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it is about as far from Frogmill as it INTERESTING PARTICULARS is from Cheltenham--four miles. The OF THE EXECUTION, &c. OF springs are close by the road side, in KING CHARLES I. a considerable angular glen, the point

FROM THE PUBLIC PAPERS OF THE TIME. of which reaches the road side, and at the bottom, about fifteen feet below the Moderate Intelligencer, January 25 to surface of the road, the Seven Springs

February 1, 1648. almost imperceptibly make their way Jan. 25.-The commissiones for trythrough so many crevices of what all of the king, did further proceed might be termed unhewn flag-stones, this day, in examination of witnesses piled rudely one above another, and for proof of the charge (since in print), covered with a hill. There is no regu- the substance whereof we gave in our lar way down to the springs ; no path- last. The things proved were such as way, no railing ; you scramble down were not denied by the king, as done as well as you can, or as the cattle onely for a good end, he said. would do.

· Jan. 26.-They did little in regard The considerable hill, or embank- of the businesse of the king. The ment, over the Seven Springs, is sur proofs were ended, and the votes there. mounted with many ash and other upon put, none dissenting, viz.-That trees and shrubs; and as those pro- the king had exercised tyrannical ducts are on the side, which is almost government, was a tyrant, a murperpendicular, of such place, they na- therer, and a traytor; after which it turally recline over the springs, thus was agreed to draw up the sentence forming a wild and imposing umbra- of condemnation against him. geous shade over the unquestionable Jan. 27.-The Committee, who had source of the Thames. Though there been with the judges at Serjeants' Inn are seven springs, united they form a about the writs (who, as it's said, gave small current, which winds its way no advice in the thing, the death of the along a fine picturesque and secluded king making null all their commissions, valley; so small, even at a consider- except the lord chief justice, who able distance from the source, that I holds by writ), and made their report. with ease stood astride this portion of Whereupon it was resolved, that the the River Thames; and its appearance Act of State passe as before, and withfor a great way is so peculiar, bushes out the lords. And in regard upon growing on each side of it, and forming the death of the king, it is usuall to over it a protecting arcade, as it were, proclaim the next heire king, they that in many places it was requisite to order that a committee draw up a proput aside the bushes to discover that clamation, which is to be published stream about which only we felt throughout the kingdome, declaring it anxious. In this romantic manner, so high treason for any person or persons guarded by the growing over of the to proclaim any King of England withbushes, it continues for about half a out the consent of Parliament; a most mile; and then a mill suddenly and necessary thing for preventing new provokingly burst on the view, de- troubles in the kingdome, which must stroying the charm produced by the inevitably follow thereupon; and that extraordinary seclusion, by displaying none, under paine of imprisoment, wheels, which the stream thus early speak or preach against the proceedin its career works.

ings of the supreme authority of this · These Seven Springs unquestionably nation, the Commons in Parliament, constitute the highest source of the. The finall sentence being this 27 of Thames. The stream forms a junction January to be pronounced against the with the Isis at Salperton, about six king, the lord president, and 67 commiles off; and this junction was com- missioners appeared, and the king was pleted so recently as 1786. The views brought (who, as at other times, kept of the springs and their neighbourhood his hat on). He would have spoke, were so interesting and new to me, but was not now permitted. The lord according to all the Gazetteer accounts president said-The prisoner at the bar that I had read, that I have with hath been here formerly, and instead great pleasure to myself written this of answering hath disputed the jurisdescription.

diction of the court; but being inter

rupted in that, refused to answer; the Oct. 21.

T. T. consideration whereof, with the facts in the charge, hath put them upon re- January 30%" This dayes proceeding solution to pronounce sentence against is intelligence enough to finish this him, which they have agreed upon : week, for the king was brought from and if the king had intent to say any St. James's to Whitehall, and after a thing against the jurisdiction of the short stay there, about twelve at noone, court it would not be permitted ; but came through the Banqueting House, if in defence of himselfe it was per neere which place the scatfold was mitted, and he was promised to be erected for his execution. Being come heard.

to the scaffold, attended with Colonel After sentence was pronounced, a Tomlinson and other officers, hee made motion was made to the Commons, his last speech wherein was desired from the king, Hee first said he would have chosen that the Bishop of London might come to have been silent, but that some to him, and that he might see his might thinke that he did submit to children, which was granted to him, the guilt as well as the punishment.

