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swallow your soup by the pint, you the pores of the stomach close from will in a few seconds get to the end of sympathy, and hunger is renewed as the race, and have the distressing lei. keenly as before dinner. The whole, sure to look on, like a simpleton, while done in silence, does not occupy three your more knowing neighbours are minutes; and in the mean time another quietly enjoying the nicest tit-bits, of course is placed upon the table. This the entremets and dessert, for which contributes much to wholesome digesyou have not reserved a single corner. tion, and may be used by the most Be wise in time—'tis madness to make
delicate invalid; we are sorry we can. haste
not say as much for bitters as brandy, Each bit ill-chosen fills its corner up,
which are only for the strong and fearAnd leaves nor space nor appetite for
less. Cold water drank during dinner dainties.
is also a powerful whet, but yet it is
nothing to our method. We need not On this important point, it may be speak of sauces and pickles; the whetnecessary just to repeat that the sto. ting powers of these are well known; mach can only hold about three pints, but we warn the gouty, the rheumatic, and whoever imports more than this and all other invalids, to beware of quantity, must lay his account with them, for “ death” is assuredly “ in finding a glut in the market.
the pot." Keep always under the total measure of three pints—making a small allowance for the gas that will be ne AN AMERICAN COURT OF cessarily evolved from mixtures, and
JUSTICE. you may eat with safety of all the dishes
FROM FAUX. at table, from one to fifty or a hundred. In drinking you may indulge more At noon I roamed into the Supreme freely, as the liquor will quickly make Court, where I saw my new friend, its escape through the pores. As soon the Supreme Judge, Wilson, on the as you have finished each helping, the bench, in the midst of three rustic coup d'apres is excellent, that is a whet. dirty-looking associate judges, all cup of half a glass of iced wine. This, robeless, and dressed in coarse drab, says M. Grimrod de Reynier, prevents domestic, homespun coats, dark silk flatulence, and gives tone to the bowels. bandkerchiefs round their necks, and But of all other whets during dinner, otherwise not snperior in outward apwe most admire Dr. Gastaldy's coup du pearance to our low fen-farmers in milieu, and have introduced it with England. Thus they sat, presiding great eclat at our committee dinners. with ease and ability over a bar It is this: once, or oftener, during din- of plain talkative lawyers, all robeless, ner, a smart little girl, aged ten or very funny and conversational in their twelve, neatly dressed in white, with speeches, manners, and conduct; dresspink trimmings, enters with a small ed in plain box-coats, and sitting with tray and glasses, containing aromatic their feet and knees higher than their iced bitters, and makes the tour of the noses, and pointing obliquely to the table, returning again in silence, Some bench of judges; thus making their prefer rum or brandy to the bitters: speeches, and examining and cross-exMr. Wallace always keeps by his Ferin- amining evidence at a plain long table, tosh. The coup du milieu is said to with the brown earthen jug of cold have originated in Bourdeaux. water before them, for occassionally
Another whet for prolonging hunger, wetting their whistles, and washing which we have had the honour of in- their quidstained lips; all judges, jury, troducing, is above all others for invi- counsel, witnesses, and prisoners, seeingorating the health. Between each ed free, easy, and happy. The Supreme course, our sylph is in readiness with Judge is only distinguished from the rest glasses, iced water, a small sponge, by a shabby blue threadbare coat, dirty and a fine napkin, which are set before trowsers, and unblacked shoes. Thus each guest for the purpose of cooling sat all their lordships, freely, and frethe face and hands. The face is of quently chewing tobacco, and appearmore importance in this case than the ing as uninterested as could be. Judge hands, and in this consists our improve. Wilson is, however, a smart intelliment. The moment the cold sponge gent man, rather jocular, and, I think, is passed over the brow and cheeks, kind-hearted.
MANUFACTURING A BARO. she made her escape up the river, METER.
under concealment of the rushes; but FROM THE CALCUTTA GAZETTE.
the lion came steadily forward, and
stood still to look at us. At this moTake a common phial bottle and cut ment we felt our situation not free off the rim and part of the neck. This from danger, as the animal seemed may be done by a piece of string, or preparing to spring upon us, and we rather whip-cord, twisted round it and were standing on the bank at the dispulled strongly by two persons in a tance of only a few yards from him, sawing position, one of whom holds the most of us being on foot and unarmed, bottle firmly in his left band. Heated without any visible possibility of escap. in a few minutes by the friction of the ing. I had given up my horse to the string, and then dipped suddenly into hunters, and was on foot myself; but cold water, the bottle will be deca- there was no time for fear, and it pitated more easily than by any other was useless to attempt avoiding him. means.
