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lity of doing it was, under the alarming with his eyes; and, with a palpitating and hazardous circumstances of his heart, gradually withdrew his supportsituation, rather a drawback than an ing arm. The cord tightened with the aid to the execution of it. He saw increasing weight--he trembled to how it might be more immediately trust the whole to it—the last slight effected-but dared not proceed in a re- hold was upon her. “God speed gular manner. Every thing was to be God protect you !" he cried, and she reversed, and yet to be achieved by the swung freely in her frail cradle, several one hand, and its only ally, his teeth. feet from the station-her eyes bril. After several trials, he finally suc- liant as the morning star, were, for the ceeded in passing the rope, not only first time, opened—they seemed burstunder her arms, but so as to form a ing from their sockets. “For Heaven's cradle to receive her, when she should sake be collected !” Percy eagerly relax her present hold. Blencow, cried, as her relaxing hold seemed to who had by this time steadied himself indicate inanition, or a failure of intelin some measure in a line level with lect. “Shut-shut your eyes and do the motionless object of their solicitude, not open them until-until " secured it again round her legs, and Blencow now gave the signal for returned it to Percy to make good the hoisting to those above. “Do you master knot. This done-he still dread. hear ?"-anxiously demanded Percy, ed to take the last decisive measure, “ do you hear as you value your life, of either loosening his own hold-or keep your eyes closed two seconds and directing her to do so, lest there should you are safe.” In less than two seconds be any thing defective in the tackle. he saw her disappear over the impendHe tremblingly called to Blencow to ing summit of the crag, and he lay watch his motions, when he should motionless, whilst he uttered an inward give the signal in the instant “to prayer and thanksgiving to that power hoist.” He now spoke to his helpless who alone, he felt assured, could have companion, praying fervently to heaven saved her, under such a complication at the moment, that she might hear and of dangers. The weight was off his be enabled to perform the little she had soul.-He felt himself safe he had no to do in her own behalf. He bade her, fears of being dizzied by the horrors, as she hoped for safety, to rouse, for a which would appal the imagination of moment, every energy of her mind and one less experienced or unaccustomed body, to think of nothing but the im- to them. , He boldly caught at the rope, plicit obedience necessary to the few now sent down to him, and only fixing directions about to be given. Blencow a foot in the loop, caught the main line had now hold of the rope by which and launched himself fearlessly into she was to be suspended in the air: the air with the other and as this foot he gently tried it--it answered to the spurned the crumbling shelf, which pull from above; then taking the arm, had so long sustained his companion which had so long been pendent at her and himself, the shock carried down a side, he, by degrees, elevated it to a large fragment of it, and made even hold or loop above her head. Percy his spirit quail, as the gulf gave op watched the operation, and hailed its the reverberated echoes of its fall. success, when he perceived her delicate fingers close upon it.
HAIR. “Now," said he, in the softest and Hentzer, describing Queen Elizamost steady tone;" Now-for God's beth, as he saw her going to chapel, sake attend-raise your other arm--if says, “ she wore false hair, and that it has not lost its power-quickly and red.” The ladies in those days caused suddenly-not yet,"--for he felt the the graves to be violated, to obtain the slightest motion of the muscles, and had hair of the dead, and inveigled chilnot yet secured bis own hold, so as to dren who had fine hair to secret places, sustain her full weight, until she had to rob them of their locks. They also caught the second loop, which Blen- dyed their hair of various colours, but cow had contrived to lower to within particularly of a sandy hue, in compli. her immediate reach. “Now,"-- ment to the queen, whose natural hair Despair gave her momentary strength: was of that tint.-We are told by St. he saw her balanced, apparently se Gregory, that women in his time cured. He still hesitated-he traced dressed their heads extremely high ; the line to the summit-and ran again environing them with many tresses of over every slip and noose of the tackle false hair, disposed in knots and
buckles, so as to resemble a regular landlords under the control of a fortification.- Josephus reports, that steward, who knows exactly where the Jewish ladies powdered their hair the shoe pinches--and a pedagogue, with gold dust; a fashion that was who fogs twenty boys per diem, subs carried from Asia to Rome, and from mitting with patience to the master the adoption of which the hair of the spirit of a wife. Emperor Commodus is said to have become so bright, that when the sun
ANTIQUARIAN REMINISshone upon it, his head appeared as
CENCES OF LONDON. if on fire.
