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yond our conception, or powers of Bourbon, of which Nicolo Buonaparte, numbers.
a Roman prelate, is the author. The human skin is perforated by a In the fifteenth century, a younger thousand holes in the space of a square branch of the Buona parte family settled inch. If, therefore, we estimate the in Corsica. At the time of the camsurface of the body of a middle-sized paign of Italy, there was no one left man to be sixteen square feet, it must of all the Italian branches, but the contain not fewer than 2,304,000 pores. Abbe Gregorio Buonaparte, Knight of These pores are the mouths of so many St. Stephen, and Canon of San Miniato. excretory vessels, which perform the He was an old man of great respectaimportant function in the animal eco- bility and wealth. Napoleon, in his nomy of insensible perspiration. march on Legborn, stopped at San
If a candle be lighted, it will then Miniato, and was received with his be visible above two miles round; and whole staff at the house of his relation. consequently were it placed two miles Those who are well acquainted with -above the surface of the earth, it the Italian language, know that it is would fill with luminous particles a opitional to write Buona or Bona. sphere whose diameter is four miles, The members of the Buonaparte family and before it had lost any sensible part have used both these modes of orthoof its weight.*
graphy indiscriminately: of two broA quantity of vitriol being dissolved thers it has happened that one has and mixed with 9,000 times as much written his name with the u, and the water, will tinge the whole; conse- other without it. It seems that the quently it will be divided into as many suppression of this letter was common parts as there are visible portions of in very ancient times. matter in that water.
The Christian name of Napoleon has also been the subject of much discussion. It was usual in the Orsini and
Lomellini families, from whom it was HISTORY OF THE BUONA. adopted by that of Buonaparte. The PARTE FAMILY.
manner of writing it has been disputed
in Italy. Some pretended that it was FROM NAPOLEON'S HISTORICAL MEMOIRS.
derived from the Greek, and signified
Lion of the desert ; others, that it was The Buonapartes are of Tuscan derived from the Latin. The correct origin. In the middle ages they figured way of writing it, is Napoleone. This as senators of the republics of Florence. name is not found in the Roman calenSan Miniato. Bologna, Sarzana, and dar. From the searches made in the Treviso: andas prelates attached martyrologies at Rome, at the period of to the courts of Rome. They were the Concordat, it appears that Saint allied to the Medici, the Orsini, and Napoleone was a Greek martyr.. Lomellini families. Several of them Napoleon's great grandfather had were engaged in the public affairs of three sons, Joseph, Napoleon and their native states; whilst others em- Lucien. The hrst of these tert only ployed themselves in literary pursuits one son, whose name was Charles ; the at the period of the revival of letters
second left only a daughter, named in Italy. Giuseppe Buonaparte pub
Elizabeth, who was married to the lished one of the first regular comedies
head of the Ornano family; the third of that age, entitled The Widow : copies was a priest, and died in 1791, aged of which exist in the libraries of Italy. eighty years; he was archdeacon of and in the royal library at Paris,
the chapter of Ajaccio. Charles, who where is also preserved the History of
thus became the only heir to his father, the siege of Rome, by the Constable de
was the father of Napoleon. He was educated at Rome and Pisa, where he
took his degree of Doctor of Laws. • It is not, however, to be hence presumed that the space is filled with luminous rays, for rays of light travel 200,000 miles in a second, and 20 per second produce continuous vision. Hence if we divide the circumference, 12 miles, or 7,200,000 tenths of an inch, there will at one time be but 1,440 rays emanating from the candle, so as to produce distinct vision two miles distant in every tenth of an inch.
MUSICAL ANECDOTES. ORIGIN OF THE WORD LADY, « The relative of a friend of mine," The term lady (which Johnson negliobserves Mr. Nathan in his Essay on gently derives from the Saxon) was the History and Theory of Music, sometimes bestowed on women of for. “ having been ordered to Devonshire tune, even before their husbands had for the benefit of his health, used fre- received any title which could confer quently to ride out in the evening. distinction upon them. The cause One night as he passed a lone house, is stated to have been this:--It was his attention was drawn towards it by formerly the custom for the affluent to sounds of such dulcet melody, that his live constantly at their manor houses heart became captive through his ears, in the country, where, once a week, or and without seeing the fair siren, he oftener, the Lady of the Manor used to was full fathom five' in love; he distribute with her own hands a cernever rested till he obtained an intro. tain quantity of bread. She was hence duction ; his offers were accepted, and denominated by those who shared her they were married. But, alas! for the bounty, teff day, which, in Saxon, sigwaywardness of the human heart! nifies the bread giver. A gradual corBut a short time elapsed, ere they ruption in the mode of pronouncing parted, and for fifteen years were ig- this word has produced the modern norant of each other's pursuits. Busi. Lady; and, perhaps, from this hosness called him into Scotland, when pitable custom arose the practice-unihis ear, when least expected, caught versally existing, that'ladies serve the the sound of that voice which had for- meat at their own tables. merly made so deep an impression. The affection, which had slumbered so long, revived with fresh ardour; the
THE OLDEST OIL PAINTING hour of the evening, the similarity of
IN ENGLAND, situation, and the same melody, were coincidences that struck forcibly on his The oldest picture in England is the heart ; repentant, and trembling with,
portrait of Chaucer, who died in 1402, emotion, he rushed into the apartment
and which was probably painted in the where she was, and, renouncing his low countries about twenty years beerrors, implored her forgiveness; a re- fore his death. It was discovered in conciliation followed, and the renewal
a lumber garret in the house in which of their affection was permanent and Cromwell was born, at Huntingdon. unabated.”
by Sít Richard Phillips, in 1802, and " The story of Stradella, composer has since been in his possession. The to the Opera at Venice, whom Purcell
celebrated collector, Count Truchsess, is reported to have taken for his model,
lely conceived that it was first painted in is too well known to need narrating in
water-colours, and oiled afterwards full. On Stradella's flight with the for preservation; and he certified that fair Hortensia, they took refuge in
the name Chaucer, in the back-ground, Rome: The noble Venetian, with was laid on with the painting. whom she had resided while taking
4. The next portrait, in point of antilessons of Stradella, enraged at their
quity, is that of King Henry IV, who perfidy, hired assassins to destroy them. began his reign in 1400, and is the For some time the bravos'search was un.
property of the earl of Oxford, and
kept at Hampton Court, in Herefordthat Stradella was to give an Oratorio shire: of his own composition at the church of San Giovanni Laterano. Thither they repaired, with the determination
ABSENCE OF MIND. of assassinating both him and his mistress as they left the church; but the The Rev. George Harvest, author of beauty of the music, joined to the ex. an elaborate Treatise on Subscription pressive manner of Stradella's singing, to Articles of Faith, and 'a volume of caused Compassion to enter where she excellent sermons, was a most extraorhad never been before, and Murder, dinary character. A friend and he melted by music, forsook her prey: walking together in the Temple-gardens Following Stradella from the church, one evening, previous to the meeting of the bravos confessed their errand, and the club called the Beef-steak Club, in the miracle his performances bad Ivy-lane, to which they were going, caused.”
and to which Smollett, Johnson, and
others belonged, Mr. Harvest picked regard to order. The doctor began his up a small pebble, of so odd a make, sermon, but soon lost the thread of that he said he would present it to his discourse; he became confused, Lord Bute, who was an eminent vir. but still went on, and actually preached tuoso. After they had walked some out, first the archdeacon and clergy, time, his friend asked him what o'clock next the churchwardens, and lastly it was to which, pulling out his the whole congregation; nor would watch, he answered, that they had he have concluded, if the sexton had seven minutes good: Accordingly not informed him that all the pews they took a turn or two more, when, were empty. to his friend's astonishment, he threw his watch into the Thames, and with great sedateness put the pebble into his fob:
ON THE CHOOSING OF A WIFE. Mr. Harvest being once in company with Mr. Onslow in a boat, began to ..
FROM THE WORKS OF SIR WALTER read a favourite Greek author with
RALEIGH. such strange theatrical gestures, that “ The next and greatest care ought his wig fell into the water, and so to bee in the choice of a wife, and the impatient was he to get it, that he onely danger therein is beauty, by jumped into the river to fetch it out. which all men in all ages, wise and and was with difficulty fished out
with difficulty fished out foolish, have been betrayed. And himself.
though I know it vaine to use reasons When Lord Sandwich was canvas. or arguments, to dissuade thee from sing the university of Cambridge for being captivated therewith, there being the chancellorship. Mr. Harvest, who few or none that ever resisted that had been his schoolfellow at Eaton, witcherie; yet I cannot omit to warne went down to give him his vote. Be thee, as of other things, which may ing at dinner there in a large company, bee thy ruine and destruction. For the he suddenly said—“ Apropos ! whence present time, it is true, that every man do you, my Lord, derive your nick preferres his fantasie in that appetite name of Jemmy Twitcher ?” “Why,” before all other worldly desires, leaving answered his lordship, “ from some the care of honour, credit, and safety foolish fellow." “ No," replied Har- in respect thereof: but remember that vest, “ it is not from some, but every though these affections doe not last, body calls you so.” On which his yet the bond of marriage endureth tó lordship, to end the disagreeable con- the end of thy life; and therefore better versation, put a large slice of pudding to be borne withall in a mistress, than on his plate, which effectually stopped in a wife, for when thy humour shall his mouth for that time.
change, thou art still free to chuse On another occasion, having accom. again if thou give thyself that vaine panied the same nobleman to Calaisliberty). they walked on the ramparts. Musing
« Remember, secondly, that if thou on some abstract proposition, Harvest marry for beauty, thou bindest thyselfe lost his company; and as he could not for all thy life to that, which perchance speak French, he was at a loss to find will neither last nor please thee one his way to the inn; but recollecting yeere, and when thou hast it, it will that the sign was the Silver Lion, he be to thee of no price at all; for the put a shilling in his mouth, and set desire dyeth when it is attained, and himself in the attitude of a lion rampant. affection perisheth when it is satisAfter exciting much admiration, he fied. Remember when thou wert a was led back to the inn by a soldier, sucking child, that then thou didst who thought he was a maniac escaped love thy nurse, and that thou wert fond from his keepers.
of her; after a while thou didst love Having to preach before the clergy thy dry nurse, and didst forget the at a visitation, he provided himself other; after that thou didst also de. with three sermons for the purpose. spise her, so will it be with thee in Some wags of his brethren, to whom thy liking in elder yeeres ; and there. he mentioned the circumstance, con- fore, though thou canst not forbeare to trived to get the sermons from his love, yet forbeare to linke, and after pocket, and having separated the awhile thou shalt finde an alteration in leaves, sewed them all up without any thyselfe, and see another farre more
pleasing than the first, second, or third pute on politics between two thirsty love: yet I wish thee, above all the pedestrians: this dispute led to blows, rest, have care thou dost not marry an and a great confusion : our young artist uncomely woman for any respect, for seized his pencil, and drew the group comeliness in children is riches, if no- of figures from the life with such variety thing else be left them. And if thou and truth of character, as evades all have care of thy race of horses and description. The instant he became other beasts, value the shape and come master of his own time, he determined liness of thy children before alliances to qualify himself for engraving on or riches; have care, therefore, of both copper; and in this, he readily got together,--for if thou have a faire wife employment, such as frontispieces to and a poore one, if thine owne estate books, and prints to Hudibras. From bee not great, assure thyself that love the ill-treatment which his father, who abideth not with want; for she is thy was an author, had received from the companion of plenty and honour, for I hands of the booksellers, made him never yet knew a poore woman, exceea resolve to be his own publisher: but ing faire, that was not made disho.est here he had to encounter a monopoly by one or other in the end. This of printsellers, equally mean and deBersheba taught her son Solomon.- structive to the ingenious; for the first Favour is deceitful, beauty is vanity; plate he published, called the Taste she sayth further, that a wise woman of the Town, in which the reigning overseeth the waies of her household, follies were lashed, had no sooner and eateth not the bread of idlenesse. began to have a run, than copies of it Have therefore evermore care, that were sold in the print-shops at balfthou be beloved of thy wife, rather than price; while the original prints were thyselfe besotted on her, and thou returned to Hogarth; so that he was shalt judge of her love by these two obliged to sell the plate for what these observations: first, if thou perceive pirates pleased to give him. Owing that she have care of thy estate, and to these circumstances, until he was exercise herself therein; the other, if near thirty he could do little more than she study to please thee, and be sweet maintain himself. About this time he unto thee in conversation.
gained the heart and hand of Miss Thornhill, daughter of Sir James Thornhill, an union neither sanctioned
by her father, nor accompanied with a BIOGRAPHY.
fortune. He then employed himself in painting small family pieces, and com
menced historical painter; but finding WILLIAM HOGARTH.
it not encouraged, he returned to en
graving from his own designs, yet This immortal artist was born in occasionally taking portraits as large London, on the 10th of November, 1697. as life; and to prove his powers and to At a very early period, he discovered a vindicate his fame, he painted the ad. great predilection for the arts, and mirable portrait of Captain Coram, having access to a neighbouring painter, and presented it to the Foundling he embraced every possible opportu. Hospital. His next performance was nity of making drawings. After being the portrait of Mr. Garrick in Richard some time at school, where he paid the Third, for which he received two more attention in studying the curious hundred pounds, a greater sum than sculptures in the spelling-books, than was ever received by an English artist the eight parts of speech, he was put for a single portrait*. In addition to apprentice to Mr. Ellis Gamble, who the high and sounding title of counkept a silversmith's shop in Cranbourn sellor and honorary member of the Alley, Leicester-square, there to learn Imperial Academy at Augsbourg, conthe art of silver plate engraving. The ferred upon Hogarth in the German first token he gave of his turn for the diploma, he was, on the 6th June, 1757, satirical, was while yet an apprentice, still further dignified, by being appointed when upon a Sunday afternoon hé made an excursion to Highgate, with Sir Thomas Laurence's charge for a whole some of his companions, who took length portrait is seven hundred guineas; and shelter and refreshment in a public
one hundred and twenty for a head. Sir Joshua
Reynolds used to have twenty-five guineas for a house at the moment of a violent dis head,
Serjeant Painter, and entered on the Howell, in his Letters, 1678, says duties of his office on the 15th of the “ The Spaniards call Tobacco the holy following July, at a salary of ten herb, in regard to the various virtues pounds per annum, payable quarterly! it hath. If moderately taken, 'tis good Finding his health in a declining state, for many things; it helps digestion, Hogarth had some years before pur- taken awhile after meat; it makes one cbased a small house at Chiswick. To void rheum; a leaf or two being steept this place he retired during the summer over-night in a little white wine is a months, but a mind so active could vomit that never fails in its operation. never rust in idleness; and he employed It is a good companion to one that conthe last years of his life in re-touching, verseth with dead men, for if one hath and superintending some repairs and been poring long upon a book, or is alterations in his plates From Chis. toild with the pen, and stupified with wick, he, on the 26th October, 1764, study, it quick’neth him, and dispels returned' to Leicester-square'; and those clouds, that usually o'ersets the though weak and languid, retained his brain. The smoke of Tobacco is one of usual flow of spirits; but being on the the wholesomnest scents that is, against same night suddenly ill, died of an all contagious airs, for it o'ermasters anuerism. His remains were removed all other smells; as King James, they to his family vault at Chiswick, where say, found true, when being once a a plain but neat pyramidical monument hunting, a shower of rain drove him into is erected to his memory, on the front a pig-stye for shelter, when he caused of which, in basso-relievo, is the com- a pipe full to be taken on purpose. mon mask, laurel wreath, rest-stick, Tobacco cannot endure a spider or a palette, pencils, a book inscribed flea, or such like vermin. It is good to Analysis of Beauty, and the following cure the mange in dogs. It is also good admirable lines, by his friend Mr. Gar to fortify and preserve the eye-sight, rick:
the smoke being let in round about the Farewell, great painter of mankind,
balls of the eyes once a-week, and frees Who reach'd the noblest point of
them of all rheum, and “ plumb-tree art;
gum, such as in old men's eyes.” Be. Whose pictur'd morals charm the mind,
the mind ing taken into the stomach, it will heat And through the eye correct the
and cleanse it. The Spaniards, Irish, heart
and French take it in powder, * or If genius fire thee, reader, stay ;
smutchin, and it thus mightily reIf Nature touch thee, drop a tear :
freshes the brain. In Barbary, and If neither move thee, turn away,
other parts of Africa, it is wonderful For Hogarth's honour'd dust lies
what a small pill of tobacco will do ; for
those who use it, ride post through the here.
sandy deserts, where they meet not with any thing eatable for days together; they put the tobacco under the tongue, which affords them perpetual moisture, and takes off the edge of the
appetite for some days.” ON TOBACCO; AND THE PLEA.
Some say tobacco takes its name from SURES OF A PIPE.
its being first discovered in 1520, near
Tobasco, in the Gulf of Mexico. Others Charm of the solitude I love,
say, it is named from Tobago, one of My pleasing pipe; my glowing stove! our West India Islands, whence it was My head of rheum is purged by thee, first brought to England in 1585, by My heart of vain anxiety
Sir Francis Drake, the great circumTobacco! fav'rite of my soul! navigator, and that Sir Walter Raleigh When round my head thy vapours roll, taught the English how to smoke it. When lost in air they vanish too, An emblem of my life I view. I view, and hence, instructed, learn, • It is said that snuff-taking is a preventive of To what myself shall shortly turn apoplexy, it being difficult to find a case where
a confirmed snuif-taker died of apoplexy. For Myself,-a kindled coal to-day, merly, they used to take anoff with a quill, and That wastes in smoke, and fleets away. not with the fingers, as is the present custom. Swiftly as then, confusing thought, Alas! I vanish into naught.