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though he begs his pium-porridge all season, and mitigate the influence of the twelve days. Now or never must winter. What a fund of delight was the music be in tune, for the youth the choosing of King and Queen upon must dance and sing to get them a-heat, Twelfth Night! and how greatly ought while the aged sit by the fire. The we to regret the use of minced pies, country maid leaves half her market, which, besides the idea of merry-mak. and most be sent again if she forgets ing inseparable from them, were a pack of cards on Christmas even. always considered as the test of schis.. Great is the contention of holly and matics. How regularly were they ivy, whether master or dame wears swallowed by the orthodos, to the the breeches; and, if the cook do not utter confusion of all fanatical relack wit, he will sweetly lick his cusants ! If a country gentleman hugers."
should be so unfortunate in this age as Grose, in bis “ Worn-out Characters to be under a suspicion of beresy. of the last Age," describing the little where will he find so easy a method country squire of about 3001. a year, of acquitting himself, as by the ordeal in Queen Anne's days, says, “ he never of plum porridge?" played at cards but at Christmas, when The custom of singing Christmas a family pack was produced from the Carols, and the midnight performance mantle-piece. His chief drink the of the Waits, are thus prettily described year round, was generally ale, except by a modern poet :at this season, the 5th of November, or some other gala days, when he
Now too is heard would make a bowl of strong brandy
The hapless cripple, tuning through punch, garnished with a toast and nut.
the streets meg. In the corner of his hall, by the
His 'Carol new; and oft, amid the fre-side, stood a large wooden two
gloom armed chair with a cushion, and within
Of midnight hours, prevail th' accus. or
tomed sounds the chimney-corner were a couple of
of wakeful Waits, whose harmony seats. Here, at Christmas, he entertained his tenants, assembled round a
(compos'd glowing fire, made of the roots of trees,
Of hautboy, organ, violin and flute, and other great logs, and told and
And various other instruments of mirth), heard the traditionary tales of the vil- Is meant to celebrate the coming time. lage, respecting ghosts and witches, In the West Riding of Yorkshire, at till fear made them afraid to move. Christmas, they have a sort of rustic In the meantime the jorum of ale was ball, which is termed “ merry night,” in continual circulation.”
which proved so interesting, that the The paper of “ The World,” (No. young people cannot be kept from 104), very humorously laments the them. The amusement consists of decay of these, and other old hospita. athletic dancing, in all the lower ble customs at Christmas :
modes of that art; of interludes by “ Our ancestors considered Christ. masking, mimics and gesticulations, mas in the double light of a holy com- and of the ancient sword-dance. Tea, memoration, and a cheerful festival, cakes, fruit, strong ale, and strong and accordingly distinguished it by punch, besides kissing and romping devotion, by vacation from business, with gallantry robust,” form an inby merriment, and hospitality. They dispensable part of the entertainment, seemed eagerly bent to make them- At midnight all the parties engaged selves, and every one about them, depart in separate groups, cheering happy, with what punctual zeal did the way with jocund raillery, heartfelt they wish one another a merry Christ. laughter, and shouts of exultation. mas! and what an omission would it The bodings of the howlet or nighthave been thought, to have concluded crow are unheeded by the votaries a letter without the compliments of the of Euphrosyne; no direful phantom season! The great hall resounded glides across their path in gloomy with the tumultuous joys of servants avenues; no demons obstruct their and tenants, and the gambols they passage by lonely barns, mouldering played served as amusement to the ruins, or ivy-covered bridges. Each lord of the mansion, and his family, rustic nymph is finally conducted by who, by encouraging every art con- her partner in the dance to her father's ducive to mirth and entertainment, house, into which both enter without endeavourod to soften the rigour of the noise, and, soated on the antige lang
settle, prolong conversation in gentle visible here. The circumstances are whispers till the first breaks of dawn as follows: admonish the youth to retire.
Conjunction at . . 11h 390
In longitude . . 36 5° 11' 30" , CHRISTMAS BOXES.
Moon's latitude .0 0 24 N. The “ Athenian Oracle” derives the "The Moon will be eclipsed on the origin of Christmas money from this :- 16th of this month, and it will be “ The Romish priests had masses for partly visible at Greenwich, and conalmost every thing: if a ship went to sequently in other parts of the country. the Indies, a priest had a box in her, It will take place under the following under the protection of some saint, circumstances : and for masses, as their cant was, to
h. m. sec. be said to that saint, &c. the poor Beginning of the eclipse 7 18 15 people must put something into the Moon sets eclipsed. . 7 56 0 priest's box, which was not opened Middle .