The bishop came to him, they con. He said that he never did begin a war tinued long in prayer that night, and with the two Houses of Parliament, in regard the Common Prayer Book which would be cleared if the Parliawas used, it is to be wished that there ment commissions and his were lookhad been prayers in it more pertinent. ed up and acknowledged. That God's It is the great wonder that men of most judgments were just upon him for excellent parts, able to speak largely suffering an unjust sentence to take without premiditation to men, should effect. That he forgave all the world. not be able to say ten words from That they (meaning the Parliament themselves in prayer.

and Army) were out of the way, The king in his discourse justifies and he would put them in the way himself in many things. In some, -to give each' his due, the king his and chiefly what he did before this due, his successors theirs, and God Parliament, he confesses himselfe to his due, by calling a national synod. blame.

That he was a martyr of the people Jan, 28.-The Commons this day and being minded by Dr. Juxon conproceeded to some resolutions or de cerning religion, hee said he died a crees, making it death, and treason, Christian according to the profession for any one to take upon them the of the Church of England. His speech crown of England; and have ordered done, the executioner cut off his head. a charge to be drawne up forthwith After his execution proclamation was against Prince Charles of high treason. made in these words, viz. :

Jan. 29.---This day the general “Whereas Charles Stuart, King of (Fairfax) went to his great officers, England, being for the notorious treaand held a counsel of war, at which he sons, tyrannies, and murtbers commitpropounded, as it is said, to put off the ted in the late unnaturall and cruel war, execution of the king. Also this day condemned to death: It is enacted and came forth the Act of State, about the ordained by this present Parliament, alteration of writs in England, Ireland, that no person or persons whatsoever, and Wales; as that instead of King, presume to declare, publish, or any the name, style, and test, and Custodes way promote, Charles Stuart, son of Liberatis Angliæ autoritate Parliamenti, the said Charles, commonly called be used, and none other; and penal- the Prince of Wales, or any other ties, issues, fines, amerciaments, and person to be King or Chief Magisfyrfeitures, instead of the king, to run trate of England or Ireland, or any the same; and where the words Jura- of the dominions belonging to them, by tores pro Domino Rege, it shall be colour of inheritance, succession, elecJuratores pro Republica ; and where it tion, or any other claime whatsoever, was Contra pacem vel dignitatem, vel without the free consent of the people Coram Nostram, it shall be Contra in Parliament. Upon pain to be con pacem Publicam, which all are required demned and adjudged a traytor." to observe, and what is otherway, or The first quoted paper gives a more

was formerly, is declared in this act particular account: - null.

“ The 30th of Jan. 1648, was Charles, The account of the king's behaviour King of England, Scotland, France, and execution is variously given in and Ireland, put to death by beheaddifferent papers. The Armies Modesting, over against the Banqueting House Intelligencer says, under the date of Whitehall, the place where formerly King James had all the fencers It is referred to a committee, to conin London encountered, in their school sider of the time, manner, and place of way, for content of the King of Den- his buriall. “And in regard, this is mark, who came out of his kingdom the last time that mention will be made to visit him, the scaffold being made of him as a king, it will be pardoned from the same window, and in the same to say something more than usuall. manner, only larger. But to come to He was the third sonne of his father what passed between his sentence and King James, born in Scotland, Nov. 19, execution, as he was passing after sen- 1600, and was created Duke of York, tence to his lodging, there was a cry at Whitehall, the 6th Jan 1604; and of " Execution," upon which he turn on the 4th of Nov. 1616, he was created ing towards them smiling, spake to Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester, one of his attendants, saying, poore and began his reign over Great Britain creatures, for sixpence they would say the 27th of March 1625, and reigned as much of their commanders. Enter- 23 years." ing the house, one of his servants de- The Moderate tells the following parted weeping, which he seeing said, curious anecdote :you can forbid their attendance, not “A gentlewoman big with childe, their tears. That night he commanded some days before the king's execution, his dogs should be taken away, and pretended she longed to kisse the sent to his wife, as not willing to have king's hand; which, after some denials any thing present that might take him of the officers that attended him, was off of serious consideration of himself. at last (considering her condition,

“ The Bishop of London sat up with though contrary to their instructions him all Saturday night. Sunday he admitted. After she had greedily dined and supped in his bed-chamber. kissed the king's hand, his majesty as Monday night he lay at St. James's; eagerly saluted her lips three or four being told the next day was for his times. This gentlewoman is reported, execution, he declared a great deal of by some that then knew her, to be readinesse to come to it. He walked formerly the black handsome maid through the Park, as his former use that waited on him at the Isle of was, very fast, and called to his guard Wight.” in a pleasant manner march apace,' that he might make haste. The scaf- A


S fold was laid with black baize, also RICHARD BRANDON, THE EX. the rails about it; the block, a little

ECUTIONER OF CHARLES I. piece of wood, flat at bottom, about a The History of England being altofoot and a half long. (After mention- gether silent as to the discovery of the ing the substance of his speech, &c. as executioner, who gave the fatal blow before it adds)“ His speech upon the to the decollation of the unfortunate scaffold ended, he prepared for death, king, the following short account, from putting on his cap, and off his doublet, undoubted authority, must be highly and presently he laid his head over the acceptable to the public. block, which was at one blow struck Richard Brandon, a common execuoff by one in disguise, and taken up by tioner or hangman at that time, died on another in disguise also, which held Wednesday, the 20th of June, 1649, up his head, but said nothing."

five months after the king's death. “No man," says another paper The Sunday before Brandon died, a (Perfect Weekly Account ), “ could young man of his acquaintance asked have come up with more confidence him how he did, and whether he was and appearance of resolution than he not troubled in conscience for cutting did ; viewing the block (with the axe off the king's head; Brandon replied, lying upon it) and iron staples in yes, because he was at the king's trial, the scaffold to bind him down upon the and heard the sentence denounced block, in case he had refused to submit against him, which caused Brandon himself freely, without being any ways to make this solemn vow; viz, wishing daunted; yea, when the deputies of God to perish his body and soul, if that grim tyrant death, appeared with ever he appeared on the scaffold to do a terrifying disguise, the king, with a the act, or lift up his hand against him. pleasant countenance, said he freely And he farther declared, that he had forgave them."

no sooner entered upon the scaffold to Weekly Intelligencer, Feb. 3.-The do the wicked act, but he fell a tremking's body is embalmed, the head bling, and ever since to his death consewed on, and removed to St. James's. tinued so. He likewise confessed that he had 301, for his pains, paid him all ness, that it was strictly forbidden to in half-crowns within half an hour be taken in alehouses, in the time of after the blow was struck; and that James the First. he had an orange stuck full of cloves, There is a curious collection of and an handkerchief out of the king's proclamations, prints, &c. in the arpocket. As soon as he was carried chives of the Society of Antiquaries of off from the scaffold, he was offered London. In vol. 8, lettered on the 20 s. for the orange by a gentleman in back, “ Miscel. K. James I.” is an Whitehall, but refused it, and after- ale-house license granted by six wards sold it for 10s. in Rosemary-lane. Kentish justices of the peace, at the About six o'clock that night he returned bottom of which the following item home to his wife, at that time living occurs, among other directions to the at Rosemary-lane, and gave her the inn-holder: money, saying, it was the dearest “ Item. You shall not utter, nor money that he ever earned in his life, willingly suffer to be utter'd, drunke or which prophetical words were soon taken, any tobacco within your house, made manifest. About three days be- cellar or other place thereuntu before he died, he lay speechless, utter- longing." ing many sighs and heavy groans, and The following ironical encomium on, in a most deplorable manner departed and serious invective against, tobacco, from his bed of sorrow. At his burial, occurs in Burton's Anatomy of Melangreat store of wines, &c. was sent by the choly, 4to. Oxford, 1621, page 452: Sheriff of London, and a great number “Tobacco, divine, rare, super-excellent of people waited to see his corpse tobacco, which goes far beyond all carried to the church-yard, some cry. their panaceas, potable gold, and phiing out, bury him on a dunghill, others, losopher's stones, a sovereign remedy hang the rogue, and some were for to all diseases. A good vomit, I conquartering him for executing their king. fesse, a vertuous herbe, if it be well The enraged mob was so great that qualified, opportunely taken, and methe officers could scarcely suppress dicinally used ; but as it is commonly them, and it was with great difficulty used by most men, which take it as he was at last conveyed to Whitechapel tinkers do ale, 'tis a plague, a mischurch-yard. There was a bunch of chiefe, a violent purger of goods, lands, Rosemary at each end of the coffin, health, hellish, devellish, and damned and on the top, a rope tied across from tobacco, the ruin and overthrow of one end to the other. The man that body and soule." waited upon this executioner when he In the Apophthegms of King James, gave the fatal blow, was a ragman of &c. 12mo, London , 1608, p. 4. I read Rosemary Lane.

as follows:-" His majesty professed, C- W

that were be to invite the Devil to a dinner, he should have these three

dishes; 1, a pig; 2, a poll of ling and TOBACCO.

mustard ; and 3, a pipe of tobacco for A pleasant kind of tale, but for one digesture. item of the veracity of which I will The following quaint thought is not vouch, is given in the Athenian found in an old collection of epigrams : Oracle, by way of accounting for the « All dainty meats I do defie. frequent use and continuance of taking

Which feed men fat as swine : tobacco. “When the Christians first

He is a frugal man indeed, discovered America, the devil was

That on a leaf can dine. afraid of losing his hold of the people

He needs no napkin for his hands, there, by the appearance of Christianity. He is reported to have told

His fingers' ends to wipe, some Indians of his acquaintance, that

That keeps his kitchen in a box, he had found a way to be revenged

And roasts meat in a pipe." , upon the Christians for beating up his In the Hymnus Tabaci, by Raphael quarters, for he would teach them to Thorias, made English by Peter Haumake tobacco, to which, when they sted, Master of Arts, Camb. 8vo, Lond. had once tasted it they should become 1651, we meet with the strongest inperpetual slaves."

vective against tobacco :Ale-houses are at present licensed “ Let it be damned to hell !! and called to deal in tobacco; but it was not so from thence, from the beginning ; for so great an Proserpine's wine, the furies frankinincentive was it thought to drunken.


The Devil's addle eggs, or else to ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE GREAT these,

WARRIORS. A sacrifice grim Pluto to appease, FROM NAPOLEON'S MEMOIRS OF PRANCE. A deadly weed, which its beginning had

Julius Cæsar. From the foam Cerberus, when the Cæsar was 41 years of age when he cur was mad.”

commanded in his first campaign in the

year 58, before the Christian era, 140 Our British Solomon, James the years after Hannibal. The people of First, who was a great opponent of Helvetia had left their country to settle the Devil, and even wrote a book on the shores of the ocean, to the against witchcraft, made a formidable number of 300,000; they had 90,000 one also upon his “Invention of Satan," in arms, and were crossing Burgundy. in a learned performance, which he The people of Autun called Cæsar to called a “ Counterblaste to Tobacco.” their assistance. He left Vienne, a It is printed in the edition of his fortress of the Roman province, marchworks by Barker and Bill, London, ed up the Rhone, passed the Saone at 1616.

Chalones, came up with the army of He concludes this bitter blaste of the Helvetians a day's march from his. his sulphurous invective against Autun, and defeated them in a long this transmarine weed, with the fol- disputed battle. After forcing them to lowing peroration: “ Have you not return to their mountains; he repassed reason then to be ashamed, and to

the Soane, took possession of Besanforbear this filthy novelty, so basely

con, and crossed the Jura to fight the grounded. so foolishly received, and army of Ariovistus, which he met a so grossly mistaken in the right use few marches from the Rhine, defeated it. thereof! In your abuse thereof sin, and forced it to re-enter Germany. At ning against God, harming yourselves,

this battle he was 90 leagues from both in person and goods, and taking

Vienne ; at the battle with the Hele. also thereby (look to it ve that take vetians 70 leagues. In this campaign snuff in profusion!) the marks and he constantly kept six legions which notes of vanity upon you; by the cus. composed his army joined in a single tom thereof. making yourself to be corps. He left the care of his commuwondered at by all foreign civil na. nications to his allies, having always a tions, and by all strangers that come month's psovision in a fortress, where, among you, to be scorned and con

like Hannibal, he kept his hostages, demned: a custom loathsome to the magazines, and hospitals. On the eve, hateful to the nose, harmful to the same principles he conducted his seven brain. dangerous to the lungs, and in other campaigns in Gaul. During the the black stinking fume thereof. winter of 57, the Belgians raised an nearest resembling the horrible Sty: army of 300,000 men, which they gian smoke of the pit that is bot- placed under the command of Galba. tomless.”

King of Soissons; Cæsar having re

ceived intelligence of this event from If even this small specimen of our learned monarch's oratory, which

Rhemi, his allies, hastened to encamp seemed well adapted to the under

on the Aisne. Galba, having no hopes

of forcing his camp, passed the Aisne standing of old women, does not pre

to advance on Rheims; but Cæsar vail upon them all to break in pieces their tobacco pipes, and forego smoking, sier

frustrated his manœuvre, and the Belit will perhaps be impossible to say

"8; gians disbanded; all the towns of this

line submitted in succession. The what can.

people of Hainault surprised him on The subject, as his majesty well the Sombie, in the vicinity of Mau. observes, is smoke, and no doubt many berge, before he had time to draw up of his readers will think the argu- in line; out of eight legions, which he ments of our royal author no more then had, six were engaged in raising than the fumes of an idle brain ; and the intrenchments of the camp, and it may be added too, of an empty two were still in the rear with the bag. head!

gage. Fortune was so adverse to him on this day, that a body of cavalry from Treves deserted him, and spread a report of the destruction of the Roman

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