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the miniature, asked what she wanted you should have thirteen Cæsars?"" on it? she replied “a few shillings." Musæus is recorded to have invented “ I will give you two," said he.- the sigu Sagittarius, (which the sun “ I wanted, Sir," replied the poor crea enters on the 22d of this month) out of ture, “ I wanted three.”_" It won't respect to Chiron, the Centaur, who do, old girl," said the man, “ I won't was the most expert of archers'; and lend you a farthing more.” With a as that “ great son of Jupiter" was heavy heart, she replaced the minia. the inventor of Botany, and peculiarly ture carefully in its case, and then gifted in all knowledge connected with covered it with a cloth, pinning it down that science, and was besides most close: she seemed to hesitate for a few skilful in medicinal and chirurgical moments, when she again asked the operations, (whence the latter term, as man “ if he would please to lend her applied to the practice of a surgeon) three shillings on it."-"No," said the he was deemed the most appropriate to fellow,“ not a farthing more than two preside over the month, wherein vegeshillings.”_" Curse thy hard heart," table nature received its greatest shock. said I, as the poor creature was making --All Saints--The day on which there the best of her way through the crowd is appointed by the church a general towards the door, where I met her, celebration of the saints: it is also when I placed three shillings in her called Allhallowmas-day, or Allhol. hand;-she took it-then looked at landuide; and, in the northern parts of me-then at the money--then at the the kingdom, it is a day when various miniature-and then again at me.- whimsical fooleries and jocular plays “ Bless you,” she exclaimed; and take place, as cracking nuts in the fire, placing the miniature in her bosom; diving for apples, &c. It was formerly giving me a look of gratitude and held on the first of May, and was in, thankfulness, she mixed with the crowd stituted in 607: but was altered to the in the street, and I immediately lost 1st of November, by Gregory IV. in sight of her. It was, perhaps, the best the year 835. use of money I ever made in my life; and with the glorious reflection, that at any rate, I had rendered a poor suf

FIFTH OF NOVEMBER. ferer happy for the night, I again took my station in the shop; when I beheld In the year 1605, and the third of the a ragged dissipated creature, offering reign of King James the First, there to pledge her - -; but what that was contrived a conspiracy to blow up was, I will tell the reader the next both Houses of Parliament, at a time SATURDAY NIGHT, when the King, Lords, and Commons

were therein assembled.

The principal instigator was one SATURDAY, FIRST OF

Robert Catesby, a man of very large

fortune, who communicated his plan to NOVEMBER.

Thomas Piercy, John Wright, ChristoThe name of this month is a con- pher Wright, Thomas Winter, Guido traction of Novem, nine, and Imber, a Fawkes, Thomas Bates, and Robert shower of rain, which sufficiently de- Winter, who were also all men of good notes the station it held in the Alban property, and who not only approved Calendar. It originally consisted of of the scheme, but promised, by a most 30 days, which were continued by Ro- solemn league, to lend every aid in their mulus and Numa ; Julius Cæsar gave it power to facilitate its execution ; thinkanother day; but Augustus reduced it ing to obtain great reputation among the again to 30, which it has ever since re- Papists, (who were at that time in a tained. November has kept that title very confused and disorderly state,) from its first introduction, though the provided they could succeed in effectEmperor Comodus attempted in vain ing it. Accordingly, that they might to change it; and notwithstanding "The proceed with the greater precaution Roman senators, for whose mean ser and secrecy, Piercy hired a cellar vilities Tiberius, it is said, often blush- under the Parliament House, where he ed, wished to call this month, in which caused a number of barrels of gunhe was born, by his name, in imitation powder to be deposited, and covered of Julius and Augustus Cæsar, this over with a large quantity of wood Emperor absolutely refused, saying and coals. With these materials the • What will ye do, conscript fathers, if plot was so far prepared, as to require

little more trouble for putting in force covered the before-mentioned wood and its dreadful purpose, which was in- coals (but did not then perceive the tended to have been perpetrated upon barrels of gunpowder) which gave rise the fifth day of November, the day on to a minute inquiry, by whom the cellar which the Parliament was to have been was occupied; when the keeper of the convened-on the same day also, the wardrobe gave for answer, that he had conspirators, (the better to prevent sus. let the vault to Mr. Thomas Piercy, picion) had contrived a hunting match, and that the wood and coals belonged at a place called Dunsmore Heath, in to him. Warwickshire, where the Princess Eli. While they were thus conversing, zabeth at that time was, whom they the Lord Chamberlain happened to be meant to place upon the throne, thinking looking round, when to his great that under her government they should amazement, he perceived a man standbe enabled to re-establish the Popish ing up in a corner, as if endeavouring Cause. One of them, however, having to hide himself, who, upon being ques a particular regard towards Lord tioned as to what he did there, said Monteagle, and fearful lest his lordship that he was Mr. Piercy's servant, and should meet the fate of the rest, wrote that he came there by his master's dihim the following anonymous letter: rection

This gave an immediate suspicion " My Lord,

that Piercy was the author, of which <Out of the love I bear to some of it was thought advisable to hold anoyour friends, I have a care of your ther consultation with his Majesty, who preservation; for though there be no.

was pleased to order that Sir Thomas appearance of a stir, yet, I say, they Knevet, one of the Privy Council, shall receive a terrible blow this Par

should diligently research the cellar, liament, and yet they shall not know

and make further inquiry ; accordingly who hurt them. This counsel is not to Sir Thomas, with a proper retinue, rebe condemned; because it may do you paired to the vault the night before the good, and can do you no harm, for the

intended massacre, when they discodanger is past as soon as you burn this vered Guido Fawkes, the person who letter. I hope God will give you grace had been before found in the cellar, to make use of it, to whose holy pro- then standing at the door, whom, after tection I commend you."

a few questions, they took into custody.

They then proceeded to search him, Upon the receipt of this letter, his and found in his pockets a piece of lordship was naturally very much sur-' touchwood, a tinder-box, and a watch, * prised; and immediately repaired to which he afterwards said Mr. Piercy White-hall, where he made its con- had bought for him the day before, for tents known to the Earl of Salisbury, the purpose of discovering how long his Majesty's principal Secretary of the lighted touchwood would be in State. The Earl, who was equally communicating with the train of powder, astonished, acquainted the Lord Cham- and thereby cause the explosion withberlain with it, as also the Earls of out the appearance of any person on Worcester and Northampton, who were the spot, and to prevent danger to the unanimously of opinion, that something miscreant who was to put it into effect. of a very serious nature was in agita. Fawkes finding himself thus roughly tion, and that it was highly necessary handled, and being thoroughly conto take every means in their power for vinced that these circumstances would its discovery. They therefore resolved lead to a detection of the whole Plot, to communicate the circumstance to confessed the fact-and declared, that the King, when his Majesty agreed if he had been in the inside of the with them, that it imported some sud- cellar, instead of at the door, he would den danger, and commanded, that strict instantly have blown the whole up. search should be made in and about The Plot being thus providentially both Houses of Parliament; and ap- discovered, the news was forwarded pointed the Lord Chamberlain and to the King, at four o'clock in the Lord Monteagle to superintend the morning, who commanded the High search,

Sheriff's of the counties of Warwick After much examination they came and Worcester, in whose jurisdiction to the place in question, which was the colleagues of Fawkes then were, situated under the House of Lords, to make search after, and apprehend upon inspection into which, they dis- them, and they were accordingly found

in the house of Stephen Littleton, at conspiracy: moreover it was proved Holbeach, in Staffordshire.

that they had advanced considerFinding themselves discovered, Piercy able sums for carrying on the above and Catesby made a desperate resist. work. . ance, and in endeavouring to make their The Earl of Northumberland was escape, they were both killed; as were fined 30,000l, and detained for several also John and Christopher Wright; years a prisoner in the Tower. and the rest were secured, and conveyed to the Tower; and on Jan. 27, 1606, they, together withGuido Fawkes, Thomas Bates, Robert Winter, John Grant, Esq. Ambrose Rookwood, Esq. TRANSLATION OF A PAPER, and Robert Keyes, were brought to trial at Guildhall.

FOUND AMONG THE BAGGAGE OF A FRENCH

OFFICER KILLED AT WATERLOO, In consequence of the discovery of this infamous combination, his Majesty (Continued from page 136.] was pleased to grant to Lord Monteagle five hundred pounds a-year to him and

This was too much for me. I burst his heirs for ever, as a reward for into tears, and, overcome by my feelbringing the offenders to justice. ings, I fainted. In dropping my head

It was also ordered, that the fifth upon the pillow, the bandages gave day of November should be set apart way, and my wounds bled afresh, St. for the celebration of divine goodness, Pierre ran for the surgeon-he was not and the solemnities of that day were to be found; but accidentally meeting accordingly added to, and still remain another, he brought him to my chamas an addition to the Liturgy of the ber. On beholding the manner in established Church of England. which my hurts were dressed, this

Guy FAWKES or Vaux, though a surgeon lifted up his eyes in amazeprincipal actor in this horrid intention ment; and stripping off all the banand treason, was not the original de- dages, he re-dressed them himself, designer of the plot. He was a gentle claring that in a few days I should be man of some property, and an officer able to travel. Before they elapsed I in the Spanish service. At the time of had recovered my senses--nor can I the plot he was fetched out of Flanders say whether the sensations I expeto assist the mine and fire the train rienced, on hearing that my life was under the Parliament House. When he not really in danger, were agreeable, came to England, he passed for the ser. or the reverse. Now, indeed, I know vant of Piercy, under the fictitious well what they might have been. name of Guy Johnson, and was em- I shall not dwell longer upon my ployed in fixing the barrels of powder convalescence. In a fortnight I was and faggots in such a way as to elude declared out of danger; but, at the suspicion or discovery, which was so same time, I was desired to return to completely performed, that, as before my native place for the benefit of my related, the suspicion arose from the health. For this purpose leave of abletter.

sence was given me, and along with it On January 30th, 1606, Sir Everard I was presented with a troop vacant in Digby, Robert Winter, John Grant, the corps. and Thomas Bates, were executed at The evening before my departure, the west end of St. Paul's Church; and St. Pierre entered my chamber. “ DuGuy Fawkes was executed with Tho. main,” he said, “let us forget the mas Winter, Ambrose Rockwood and conversation which passed between us Robert Keyes, within the Old Palace some time ago. I cannot now make Yard, Westminster, and near the Par- you happy, neither am I happy myliament House, January 31st, 1606. self; but let not any circumstance

Besides the above-mentioned cul- break off our friendship. In you I prits, the Lords Mordaunt and Stourton, have the most unbounded confidence. two Catholic lords, were fined 1,000 l. In Julia my confidence is equally great. each, and 10,0001. afterwards by the To convince you of this, I have desirStar-chamber, upon further discovery ed her to pay a visit to an aunt of of their villainies, and because their mine in Bourdeaux : you will thereabsence from Parliament had begotten fore see her when you return thither. a suspicion of their being deep in the Tell her that I envy you your wounds,

as they have been the means of send. Oh God! Oh God! my friend was dising you to her.”

honoured. What could I say in return for con- When once guilty of such a crime duct so noble? I wrung his hand, as I had committed, how does the mind but answered not a word. Oh, that of man become thoroughly depraved. he had put less trust in a villian! I now thought of St. Pierre with aver

I was received by my relations with sion; I even wished, that on my rethe warmest affections. My battles, turn to the army I might find him no my wounds, my honours, my renown, more. With this was joined a terrible were the sole subjects of conversation apprehension for the consequences of in the village. Julia, too, who was my intrigue, and I left Bourdeaux with now with the Countess of — , sent the thoughts of a demon rather than to inquire after my health. I waited of a man. Poor Julia was, like myupon her next day.

self, completely wretched. O guilt! When I entered the saloon, I was thy pleasures are short-lived; thy torintroduced to the countess, who soon tures are eternal. retired, leaving us together. I trem On my return to the regiment, I found bled all over to find myself again alone St. Pierre promoted to the rank of with Julia. “ Dumain," said she, “I Lieutenant-Colonel, and loaded with have long wished for such an opportu. honours. Our regiment was dismountnity as this of speaking a few words ed, and formed part of the force desto you. You have acted like a man of tined for garrisoning Bayonne, which honour. There is now an insuperable it was every day expected would be bar between our loves, but we shall invested. It was here I rejoined it, still be friends. Though I may not St. Pierre met me with open arms. regard you with any warmer feelings, He inquired after Julia with all the be assured of my lasting esteem and fondness of an affectionate husband, respect." She held out her hand to but I thought he looked suspicious me with a countenance little moved, while he spoke. Yet it might have except that a faint blush partly over- been no more than the whispers of spread it. I grasped it warmly, but my own conscience, which gave him immediately checked myself. “ Yes, that appearance. Certain it is, howJulia," I replied, “ we shall indeed be ever, that he was much changed. He friends, and our friendship shall be was pale and thin: and though he still refined by the recollection that, had not smiled beautifully when he spoke, it circumstances intervened, it might have i was languidly. borne a dearer title." Oh, vain delu. I had not been above six weeks in sive thought, that where love has once Bayonne, when I received a letter from been, it can ever give place to friend- Julia, giving the most fatal intelli

gence. My fears were but too dreadNo matter. We fancied ourselves fully realized. She was pregnant; I friends, and nothing more. We sought gazed upon the letter in a stupor. She each other's society with all the eager- conjured me to save her from infamy ness of lovers; and as my connexion and death; she hinted some fearful with St. Pierre was well known, the things, but she proposed no plan. For scandalous world spoke not out against me, my thoughts were too confused us. Weeks passed on in this delight to arrange any thing like a plan. I ful state. We were still innocent, yet thought of quitting my regiment, and we were every day more and more flying with her to some foreign country. convinced of the real state of our senti- God! I even thought of assassinating ments.

St. Pierre. The former idea, however, I had been several months at home, was generally prevalent, but I had no and the period of my leave was fast time to realize it; for our garrison was expiring. The day of my departure driven within the walls, and the Engwas at length fixed-I had but one lish army set down before the place. other week to remain. Would that I Let those who can, imagine what had died before that week came! were now my feelings. Cut off from all

Let me not think of what followed.' communications, even by letter, with The thin veil which had hitherto hung the woman whom I loved more than over our eyes, the thought of separa- soul and body, and whom I had ruined. tion tore from them. We again con- Ignorant even of her situation, and fessed a passion doubly guilty, and without the hope of being able to see

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her again, perhaps for ever; at all and the present one built. Upon its events till it was too late to assist her. top, eastward, stands a fair golden Half mad, I sometimes thought of de sphere, with a go dly vane upon it. serting to the enemy; but what would On the upper battlements, (as vigilant they have done for me? A deserter centinels, and as it were kept waking would not have been trusted with his by Fame's golden trumpet) are placed liberty. Yet I was forced to continue the figures of two ancient soldiers, each thus for upwards of a month. It was holding a stone ball in his hand, as dethen we learned, for the first time, of nying the entrance to any bold enemies, the change in the government.

such as are not friends to the City. [To be continued.]

Beneath, in a square, stands the figure of King James I, in gold armour, and below several ornaments and inscrip

tions. THE WALLS AND GATES OF

Bishopsgate-was first built for the

ease of passengers towards the east LONDON.

and by the north; as into Suffolk, NorThe walls were anciently pierced by folk, Cambridgeshire, &c. the travel. 15 gates and posterns, between which lers into which parts (before the buildthere were once small bulwarks or ing of this gate) were forced, passing watch towers, but at no certain dis- out at Aldgate, to go east till they came tances one from another, neither of to Mile-end, and then turn on the right equal bigness nor shape. "The Barbi- hand to Bethnal-green, Cambridgecan, which stood in the street of that heath; or else by the north out at Alname, by Aldersgate-street, was one of dersgate, towards Islington, and by a these. These gates and posterns were cross set up for a mark by the north as follow:

end of Golden-lane, to town eastward, Between the Postern by the Tower

through a long street, called Old-street,

to another cross standing near Shoreand Aldgate . . ... 3

ditch church, and then to town again Aldgate and Bishopsgate . 3

northwards towards Tottenham, &c. Bishopsgate and Moorgate .

This gate was first built in 1210, and Cripplegate and Aldersgate 4

was again new built in 1551. It has Aldersgate and Newgate, 2

two figures on the south and north Newgate and Ludgate . . 2

sides, perhaps of the greatest antiquity The first was the Postern-gate, near of any now remaining in London. The the Tower, which was formerly a fair one, a new stone figure of a Bishop, and strong arched gate, partly built of standeth high on the south side, and hard stone of Kent, and partly of Caen hath a long beard, eyes sapk, and an stone. It fell down in 1440, and was old mortified face, the mitre on his never since re-edified, but in the room head, but both his hands beat or worn thereof there is a few posts set up to off by time, the other, also of a Bishop, keep off carts and coaches, there being is on the north side, and hath his mitre only a narrow passage for foot passen- on, and clothed in his pontificalibus ; gers there. Here, hard by, in what is his left hand with the crosier broken called George-yard, one may still take off, the right blessing with the two a view of the inside and of the breadth fore fingers. His face smooth. Both of London Wall. It appears like the of these are thought to have been natural rock, with the stones so ce- Bishops of London, and to have given mented into the work that nothing but name to this gate. the greatest violence can separate them. Moorgate.-Thomas Falconer,mayor, Upon the west side, about fourteen or about the year 1415, caused the wall of fifteen feet high, are seen several old the city to be broken down near to Roman bricks, put into the work be- Coleman-street, and there built a tween the stones.

postern now called Moor-gate, upon the [This curious fragment is yet (1823) side of the great moor or lake that stood standing.]

here, where was never gate before; in Aldgate-so called from its antiquity, order that the citizens might pass that and the first of the four principal gates, way upon causeys into the field for had once two pair of gates, though their recreation; for the same field now but one, the hooks of them both was at that time a marsh. These fields, remain. The old gate of Norman ar. before an unhealthy place, were, in chitecture was taken down in 1606, Sir Leonard Halliday's mayorality,

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