London, in the Saxon times, was ON INDEPENDENCE. chiefly situated from Ludgate westFROM PERCY MALLORY
ward, and was but thinly built where The notion of independence is one the city, properly so called, now stands. of those chimeras which germinate This appears by what Fabian, the chroupon the pride of man. Even the nicler, found in an old record called Eastern mythologist, when he had ac- Doomsday, belonging to the city, who knowledged the earth to be dependant writes, that in King Ethelred's reign, upon the elephant, who bore it on his about the year 981, the metropolis had back'; and he again dependant upon most buildings or houses from Ludgate the tortoise, who performed the part of to Westminster? and few or none a double atlas, was yet unable to make where the heart of the city now is; out a reasonable tale of independence not, he says, but there were dwellings, in favour of the latter. There is, in but they were scattered and stood fact, no such thing--surrounded by all without order : so that many other that riches, rank, and health can sup- places, as Canterbury, York, and others, ply, still is man dependant upon his excelled London in building in those fellow men, for all that essentially con- days ; but after the conquest it increastributes to make up the sum of human ed, and soon surpassed all others, happiness. This is too self-evident to Ín pumerous places in the immediate require any illustration—but there is suburbs, though now thickly popua species of dependence which is not lated, there were not, however, any so apparent to the common observer, dwellings, or very few, at least, for and which peculiarly attaches to those many ages after. who value themselves upon the power WAPPING, and its immense neighof rendering the world-politically bourhood, may, perhaps, be mentioned or domestically speaking-subservient as one of the most remarkable of these. to their wishes and control.
From the precinct of St. Katherine to We have all read of tyrants and Wapping in the Wash (or marsh) and conquerors, who mowed down nations, Wapping itself (the usual place of or heads, or whatever else might seem execution for pirates), there was, acto stand in the way of their power cording to Stowe, not a house standing but if we look a little further, and within forty years of the period at penetrate behind the scenes, we shall which he wrote, or at the early part generally find a minion, a favourite, or of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, the a mistress, who has firm hold on some whole being before one great wash, one string, by which the despot him- covered with the water of the Thames. self is held, and worked at the will Afterwards, he adds, it was, by pains and pleasure of one of those his chief and art, gained from the river, and dependants! We need not be learned made a marsh or meadow ground, comon the subject by displaying all that monly called Wapping Marsh, and was has been said or written by historians defended from the irruptions of the and poets, ancient or modern, in cor- Thames by walls. Yet so few buildroboration of the opinion. It is in ings were there in that part of the every school-boy's hands-and if it town in 1629, that King Charles the were not, we have only to open our First having hunted a stag from Waneyes to see the same thing--though not stead, in Essex, killed him in a garden exactly pari passu—every day passing in Nightingale-lane. in the world before us. Open them R ATCLIFFE-HIGHWAY, the same wriwide, and you shall see tyrannical hus. ter tells us, he remembered a large bands in leading-strings with their mis- highway, or road, with long rows of tresses-domineering fathers led by elm and other trees on both sides. On the nose by a young pet-straining the spot the Romans appear to have had a barying-place, Sir Robert Cot- pital of St. Mary, which stood where is ton, the antiquary, discovered in Rat- Dow Spital-square, was, in very old difíe-felds, in the year 1614, the mo- times, called Lolesworth; and is sep moment of a pro-pretor's wife, of which posed, like Rateliffe just mentioned, to he has left a particular description: have been one of the Roman cemeteries the coffin was enclosed in a chest of without the city. Stowe relates, that lead, the upper part being garnished in the year 1576, Lolesworth-fields bewith scallop shells, and a crotistering broken up for clay to make brick, border. At the head of the coffin, and preparatory to building there, they at the foot, there were two jars of found many earthen pots, called us, three feet high standing, and on the which were full of ashes and bart sides a number of bottles, of red shin- bones of men-to wit, of the Romans ing earth, some painted, together with inhabiting here anciently. “ For it was several large glass phials, filled with a the custom," says he, « of the Romans whitish liquor. Within the coffin was to burn their dead, and put their ashes the skeleton of a female (as was sap- in an urn, and then to bury the same, posed by the skull); on either side of with certain ceremonies, in some field her were two sceptres of ivory, eigh- appointed for that purpose near the teen inches long, and on her breast a city." Numerous coins, some of Claulittle figure of Cupid, neatly cut in dius, Vespasian, Nero, Antoninus Pius, white stone; and amongst the bones Trajan, and other Emperors, were two pointed pieces of jet, with round found in these urns, together with laheads in form of nails, three inches chrymatories, and great quantities of long. There was also found near it the earthenware of fine red earth, highly body of a man in a stone coffin. These glazed, besides lamps, images, and bodies, in the opinion of Sir Robert other antiques. In the same field were Cotton, had been buried there about also found several stone coffins, conthe year 239, there being found with taining human remains. them various coins of Pupienus Gor The OLD ARTILLERY YARD adjoining, dian, and the Emperors of that time. was anciently called Tassel-close, be
On the shore at Ratcliffe-highway cause there were tassels planted in it for there was formerly fixed a long pole, the use of clothworkers. It was after. with rams-horns upon it, the intention wards let to the cross-bow makers, of which, an old traveller informs us, where they used to shoot for games at was vulgarly said to be a reflection the popinjay. This being enclosed with upon wilful and contented cuckolds. a brick wall, was made use of as an This probably, gave name to Cuckold's Artillery Yard, where the gunners of Point.
the Tower were accustomed to repair LITTLE TOWER-HILL and ROSEMARY weekly on a Thursday, “and there LANE were, near this period, unbuilt, levelling certain brass cannon against a the former being called “the King's butt of earth, made for that purpose, soil of Little Tower-hill," and the they discharged them for their exerlatter “ the King's waste of Rosemary- cise.” This ground being afterwards lane, or Hog-lane.” An adjoining mill called the Artillery Ground, gave name and a garden, which belonged to St. to Artillery-lane. Katherine's Hospital, were removed STEPNEY, in the year 1292, was for making the Tower-ditch.
about being inclosed for a park by the East SMITHFIELD was a vineyard, be. Bishop of London, whose manor there longing to Geoffery de Magnaville, had then large woods attached to it, Earl of Essex; and one of the privi- but he was opposed by the citizens of leges of Knighten Guild was, that a London, who claimed the privilege of fair should be held there, which was hunting there, which they had enjoyed accordingly kept, till the dissolution of time out of mind. The disaforesting of monasteries, nearly opposite the pre- the forest of Middlesex and the warren sent new building of the Mint. The of Staines, near this time (2d Hen.III.) city ditch, which ran down the Mino. first began here, and in the other parts ries, lay at this time open, and was so of the east suburbs mentioned, to invite wide and deep that many persons water- inhabitants, though no buildings of coning horses, where they thought it the sequence were erected, as we have shallowest, were drowned, "both man seen, for several ages afterwards. and horse."
In the west suburbs of London, the SPITALFIELDS, so called from its an progress of building was still more cient vicinity to the “Spittle,” or Hos- tardy. Until the time of Henry VIII.,
all the way leading from Holborn to five steps, apparently intended to cross St, Giles's, is described as being “ ex- over some small stream running out of ceedingly foul and full of pits and the west into this Wall-brook ; and by sloughs, and very perilous and noisome that and other trees, &c. and the nato all that passed that way, as well on ture of the soil, which seemed to have foot as on horseback, and with carri- been raised from about 17 feet, it was ages." And so were other lanes and evident that so much had the level of places that led out of or into Holborn-- the city been elevated on that spot as Shoe-lane, Fetter-lane, Chancery- from its former height. And Sir Chrislane, Gray's-inn-lane, &c. And after- topher Wren, in re-building St. Paul's, wards, when upon complaint an Act of found it to be 28 feet higher than when Parliament was made for paving them, that Cathedral was first founded. Subso little appears to have been done, sequent discoveries have proved this to that the great thoroughfare of Drury- be the case with other parts of the lane, as late as the third year of James city. I., is mentioned “by reason of the continual rode there, and often carriages,
SHOE POINTS. to have become deepe, foule, and dan- It was castomary during the reign of gerous to all who passed those ways.” Henry the Sixth, and several preceding The way from Aldgate to Whitechapel, ones, to wear the beaks or points of the Shoreditch, and the other great outlets shoes so long, as to make it necessary from the city, had, till nearly that time, to tie them up to the knees with laces the same bad passage,
or chains, so as to enable the wearer to The STRAND, from Temple-bar to the walk without stumbling. Gentlemen Savoy, seems to have been first paved used chains made of silver or silver about the year 1385; but the paving gilt, and others laces. This ridiculous went no farther until the latter part of custom was in 1467 prohibited, on the Queen Elizabeth's reign; insomuch forfeiture of 20s., and the pain of cursthat Sir Robert Cecil, when he built ing by the clergy. his noble mansion a little beyond, call. ed Salisbury House, was obliged to NAPOLEON'S TABLE TALK. level and pave all the adjoining high Continued from page 262.] way himself.
