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the masters, wardens, and livery of the painting and depositing the pageants city companies, in whom it still re. for the use of the city ;” and a conmains. The right has been confirmed siderable number of artificers were to them by Act of Parliament. The kept employed to decorate them, and election is made annually on Michael- to invent and furnish the machinery. mas-day, in Guildhall, and whoever But it should be remembered that these is chosen Lord Mayor must have pre- expenses were not all incurred in viously served the office of sheriff. honour of the Lord Mayor, the city He must also be free of one of the being at that time accustomed to make twelve principal city companies, or be- pompous shows on various occasions ; come so before he can be sworn. His as, coronations, visits of sovereigns, power is very extensive, and his su- victories, &c. Some of the pageants premacy does not cease even on the were entirely of a dramatic cast, and death of the sovereign ; and when this appropiate speeches were assigned to happens," he is considered as the the different characters. This was principal officer in the kingdom, and particularly the case at the inauguratakes his place accordingly in the tion of Sir Woolstone Dixie, who was privy council until the new king be chosen mayor in 1585, and whose show proclaimed.” A memorable instance displayed a pageant wherein London of this dignity may be seen in the in- was represented by “ a beautiful girl, vitation sent by the privy council to gorgeously apparelled," seated under James of Scotland, after the demise of a canopy adorned with the Royal Queen Elizabeth, in which the name Arms “ in beaten gold," attended by of Sir Robert Lee, the then Lord several nymphs, among whom was Mayor, stands foremost on the list,

“ The pleasant Thames-a sweet and before all the great officers of state and the nobility. Since the alteration in

dainty one," the style, the Lord Mayor has been together with “Magnanimity, Loyalty, first sworn into office on the 8th No- the Country, the Soldier, the Sailor, vember, at Guildhall, and on the next and Science. The whole was led by day (the 9th) at Westminster. The a “ Moor mounted on the back of a procession made on this last occasion luzarn," who thus opened the same, is what is termed the Lord Mayor's in an address to the chief magistrate : Show,

The original processions, both in “From where the sun doth settle in going to and returning from West

his wain, minster. were by land : but in the year And yokes his horses to his fiery car, 1453, the custom of going thither by And in his course gives life to Ceres' water, which is still continued, was a

corn introduced by Sir John Norman, who,

Even from the torrid zone, behold I at his own charge, built a magnificent

?

come, barge for the purpose, and his example A stranger, strangely mounted as you was emulated by the twelve principal

see, city companies, who all built costly Seated upon a lusty luzarn's back, barges on this occsaion. Fabian says,

To offer to your Honour (good my that the watermen of the Thames were

Lord!) so highly pleased with the Lord Mayor,

This emblem thus in show significant through the advantage which they

Of lovely London! rich and fortunate: reaped in consequence, that they com

Fam'd through the world for peace posed a song in his praise, beginning

and happiness !” thus ;

Sir John Shaw, who was Lord « Row thy boat Norman,

Mayor in 1501, revived the more an. Row thy boat Lemman."

cient custom of riding to Westminster

on horseback, but this practice was Long after this, the processions by finally discontinued in Queen Anne's land were rendered extremely attrac- time, Sir Gilbert Heathcote being the tive through the variety and gorgeous- last Lord Mayor who rode thither, in Dess of the different pageants, which 1711. Sir Humphrey Edwin, whom were introduced as well at the cost of Swift has immortalized in his “ Tale the corporation as of the more affluent of a Tub," is noted for having gone to companies. Stowe informs us that, in a conventicle while mayor, in 1698, his memory “ great part of Leadenhall in his formalities, and with all the was appropriated for the purpose of insignia of his office. This indiscreet oonduct is supposed to have had con- great offices in the kingdom. His do. sidetable influence in the framing of mestic and public attendance is highly a proviso in the statute 6th Geo. I. honourable, when he rides in state par c. 4, which declares, that“ any Mayor, ticularly, being accompanied, besides Bailiff, or other Magistrate, convicted by the different city officers, usually by of being present at any place of wor- the sheriffs, and dressed in a robe ship other than the Church of England, either of fine scarlet cloth, furred, or in the peculiar habit of his office, or of purple, with a large chain of gold attend with the ensigns thereof, shall about his neck, besides a rich collar, be adjudged incapable to bear any and having the sword of state, mace, public office or employment whatso- &c. carried with him ; so that he may ever." It appears that on one or two be justly styled one of the most honouroccasions, as during a plague, &c. able and dignified of the king's officers when the Barons of the Exchequer in the whole kingdom. have been absent from London, the Lord Mayor has been sworn into office on Tower-hill by the Constable of the Tower.

