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Christmas, and no man likes good worshippinge of God and our Lord. times better. He is in league with the Christ Jesu, and good Cristen life and tapsters for the worshipful of the inns, manners in the children. whom he torments next morning with And for that entent, I wil the his art, and has their names more per- children learne, first above all the fect than their men. A new song is catechizon in Englishe, and after the better to them than a new jacket, accidens that I made, or some other, yf especially if indelicate, which he calls any be better to the purpose, to induce merry, and hates naturally the puritan the children more spedely to Laten as an enemy to his mirth. A country speeche. And then Institutum Chriswedding and whitsun-ale are the main tiani Hominis, which that learned places he domineers in, where he Erasmus made at my requeste, and the passes for a musician, and overlooks book called Copia, of the same Erasthe bagpipes. The rest of him is drunk mus. And then other authors Chrisand in the stocks.
tian, as Lactantius, Prudentius, and Proba, and Sedulius, and Juvencus,
and Baptista Mantuanus, and such LONDINIANA.
other as shall be thought convenient
and most to purpose unto the true SAINT PAUL'S SCHOOL. Laten speeche. All Barbary, all cor
ruption, all Laten adulterate, which (Continued from page 190.]
ignorante blinde foles brought into this • In general processions, when they worlde, and with the same hath dys. be warned, they shall go twayne and tained and poysonyd the old Laten twayne together soberlye, and not speche, and the veraye Romane tongue, singe out, but say devoutlye, tweyne which in the tyme of Tully and Salust, and tweyne, seven psalms, with the and Virgell, and Terence, was usid, Lettanye.
whiche also Sainte Jerome, and Saint "To their urine they shall go thereby Ambrose, and Sainte Austen, and to a place appointed, and a poore many holy doctors lerned in theyre childe of the scole shall se it conveyed tymes. I saye that fylthiness, and all awaye from tyme to tyme, and have such abusion whiche the later blynde the avayll of the urine ; for other worlde brought in, which more rather causes, yf nede be, they shall go the may be called blotterature than litterawaterside.
ture, I utterly abannyshe, and exYff any childe, after he is receyved clude out of this scole, and charge the and admitted into the scole, go to any maisters that they teache always that other scole, to learne there after the is beste, and instruct the children in manner of that scole, then I will that Greke, and redynge Laten, in redynge suche childe, for no man's suite, shall unto them suche autors that hathe with be hereafter received into our scole, wisdome joyned the pure chaste elo. but go where him lyste, where his quence.' friendes shall thincke shall be better The original endowments of this learninge. And this I will be showed school was 1151. 15 s. 74. per anunto his frendes or other that offer him num; the expenses 791. 88. 4d, leav. at his first presenting into the scole. ing a balance of 381. 168. 3 d. for
'the reparations, suytes, casuelties, WHAT SHALL BE TAUGHT. and all other charges extraordinarye.' "As touching in this scole what After the good dean had finished all, shall be taught of the maisters and he left the perpetual care of the school learned of the scolers, it passeth my to the company of Mercers, and when witte to devyse, and determine in par- he was asked the reason of so committicular ; but in general to speake and ting the trust, he answered, 'that there sume what to saye my mynde. I would was no absolute certainty in human they were taught always in good lite- affairs; but for his mind; he found less rature, both Laten and Greeke, and corruption in such a body of citizens good autors, such as has the very than in any other order or degree of Romayne eloquence joyned with wis- mankind.' dom, specially Cristen authors, that The wisdom of the founder was very wrote their wisdome with clean and obvious in this, declaring that the chaste Laten, other in verse or in statutes might be altered according to prose, for iny intent is by this scole circumstances, and in such way as to specially to encrease knowledge and tend to the better government of the
school; this liberality was not less the honour of St. Paul's School, that apparent when he extended the benefits the principal grammars for the study of his institution to those who are of the Latin and Greek languages, foreigners, “ of all nations and couns throughout the kingdom, should have tries."
been the works of its founder and first Dean Colet died at Richmond, on master, and of Camden, who was one the 16th of September, 1519, in the of its scholars. * forty-third year of his age; he was The number of holidays observed at buried in the choir of the cathedral, the school, which are rather numerous, and a monument was erected to his as well as the school hours, have been memory by the company of Mercers, regulated by the court of assistants. which was destroyed by the dreadful The grand examination of the scholars conflagration of the eathedral, in 1666; takes place after Easter, and occupies but the representation of it is still pre- two days ; on the last of which, the served in Dugdale's History of Saint seniors of the eighth class make their Paul's, and Knight's life of the worthy recitations in Greek, Latin, and English, dean.
