terminate such probation, if the interest of justice so requires, and if the court, in its judgment, shall have reason to believe from the report of the probation officer, or otherwise, that the person so placed upon probation is violating the conditions of his probation, or engaging in criminal practices, or has become abandoned to improper associates, or a vicious life. Upon such revocation and termination, the court may, if the sentence has been suspended, pronounce judgment after the said suspension of the sentence for any time within the longest period for which the defendant might have been sentenced, but if the judgment has been pronounced and the execution thereof has been sus
pended, the court may revoke such suspension, whereupon the judgment shall be in full force and effect, and the person shall be delivered over to the proper officer to serve his sentence.
4. The court shall have power at any time during the term of probation to revoke or modify its order of suspension, of imposition or execution of sentence. It may, at any time, when the ends of justice will be subserved thereby, and when the good conduct and reform of the person so held on probation shall warrant it, terminate the period of probation and discharge the person so held, and in all cases, if the court has not seen fit to revoke the order of probation and impose sentence or pronounce judgment, the defendant shall, at the end of the term of proba. tion, be by the court discharged.
5. Every defendant who has fulfilled the conditions of his probation for the entire period thereof, or who shall have been discharged from probation prior to the termination of the period thereof, shall at any time prior to the expiration of the maximum period of punishment for the offense of which he has been convicted, dating from said discharge from probation or said termination of said period of probation,, be permitted by the court to withdraw his plea of guilty and enter a plea of not guilty; or, if he has been convicted after a plea of not guilty, the court shall set aside the verdict of guilty; and in either case the court shall thereupon dismiss the accusation or information against such defendant who shall thereafter be released from all penalties and disabilities resulting from the offense or crime of which he has been convicted.
6. The same probation officers and assistant probation officers and deputy probation officers shall serve under this act as are appointed under the act known as the juvenile court law, and entitled "An act coneerning dependent and delinquent minor children, providing for their eare, custody, and maintenance, until twenty-one years of age; providing for their commitment to the Whittier State School and the Preston State School of Industry, and the manner of such commitment and release therefrom, establishing a probation committee and probation officers to deal with such children, and fixing the salaries of probation officers; providing for detention homes for said children; providing for the punishment of persons responsible for, or contributing to, the dependency or delinquency of children; and giving to the superior court jurisdiction of such offenses, and repealing inconsistent acts," approved March 8, 1909, or under any laws amending or superseding the same.
7. Such probation officers shall serve under this act whenever required to do so by any court having original jurisdiction of criminal actions in this state.
8. At the time of the plea or verdict of guilty of any crime of any person over ei teen years of age, the obation officer of the county of the jurisdiction of said crime shall, when so directed by the court, inquire into the antecedents, character, history, family environment, and offense of such person, and must report the same to the court, and file his report in writing in the records of said court. His report shall contain his recommendation for or against the release of such person on probation. If any such person shall be released on probation and committed to the care of the probation officer, such officer shall keep a complete and accurate record in suitable books or other form in writing, of the history of the case in court, and of the name of the probation officer, and his acts in connection with said case; also the age, sex, nativity, residence, education, habits of temperance, whether married or single, and the conduct, employment, and occupation, and parents' occupation, and condition of such person so committed to his care during the term of such probation and the result of such probation. Such record of such probation officer shall be and constitute a part of the records of the court, and shall at all times be open to the inspection of the court, or of any person appointed by the court for that purpose, as well as of all magistrates, and the chief of police, or other head of the police, unless otherwise ordered by the court. Said books of record shall be furnished for the use of said probation officer of said county, and shall be paid for out of the county treasury.
9. The probation officer shall furnish to each person who has been released on probation, and committed to his care, a written statement of the terms and conditions of his probation, unless such statement has been furnished by the court, and shall report to the court, judge or justice, releasing such person upon probation, any violation or breach of the terms and conditions imposed by such court on the person placed in his care.
10. Such probation officer shall have, as to the person so committed to the care of said probation officer, the powers of a peace officer. [Amendment approved April 6, 1911; Stats. 1911, p. 689.]