.8 43 45 till the ship's return. The mass at Ecliptic opposition. . 8 49 45 that time was called Christ-mass; the End of the eclipse. .10 1 6 box called Christ-mass-box, or money Digits eclipsed g© 22' 45" on the gathered against that time, that masses moon's porthern limb, or from the might be made by the priests to the southern side of the earth's shadow. saints to forgive the people the debaucheries of that time; and from this,
TABLE. servants had the liberty to get box: Shewing the rising and setting of the money, that they too might be enabled
Sun every Fifth Day. to pay the priest for his masses, well Jan, 1. aprises 50 aft. 8 sets 55m aft. knowing the truth of the proverb='No penny, no Pater-noster.”
7 16 JANUARY
23 The Romans gave the name to this
31 month, from Janus, one of their divi. nities, who was supposed to have two
PHASES OF THE MOON. faces; because, on one side, the first
New Moon Jan. 1 gm aft. 8 morn. day of the month looked towards the
First Quarter , 9 36 12 noon. New Year, and, on the other, towards
Full Moon . . 16 50 8 morn. the old one.
Last Quarter. . 23 46 1 do.
New Moon . . 31 48 3 do. ASTRONOMICAL OCCURRENCES IN JANUARY.
The planet Venus will be in con
junction with B in Scorpio. Geargium * These are thy glorious works,"
Sidus will be in conjunction at one in Almighty Sire!
the morning of the 3rd. Saturn will Whose spirit warms us in the solar fire ; be stationary on the 18th. Mercury In their vast orbits rolls the ponderous will attain his highest elongation on spheres,
the 19th, and be stationary on the 24th And leads in radiant march the circling of this month. years.
MAURICE. THE GARDENER'S JOURNAL FOR JANUARY.
This is the last month of the gar. ECLIPSES IN JANUARY.
dener's leisure ; for with February he The Sun will be eclipsed in the commences his labours. Manuring, morning of the first of this month; but digging, and trenching the ground for it will be invisible in this country, as the reception of future crops, protectthe conjunction takes place at 7m ing the tender habitations of the soil, after 8,
forming hot beds for early forcing, and In longitude .. go go 56%
the completion of any requisite plant· Moon's latitude . 0 0
201s ing and pruning, are all that the gar. 47 S.
ve dener has to perform in this month. The Sun will also be again eclipsed If the weather be mild, the modest in the night of the 26th of this month; snow-drop will display its elegantly but the eclipse will, of course, be in- drooping silver cup; and the garden
crocus will put forth its flowers; as While crowds below their willing will the chrysan, the mums, the auri. voices raise culas, sweet peas, marigolds, primroses, To sing with holy zeal Jehovah's hearts'-ease, and the beauteous daisy. praise,
The red-breast is now the only bird Thou, perch'd on high, shall hear th' that chaunts its melodious song. Sur adoring throng, rounded by snow, and all around him Catch the warm strains, and aid the bleak, and dreary, and comfortless, sacred song; this little bird may be found warbling Increase the solemn chorus, and inhis sweet notes of thanksgiving, in a manner peculiarly soothing and affect- Each tongue with music, and each ing, producing delightful harmony... heart with fire ! TO A ROBIN
REMARKABLE DAYS IN JANUARY. Who took up his residence in the Ca
1st. The Circumcision; or New thedral at Bristol, and accompanied Year's Day. the organ with his singing.
6th. Epiphany; or Twelfth Day. Sweet, social bird, whose soft harmo
12th. Plough Monday. nious lays,
25th. Conversion of St. Paul. Swell the glad song of thy Creator's 29th. King George the Fourth's acpraise ;
cession. His present Majesty sucSay, art thou conscious of approaching ceeded his father January 1820. ills
30th. King Charles the First's MarFell Winter's storms the pointed tyrdom. This unfortunate king was blast that kills ?
beheaded at Whitehall 1648. Shunn'st thou the sayage north's un- 31st. Proclamation of George IV.
pitying breathOr cruel man's more latent snares of death?
NEW YEAR'S DAY Here dwell secure; here, with incessant In England is a day of festive merrinote,
ment. It was formerly also observed Pour the soft music of thy trembling as a day of great festivity in Scotland. throat.