previous to their admission to some The ancient school shared also in the college; and the captain of the school great calamity of 1666. It was rebuilt leaves it at that season. in 1670, by the active zeal of the The apposition, a term peculiar to Mercers' company. The library was St. Paul's School, is in fact the annual added at the same time.
commemoration of the founder; and The school-room is large and com- formerly took place on the second day modious, and is ornamented with a of the examination. Of late it has bust of the founder, by Baron, and usually been held on the Wednesday another of a late much respected high or Thursday in the examination week, master, Mr. George Thicknesse, which The solemn business of this day is the was placed there by a voluntary sub. commemoration of the founder, by scription of the scholars. To those three orations in Greek, Latin, and has been added an excellent bust of English, composed and spoken by the the late high master, the Rev. Dr. three senior boys. These are sucRoberts, who had been previously ceeded by two prize compositions in presented with an elegant piece of Latin and English verse, and afterplate by the scholars, on occasion of wards speeches by the upper boys. his resignation. The school consists The captain of the school generally, of eight classes or forms; in the first but not necessarily, is appointed to a of which the children learn their rudi. Camden exhibition. The Camden and ments, and from thence, according to other exhibitions are given away at their proficiency, are advanced to the this season of the year by the trustees other forms, until they rise to the at Mercers' Hall; a court being holden eighth.
on the day after the apposition by the St. Paul's is a free school, and con- trustees, called “the apposition court," fined to that mode of tuition alone for the transacting of this and other which is strictly classical, and without business relative to St. Paul's School. any other charge than the payment of There are at present eight exhibione shilling on the entrance of each tions, which are paid out of a separate boy. The admission of the scholars is estate, being a benefaction founded by in the Mercers' Company: the surveyor Lord Viscount Camden, which is quite accomptant, one of the court assistants, distinct from the estate of St. Paul's being the officer delegated by them to School itself. This donation consists nominate, during his year of office. of a moiety of the tithes of several Scholars are admitted until the age of estates in the county of Northumber. fifteen; but at present no boy is eligi- land, and of the sum of 16,000 1. bank ble to an exhibition if he is admitted three per cent, reduced annuities; the after the age of twelve. There is no gross and annual income of which, in prescribed time of superannuation by 1815, amounted to the sum of 900 1. the statutes ; but no boy is expected to These exhibitions are of the annual remain at the school after his nine. value of 1001. each, and are confined teenth birth-day.
to such scholar or scholars as from The Latin Grammar which is used, time, for ever, shall be preferred from is that of Lilly, corrected by Ward. St. Paul's School to Trinity College, And the Greek Grammar that of Camden, or the Westminster. It is to
• Apposer signifies an examiner.
Cambridge. Their number is not There is also an annuity of 601. per limited, neither is the time, but it is annum allowed to the late sub-master's usually for seven years.
widow, There is an indefinite number of ex- This distinguished seminary of rehibitions of 501. a year each, to any ligion and learning, which has flourishcollege of either university. They are ed for more than three centuries, has holden for seven years, and are never given education to many great and given to the same boys who have the good men, among whom we may enuCamden exhibitions. There are also merate the antiquaries Leland and some advantages, either as scholarships Camden, John Milton, Dr. Calamy, or exhibitions for Paulines (scholars Cumberland, Bishop of Peterborough, of St. Paul's School usually so deno- the Duke of Marlborough, the present minated), at Trinity and St. John's Bishop of Salisbury, and several Colleges, in the University of Cam. others. bridge, founded by Mr. Perry and Dr. Sykes.
EXTRACT FROM A JOURNAL In 1780. Mr. John Stock. citizen OF A MONTH'S RESIDENCE and draper of London, left 10001, three AT NEW ZEALAND. per cent. consols, interest of which Account of the meeting of the trawas to be given to a scholar from St. velled New Zealanders on board with Paul's School on his entering Bennet's their friends and relations on their arCollege, Cambridge.
rival: It is highly gratifying to remark, . “ Before the ship was brought to, that the Company of Mercers, by their she was surrounded with canoes, full good management of the revenues of of the friends and relations of the chiefs the school, have always been enabled we had on board. To salute them, as to have a fund ready to supply the well as to exhibit the riches they had wants of the more indigent scholars, acquired by their visit to Port Jackson, and by their faithful discharge of the our New Zealanders began firing their trust reposed in them, have secured muskets without intermission, and, such high respect to the foundation as indeed so prodigal were they of their will ever claim the most grateful re. powder, that one might presume little membrance.
of it would remain after their landing There are no church preferments for the destructive purposes for which belonging to this school. The gross they had gone so far to procure it. average income is 5,3001. per annum, When their fathers, brothers, &c, were arising from landed estates, and the admitted into the ship, the scene exinterest of the money in the funds, be- ceeded description; the muskets were ing 26,0001. stock.
all laid aside, and every appearance The present high master is John of joy vanished. It is customary with Sleath, D. D. whose salary is 6181. those extraordinary people to go per annum, together with a spacious through the same ceremony upon meet. house. The present second master, is ing as upon taking leave of their the Rev. Rd. Edwards, M.A. whose friends. They join their noses tosalary is 3071. per annum, and a house. gether, and remain in this position for These gentlemen take boarders. The at least half an hour; during which present under-master or ancient chap- time they sob and howl in the most dolelain, is the Rev. W. A. C. Durham, ful manner. If there be many friends M. A. whose salary is 227 1. per annum, gathered around the person who has and a house. And the present assists returned, the nearest relation takes ant master, is the Rev.J.P. Bean, M. A. possession of his nose, while the others whose salary is 2571. per annum. hang upon his arms, shoulders, and
Besides these salaries, there are legs, and keep perfect time with the payments from the school funds to the chief mourner (if he may be so called) officers of the company; and as a in the various expressions of his lalaudable encouragement to the high mentations. This ended, they resume masters, that their labours shall not their wonted cheerfulness, and enter go without their just reward, the com- into a detail of all that has happened pany allow a princely annuity of 10001. during their separation. As there to the late high master, the Rev. Dr. were nine new Zealanders just reRoberts, who retired after filling that turned, and more than three times that dignified station about forty-five years, number to commemorate the event, the and “ was a man of great merit.” howl was quite tremendons, and so Rovel to almost every one in the ship, brother of Towi, the principal person that it was with difficulty our people's at Rangehoo, and was a singularly attention could be kept to matters, at fine.looking youth. The extraordithat moment, much more essential. nary scenes that we witnessed de. Little Repero, who had frequently tained us in the neighbourhood of boasted during the passage that he Tippoona until evening ; and, as we was too much of an Englishman ever were preparing to return to the ship, to cry again, made a strong effort when we were drawn to that part of the his father, Shungie, approached him, beach where the prisoners were, by to keep his word ; but his early habit the most doleful cries and lamentations. soon got the better of his resolution, Here was the interesting young slave and he evinced, if possible, more dis- in a situation that ought to have tress than any of the others. There softened the heart of the most unfeelwas something particularly respectable ing. in the appearance of Shungie; in per- « The man who had slain her father, son he was a fine looking man, and having cut off his head, and preserved was dressed in the uniform coat of a it by a process peculiar to these islandBritish officer. Though one of the ers, took it out of a basket where it most powerful chiefs in the Bay of had hitherto been concealed, and Islands, and its bravest and most en- threw it into the lap of the unhappy terprizing warrior, he was by far the daughter. At once she seized it with least assuming of those who had been a degree of phrenzy not to be de. permitted to come on board; and, scribed, pressed its inanimate nose to while many of the others tried to force her own, and held it in this position their way into the cabin, he remained until her tears ran over every part of with his son on deck, nor did he at it. She then laid it down, and with a tempt to go anywhere without an invi- bit of sharp shell disfigured her person tation."
in so shocking a manner, that in a few
minutes not a vestige of her former Description of the Return of a Victo- beauty remained. She first began by rious Expedition.
cutting her arms, then her breasts, and “ The warriors were in their full latterly her face. Every incision was dress, their hair tied up in a bunch on so deep as to cause a gush of blood; their heads and ornamented with white but she seemed quite insensible to feathers, and their faces and bodies pain, and performed the operation besmeared with oil and red ochre. with heroic resolution. They recounted to the groups that sur. He whose cruelty had caused this rounded them the different events of frightful exhibition was evidently their excursion, with much gesture amused at the horror with which we and energy; while the captives sat viewed it; and, laying hold of the patiently upon the beach, awaiting head by the hair, which was long and the lot which was to consign them to black, offered to sell it to us for an their respective masters. They con- axe, turned it in various ways to show sisted of men, women, and children; it off to the best advantage, and when some of the latter not two years old; no purchaser was to be found, replaced and forlorn as their situation was, they it in the basket from whence he had seemed to have paid as much attention taken it. The features were as perto the ornamenting of their persons, fect as when in life, and though the as those who were placed in more for daughter was quite grown up, the tunate circumstances.
head of her father appeared to be that “ Among the women there was one of a youthful and handsome man."**** who excited particular interest; she “Every thing being now ready for was young and handsome; and though sea, the women were ordered to leave the other prisoners occasionally talked the ship: many of them lived on board, among themselves, she sat silent and and with the same persons, since we alone, and appeared lost in affliction. returned from Shakehanga. They We learned that her father, who had imitated, as far as they could, the been a chief of some consequence at English manner of dress, conformed the river Thames, was killed by the themselves to English customs, and man whose prisoner she now was; shewed as much regard for their proand we observed him sitting at no tectors as they could for their real great distance from her during the husbands. Their manners shewed greater part of the day. He was the how the ferocity of savage life is
softened down in the female character; and as a still farther encouragement, and what with their songs and dances, his lordship in a few years reduced his they afforded the people amusement, ground rents to one half of the original while, by acquiring a knowledge of rate. His next object was to provide washing, and other domestic occupa- employment for this increasing popu. tions, they became very useful to lation; and with this view, he engaged them. In taking their leave they went in several undertakings, which were through the same ceremony of crying not, however, attended with that sucand cutting themselves with the shell, cess which he anticipated. Projects that they usually perform when part for the establishment of a printfield, ing with those who have a more legi. and manufactories of linen and stock. timate claim upon their affections. ings, attempted with sanguine hopes The mild treatment of the Europeans, in the new village, and chiefly at his when compared with that of their lordship's risk and expense, misgave countrymen, had gained their esteem in such a manner as might well have and admiration; and, besides the na- dispirited a man of less steady and tural regret they felt in withdrawing ardent philanthropy. But the village, from those they had so long lived with, notwithstanding, still continued to they had to anticipate the inconveni- increase in size and prosperity; and ences and miseries of savage life, and many useful manufactories sprung up, the degrading and sometimes brutal as it were spontaneously, among the treatment of those to whom they were people themselves; in particular that about to return."
of the snuff boxes, for which Laurencekirk has since become so famous. In
1779, his lordship procured it to be BIOGRAPHY.
created into a Burgh of Barony, with power to elect every three years a
baillie and four counsellors, to reguLORD GARDENSTONE.
late the police of the burgh, with the Francis Garden was born at Edin- privilege of holding weekly markets burgh, June 24th, 1721. After pass- and an annual fair. He also erected ing through the usual course of liberal a handsome inn for the reception oftraeducation at the university of his own vellers, and furnished it with a library native city, he applied to the study of for their amusement, probably the only the law as a profession, and was ad- one of the kind in the three kingdoms, mitted a member of the Faculty of and with an album for the reception of Advocates in 1744. In the year 1764 fugitive specimens of poetry, in imitaMr. Garden was permitted to be his tion of those to be met with at most Majesty's solicitor general, and shortly places of rate on the continent. To after was raised to the bench, when he complete his lordship's satisfaction, he assumed the title of Lord Gardenstone. had, at length, the pleasure of seeing
His lordship had, a few years be. here, a linen manufactory and a bleachfore this event, made a purchase of field established, and in a thriving the estate of Johnston, in the county state. of Kincardine; and his office of judge The late Mr. Skrine, an English affording him considerable leisure, he tourist, describes it in the following now commenced upon his property animated terms: “ The taste and one of the most liberal schemes of in- liberality of Lord Gardenstone have provement which have been witnessed decorated this spot in a manner very in Scotland for the last century. Ad- unusual in Scotland, neatness appearjoining to the estate was a miserable ing to be its prevailing character, and village, called Laurencekirk. In 1730, even elegance being in some respects the number of inhabitants in it did not studied. Not content with employing exceed eighty, and, at the time of Lord those leisure hours, which the high Gardenstone's purchase they had de- station he held in a laborious profescreased to fifty-four. In 1765, his sion allowed him, in adorning his lordship laid down the plan of a new partimonial territory, this nobleman village, and began to offer leases of extended his cares over all the poorer small farms, and ground for building orders of the people,' and shone most upon, for the term of one hundred as the patron of industry and virtue. years, at a low rent, and on the most Renouncing all those oppressive and liberal conditions. Settlers of all de- invidious privileges which still exist scriptions flocked rapidly to the village; as relics of the feudal system in Scot