Citations. Cal. 157/190; (subd. 4) 158/494. App. 8/369. § 1205.
Citations. App. 10/462. $ 1207.
Citations. Cal. 156/458, 739; 158/652, 669, 670, 671, 672, 673; (subd. 1) 158/652; (subds. 2, 3 and 4) 158/672. App. 8/637; 9/202, 205. § 1213.
Citations. Cal. 156/739. App. 8/371. § 1216.
Citations. App. 8/871. § 1237.
Citations. Cal. 157/733. App. 8/602; 9/266; 11/117, 669; 13/706; 14/228. § 1238.
Citations. App. 8/602.
Citations. App. 13/299, 328, 708; 14/119. § 1240.
Citations. App. 8/467; 13/828, 708. $ 1241.
Citations. App. 13/706. § 1246.
Citations. Cal. 158/670. App. 14/110. Settlement of grounds of appeal.
§ 1247. Upon an appeal being taken from any judgment or order of the superior court, to the supreme court or to a district court of appeal, in any criminal action or proceeding where such appeal is allowed by law, the defendant, or the district attorney when the people appeal, must, within five days, file with the clerk and present an application to the trial court, stating in general terms the grounds of the appeal and the points upon which the appellant relies, and designate what portions of the phonographic reporter's notes it will be necessary to have transeribed to fairly present the points relied upon. If such application is not filed within said time, the appeal is wholly ineffectual and shall be deemed dismissed and the judgment or order may be enforced as if no appeal had been taken.
The court shall, within two days after the filing of such application, make an order directing the phonographic reporter who reported the case to transcribe such portion of his notes as in the opinion of the court may be necessary to fairly and fully present the points relied upon by the appellant. If the court fails to make the order within two days after the application is filed, the notes requested in the application shall be transcribed without such order. The phonographic reporter shall, within twenty days after the filing of such application, file with the clerk of the court an original transcription and three carbon copies of the portion of the notes so required to be transcribed, excluding therefrom all argument of counsel not objected to at the time it was made. The same shall be typewritten as prescribed by the rules of the supreme court. He shall append to the original and to each copy his original affidavit that it is correct. (Amendment approved April 6, 1911; Stats. 1911, p. 692.]
Citations. App. 18/689; 14/109. $ 1247a.
Citations. App. 18/689; 14/109. § 1247c.
Citations. App. 13/546.
Citations. App. 12/542. $ 1258.
Citations. App. 8/558; 13/660; 14/453, 590. § 1259.
Citations. App. 8/140, 596; 11/447; 13/707; 14/228. § 1262.
Citations. App. 18/512. § 1278.
Citationg. App. 8/470. · § 1279.
Citations. App. 8/470.
§ 1322. Neither. husband nor wife is a competent witness for or against the other in a criminal action or proceeding to which one or both are parties, except with the consent of both, or in case of criminal actions or proceedings for a crime committed by one against the person or property of the other, or in cases of criminal violence upon one by the other, or in cases of criminal actions or proceedings for bigamy, or adultery, or in cases of criminal actions or proceedings brought under the provisions of sections 270 and 270a of this code. [Amendment approved March 2, 1911; Stats. 1911, p. 270.]
Citations. App. 8/740; 9/234; 12/195. § 1323.
Citations. App. 8/117, 118, 139; 10/456, 457; 13/493; 14/608, 609. Witness not to be prosecuted upon testimony of himself. Person not
exempt if testimony is voluntary. § 1324. A person hereafter offending against any of the provisions of this code, or against any law of this state, is a competent witness against any other person so offending, and may be compelled to attend and testify and produce any books, papers, contracts, agreements or documents upon any trial, hearing, proceeding or lawful investigation or judicial proceeding, in the same manner as any other person. If such person demands that he be excused from testifying or from producing such books, papers, contracts, agreements or documents on the ground that his testimony or that the production of such books, papers, contracts, agreements or documents may incriminate himself, he shall not be excused, but in that case the testimony so given and the books, påpers, contracts, agreements and documents so produced shall not be used in any criminal prosecution or proceeding against the person