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We ought not, like the spider, to spin a flimsy web wholly from our own magazine; but,

like the bee, visit every store, and cull the most useful and the beat."--GREGORT.

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STONEHENGE. The antiquities of England are either bow glorious must have been the sight British, Roman, Saxon, Danish, or of hundreds of beings prostrating themAnglo-Normanic; but these, excepting selves before God, with nothing to the Romans, throw no great light upon cover them but the “blue arch of ancient history, though many of them heaven:" here, indeed, was the very being highly curious, they deserve the essence and purity of religious wor. serious attention of the traveller and ship-no stuffed seats ; no coaxing to the geographer.

pray; no warming of the holy temple! The chief British antiquities are Those who came to Stonehenge, and those circles of stones, particularly the other primitive places of worship that called Stonehenge, in Wiltshire, in England, repaired thither with which undoubtedly was a place of all the humility becoming frail bəworship in the time of the Druids; ings. and certainly it is impossible to con It is curious to notice, that as Britons ceive a situation betier adapted for became more enlightened (as it is that purpose ; it is on Salisbury Plain, wrongly termed) then places of woron the brow of an easy hill; its ship assumed different appearances. venerable and solemn appearance fills From praying in the open air, they the mind of the spectator with awe: built churches, but without seats, hav.

VOL. I.

ing only stalls with places to kneel on.

SEATS OF HONOUR. In a short time the stalls were removed, and pews were introduced; then the seats The following curious particulars of became too hard to sit on, and nice the etiquette observed in the ancient stuffed covers were made for them; and British monarch's court, is extracted the churches, in cold weather, warmed from “ The Ancient Laws of Cambria," by means of stoves hence they are just published. rendered so comfortable, that many “ There are fourteen men in the pawho go to pray, remain to sleep! This lace; four of them have their seats beis not the way to worship as taught by low the partition, and ten above it. Jesus, for he and his disciples prayed Tie first is the king who must sit next and worshipped God in the fields and the fire. Next to him the torchin the highways, and prostrated them- bearer; then the guest; then the heir selves on the earth, as symbolic of their apparent; then the master of the hawks; insignificance, their penitence, and then the footholder, to be about the their gratitude. Man, if he be really dish with him; and then the physician, filled with the true spirit of worship, to be about the fire with him. Next to if he wraps, as it were, his soul in the the fire on the other side, sits the docontemplation of futurity, with his mestic chaplain to bless the food and mind filled with love, with veneration, chaunt the Lord's Prayer and the crier and awe for the Divine Creator-he must strike the p'lar above his head, must, while in that glorions state, be Next to him sits the judge of the court; insensible to every other feeling, and in then the bard of presidency; and the such a state ought every person to be smith of the court sits on the end of who enters the Temple of God !

the form before the priest. The master We must ask pardon for this di- of the household must sit at the lower gression; and hasten to give the de- end of the hall, with his left hand opscription of Stonehenge, which is by posite the front door. Those of the Inigo Jones, Sir Cristopher Wren, family whom he desires must sit with Dr. Stukely, and others, described as him, and the others on the opposite side. a regular circular structure. The towards the door. The domestic bard body of the work consists of two circles sits on either side of the master of the and two ovals, which are thus com- household. The master of the horse posed: the upright stones are placed must be near the fire with the king, at three feet and a half distance from whilst the chief huntsman is to be on each other, and joined at the top by the other side of it, with the priest." the overthwart stones, with tenons The duties of these officers are curifitted to the mortises in the uprights ously defined; for instance for keeping them in their due position. The Master of the Household“ The Some of these stones are vastly large, fine for insulting him is nine cows measuring two yards in breadth and and one hundred and eighty silver one in thickness, and above seven in pennies. His price is one hundred height. Others are less in proportion, and eighty-nine cows. He claims the The uprights are wrought a little with clothes of the master of the housea chissel, and sometimes tapered, but hold in the three great festivals, He the transoms or overthwart stones are claims a share of the lodgings; his own quite plain. The outside circle is is next the court, and all the officers nearly 180 feet in diameter, between with him. which and the next circle there is a “ He must wait upon six men at walk of 300 feet in circumference, meat, and upon the seventh with liquor, which has a surprising and awful These are the king, his elders, his guest, effect on the beholders.

his heir apparent, his master of the

hawks, his footholder, and his master Monuments of the same kind with of the horse, being the seventh whom that of Stonehenge are to be met with he must serve with liquor; for though in Cumber- land, Oxfordshire, Corn. he is not to eat with him, yet they may wall, Devonshire, and many other parts drink together. He ought to regulate of England, as well as in Scotland and the protection and taste the liquors ; the isles.

and whoever violates the protection that he shall arrange, is not entitled to any protection. He is entitled to two shares of provender for his horse, and four shoes, with their complement of

nails, once a-year, from the smith of the PHENOMENA OF THE HEAcourt."--Finally," he must swear for VENS FOR THE MONTH OF the king.

NOVEMBER. The Master of the Hawks--- ought The Civil Day, or that by which to have his horse in readiness, and the affairs of life are guided, comhis land free. His seat in the palace mences at different periods in various is that of the fourth man from the king, parts of the world, according to the at mess with him. His lodging is the customs or calculations of the inbabiking's barn, lest his birds should tants. Thus the ancient Babylobe injured by the smoke. He must nians, Persians, Syrians, and most of bring his vessel to the palace to get a the Eastern nations, began their day drink in it, for he ought only to quench at sun-rising; while the Athenians, his thirst, lest his birds be injured by Jews, &c. on the contrary, began theirs neglect. He is entitled to receive a at sun-setting, which is continued at hand-breadth of wax candle, from the the present time in China, Austria, steward of the household, to feed his Italy, &c. The ancient Egyptians, birds and to make his bed. He is en. Romans, and some others, began their titled to the hearts and lungs of the day at 'midnight, and this custom is animals killed in the kitchen, to feed followed by the English, French, Dutch, his hawks. He is entitled to receive a Spanish, and Portuguese, who count dried sheep."

the hours from midnight to twelve at The Judge of the Palacem among noon, and then twelve more from noon his perquisites, to have the cushion to midnight. which the king sat on by day, for his The Astronomical Day commences mattress by night, and twochess-boards, at noon of the Civil Day, and is reckonmade of fish bones," But these musted from 1 to 24 hours, without divisuffice to show how great men and sion: this is used by the Arabians.ministers were rewarded of old.

If our Earth had but one motion; viz. The Footholder, the second in the that round its own axis, the day would rank of royal attendants," he ought be only 23 hours 56 min, and a few to have his land with his linen and seconds in length; but as it also adwoollen clothes free, and his horse in vances nearly one degree eastward in readiness. His office comes from the its orbit for every revolution round its privilege of his land. He must hold axis, the Sun must consequently be the king's foot in his lap from the time that distance to the westward; and the he begins to sit at the banquet until he time from his being on the meridian on goes to sleep; and he must rub the king, one day, to his appearance on the same and during that space of time he must meridian the next, is exactly 24 hours; guard him lest he should suffer any and this is readily ascertained by obmisfortune. His protection is from the seving the fixed stars, for they come to time he takes the king's foot in his lap the meridian 3 min. and about 50 sec. until he goes to his chamber, taking earlier every evening. the criminal away. He has the privilege of eating upon the same dish with

PAASES OF THE MOON. the king, with his back towards the ( New Moon ....2d 9h 40m

First Quarter ...10 10 52 The Porter, another officer, was al.

Full Moon ....17 22 21 lowed a truly Welsh douceur; for it is Last Quarter . . .24 16 33 written of him. “ He must do errands On the 4th, the Moon will be in conin the palace gratis ; but he cluims the junction with Antares, the u of Scorpio, leavings of the cheese which he toasts!" at 13h. 34m.

In these days, we learn from one of Nov. 1, Mercury rises Ebs. 17h 23m Howel's triads," there were three in

passes Mer..... 22 53 dispensables of a gentleman” (curious 25, rises . .... 18 57 ones :) “ his harp, his cloak, and his

passes Mer. .,-. 23 22 cauldron;"and there were three things During this month, Mercury passes which the King must not part with : his from Virgo through Libra into Scorpio, treasure, his hawk, and his breeches."

and will be close to the B of the latter
Constellation on the 30th.
Nov. 1. Venus rises Ebs.. 16h 32m
- passes Mer..... 221
-25, rises ...... 15 40
- passes Mer.....219

fire."

Venus, throughout this month, is in month; the two stars which form the the Zodiacal Constellation Virgo, and Pointers, will be due North and peron the 26th will appear about 5° to the pendicular, on the 1st day, at a quarter northward of Spica Virginis.

past eight, appearing as under. Of Nov. 1, Mars rises ENĒ. . . 12h 58m course they will come to this position

passes Mer......20 between 3 or 4 min. earlier every night, - 25, frises EbN.... 12 35 and are then at the lowest depression

passes Mer...... 19 11 for the latitude of London. Mars through this month, is in the

Polaris Constellation Leo, and about the 24th will be in conjunction with a small Star in the Lion's hind leg.-Mars may be known by a dusky red colour, sup. posed to be occasioned by his dense atmosphere.

Dubhe Nov.1, Jupiter rises NE. E. gh 17m

passes Mer...... 16 22 - 25, 2 rises ....... 6 30

- passes Mer...... 14 39 Jupiter, throughout this month, will be in the Constellation Gemini. There A line drawn through B from the will be visible, in the latitude of Lon. Star markel , will pass dose to Castor, don, 7 eclipses of the 1st Satel.; 4 of the the upper Twin, and near to Jupiter, 2d Satel.; 3 of the 3d Satel.; 1 of the and from thence through Orion's belt 4th Satel. Those which occur before and to Rigel, in the left heel. A line midnight will be for the 1st Satel. from # through y, directs you to Reguon the 12th day, about 20 min. past lus in Leo, to the left of which is Mars, 10 o'clock, and on the 28th, about The line from Dubhe, passing between 86 min. past 8,-this one will be ex- d and , points out Arcturus in Bootes, ceedingly interesting, as in about half Indeed by these Stars all the others an hour afterward the 2d Satel. will may easily be discovered, which I shall be immersed. Of the 2d Satel, on the endeavour to describe on a future oc3d, about 5 min, before midnight, and casion. on the 28th, about 3 or 4 min. after 9. Capella, a very bright star, in the Of the 3d, on the 30th, about 8h 27m, shoulders of Auriga, at the same time the emersion alone will be visible. will be about 5 points to the eastward of Of the 4th Satel, on the 26th, the im- Ursa Major. A little further eastward, mersion taking place at about 13 min. and higher in the heavens, is Perseus past 8, and the emersion 37 min. after. and Medusa's Head; immediately above ward.

this is Cassiopeia, forming nearly the Nov. 1, Saturn rises NEVE E.5h 30m shape of a chair. Below Perseus, and

- passes Mer......12 53 about East, are the Pleiades, or Seven - 25, h rises ....... 3 47 Stars. Lower down, and a little to the - passes Mer. .....11 7 left, is Aldebaran, or the Bull's Eye.

Saturn, throughout this month, will Orion will be rising East and EbN, be in the Constellation Taurus. At the The Twins NE. I N. just above the commencement of November, Mercury, horizon. Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn, will all be above the horizon at the same time, viz. about 17h 30', or 5h 30m a.m. of the Civil Day.

JOURNAL OF AN EXCURSION Nov.1, Georgian rises SE. E. Oh 25m ACROSS THE BLUE MOUN.

-- passes Mer....... 4 13 TAINS OF NEW SOUTH WALES,

- sets Sw.fw...... 8 00 --20, H rises ....... 23 38 Here we met a few Indian natives

. 2 55 of Bathurst. They resembled the nasets ..........

• 6 43 tives of the coast in appearance, but The Georgian will be, throughout did not speak the same language. the month, in the head of the Constel. They seem, however, to have advanced lation Sagittarius.

towards civilization one degree further The Constellation of Ursa Major, or than the poor forked animals of the the Great Bear, will be a very conspi. warmer climate, inasmuch as they pos. cuous object during the evenings of this sess the art of very neatly sewing

s Mer....

together, with the sinews of the kan- unpleasing tune. The song is sung by garoo and emu, cloaks of skins, the a few males and females, who take no hide of which they also carve in the part in the dance. One of the band inside with a world of figures. They beats time by knocking one stick use these cloaks for the sole purpose against another. The music begins of keeping themselves warm, and have with a high note, and gradually sinks as little sense of decency as the natives to the octave, whence it rises again around Sydney; for in the middle of immediately to the top. I took down the day, when the weather is warm, an Australian National Melody from they throw back their cloaks across Harry, who married Caran-arang, the their shoulders. They appear to be a sister of the celebrated Bennilong; harmless race; with nothing ferocious and I believe it to be the first that was in their manners or countenance. They ever reduced to writing. The dancers are perfectly cheerful, laughing at every breathe in chorus like paviours, and thing they see, and repeating every the general step consists in opening thing they hear. For the rest, little the knees with a convulsive shake to can be added to Colonel Collins's ac- the music ; but occasionally they thrid count of the natives of New South the mazes of one another without any Wales. Their numbers are diminish- confusion. They stripe themselves ing. Not that they retreat before the down the waist, and paint their faces settlements of Europeans; this they with white clay and red ochre; and cannot do: the different tribes (few as in compliment to European delicacy, their numbers are would resist the in- wear boughs round their loins. The vasion of each other's territory. Thirty glare of large fires give a picturesque or forty miles will reach the circum- effect to the savage scene, and the ference of each family's peregrinations, dance works up the performers to a The tribes about our first settlements sublime enthusiasm. I have been thus are as ignorant of the country beyond minute, because in a few years perthe mountains as the colonists were; haps even the corrobory will be no and such is the sterility of the greater more, so sophisticated do they become part of Mr. Oxley's first interior route, from their pernicious association with that he met with only twenty-two the convicts, who sow the seeds of Indians in a journey of five months. drunkenness in the prolific soil, of Of the persons or the natives of New savage indolence. A rum or even South Wales, I think Colonel Collins sugar cask, filled with water, furnishes has given too unfavourable a picture. these poor creatures with an intoxi; Their faces have generally (in my cating liquor; and the invasions of opinion) too much good-nature to be civilization are reproached, with the absolutely hideous, and (to my taste) introduction of a new vice, which they do not imitate humanity so abo. operates as an inflamer of all their old minably as the African negro. Their ones. It is a melancholy sight to withair is not woolly ; their heads age not ness the drunken quarrels and fightings dog-like; nor are their legs baboonish. of the simple natives of Australia in The figure of many of them is very the streets of Sydney,-a people to good; and as for their leanness, how whom civilization can never bring the can they wax fat in so poor a country? comforts of food, raiment, and shelter, From the neighbourhood of our settle. and the blessings of religion, as an ments, we have scared the kangaroo atonement for the vice and disease and the emu, and left these poor lords which it necessarily carries along with of the creation no created food, but a it. That these unfortunate beings few opossums, and a tenancy in com- were comparatively ignorant of the mon with us of fish. Together with crime of evil speaking, before we came their numbers, their customs and man. among them, is proved by the broken ners are in a state of decay. The English words of scurrility and execeremony of extracting the right upper cration, with which they pollute their front tooth from the jaw of adults (so native tongue. The effect of this fully described and pictured by Colonel would be ludicrous, were not the cause Collins) is nearly obsolete in the neigh- pitiable. Truly, Botany Bay is a bad bourhood of our settlements; and the school for them; but they have not custom is by no means universal in the learnt of the convicts to lie or steal. island. But the corrobory, or night. Perhaps it is better that their name dance, still obtains. This festivity is should pass away from the earth. performed, in very good time and not They will not serve; and they are too

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