Poor Truy was in great alarm; she . Let the phial be now nearly filled clasped her infant to her bosom, and with pump water, and applying the screamed out, as if she thought her finger to its mouth, turn it quickly up- destruction inevitable, calling out to side down ; on removing the finger, it those who were nearest the animal, will be found that only a few drops “ Take care! Take care !” In great escape. Without cork or stopper of fear for my safety, she half insisted on any kind, the water will be retained my moving farther off. I however stood within the bottle by the pressure of the well upon my guard, holding my pistols external air, the weight of air without in my hand, with my finger upon the the phial being so much greater than trigger; and those who had muskets the small quantity within it.
kept themselves prepared in the same Now let a bit of tape be tied round manner. But at this instant, the dogs the middle of the bottle, to which the boldly flew in between us and the lion, two ends of the string may be attached and surrounding him, kept him at bay so as to form a loop to hang on a nail: by their violent and resolute barking. let it be thus suspended in a perpen. The courage of these faithful animals dicular manner, with the mouth open, was most admirable; they adranced downwards, and this is the barometer. up to the sides of the huge beast, and
When the weather is fair, and in- stood making the greatest clamour in clined to be so, the water will be level his face, without the least appearance with the section of the neck, or rather of fear. The lion, conscious of his elevated above it, and forming a con- strength, remained unmoved at their cave surface. When disposed to be noisy attempts, and kept his head wet, a drop will appear at the mouth,
turned towards us. At one moment, which will enlarge till it falls, and
the dogs perceiving his eye thus enthen another drop, while the humidity
gaged, had advanced close to his feet, of the atmosphere continues.
and seemed as if they wouid actually
seize hold of him; but they paid dearly ENCOUNTER BETWEEN A LION for their
for their imprudence, for without disAND DOGS.
composing the majestic and steady FROM BURDELL'S TRAVELS IN AFRICA. attitude in which he stood fixed, he
The dogs seemed much to enjoy merely moved his paw, and at the prowling about and examining every next instant I beheld two lying dead. bushy place, and at last met with some In doing this, he made so little exerobject among the rushes, which caused tion, that it was scarcely perceptible them to set up a most vehement and by what means they had been killed. determined barking. We explored Of the time which we had gained by the spot with caution, as we suspect. the interference of the dogs, not a moed, from the peculiar tone of their ment was lost; we fired upon him; bark, that it was, what it proved to one of the balls went through his side be, lions. Having encouraged the just between the short ribs, and the dogs to drive them out, a task which blood immediately began to flow; but they performed with great willingness, the animal still remained standing in we had a full view of an enormous the same position. We had now no black-maned lion, and a lioness. The doubt that he would spring upon us; latter was seen only for a minute, as every gun was instantly reloaded; but
happily we were mistaken, and were about the end of June or early in July, not sorry to see him move quietly away; in doing which, let any strong luxuthough I had hoped, in a few minutes riant shoots be taken away, also all to have been enabled to take hold of suckers which may be arising. It is his paw without danger.
a practice with some persons, at this season of the year, to pinch off the
ends of all shoots upon the tree, but I A TREATISE ON THE CULTURE
disapprove of it as a general practice, AND MANAGEMENT OF FRUIT
because I have had ample proof that TREES. By Charles Harrison.
it causes the tree to send forth a greater London, 1823.
number of useless shoots, and thus its This is certainly one of the best strength is thrown away. Treatises that has appeared for many There is also another injury done to years; it is written in a plain easy the tree at the early part of the season, style, devoid of all that technicality by the gathering of the fruit when it is with which most works of a similar green, and before it has attained half nature are in general loaded. The the size it would have done. In doing author writes to be understood, and this, some persons clear whole trees that is the essence of all works of in- of the berries which were upon them; struction. We shall select his chapter the effect of which is, that the trees on the management of the gooseberry being so suddenly deprived of their and currant trees as being likely to be produce, receive a very severe check, of service to our readers.
and the superabundance of sap is ex· On the Gooseberry Tree. Goose- pended in a great production of suckers berry trees like a good, deep, strong, and luxuriant shoots, thus their strength rich, loamy soil, and almost any airy is thrown away and the trees greatly situation is suitable for them ; but the injured. Instead of this, I always crop is most abundant when the situa- thin off the berries from every tree, tion is favourable to their protection, and thus the fruit which remains is in spring, from the cold east winds, improved in size, and the object of a which are frequently destructive to the supply of green gooseberries is obblossom of those trees. Trees of this tained, whilst a proper reserve is left kind may be planted in quarters by for ripening. If it be desired to have themselves, in borders round the gar- very large fruit, it may be obtained by den, or so as to train them against a a judicious thinning, shading of the trellis. In planting them in quarters, fruit from hot sun, and, when the fruit they ought to be six feet apart in the approaches maturity, from rain; also rons, and eight feet between the rows; by watering the roots with manure and when it is designed to plant them water. The water which I use is, against a trellis, they must be planted three quarts of drainings from a dungnearer or farther apart, according to hill, to one quart drained from fowls' the height of the trellis. A trellis of or pigeons' dung, which must be apfive feet high is what I prefer, for, plied so as to keep the soil in a moist when it is higher, it will shade the condition. Let manure water be used next row of trees behind, unless the twice, and pure water once in regular trellis be fixed so as to point from succession. south to north, but they are best when The winter pruning must be per. constructed from east to west, as the formed as early in the season as postrees have the full advantage of the sible. A proper distribution of shoots sun. Trees planted against a trellis, must be left throughout the tree, so as described, should be set four feet that the bearing shoots he six inches apart in the rows, and six feet betwixt apart. In shortening the shoots of a the rows. In planting the trees, always good healthy tree, cut them to twelve spread the roots regularly round the buds, and reserve one lateral shoot as bole, and at four inches from the near to the origin of each main branch surface; let the tree be mulched or shoot as possible. Cut clean away and watered immediately after being all shoots or branches not wanted, and planted.
let all suckers be pulled or grubbed The trees afterwards require a sum- up. As soon as the trees are pruned, mer and a winter regulation. In fur- let the mixture for the destruction of nishing the tree with wood, let the insects be applied. bearing shoots be six feet apart. The When the winter has set in let a summer regulation must be performed quantity of well rotted manure be spread upon the soil to the extent that Botzari penetrated to the tent of the the roots reach to. The strength of Pacha himself, whom he slew, but was this will be washed down into the wounded by a black servant, faithful ground, and will enrich the soil, also to the Pacha, while he was exhibiting be destructive of the larvæ of any in- bis head to the soldiers.--This chief. sects which may be in the ground. At tain was the son of Kitzo Botzari, the the following spring, the best rotted head of his tribe during their long war part of the manure may be just turned with the late Ali Pacha.-Marco was under the soil, but not to dig deeper a man of no education, but in his youth than three inches, as far as the roots he exhibited traits of great personal extend, but the other part of the soil courage, as well as high notions of must be dug a spit deep. Where there justice and honour. Throughout his is the conveniency of having well career, he was never known to violate rotted tanners' bark, I should recom- these principles. In the numerous mend that it be occasionally used in- engagements at which he commanded, stead of manure.
and in which he was victorious, he On the Currant Tree.-The treat- was equally distinguished by his unment of the currant tree is the same as common bravery, and by his rigid adthat directed for the gooseberry, with herence to justice. On no occasion. the exception of pruning. In pruning could he ever be prevailed upon to take the currant tree, always endeavour to that share of the spoils to which, as keep a plentiful supply of young commander, he was entitled. All was vigorous wood, as the fruit is much divided equally among his followers. finer when produced from such, than With them, too, he shared all the from short spurs. In order to obtain dangers and hardships of the campaign. suitable wood, it is necessary to cut He was neither armed, attired, nor fed out a certain quantity of the old wood in any way superior to his men. His every year, and, with the exception of arms consisted of a musket, a pistol of the main limbs, let no wood be retained very inferior quality, a sabre, and a that is more than four years old. The Turkish knife. He has frequently remain limbs of the tree must always be fused large bribes offered him by the disposed at a proper distance from Turks, if he would retire into the each other, so that the bearing wood Ionian Isles. On one occasion he remay not be crowded. The shoots re- fused a sum of five thousand pounds tained must be left about four inches sterling. His notions of justice apart, and their ends be cut off; strong were not confined to his public convigorous shoots must have about three duct, they entered into the most trifling inches cut off the end, and less vigorous transactions of his life. A friend of ones in proportion. Always use a Marco was once in his presence playing knife for pruning the trees, and not a at cards. This man had contrived to pair of garden shears, as is generally mark the cards in such a manner as to practised.
ensure his winning the game. Marco,
however, exposed the cheat, exclaimBIOGRAPHY.
ing, “ there is no true victory, my
friend, but that which is gained by MARCO BOTZARI,
fair skill and open courage."
When the Suliotes made common THE ACHILLES OF THE MODERN GREEKS. cause with Ali Pacha against the
Marco Botzari was not more than Turks, Marco was the terror of all the thirty or thirty-one years of age when Pachas and Albanians. On one occahe fell, in the moment of victory, sion, a friend of the writer of this notice in a late sanguinary engagement with saw him at the head of a little band of the Turks, near Valto. On this oc- twenty-five “lion-hearted Greeks," as casion he placed himself at the head he expressed himself, attack and comof a determined phalanx of four hun- pletely rout more than two hundred dred Suliotes, who penetrating into the Turks in the plain of Arta! very centre of a column of five thou. At length the superior talents of this sand Turks, Marco received a musket. brave soldier recommended him to the ball in the head, and instantly ex. particular notice of Prince Mavrocorpired. He had previously been se- dato. A sincere friendship was formed verely wounded in the groin, but con- between these two leaders. The influcealed his situation from his followers. ence which Marco had obtained over Another account, however, states, that the minds and conduct of his country. Men, was the principal support of the greatly alarmed in consequence of credit of Mavrocordato. On the death several balls from the Turkish batteries of Botzari, the intelligent Greeks in falling near them; Marco observing this country foretold the speedy fall of this, laughingly pointed at the balls, that prince. It has been said that and said, “ These are only apples, my Mavrocordato's desire of forming a friend, which the Turks have sent us connection between Greece and Eng- for our dessert.” land, was the cause of his barbarous It appears that the Greeks have massacre by the populace. This is shown their respect for this brave man, much doubted. It is rather suspected by interring his remains with great that the unpopularity of Mavrocordato magnificence. The Turks, however, rendered unpopular the proposed mea- have been exhibiting a head at Consure of the union with England. stantinople, which they pretend is the • It is owing to the brave conduct of head of Botzari. But this is a comBotzari at the siege and storming of mon practice with them. Many of the Missolonghi, that the Greek cause has Greek leaders now liring have had the now assumed such a prosperous ap- honour of having their heads exhibited pearance. This town was invested by by proxy. fifteen thousand troops. Marco, how TO THE MEMORY OF MARCO BOTZARI. ever, kept possession of this almost unfortified place with a handful of Translated from the Modern Greek. men only, not exceeding in nnmber “ Three hundred hearts at red Therthree hundred. In this campaign, mopylæ, he and Mavrocordato occasioned the The noble Spartan led to death and Turks a loss of more than three thou.
famesand men! On one occasion the Turkish Four hundred gallant Marco taught troops had actually got possession by
to see assault of the outposts of Missolonghi. A sword of Greece could yet the Marco's men had been forced to retire, Othman tame; and were endeavouring to make their But even in victory's arms the hero fell!. escape by their boats. Marco, how. Mourn for the man--for ye have lov'd ever, followed, made a gallant effort
him well; to rally them, and completely suc- But hail the spirit with exulting ceeded. Again placing himself at
tonguetheir head, he attacked the Turks un- The soul of flame, which burning in expectedly, and gained a complete its flight, victory!
O'er his lorn country's rising banner The following anecdotes prove that fung the Greeks have at least had one man A circling glory—a rich flood of light, amongst them, in our own times, who who gave to freedom's cause his latest justifies the eloquent eulogium of Lord breath, Erskine, where he says that “ the And purchas'd immortalily with death. Greeks can boast of many men who Raise high your marble honours o'er never ought to have died, whereas the
the grave Turks cannot produce the name of one of him—the Chieftain of the Suliote who ever ought to have lived."
brave." Marco Botzari's father was assassinated, at the instigation of Ali Pacha, ALGERNON SYDNEY by a man called Capitan Gozo. At Thus describes to his father his situathe time the Greeks rose upon their tion when he was living in exile upon oppressors, this agent in the death of the Continent. The letter is dated Kitzo Botzari was considered capable from Frescati, near Rome, 1661 : of performing an important service in “ Here is what I look for; health, the cause of freedom. Marco sought quiet, and solitude. I am with somme an interview with this man, and assured eagernesse fallen to reading, and finde him that this was an epoch in which soe much satisfaction in it, that though he had dismissed all passions but the I every morning see the sunne rise, I love of country. “ It was not you,” he never goe abroade 'till six or seven of exclaimed," that killed my father, but the clocke at night. Yet cannot I be your commander, Ali Pacha.” A friend, soe sure of my temper as to know cerwho had been dining with Marco at tainly how long this manner of life Arta, and who after dinner was walk- will please me. I cannot but rejoice, ing in the town with him, became and am delighted to finde, that when