ITALIAN LITERATURE. Of the costume of the Lord Mayor on these particular occasions anciently, we can only judge from accounts of

MEMOIR OF THE LIFE OF THE them on other grand festivities, as they

ITALIAN POET, TORQUATO did not appear then as now, to have

TASSO. settled on any decisive habit; and indeed, in old prints of them, each is Torquato Tasso, the author of that dressed differently. In 1432, the Lord admirable poem “Jerusalem Delivered," Mayor, with his brethren, met Henry so ably translated by Hoole, was deVI. on his return from France, on scended from the illustrious house of horseback, “clothed in crimson velvet, Torregiano, Lords of Bergamo, Milan, a great velvet hat furred, a girdle of and several other towns in Lombardy. gold about his middle, and a jewel of The Torregiani, being expelled by the gold about his neck, trilling down be- Viscorti, settled between Bergamo hind him; with his three huntsmen on and Como, in the most advantageous three great coursers following him, in post of the mountain of Tasso, from suits of red, all spangled with silver.” which they took their name. This Hentzner (1598) describes the then family supported itself by alliances till Lord Mayor, at the proclaiming of the time of Bernardo Tasso, whose Bartholomew Fair, to have been mother was of the house of Cornaro, dressed in his scarlet gown, and about The estate of Bernardo, father of our his neck a golden chain, to which hung poet, was by no means equal to his a golden fleece, besides a rich collar. birth ; but this deficiency in point of Nor were the Lord Mayor's Feasts fortune, was in some measure comnear this period, though certainly not pensated by the gifts of understanding. equal to modern times, devoid of con- His works in verse and prose are residerable splendour. Sir Richard corded as monuments of his genius; Gresham (1531) had one hundred and and his fidelity to Ferrante of Sanseeleven messes of meat; the guests verino, Prince of Salerno, to whom he (freemen) entertained at Guildhall was entirely devoted, entitled him to were 273, and the wardens of the dif- the esteem of every man of honour. ferent companies, reckoning two to a This prince had made him his secretary, company, were 120, making together and taken him with him to Naples, 393, exclusively of many others. where he settled, and married Portia

Among his privileges, the Lord di Rossi, daughter of Lucretia di GamMayor is, as head of the city, prin- bacorti, of one of the most illustrious cipal in all commissions of felony, and families in that city. Portia was some Chief Judge for the sessions of gaol months gone with child, when her delivery at Newgate ; Consorvator of sister Hippolita invited her to Sorrento, the rivers Thames and Medway; Chief to which place Bernardo accompanied Butler to the King at his coronation; her. During her stay, on the ilth of and at the King's death, the prime per- March,1544, at noon, she was delivered son in England, Sir Robert Lee, mayor, of a son, who was soon after baptized at at the inviting, into the kingdom, of the metropolitan church of Sorrento, James I. having signed before all the by the name Torquato. Bernardo and Portia returned soon after to Naples, Che i'non dovea giunger piu volto à with the infant Torquato Tasso, the volto honour of whose birth, like that of Fra quelle braccia accolto Homer's, has been disputed by several Con nodi cosi stretti, e si tenaci, cities. Historians relate, that he gave Lasso, e seguij con mal secure plante very early proofs of his great genius, Qual' Ascanio, o Camilla il padre and that at the age of six months, he errante. not only spoke and pronounced his words clearly and distinctly, but that

In English he thought, reasoned, expressed his Relentless fortune in my early years wants, and answered questions; and Removes me from a tender mother's that there was nothing childish in his breast; words but the tone of his voice; that With sighs I call to mind the farewell he seldom laughed or cried, and that

tears even then, he gave certain proofs of That bathed her kisses when my lips that equality of temper which sup

she pressed! ported him in those trying misfortunes I hear her prayers with ardor breathed to which he was so unfortunate a vic

to heaven, tim. Towards the end of his third Aside now wafted by the devious year, our poet's father was obliged to

wind: follow the Prince of Salerno into Ger- No more to her unhappy son 'tis given many, which journey was the source Th' endearments of maternal love of all the sufferings of Tasso and his

to find ! family. The cause of their journey No more her fondling arms shall was this : Don Pedro, of Toledo, round me spread; Viceroy of Naples for the Emperor Far from her sight reluctant I retire; Charles V. had formed a design to Like young Camilla or Ascanius, led establish the inquisition in that city. To trace the footsteps of my wand'ring The Neapolitans were alarmed at it, sire ! and resolved to send a deputation to

[To be continued.] the emperor; and for that purpose, they made choice of the Prince of Salerno, who seemed most able, by his authority and riches, to make head against the

TRANSLATION OF A PAPER viceroy. Before Bernardo departed with the prince on his embassy for FOUND AMONG THE BAGGAGE OP A FRENCH Germany, he committed the care of his

OFFICER KILLED AT WATERLOO. son to Angeluzzo, a man of learning; for he thought a boy could not be too . [Continued from page 151.1 soon put under the tuition of men. It When the news arrived, St. Pierre is related, that at three years of age, came to me with a face lighted up little Tasso began the study of gram with transport. “I shall soon be with mar, and at four was sent to the Col- Julia again,” cried he; "and then I lege of the Jesuits; where he made so shall be the happiest man on earth.” rapid a progress, that at seven he was I turned away my face, for I dared pretty well acquainted with the Latin not look at him. I attempted to speak, and Greek languages, and at the same but the words died upon my lips. Í age made public orations, and wrote rushed from the apartment. some pieces of poetry, of which the I flew to the southern rampart, with style is said to have retained nothing the intention of escaping, if possible, of puerility. At the age of nine, he through our own guards, and those of addressed the following lines to his the enemy. It was evening; and just mother, when he left Naples to follow as I had reached the gate, I was met the fortunes, or rather misfortunes, of by an aid-de-camp, who told me what his sire.

immediately caused an alteration in my

plan. We were that night to make a POETRY.

sortie. Ma del sen de la madre empia fortuna Ihastened back to St. Pierre, whom Pargoletto divelse, at di' que' baci I found busy in preparing for the busiCh'ella bagno di lagrime dolenti n ess of the night. The order which Con sospir mi rimembra, e de gli ardenti he had received had effaced all recolPreghi che sen portar l'aure fugaci, lection of the scene between us in the morning. The regiment was already shall live, hateful as life is, for thy under arms, and at midnight was to sake. Murderer, villain, as I am, advance. What horrible ideas now with thee I may yet be-oh no, not rushed upon my brain. I even prayed happy; but I may live.” that St. Pierre might fall.

Being now determined to preserve At the appointed hour we attacked. myself for the sake of her who was There was no light, except what the 80 soon to make me a father, I grew stars emitted, till the heavens were il rapidly better, and was soon able to luminated by the flashes of our guns. set off for her retreat. I found her The slaughter was great, because the within two months of being a mother. combat was obstinate. At length we She knew not the circumstances of her began to fall back. We were in the husband's death ; nay, she heard that rear of the whole column. St. Pierre I was taken in striving to defend him. and I were together in the rear of all, « My own, my generous, my gallant mingling every now and then with the Dumain," she said, “would have preenemy. Yet neither of us were hurt, served the life even of his rival.” Oh though I hoped that every bullet was there were ten thousand scorpions in destined for the heart of my friend. those words. My wishes, however, were vain. We Time passed, and the great Naporeached the gate. St. Pierre turned to leon again entered France. Devoted me. “Now, Dumain," cried he, “all to the service of this master of war, I is over. No more chances of being determined instantly to join his standseparated from Julia." The name ard; but Julia besought me not to do rung in my ears—a frenzy seized my so till we were united. I agreed to brain--my pistol was in my hand—I this, and lived in quietness whilst the fired and St. Pierre fell dead at my army was collecting on the frontiers of feet.

Flanders. Did I say quietness: O no, Stupified with horror, I stood still, the ghost of my murdered friend for and the gate was shut upon me. Thé ever haunted my imagination, sleeping enemy surrounded me; they disarmed and waking ; nor did I ever know a me without resistance; and I was con- moment's ease, except when I was ducted to their camp, a prisoner and a listening to the harmony of Julia's murderer. Oh what would I not have conversation, given för any weapon of destruction, It was now within a very short time that I might have at once ended my of the period of her confinement, when miserable existence. But they had one morning we walked out together taken mine away, and thus watched me into a green field adjoining the house so closely, that I could not lay my hand where she lived. There had been upon any other. My thoughts dwelt cattle in that field all along, through upon no other object but my murdered the middle of which we were acfriend, till at last my intellect gave customed to walk without apprehenway, and I became a maniac.

sion. But, unknown to us, a savage How long I continued in this state, bull had lately been put in. When I cannot tell ; but when I came to my we were about the middle of the field self, I found myself in my father's it came towards us, growling, and house. There were several letters for pawing the earth. Julia was alarmed; me from Julia, which alone prevented nor did I feel very comfortable, as I me from putting my original intention had not even a stick with which to of suicide into force. She was in re- defend her. At last, after tearing up tirement not far from Paris, where her the grass with its hoofs, and lashing situation could be perfectly concealed; its sides with its tail, it ran at us. I and as her husband's death was known, seized Julia's arm, and placed her be. her seclusion was not wondered at hind a tree, entreating her, in a hurShe had heard of my illness, and only ried manner to keep that between her lived till she should know my fate, and the bull. I myself ran to meet when, be it what it would, she was him, and threw my hat in his face. resolved to share it. If I lived, she It had the effect of turning him; but would live for me; if I died, she when I came back to Julia, I found would follow me to the grave, and she had fainted. I bore her to the sleep beside me there.

house, but the fright, and the injury “ Beloved of my soul,” I exclaimed, she had received, together brought on when I had finished the perusal, “ I a miscarriage; and before medical assistance could be procured she was Parls attracted the particular notice a corpse. The child was still-born, and admiration of his officers; and and I was left like a blasted and while on board that ship, he received branchless oak upon a common.

the most flattering testimonials of his , I saw in it the hand of an avenging talents and valour, particularly from God ;--the prize for which I had Captain T.R. Ricketts, Admiral Dowaded through blood, through the blood mett, &c. &c. During the three first of the best of friends and benefactors, years of his service, (from 1803 to was snatched from me, just as I had 1806) our young hero served on board fancied it within my reach. I gazed the Admiral's ship, and was repeat upon her lifeless body, still beautiful edly engaged in the difficult task of even in death, with all the calmness of blockading the French fleets in Brest. a fixed despair. I took my hat and It was this sort of service that young quitted the house.

Parry was engaged in till the Admiral Mounting my best horse, I made all quitted the Ville de Paris, which was haste to the frontier, and arrived this in 1806; and as a proof of the regard morning in the camp. To-morrow is Admiral Cornwallis had for him, he fixed upon for the day which shall says in one of his letters, “ He is a determine the fate of France, and to- fine steady lad. It is almost a pity he morrow shall my eternal fate be fixed. had not gone to sea sooner ; for he will, It is now midnight; the night is tem I am sure, be fit for promotion before pestuous.

his time of servitude is out.” And Here I broke off, for the ghost of again, in March, 1806. “I would not St. Pierre at that moment appeared to have him go to Portsmouth to stay ; me. He has told me that I shall fall though he is so well-disposed, with to-morrow; but why did he; I had such good sense, that I do not think already so determined it. My blood even a sea-port guard-ship could hurt runs cold ! my hair stands on end ! O him, who, at fifteen, has been the patcan I be forgiven! No, no; the mur. tern of good conduct to all our young derer, the adulterer, has nothing to people. Indeed, I am very anxious look for, except

for his welfare." Here the manuscript abruptly ends. In 1806, Mr. Parry joined the TriAll that can be said in conclusion is, bune of 36 guns, Capt. Thomas Baker, that the body of the unfortunate writer, and was through the whole of this year covered with gashes, was recognised off L'Orient, blockading the French by one of his old companions next squadron. In 1807 and part of 1808, morning. He has gone to his last ac he was cruising off Cape Finisterre, count; but he has done well in leaving Lisbon, &c. On the 20th of May, 1808, this recital as a warning to others. he left the Tribune and joined the Van

guard ; and on January 6th, 1810, Mr. Parry was promoted to the rank of

Lieutenant. On the 9th of February BIOGRAPHY,

of this year, Lieut. Parry joined the Alexandria, and was again employed

in the Baltic. In this and the preWILLIAM EDWARD PARRY, ceding year, he was several times enR. N. F.R.S.

gaged with the enemy. In 1811, Mr.

Parry continued on the Leith station, COMMANDER OF THE POLAR EXPEDITIONS,

and was employed in protecting the 1819-20.--1820-1-2-3.

Spitzbergen Whale-fishery. In this and

the following year, Mr. P. was much [From the Unique.]

engaged in the practice of observing This Gentleman, fourth son of the late the stars, in order to obtain the latitude Dr. Parry, was born at Bath, the 19th and longitude at sea by night. He December, 1790: he received the rudi. also employed himself in making a surments of his Education at the grammar vey of Balta Sound and the Voe in school of that city, under the care of Shetland. In 1812, the Alexandria the Rev, N. Morgan; at this celebrated was still employed in the protection and excellent school, he remained till of the Greenland fisheries, with orders the year 1803; when he was recom-' to proceed as far as 70° N.; but was mended to the Hon. William Corn, prevented reaching this latitude by wallis, then Commander of the Channel. immense bodies of foating ice. Mr. fleet: and his conduct in the Ville de Parry, in January 1813, being dis

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