On the eve of New Year's Day, called Here, gentle bird, a sure asylum find; Hogmanay, every visitor was treated Nor dread the chilling frost nor boist'r with wine and cake, or whiskey, buns, ous wind.
and shortbread, or cheese and bread. No hostile tyrant of the feathered race Among the wealthy people dinners Shall dare invade thee in this hallowed and evening parties were the order of place;
the day. Most of the middling and Nor, while he sails the liquid air along, lower ranks in society did not, on that Check the shrill numbers of thy cheer- evening, go to bed ; but prepared the ful song.
hot-pint, in readiness to sally out as No cautious gunner, whose unerring the clock struck twelve, to be the first
foot to cross the threshold of a friend. Stops the swift eagle in his rapid flight. The streets were crowded with parties Shall here disturb my lovely songster's on this errand even long before that rest,
hour; the young men, particularly, to Nor wound the plumage of thy crim- show their partiality to the girls whose son'd breast.
favours they were anxious to secure, The truant school boy, who, in wanton often spending a dreary half hour at play,
the bolted door lest a "more favoured With viscid lime involves the treach'roŅs or more anxious lover should anticispray,
pate them in the first welcome of In vain shall spread the wily snare for beauty. Their hot-pint, or caudle, thee,
was made of ale, spirits, sugar, and Alike secure thy life and liberty. nutmeg, or cinnamon, mixed together Peace, then, sweet warbler, to thy flut. in appropriate quantities, and bojled; t'ring heart,
and was carried about, on the first Defy the rage of hawks and toils of art: morning of the year, in the tea-kettle Now shake thy downy plumes-now in which it was prepared. It was gladlier pay
held unlucky to enter any person's Thy grateful tribute to each rising day. house, on the first day of the year
empty handed; and every person in sented; but no sooner had they reached the streets at that time was greeted a retired spot, where no human eye with a shake of the hand, the wish of discovered them, than he threw him“a gude New Year,” and a proffer of self at the feet of his beloved girl, and the hot-pint to drink to their mutual declared “ that his father was anxious joy. Every female was saluted, and he should desert her and wed another, neither rank nor age was exempted but rather than comply with so cruel from the congratulatory kiss. The a request, he would die. But I have noise in the streets, particularly in the formed a resolution,” he added " and great thoroughfares, was very great; will fulfil it, and I hope and trust you and the glare of lanterns, when the will aid me in its accomplishment. night was dark, and the moving crowd The sacrifice I am about to make is in every direction presented a scene of quite equal to the one required of you, bacchanalism, which, had not one been and I am firmly of opinion, if you conscious that it all proceeded from really love me, you will have no hesigood-humoured kindness and innocent tation in complying with my request, frolic, might have caused some alarm, which is, to die with me. However it
Such were the New Year's Days of may be, I have determined upon my Edinburgh in former times, till in the own destruction. Behold these two year 1811, a gang of desperate fellows pistols,” said he, pulling them from his beat and robbed every well-dressed pocket, “I will present one at your person they met, and some persons head, and afterwards will blow out my were killed ; three of the villains own brains with the other." This were executed at Edinburgh. Since proposition, however, was not very acthat time, the custom has fell into ceptable to the young lady ; for whedisrepute.
ther she was not so ardently attached
to her admirer as he was to her, or DISAPPOINTED LOVE. whether she had a wish to continue in A singular Relation of a Young Gen
existence, although she might be de+ tleman who shot himself because his
mi prived of him, she was desirous of reFather opposed his Union with a Lady
maining longer in the world, and there- whom he loved,
fore endeavoured to dissuade the in
fatuated lover from executing his rash * FROM MADAME DU NOYER'S LETTERS.
and dreadful project, and argued with The subject of the following narra. him on the probability that his father tive was the son of a Member of the might relinquish his command, and Parliament of Paris, and heir to his their union might yet take place. Notfather's property, which was very withstanding her representations and great. The young man being smitten entreaties he remained inflexible in his with the beauty of a young lady of resolution, “ We have not a moment whom his father entirely disapproved, to lose,” he cried, “ we must die inoccasioned continual disputes, and led stantly, lest some one should approach the harsh parent to insist upon his son and prevent us." The fair damsel not only breaking off the engagement, finding his mind was made up, and in but of giving his hand to another lady order to escape from the imminent whom he had selected. But as the peril, she pretended to approve of the young man's heart had already yielded rash measure, and begged he would to the fair after whom he sighed, he first kill himself, to encourage her to resolved not to obey the commands follow the example; and she assured imposed by his father, and his thoughts him she could pull the trigger of the were some time employed in inventing pistol most gladly, when he had done a scheme to rid himself of the unplea. so. The credulous fond youth believed sant proposition. In a state of despe. the assertion of his adored charmer, ration he left home, carrying with him and immediately shot himself. But a brace of pistols loaded with ball, she, following the example of the and he repaired to the country seat young widow mentioned by La Fonwhere his charmer resided with her taine, permitted her devoted admirer parents. Immediately on presenting to take his travels into the next world himself before her, she observed some- alone, and ran terrified to her father's thing peculiarly wild in his manner, house, to whom she related the sad and an extraordinary expression in his adventure. eyes. He implored her to take a A report was circulated in the short walk with him in a copse which country, that the young man had fallen was near the house, to which she con- from his horse, and in the fall one of
his pistols went off and killed bim; but able, but it is apt to derange the this story was never credited. The comfort of the head and stomach for youth's father repented of his severe the day.-We should prefer the . commands when his son's life was FEASTER'S MORNING DRAUGHT. gone; and endeavoured to console him. Take two drachms of Rochelle salts, self with his younger children after his one ounce of infusion of senda, one eldest was no more.
tea-spoonful of compound tincture of
cardamom, and (if you can get it) a CURE OF CHRISTMAS HEAD. small wine glass of Ratafia of Eau de ACHES AND INDIGESTIONS. Colcgne.
Mix, for a draught, and during the When you are awakened in the morning from the terrors of some horrid
i morning (after your coffee, of course,) dream of smothering, hanging, or suffo.
take an occasional glass of strong gincation—which will often happen to
ger beer. It will also be of great novices in gastrology, ignorant of the
advantage to sit in a snug fauteuil
before a good fire, with your feet in science of feasting, and when you feel your head muddy, your eyes misty,
carpet shoes, planted comfortably on
the hobs. This position tends to keep your ears buzzing, and your stomach qualmish or distended with gas, which
the head erect, which is of the utmost ever and anon is forcing its way into
importance, while the warmth of the the throat,then is your time for at
feet draws the superabundance of blood
downwards from the brain, and contacking this array of enemies to your comfort with tried weapons. A glass,
sequently renders the nerves strong,
? the spirits light, and the whole man or even half a glass of our “ Stomach
cheerful and buoyant. . Comforter," * may first be tried as a
To prevent Christmas Head-achesvery powerful expellant of the gas;
We recommend, before going to bed, a our“ Eye-water" | will clear the eyes;
little of the “ Stomach Comforter,” a and two or three gallons of cold water poured from a jug over the head, will
warm hip-bath, or at least bathing the dismiss the buzzing in the ears. All
feet in warm water; and more partithis may be done in five minutes, and
cularly to sleep with the head as high, will probably be successful; but if not,
and feet as low as possible. For this and if the stomach feel still loaded
purpose, not only high pillows are neand distended, the liver gorged, and
cessary, but the bed should slope gra
dually from the foot to the head, so as the bowels uncomfortable, and if there be a feeling in the head as if you had
to form an inclined plane. This allows
the blood to circulate freely from the slept with it awry, with giddiness, swimming, or dimness of the eyes, then
head, and the superabundant portion to something smart must be taken, to
accumulate in the lower parts, where carry off the sauce piquante and the un
it can do the least harm. You may
prove the fact by a simple experiment: digested melange that are the causes of your trouble. An emetic is, per
hold your hand down by your side,
and you will soon observe the veins on haps, the safest and most speedy remedy; though it is not only disagree
the back of it swelled with blood;
raise it above your head, and the veins The grand tormentor in these cases is ever
will instantly appear shrunk and empty. an acid, which sickens the stomach, gripes the The same will happen to the veins of bowels, and tags at every nerve in the body, the head when placed low or high; in the head where most of the nerves tneet, rings depressed or erect. again with the turmoil. Now the grand destroyer of your acid is magnesia, of which a How to prolong hunger.-You have large tea-spoonfnl, with a pinch of powdered then, we shall suppose, attended to ginger, inay be put into a small glass of brandy vour morning draught, your lounge in or hollands, and taken on awakening in the morning. It may be improved in flavonr by
proved in flavonr by the fauteuil, your exercise, and your putting in instead of the ginger, a tea-spoonful bath and whet-cup before dinner, and or more of the compound tincture of cardamom, are now s which may be had of the chemists. A tea. spoonful of this tincture is the best thing we
at the well garnished dinner-table, know as a "Stomach Comforter."
eager to enjoy the highest pleasures + Put 40 drops of the sedative solution of of mere, existence. Now is your time opium iuto four onnces of alder flower water, to remember the old proverb, « the and add three drachms of the best acetated liqnor of ammonia; inix and dip into it a piece greater haste the worse speed," which of fine linen, and apply it to the eye, allowing ought to be emblazoned in golden chasome of the water to get within the eyelid. racters on every utensil belonging to Wben this is not at hand, put two tea-spoonfuls of brandy or landanum into a wine-glassfm of
an amateur. If you attack your salmon whicr, and mix it up in the same way.
or your turbot, like a sea-maw, or
The guich sicken every perger