The ancient division of the city, the MARSHAL NEY.-Ney was a man of east from the west, was not, as at pre- courage, his death is not less remarksent, by streets, but by a large brook able than his life. I am sure that which ran from the north fields, through those who condemned him did not dare the wall and middle of the city into the to look him in the face. Thames, and which, on that account, FRENCH COMMERCE.--I have given a was called Wall-brook. The course of new impulse to the spirit of commerce, this stream was from the wall to St. in order to give animation to French Margaret's Church, Lothbury; from industry. In the space of ten years, thence beneath the lower part of Gro France improved remarkably. To fall cers' Hall, about the east part of their back she has nothing to do, but to kitchen, under St. Mildred's Church; recur to her old plan of colonization from thence under Bucklersbury (by a and borrowing. great house called the Old Barge. THE DUKE OF WELLINGTON.-Until house, because barges out of the Waterloo, I thought Wellington was Thames were rowed up so far into this possessed of a military genius. Those brook), on the back side of the houses of the profession were surprised to see in the present Walbrook-street, by the him hold out at Mount Saint Jean; west end of the church there, under with this error not a single Englishman Horseshoebridge, by Tallow Chand. would have escaped. After fortune, he ler' and Skinner's Halls, and so behind ought to thank the Prussians. the houses in Elbow-lane, and thence WEAKNESS OF CHARACTER.-We are into the Thames. This current in after weak from idleness or from mistrust of times was arched over, and now forms ourselves; woe to him who is so from the common sewer,
these two causes at once: if he is a At the corner of Bread-street, in the private individual, he will be nothing; year 1595, in digging a vault, there was if he is a King, he is lost. found, at the depth of fifteen feet, a CONNECTION BETWEEN THE GREAT AND pavement in as perfect a state as that VULGAR, --The vulgar seek the great, above ground, and a tree sawed into not for their persons, but for their power, and they receive them from during their lives. One night, being vanity, or because they want them at the cider cellar in Maiden-lane,
PROGRESS OF CIVILIZATION. The some persons who were acquainted with human mind has made three import- his foible, told him, on his coming ant conquests: the jury, equality of down, that Dunstall, the comedian, who taxes, and liberty of conscience. Un- was then in a corner of the room, had less sovereigns be mad they can no died suddenly. Stoppelaer immedilonger attack these three bases of ately declared that he should lose some social contract.
money by the supposed dead man, CRIMINALITY IN A SOVEREIGN RE. whose memory he began to make so QUIRING FOREIGN AID, I always free with, that Dunstall, who heard thought it a criminal action of a Sove him with patience for some time, could reign, to call in strangers to support contain himself no longer, but rushed his authority in his own country. out and knocked him down. He once [To be continued.]
received some overtures for an engage
ment from Rich, the manager of CoventL'ALLEGRO.
garden, to whom he sent the following curious answer:
SIR,- I thank you for the fever you No. XI.
intended me, but have had a violent The following love-letter was for cold and hoarseness upon me these warded by a farmer's son, in a certain twelvemonths, which continued above county in Ireland, to a young lady, the six weeks, and is not gone yet, and I daughter of a gentleman of large for am apprehensive it will return. I can tune in the neighbourhood :
but just keep my head above water, by “Madam-I hope your known good painting, therefore do not care to ennis will pardon my extrame bouldnis gage in the playhouse any more. I and grate persumshun in thus darring met you last Thursday, according to too adris you on the subject of Luve appointment, but you did not come; than miself alas hevin none can bee more but if you please to appoint a time and inadeket to plea the Luver—alas i am place, I will not fail to meet you, doomed and decread to adoer the secks whether you come or no. I am," &c. -yeyt wanting that effruntery which is Stoppelaer's best performance was requesite necessary too gene there afec- the Doctor in Harlequin Skeleton. He tions--they fire of Luv has long been has been dead nearly sixty years. chooming my hart--that fire was furst kindild when I saw yoar devoted bew. tyful fese, and unless yoo own an
THE MUSES' WILD WREATH, ekewl fleam they konflagarashun wil sune very sune put a period to your THE PEWTER QUART. devoted sleave-Never o never did a harmet ofer up at the relix of his feve. A new Christmas song to an old tune. ret seant a hart more sensare than I now Written and composed for the Jolliofer you, except of it then my engel and fication of Bibbers of Beer, Ale, give rume too hope for at laste a share Stout, Nappy, and all other Conin thyne if i may hope anser I beg to figurations of Malt and Hops. intrate that you will vouchsafe too
Gentle Reader! fever me with it sune as possible--I shal be awl impacience til I no they Poets there were, in ages back, ishu-every minit seem to me an our Who sung the same
Who sung the fame of the bonny Black every our a day-every day a week,
Jack; and every weke an ege-mane time I
Others tun'd harmonious lays beg lave too sine myself deer madum
In the Leathern Bottle's praise ; your devoted umble slave,
Shall not I then lift my quill,
Maidens, who Helicon's hills resort,
Aid me to chaunt of the Pewter Quart. Stoppelaer was an artist, and likewise a player, of whom many whimsical stories are told. The following are said Here, boy, take this handful of brass, to be from good authority: it was his Across to the Goose and Gridiron pass; custom, when any of his brethren died, Count the coin on the counter out, to assert that he had lent them money And bring me a quart of foaming stout: