Εικόνες σελίδας

to think that even after death it may utensils are uncommon, though simple, be sensible to the oppression. They They consist of two vessels of stone; appeared to have some crude notions generally the pot-stone or lapis ollaris, of a future state; but all their ideas on also used in parts of Germany for the these matters were so blended with same purpose. The lower vessel a superstition, that they hardly deserve good deal resembles an English kitchen to be mentioned. Two wives were ash shovel; the upper one a trough, of possessed by several of the natives, a wide coffin form. In the first, which and one is almost always much younger is filled with oil, a number of moss than the other: yet the co-partners wicks float, and are lighted for fuel. seemed to live on very good terms with The oil is gradually supplied from one another! The children rarely ap- strings of fat hung up above the flames, pear to be more than two, three, or the heat of which melts them into so four in a family : though six grown-up many reservoirs of grease. In the brothers and sisters were met with. second utensil, placed over the fire They live to a good age. Many were thus made, the meat is stewed. The above sixty years old, and in one case natives are filthy in their eating, and the great grand-mother of a child of hardly reject any thing, from the blubeight years, was a healthy old woman ber of whale to the flesh of wolf. at the head of four generations. The When hungry, they devoured the carstature of the males is about the casses of ten or a dozen of the latter average of five feet, 4, 5, or 6 inches; which were killed by our seamen. and none exceeded five feet 10 inches. Their food, indeed, consisted chiefly of Their colour is a dirty-looking yel- seal and wolves' flesh; but notwithlowish white, and their proportions by standing this, they appeared to be perno means robust.

fectly contented, nay, even happy. Their snow houses are curiously Their dresses were made entirely of shaped and constructed, resembling skins, chiefly those of the rein-deer. three immense bee-hives grouped toge. In the beginning of their intercourse, ther, and entered by one long passage the Esquimaux were somewhat reby all the three families to whom these served, and shy of communicating their yield an abode. A trefoil affords a opinions; but as their reserve wore oft, tolerable idea of them. They are about they divulged a number of interesting nine feet in diameter, and seven or eight particulars, The women, especially, feet in height. The passage is about were less secret than the men, who (we twenty feet in length, and so low that may here state by the by) had no hesiyou must creep along nearly on all tation in bartering their wives and fours, in order to reach the hut. This daughters with the sailors, at first for is ingeniously intended to exclude the so poor a bribe as a nail, or two or cold air, which it does effectually, three beads, and at last for the price though widened in parts for lodging of a paltry knife, the dogs "belonging to the several These females are not, it is true, the households, and which are stationed most lovely objects in nature. Their in the last sort of antichamber, before features are disagreeable, and they the entrances turn off to the right and have long and harsh but exceedingly left for the two nearest huts. The huts black hair. themselves are entirely made of square In the management of the canoe, the blocks of solid snow, with a larger key- Esquimaux are very expert. They are block at the top of the rotunda, The amazingly light, and formed of skin window is a piece of flat transpa- over whalebone. The largest which rent ice. Round the interior runs a Captain Parry obtained is twenty-six seat of the same material as the walls, feet in length; and we observed anoupon which the skins of animals are ther between decks in the Hecla, which thrown for seats and beds. Beds are is nineteen feet long, and only nineteen also made of a plant on the floor. inches in width, half of which are in The houses are without any artificial the depth. warmth, except what is produced by a In these the native pursues his ma. sort of oil lamp, in which they used rine chase, and spears the fish and pieces of dry moss for wicks.

fowl. The spear is double-pointed The Esquimaux often eat flesh in a with bone, about six or seven inches in raw state ; but it is sometimes cooked, length, and barbed. The shaft is of and the women almost invariably sub- very light wood, five or six feet long, mit their food to that process. The and below the handle, or part by which

it is thrown, are three other barbed cause its evolutions with their own bones, standing out a few inches from hands, their raptures were extravagant, the wood, and calculated to strike the and they would play the puppet for prey, should the bi-forked point miss. hours together. When any little preThey kill at twenty yards distance, sent was given them, they leaped and The bow and arrow is also employed shouted like mad folks, uttering the in killing game and other wild animals. oddest noises. The arrows are pointed with stone, These particulars are chiefly drawn smoothed into a lance-head shape by from that excellent Publication, the friction against other stones.

Literary Gazette. A method of catching seals (and, if we remember correctly, fish also,) through a hole in the ice, is one of the most dexterous of Esquimaux con- SKETCHES FROM LIVE. trivances: A line is let down, at the end of which is fastened a small piece of white bone or tooth, above an inch THE PAWNBROKER'S SATURlong, cut into à rude fish form, and

DAY NIGHT. having two morsels of pyrites stuck in to resemble eyes. This bait is (Continued from page 147.] drawn through the water, and when What? Don't blush, gentle reader seals or other prey approach to examine it was her chemise !—but, whether you it, the watchful native spears them blush or not, such was the case;-and from above.

laying it on the counter" There," The knives used by the women are says she, “ necessity obliges me to curiously constructed, and as cleverly part with my bosom friend- take it; and employed in skinning animals and until I can have it again in my arms, carving victuals as the instruments of I'll make a shift to live without it." hunting are by the men. They resem. This poor emaciated creature seemed ble a small cheese or saddler's knife, to be well known at the shop; the the iron or cutting part being semi-cir. pledging her property gave her more cular, and inserted in a bone handle. pleasure than otherwise: she was The whole is three or four inches long, inebriated; and by the strong effluvia and the edge three or four inches in of her breath, gave proof that she was breadth. With these they carve away in the babit, like the great Russian, underhanded in a very dexterous style. “ of inhaling the genial breezes of

Spectacles are another of their arti. Geneva." cles, which struck us as curious and well-contrived. They consist of a piece

“ Gin, cursed fiend! with fury fraught, of wood scraped thin, like a bandage,

Makes human race a prey ; and perforated with two narrow hori.

It enters by a deadly draught, zontal slits, something like pig's eyes,

And steals our life away. where we would have glasses ; a rim Virtue and truth, drivin to despair, about an inch broad projects in the

he Its rage compels to fly, direction as that of a hat would ; and But cherishes with hellish care this simple mechanical process, tied

Theft, murder, perjury. about the head, protects the eyes from the drifting snow and spiculæ, and im. Damn'd cupt that on the vitals preys, proves the sharpness of the sight. That liquid fire contains ;

Among the wonders carried out by which madness to the heart conveys, our ships, the two which excited the And rolls it thro the veins." greatest astonishment and delight in the breasts of the ignorant natives, " The next person that attracted my were the loadstone, and a scaramouch notice, was a working carpenter, offer. of six or eight inches in length. The ing his saw-he seemed in the last attraction of needles, &c. by the former, stage of a consumption, and trembling was an object of never-failing surprise; in every limb: when he had obtained and the dancing of the latter by pulling the wretched value of his mortgage, the string between its feet, was still he retired with a female companion, more a matter of never-ending delight. « a debased part of Lazarus ;" she was The Esquimaux loved much to see it taking snuff, and so thoroughly intoximade to perform; but if allowed to cated, that the Pawnbroker seemed heartily glad in getting rid of her, any thing equal to what is seen above, This worthy couple left the shop arm The breadth of the causeway, which in arm, wbich made room for a modest runs out into one continued range of looking girl, seemingly of the age of columns, is, in general, from 20 to 17 or 18; it was with evident difficulty 30 feet; at one place or two, it may be she could muster courage to offer her nearly 40 feet for a few yards. little all to the Pawnbroker; at length The highest part of this causeway is she placed on the counter a crown. the narrowest, at the very foot of the piece. “ Well," said the man,“ What impending cliff whence the whole proam I to do with this?" “ Why, Sir," jects, where, from four to five yards, it replied the girl, in words scarcely in. is from ten to fifteen feet. telligible,-" I should feel obliged if The columns of this narrow part inyou would let me have two shillings, cline from a perpendicular a little to and I will leave you this, till I bring the westward, and from a slope on their you the two shillings back." “ As tops, by the very unequal" height of for that,” said the man, “ you may their columns on the two sides, by have five shillings.” “ No, Sir, I will which an ascent is made at the foot never part with it, for it was given me of thelcliff from the head of one coby my poor father, and nothing but lumn to the next above, to the top the sad wants of my mother would of the causeway, which, at the dishave brought it here.” She received tance of half-a-dozen yards from this, her two shillings, and retired ;-and I assumes a perpendicular position, and soon followed her; for my heart sicken- lowering in its general height, widens ed at the many instances I had there from 20 to 30 feet, and for 100 yards witnessed of the sad frailties and nearly, is always above water. The miseries of mankind. Whoever wants top of the columns for this length being to see Life, let them go to a Pawn- Dearly of an equal height; they form broker's on a

a grand and singular parade that may SATURDAY NIGHT. be easily walked on, rather inclining

to the water's edge. But from high

water mark, by the continued surges on THE GIANT'S CAUSEWAY. every return of the tide, the platform

lowers considerably, and becomes more On the N. W. of the County of Ap- and more uneven, so as not to be walked trim, opening into the Atlantic, is a on but with the greatest care. At the great natural curiosity ; it consists of a distance of 150 yards from the eliff, it vast collection of basaltic pillars, ex- turns a little to the east for twenty or tending several miles along the coast, thirty yards, and then sinks into the and divided into fragments of parts of sea. causeways.

The figure of these columns is mostly The chief causeway consists of a pentagonal, or five-sided; some few regular arrangement of millions of pen- are of three, four, and six-sided; what tagonal and hexagonal columns of is very extraordinary and particularly basaltes, a deep greyish blue coloured curious is, that there are not two costone, harder than marble; the pillars lumns among ten thousand to be found are chiefly in the form of a pentagon, that either have their sides equal so closely situated on their sides, though amongst themselves, or whose figures perfectly distinct from top to bottom, are alike. Nor is the composition of that scarcely anything can be intro- these columns or pillars less deserving duced between them. The columns the attention of the curious spectator. are of an unequal height and breadth; They are not of one solid stone in an some of the highest visible above the upright position, but composed of se. surface of the strand, and at the foot veral short lengths curiously joined, of the precipice, are about 20 feet; not with flat surfaces, but articulated none of the principal arrangement ex. into each other, like a ball and a ceeds this height; how deep they are socket; the one end at the joint baving under the surface has not yet been a cavity, into which the convex end of ascertained. This causeway extends the opposite is exactly fitted. The nearly 200 yards, visible at low water, depth of the concavity is generally how far beyond is uncertain; from its about three or four inches. And what declining appearance, however, to- is still farther remarkable of the joint, wards the sea, it is probable it does the convexity and the corresponding not extend under water to a distance concavity, are not conformed to the external angular figure of the column,. STORY OF LA TOUR but exactly round, and as large as the

D'AUVERGNE. diameter of the column will admit; and consequently, as the angles of Theophilus Malo Carres de la Tour these columns in general are extremely D'Auvergne made the campaign of unequal, the circular edges of the Savoy, in 1792, at the head of the gre. joint seldom coincide with more than nadiers of the regiment Angoumois, two or three sides of the pentagonal, under the republic of France. In the and from the edge of the circular parts army of the western Pyrenees he comof the joint to the exterior sides and manded all the companies of the greangles, they are quite plain. It is nadiers forming the advanced guard of likewise very remarkable that the ar. the army: and this column, surnamed ticulation of these joints are frequently “ The Infernal," generally gained the inverted; in some the concaviy is up- victory before the body of the army wards, in others the reverse. The came up. In 1793 he commanded a length also, of these particular stones, reconnoitring party ; on a sudden they from joint to joint, is various; in ge found themselves before ten thousand neral they are from eighteen to twenty Spaniards; fearless, they instantly inches long, and for the most part commenced a destructive fire, but am. longer towards the bottom of the co. munition failing, he ordered them to lumn than nearer the top, and the arti. cease firing, and halt. Some of the culation of the joints somewhat deeper. men instantly cried out, “ He is an The size of the columns is as different old royalist, and will betray us." as their length and figure; in general “ Soldiers," he instantly exclaimed. they are from fifteen to twenty inches "you know me, I am your comrade in diameter. There is no trace or uni. and your friend, despise these foolish formity of design throughout the whole cries, I will bring you off.” He waited combination, except in the form of the till the enemy came within pistol shot, joint and the general pentagonal shape, as they fancied he had surrendered; he What is extraordinary and curious is, then ordered his men to fire and instantly that notwithstanding the universal disé charge; the Spaniards were dispersed, similitude of the columns, both as to and several prisoners taken. After their figure and diameter, and though the affair they begged him to punish perfectly distinct from top to bottom, the seditious; “ I neither know them, yet is the whole so closely joined at nor wish to know them," was his res all points, that there is scarcely room ply; " this lesson will be a warning to to introduce a knife between them them, they will be more docile and either on the sides or angles. The have greater confidence another time." whole exhibition of this great plan of The government being informed of this, nature, so far superior to the little and several other heroic acts, gave him things done by men, is a confused regu- the rank of colonel of another regiment. larity and disuniformity, displaying too On receiving it, he assembled the gremuch diversity of plan to be all seen nadiers, and thus addressed them :or comprehended at once. A consi- “ My comrades, I want your advice derable way along the coast, the cliffs, and counsel ;" they smiled, “it is rising in some parts from 200 to 300 very true," said he, “I have often fathoms above the level of the sea, pre- given you good advice, and I now ask sent similar appearances. At the point it of you. The government have sentwhich bounds the bay on the east, and me the brevel of colonel, shall I ac. just above the narrowest part of the cept it, my lads, what think you pas great causeway, a long collection of Melancholy sat on every countenance; pillars, called the Needles, are seen, at length, one said, “ Certainly, capat the tops of which just appearing tain, for even a higher rank is due to out of the sloping bank, plainly show your merit; but pardon our tears, we them to be in an oblique position, and shall lose our father!" “ Then, my about half-way between the perpendi. boys, you are satisfied with me į" he cular and horizontal. These seem to exclaimed. “ Satisfied is too weak a have been removed from a perpendi. word,” was the reply. “And I, too, cular to their present oblique position, my brave lads, I love you like my own by the sinking or falling of the cliff, children; I wanted to have your opi.

nion, I know it, I will send back my :
commission." “ But, captain,” “Not
a word,” he exclaimed, “I will do it;

you must all dine with me to day." observed ; is not by any means com. After they had partaken of the frugal parable with the splendid pomp and repast, “ Now,” said he, “let us swear symbolic pageantry that accompanied never to quit each other." He hob- its celebration in former ages. nobbed with every one, and the oath Whilst under the dominion of “ Imwas repeated amidst the most tu- perial Rome,” London was governed multuous joy. He was as modest as he by a Præfect-in the Saxon times by a was brave. Napoleon, when first con- Port-reve, and after the coming of the sul, especially created for him the title Normans by a Port-reve and Provost of “ First Grenadier of the French jointly. The appellation of Mayor was Army." He alone was afflicted at the first bestowed on Henry Fitz-Alwyn, event; the word “ considering" in the or Fitz-Leofstan, goldsmith, a descend brevet, shocked him. “I am only ant of the celebrated Duke Ailwyn, proud,” said he, "of serving my Alderman of all England (and kinsman country; I care not a straw for praise to King Edgar), who founded Ramsey or honour; and thus to be praised to Abbey. This gentleman continued to my face I don't like; this considering hold the office till his decease, about will be the torment of my life." .twenty-four years afterwards; and in

. On the cessation of hostilities, this the following year, (anno 1214), King brave man retired to Passy; but the John, as a means of conciliating the son of one of his friends being drawn good-will of the citizens, granted to as a conscript (the son of M. Lebrigant) the “Barons of the city," as they were he insisted on supplying his place, called in the charter, the privilege of and as a private grenadier carried his choosing a mayor out of their own musket and his knapsack, carefully body, annally, or at their own pleasure, concealing who he was. On the 21st to "continue him in that situation from of June, 1800, at the head of the forty year to year." It was requisite, howsixth demi-brigade of grenadiers, he ever, to render this choice effective, charged the enemy on the hill of Ober- that the new mayor should be prehausen ; and, rushing before the rest, sented to the king, or in his absence cut down & Hulan, who bore the to his justice; but this condition having colours; but here the career of the occasioned great expense and inconbrave La Tour D' Aurergne was ter- venience, the citizens, in the 37th of minated, for another stabbed him to Henry VIII. obtained a new charter, the heart. For three days the drums empowering them to present their were covered with crape, and on the mayor to the “Barons of the Exchequer Ist Vendemaire his sword of honour at Westminster," when the king should was suspended in the church of the not be there, and before those judges Invalids at Puris. The forty-sixth he is still sworn. Edward III. in the demi-brigade carry his heart in a little year 1354, granted to the city the right leaden box, suspended to the colours of of having gold and silver maces carthe regiment; and on every muster, ried before their principal officers; and his name is recalled in the following it was probably at this period that terms: La Tour DAudergne mort aŭ their Magistrates was first entitled champ d'honneur." (La Tour D'Au. Lord Mayor, a conjecture which revergne dead to the field of honour.) ceives corroboration, from the circum

stance of that officer being rated as an Earl, under the levies of the Capitation

Tax, in 1379, at the same time the LORD MAYOR’S DAY. Aldermen were rated as Barons. « By this light, I do not thinke forme

The right of electing the mayor was

ke formerly resident in the citizens at but to be Lord Mayor of London large when assembled in general Folkbefore I die; and have three mote : vet this having been productive pageants carried before me, be- of great disturbances, gave rise to the sides a ship and an unicorn."

more confined mode of election by deGREEN'S Tu Quosque, legates chosen out of each ward. This The inauguration of the chief magis method (with some variations at diftrate of the city of London is attended ferent periods) continued till the year with much civic festivity, and some. 1475, when by an act of common countimes by considerable show; yet, the cil, the choice both of mayor and manner in which the LORD MAYOR's sheriffs was vested in the mayor, DAY, as it is popularly called, is now aldermen, and common council, and

« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »