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indolent and poor in spirit to become LITERARY NOTICES. masters. They would always be drones in the hive of an industrious colony. Nevertheless, they are not

No. III. without the stamp of their Maker's image, cut in ebony (as old Fuller says) MEMOIRS OF THE COURT OF instead of ivory. They bear them KING JAMES THE FIRST. selves erect, and addresss you with confidence; always with good humour,

BY MISS AIKIN. and often with grace. They are not James's Literury Taste. common beggars, although they accept of our carnal things, in return for In the train of Sir Charles Percy the fish and oysters, which are almost (one of the messengers sent to anall we have left them for their support. nounce his new dignity to the Scottish They are the Will Wimbles of the King) appeared a gentleman of the colony ; the carriers of news and fish; name of Davies, concerning whom the the gossips of the town; the loungers king immediately inquired whether he on the quay. They know everybody; was the author of a poem on the imand understand the nature of every. mortality of the soul, entitled “ Nosce, body's business, although they have te ipsum ;” and being answered in the none of their own-but this. They affirmative, he embraced him, and give a locality to the land; and their promised him his favor and protection, honest naked simplicity affords a relief Few circumstances reflect more credit to the eye from the hypocritical lour on the taste of the king, moral as well of the yellow-clad convict. The war- as literary. The work in question, like features of the tribes which sur. which still preserves its place in col. round our settlements are now quite lections of English poetry, deserves to effaced; the savages are forbidden to be better known to the general reader, enter the towns with their spears, and as one of the closest, the most ingenious, they cheerfully comply with this re- and at the same time the clearest pieces quisition. They have a bowing ac- of reasoning ever couched in rhyme. quaintance with everybody, and scatter James performed his promise to their how d'ye do's with an air of friend. Davies, who was a lawyer as well as liness and equality, and with a perfect a poet, by appointing him his solicitor English accent, undebased by the general in Ireland : and he was speedi. massas and misses and me-no's, of Westly advanced to the office of attorney Indian slavery. They have been tried general. In 1607 he was knighted; to be brought up from infancy as ser and was afterwards raised to the dig. vants; but they have always run away nity of Lord Chief Justice of England, to the woods. Some of the Indians but had hardly received his appointhave seriously applied to be allowed ment when he was cut off by an apoconvict-labourers, as the settlers are, plexy in the year 1626, the 57th of his although they have not patience to age. remain in the huts, which our government have built for them, till the

Journey of James to England. maize and cabbages, that have been At Newark-on-Trent, James gave planted to their hands, are fit to gather, an omen to his reign by a strange act We have now lived among them more of despotism on a trivial occasion. A than thirty years, and yet, like the cut-purse, who had followed the court North American Indians, they have from Berwick, was here taken in the adopted none of our arts of life, with fact; and having also confessed his the exception of exchanging their stone guilt, the king, of his own authority, hatchets and shell fish hooks for our and without form of trial, directed a iron ones. They will never become warrant to the Recorder of Newark to builders, or cultivators, or mechanics, have him hanged; which was executed or mariners, like the New Zealanders accordingly. The Tudors, with all or the South Sea Islanders ; nor in their tyranny, had never perpetrated so deed, till they cease to be at all, will wanton an outrage on the most venerthey ever be other than they are. They able institutions of the country-trial by are the only savages in the world who jury; and men wondered what further cannot feel that they are naked. innovations would ensue.

His majesty passed on till he came Lady's Magazine. within half a mile of Master Oliver

Cromwell's, where met him the bailiff panied the bride. The ambassador of of Huntingdon, who made a long ora. Venice was the only bidden guest of tion to his majesty, and there delivered strangers, and he had a place above him the sword, which his highness the Duke of Holst, which the duke gave to the new released earl of South. took not well. But after dinner he ampton to bear before him. His ma. was as little pleased himself; for being jesty passed in state to Master Oliver brought into the closet he was then Cromwell's house, where his majesty suffered to walk out, his supper un. and all his followers, with all comers thought of. At night there was a whatsoever, had such entertainment mask in the hall, which for conceit as the like had not been seen in any and fashion was suitable to the occaplace before, since his first setting for- sion. There was no small loss that ward out of Scotland. There was such night of chains and jewels, and many plenty and variety of meats, such di- great ladies were made shorter by the versity of wines, and those not riff-ruff, skirts. The presents of plate and but ever the best of the kind, and the other things given by the noblemen cellars open at any man's pleasure. were valued at 2,5001. ; but that which And if it were so common with wine, made it a good marriage was a gift there is little question but the butteries of the King's of 500 1. land for the for beer and ale were more common. bride's jointure. They were lodged As this bounty was held back to none, in the council-chamber,where the King, within the house, so, for such poor in his shirt and night gown, gave them people as would not press in, there a reveille matin before they were up. were open beer houses erected, wherein No ceremony was omitted of bride there was no want of bread and beef cakes, points, garters, and gloves, for the comfort of the poorest creatures." which have been ever since the livery Neither was this provision for the little of the court.” time of his majesty's stay ; but it was The favours distributed at this sumpmade ready fourteen days, and after his tuous wedding were estimated at highness's departure distributed to as 1,000 1. many as had mind for it.” The personage by whom James was received

James's contempt of personal satire. with this magnificence of hospitality was a loyal and jovial gentleman, who It was never the practice of James

lived high, spent the greater part of to visit with severity failures in the - his estate, and died the oldest knight respect due to his person ; for his - in England, one and fifty years after- temper, though subject to gusts of pas

wards, during the protectorate of his sion, was, with some exceptions, nephew and godson, of whom he never placable, and his genuine love of wit deigned to beg a favour.

pleaded strongly in behalf of literary Marriage of Sir Philip Herbert and the

Offenders. To this effect Howell the Lady Susan Vere, daughter of the

letter writer has given the following

anecdote: Earl of Oxford, (in a letter from Sir

“ As I remember some years since, D. Carleton to Mr. Winwood.)

there was a very abusive satire in verse « On St. John's day we had the brought to our king; and as the pagmarriage of Sir Philip Herbert and sages were a reading before him, he the Lady Susan Vere performed at often said, that if there were no more Whitehall, with all the honour could men in England, the rogue should hang be done a great favorite. The court for it. At last, being come to the conwas great, and for that day put on the clusion, which was, after all his railbest bravery. The Prince and Duke ing, of Holst led the bride to church; the Queen followed her from thence. Now God preserve the king, the The King gave her; and she in her queen, the peers, tresses aud trinkets brided and bridled And grant the author long may wear it so, handsomely, and indeed became his ears! herself so well, that the king said, if he were unmarried, he would not give her This pleased him so well, that he but keep her himself. The marriage broke into a laughter, and said, “By dinner was kept in the great chamber, my soul, so thou shalt for me; thou where the Prince and Duke of Holst, art a bitter, but thou art a witty and the great lords and ladies accom- knave."

The noble and the stirrups. ITALIAN LITERATURE.. “ A poble did come in suit of a place and saw the king mounting the roan jennet, whereon his majesty rideth


ITALIAN POET, TORQUATO every day; delivered his petition,

TASSO. which was heeded and read, but no answer was given. The noble departed, and came to court the next

[Continued from page 169.) day, and got no answer again. The

The Prince of Salerno was success. Lord Treasurer was then pressed to move the king's pleasure touching the

ful in his embassy, which established petition. When the king was asked

his credit in Naples, but ruined him for answer thereto, he said in some

with the viceroy, who did all in his wrath, 'Shall a king give heed to a !

power to make the emperor jealous of

the respect shewn him by the Neapodirty paper, when a beggar noteth not his gilt stirrups!' Now it fell out

litans. " In this he succeeded, and that the king had new furniture when

after the prince had in vain applied to the noble saw him in the court-yard,

the emperor for an audience to excul. but he was overcharged with confu

pate himself, he retired to Rome, and sion, and passed by admiring the dress

renounced his allegiance to him. The ing of the horse ; and thus failed he

father of our poet would not abandon

his patron in his ill fortune, nor would in his suit.”

he leave his son where he was soon to

be declared an enemy, but with the Establishment of Prince Henry. youthful Tasso went to Rome. The The establishment of the young

departure of the prince being known, prince at first consisted of seventy ser

he, and all his adherents, were des vants; but the king doubled their

clared traitors, and our poet, though number the next year, and in 1610,

10 but nine years old, was included by the family of the prince had swelled

name in the sentence.

The prince to the enormous amount of 426 persons,

afterwards went to France, whither of whom 297 received wages; without

Bernardo accompanied him, and comreckoning artificers under the manage

mitted his son to the care of Mauritio ment of Inigo Jones, comptroller of

Cataneo, a learned man, and his relathe works."

tion, who cultivated young Tasso's taste for polite literature. The prince

dying three or four years after, Ber. . Institution of Baronets. nardo returned to Italy, and engaged

in the service of Guglielmo Gonzaga, Amongst the ways and means re

Duke of Mantua, soon after he resorted to by the king, are to be men

ceived the melancholy news of the tioned the revival of an absolute law,

death of his wife Portia, and in concompelling all persons possessed of 401.

sequence, he sent for his son, that they a year in land to compound for not

might share each others grief. The receiving the order of knighthood;

father was greatly surprised, on his and the creation of the title of baronet,

son's arrival, at the progress in his which was offered for the sum of 1000 1.

studies; for, although but twelve, he to any person who thought fit to be

had completed his knowledge of Latin come a purchaser ; when the king

and Greek, was well acquainted with hesitated, from the fear of offending

& Rhetoric and Poetry, and completely the gentry by creating a new rank

versed in Aristotle's Ethics. Bernardo above them, the minister (Sir Robert

soon determined to send his son to the Cotton) is said to have replied, “Tush,

University of Padua, to study the laws, sir! the money will do you good, and

in company with the young Scipio the honor will do them very little."

Gonzaga, afterwards cardinal. With this nobleman, Tasso, nearly of the same age, being then seventeen, contracted a friendship that ended but with their lives. Here Tasso prosecuted his studies, and soon gave proofs of his great genius in his poem of Rinaldo, which he published in twelve books, and contains the adren.

tures of Rinaldo, the famous Paladin of having had his share of honour, it was the court of Charlemagne. The father now his turn. Tasso having remained saw with regret the success of this undecided for three or four years, at poem, and was fearful it might turn length took up his residence in the him from his solid studies, and thereby palace of Ferara, and placed the name injure his private fortune, knowing of Alphonso at the head of his poem ; that a man seldom gained much by but he neglected not to retain the his poetry. He was right in his con- cardinal's good opinion, by every atjecture, for Tasso, carried away by his tention. Tasso was now about twentynatural love for the Muses, followed two years of age, and his name had the example of Petrarch, Boccace, become famous through all Europe. Ariosto, and others, and quitted the In a journey he made to France with severe studies of the law, for the Cardinal Luigi, he was greatly capleasing ones of poesy. His first ressed by Charles IV.; and the followpoem extended his fame so much ing anecdote will show the regard through Italy, that his father, dis- that monarch had for him. A man of pleased thereat, and dreading the letters, and a poet of some repute, had effect on his son's mind, went to Padua unfortunately been guilty of an enor. on purpose to reprimand him, and mous crime, for which he was cons though he spoke with vehemence and demned to suffer death. Tasso, touched harsh expressions. Tasso heard him with compassion, was resolved to pewith composure and without interrupt- tition the king for his pardon. He ing him. This enraging his father, went to the palace, where he heard Tell me," he exclaimed, “ of what that orders had just been given to put yse is this vain philosophy upon which the sentence immediately into execuyou pride yourself so much "_" It has tion. This did not discourage Tasso, enabled me,replied Tasso, modestly, who, presenting himself before the “ to endure the harshness of your res monarch, said, “ I come to entreat your proofs !Tasso's resolve to follow the Majesty, that you would not put a Muses was soon known all over Italy, wretch to death, who has brought philoand he was, by means of Pietro Donato sophy to shame, by shewing that she can Cesi, invited to the city and college of make no stand against human depravity. Bologna ; but he did not remain long, The king, touched with the justness of for Bologna becoming the theatre of his reflection, granted the criminal his civil commotions, and pressed by an life. invitation of Gonzaga, his old friend,

(To be continued.] who was elected prince of an academy established at Padua, under the title of Etherei; he immediately went thither to seek that repose he loved. The happy manner in which he blend. ed philosophy with his other studies,

WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR; made him an enemy to all kind of licentiousness. In an oration on the OR, ORIGIN OF THE WORD " HARLOT.” subject of Love, the orator treated the subject in a very masterly manner, “ Yon yet may see young girls that play but with too little regard to decency,

And dance upon a green,

But the sweet grace of Harlotte's step in the opinion of Tasso, who being

Will never more be seen." asked what he thought of the discourse, replied, “ It is a pleasing poison." At As Robert, Duke of Normandy, was Padua he formed the plan of his cele- one day taking the air on horseback, brated poem of “Jerusalem Delivered.” he passed through a pleasant rural He determined to dedicate the poem village, called Failaise, where, on a to the house of Estè; but being green, a company of country girls equally esteemed by the two brothers, were dancing. Quite enraptured, be Alphonso II. Duke of Ferrara, and eagerly surveyed them, and was so Cardinal Luigi, he was at a loss how struck with the handsome person and to act, and a sort of contest was kept graceful carriage of one of them, that up between the brothers. The car. he immediately fell in love with her. dinal contended, that as Rinaldo had He enquired who she was, &c. and been dedicated to him, he had a here. was informed that her name was Har. ditary right; on the contrary, Al. lotte, and that she was a skinner's phonso contended that his brother daughter of Failaise. He got acquainted with her, and prevailed on her to liam the possession of this country. Ha. cohabit with him. She was almost im- rold, and his two valiant brothers, mediately pregnant, and in ten months Gurth and Leofwin, were slain. The after, in 1026, William, the Conqueror Normans lost 15,000 men; that of the of this country, and the 20th king of English was more considerable. Wil. England, first drew the breath of life. liam directly marched to London. The -Robert very dearly loved Harlotte Magistrates came out in a body and and their baby, and as he had no legi- presented him with the keys of the timate issue, he, upon setting out on a City, as a token of their submission, pilgrimage to Jerusalem, appointed and he was crowned December 26, William heir to his dominions, in case 1066, by Aldred, Archbishop of York; he should die on his journey; and this the Archbishop of Canterbury being event happening, William succeeded deemed unqualified for that office, as to the Dakedom of Normandy in the he had received his pall from Benedict year 1035, being then only nine years the Ninth, who was reckoned an of age.

usurper. Henry the First, King of France, It is observed, that William was very attacked his Duchy, and the Barons generous (at others expense), for he of Normandy, in their contention for divided the greatest part of England power, raised several disturbances ; among his Norman Captains, laid waste but as William grew up, he proved an the County of Hampshire for 30 miles, heroic youth-he repulsed the former, to make what was called the New Forest and he reduced the latter, and effecó -ruled England as a conquered countually established the tranquillity of try by the laws of Normandy-introhis Dukedom, which continued so for duced the Corfeu t, &c. &c. which so many years. When he was near forty exasperated the English, that they years of age, on the 5th of January, called whores “ Harlottes," (now spelt 1066, Edward the Confessor, King of Harlots in allusion to his mother.) England, died, at his Palace at West William caused a general survey to minster, and Harold, the second son of be taken of all the lands in the kingthe late Earl Goodwin, ascended the dom, their extent in each district, their throne, to which he had not the smallest proprietors, tenures, value; the quanpretension. The people either bestowed tity of meadow, pasture, wood, and it on him, or acquiesced in his usurpa. arable land which they contained; tion,

and in some Counties the number of The true heir was Edgar Atheling, tenants, cottagers, and slaves, of all grandson of Edmund Ironside, by his denominations, who lived upon them. youngest son Edward; but as this prince He appointed Commissioners for this was very young, and of mean capacity, purpose, who entered every particular his title was overlooked. Some say in their register by verdict of Juries, Edward the Confessor made a will, and after a labour of six years, they bestowing this country on William of brought him an exact account of all Normandy. Others observe, that no the landed property in the kingdom. proof could ever be produced that such This monument, called Doome's day a will ever existed." Harold had been Book--the most valuable piece of anat the court of Normandy, when Wil. tiquity possessed by any nation, is still liam acquainted him with this circum. preserved in the Exchequer. stance, and obliged him to swear that Several Historians mention, as a he would support his pretensions, and proof of William's clemency, his rewhen he became King of England, sent ceiving into favour Edgar Atheling, over Ambassadors to Harold to resign the true heir of the Crown, his crown; who answered, “ that he was able to defend his right against any one who should dispute it with

• King Harold was slain with an arrow. He him.”

was buried at Waltham Abbey (about twelve William immediately assembled an miles from London), where a monament was army of 60,000 veteran troops, and

erected, on which was the following inscription, setting sail for England, landed them

consisting of only three words—" Alas! poor

Harold," written by his unhappy mother. without opposition, on the 29th of September, at Pavensey, in Sussex, Ha + Corfen-was the obliging the inhabitants to rold marched too, and they met at put ont their fires and lights on the sounding of Hastings, where the great decisive

a certain bell. This was a law which William bad

previously established in Normandy, and we battle was fought which gained Wil.

same custom prevailed in Scotland.

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