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« Ho was a well-made man, rather tain Mungo Mac Turf, a fighting Highabove than under the middle size, land lieutenant; and an amateur and and apparently betwixt five-and-twenty connoisseur of the name of Winterand thirty years of age-for, although blossom. Of the latter gentleman's he might, at first glance, have passed portrait we must quote a few lines :for one who had attained the latter “Mr. Winterblossom now lived upon period, yet, on a nearer examination, a moderate annuity, and had discovered it seemed as if the burning sun of a a way of reconciling his economy with warmer climate than Scotland, and much company and made dishes, by perhaps some fatigue, both of body acting as perpetual president of the and mind, had imprinted the marks of table-d'hôte, at the Well. Here he care and manhood upon his counte. used to amuse the society by telling nance, without abiding the course of stories about Garrick, Foot, Bonnel years. His eyes and teeth were ex. Thornton, and Lord Kellie, and decellent, and his other features, though livering his opinions in matters of taste they could be scarce termed hand- and virtû. An excellent carver, he some, expressed sense and acuteness; knew how to help each guest to what he bore, in his aspect, that ease and was precisely his due; and never failed composure of manner, equally void of to reserve a proper slice as the reward awkwardkness and affectation, which is of his own labours. To conclude, he said emphatically to mark the gentle was possessed of some taste in the man; and, although neither the plain- fine arts, at least in painting and music, ness of his dress, nor the total want of although it was rather of the technical the usual attendants, allowed Meg to kind, than that which warms the heart suppose him a wealthy man, she had and elevates the feelings. There was, little doubt that he was above the rank indeed, about Mr. Winterblossom, of her lodgers in general."
nothing that was either warm or eleThe medicinal properties of a spring vated. He was shrewd, selfish, and a short distance from the village of St. sensual; the last of which qualities he Ronan, which had led to the erection screened from observation under a of additional habitations, had of late specious varnish of exterior comyears attracted, at certain periods of plaisance. Therefore, in his professed the year, several visitors of more or less and apparent anxiety to do the honours importance, who, in imitation of the of the table, to the most punctilious plan regularly adopted at all watering point of good breeding, he never perplaces, formed themselves into a body mitted the attendants upon the public corporate, and usually ate their meals taste to supply the wants of others together at the ordinary of the Fox, the until all his own private comforts had rival house against which so much of been fully arranged and provided for.” Meg Dods' wrath had been directed. The curiosity of this august assemThis coterie included the following, bly having been excited by the singupersons, who are depicted by our larly retired habits of Mr. Francis author with his accustomed spirit :- Tyrrel, the stranger guest at the ori. Lady Penelope Penfeather, a withered ginal hostelrie of Mrs. Meg Dods, an maiden, whose pretensions to rank, invitation was sent to him, in the names fortune, beauty, and talent, were pretty of the whole party, to favour them with much upon a par, but who, with a very his company on an early day. During small modicum of any of these deside. his visit he had an opportnity of meet. rata, wished to be thought a belle and a ing with Clara Mowbray, and of resudante, an admirer of genius, to what- newing for a moment an acquaintance ever caste it might belong; the Laird with her of long standing. It is, howof St. Ronan, a young man rather dis. ever, only in the last volume that the figured by his sporting propensities, circumstances of their former connecwho actually kept greyhounds, and at tion are fully and clearly explained. least talked of hunters and racers, and The father of Francis Tyrrel, the fifth whose sister, Clara Mowbray, is more. Earl of Etherington, had, during his over the heroine of the story; Sir Bingo travels on the continent, in early youth, Binks, a four-in-hand Knight of the married a certain beautiful orphan, Turf, who had recently married one of Marie de Martigny, the mother of our the ladies of this Belle Assemblée, vul. hero. This nobleman, taking advangar, brutal, and illiterate ; the wife of tage of the irregularity, and, as he then a merchant skipper; a lawyer; a quack deemed, illegality of this union of the doctor; a sentimental clergyman; Cap. heart, found it sait his convenience to marry again, from interested motives, statement of the facts to attach to them, and accordingly married a Miss Bul- personated his brother, (to whom he mer, by whom he had another son, bore a strong resemblance), on the who, on his father's death, took pos- evening appointed for the rendezvous. session of his title and estates, on the We give part of this man's confession plea of his elder brother's illegetimacy, in a letter addressed by him to a The young men had, nevertheless, been friend :educated together, and had, up to a “ We got into a carriage, and were certain period, been constant asso- a mile from the church, when my unciates. They had met, several years lucky or lucky brother stopped the before, in the neighbourhood of St. chaise by force-through what means Ronan's Well, the beautiful sister of he had obtained knowledge of my little Mowbray; and Francis Tyrrel and she trick I never have been able to learn. had then formed the tender connection Solmes has been faithful to me in too already alluded to. As at this time many instances, that I should suspect the father of the young men shewed him in this important crisis. I jumped an evident desire to do justice to his out of the carriage, pitched fraternity elder son, and admit the legitimacy of to the devil, and betwixt desperation his birth, the efforts of the younger and something very like shame, began brother were devoted unremittingly to to cut away with a couteau de chasse, vilify and misrepresent him. In an which I had provided in case of necesunlucky hour Francis Tyrrel made his sity.-All was in vain-I was hustled brother his confidant, and the latter down under the wheel of the carriage, conjecturing that the connection would and, the horses taking fright, it went on no account be approved of by the over my body." father, used every possible exertion to Clara Mowbray was reduced to a promote it, and was unwearied in his state of mind bordering on distraction, endeavours to facilitate the intercourse and her lover only consented to a susof the lovers. Their interviews having pension of his revenge on an arrangebeen terminated by the harsh com- ment that Valentine should give up all mand of Clara's father, Valentine still idea of seeing his betrothed again, or volunteered his services as the medium even of returning to the neighbourhood of communication, and finally advised in which she resided. Meanwhile, Francis to propose a secret marriage. during his eldest son's absence in In a hapless hour the offer was ac- foreign climes, the father died, and cepted, and all the preliminaries ar. Valentine Bulmer (as he was named ranged. The pastor of the parish after his mother), took possession agreed to perform the ceremony, on a of the title and estates of the Earl supposition hinted by the treacherous of Etherington. It was only on hear. Valentine that the object of the lovering that his perfidious brother was, was to do justice to the betrayed in defiance of his stipulation, about to maiden. It was finally settled that the return to St, Ronan's Well, that Francis lovers should meet at the Old Kirk repaired thither to watch his motions. when the twilight became deep, and At this time, however, he became set off in a chaise for England imme- possessed of documents which required diately after the ceremony. About only a legal process in order to vindithis juncture, however, the younger cate to himself his birth-right.-The brother became acquainted with a cir- last volume, which is full of interest, cumstance which completely altered is occupied chiefly with the intrigues his views on the subject of the mar- of the titular earl and his associates to riage. It appeared that his grand- secure the title and estates.--After uncle by his mother's side was related cultivating assiduously the acquaintto the Mowbray family, and had left a ance of Mowbray,who is ignorant of the singular will bequeathing an'immense transaction in which his sister is conestate to the eldest son of the Earl of cerned, by losing a few hundreds Etherington, provided he formed a with him at cards, the titular earl matrimonial connection with a lady of makes formal proposals for the hand of the house of St. Ronan. After some Clara, which are warmly seconded by consideration, he meditated a deep her brother; but they are received scheme to crown his ambitious views, with disgust, and even horror, by the and under circumstances which re. lady. The titular earl fleeces St. Ronan more, in some measure, the improba of the entire remnant of bis and bility that may appear from the naked his sister's property at the gaming table, and takes this opportunity of interest to procure a visit from him; he again pressing his suit. In a state of could not withstand such solicitations, desperation arising from his losses, but, being now in bis 46th year, he went and a report that has reached him in- to Florence, where he met with a most jurious to the honour of his sister (a gracious reception. But all could not report originating in the foul aspersion overcome his love for his native which had been cast upon her by the country, nor his ardent desire for a traitor Valentine, in order to induce retired life. He therefore took leave the clergyman to consent to marry them of the grand duke, who would have clandestinely), Mowbray returned home loaded him with presents, but Tasso, determined to seek a full explanation as usual, could not be prevailed on to with Clara, and to compel her mar- accept any thing but present necesriage with the Earl of Etherington. saries. He returned to Naples by way This scene is, perhaps, the most power- of Rome, and the old Prince Conca fully wrought in the book. St. Ronan's dying at this period, the young Count harshness in reproaching his sister of Palena, by means of Manso, preamounts to unmanly brutality. Through vailed on Tasso to accept apartments the intervention of a very worthy old in his palace. Here he employed himgentleman, of the name of Touchwood, self to correct bis Jerusalem, or rather one of those excellent, but eccentric, to compose a new work entitled Jerupersons, who, having amassed a large salem Conquered, which he had begun fortune, are on the look out for an heir, during his visit to Naples. The prince, the intrigues of the Earl of Etherington fearing lest any one should deprive end in his own complete discomfiture. him of the poet and the honour of the But the denouement of the tale is tra- Poem, caused Tasso to be narrowly gical in the extreme. Clara Mowbray, watched, which Tasso observing, he in an agony of fear and desperation, fled retired to Manso's house, where he from her brother's house within an enjoyed perfect ease, and at the same hour of her interview with him, and time retained the esteem of the prince. after wandering about the greater part Soon after he published his Jerusalem of a November night, was attracted by Conquered ; which poem, as a French a light from the Manse of the clergyman writer has observed, “is a sufficient to whom we have already had occasion proof of the injustice of the criticisms to refer to this dwelling had been that have been passed on his Jerusalem removed, a few days before, a wretched Delivered, in which he endeavoured to woman who had been one of the wicked conform himself to the taste of his instruments of the Earl of Etherington, critics, was not received with approbaand under the same roof did Clara also tion as the former poem, where he had meet with her unhappy lover. We must entirely given himself up to the enthuendeavour to find room for this touch siasm of his genius." He is said to have ing scene:
intended a third correction of the same (To be concluded in our next.)
poem, intending to form one from both, but the design was probably aban
doned. Manso's garden commanded a ITALIAN LITERATURE full view of the sea. Tasso and his
friend being one day in a summer
house with Belprato, brother-in-law of MEMOIR OF THE LIFE OF THE
Manso, observing the waves agitated ITALIAN POET, TORQUATO
with a storm, Belprato said, “ He was TASSO.
astonished at the rashness and folly of (Concluded.)
men, who would expose themselves to Tasso and his friend Manso returned the rage of so merciless an element, to Naples at the approach of winter, where such numbers had suffered shipwhen Prince Palena again pressed wreck.” “And yet (replied Tasso) Tasso to reside with him; but to avoid we go to bed every night without fear, the request, Tasso retired to Rome, where many die every hour. Believe and there waited the issue of his law. me death will find us in all parts, and suit. There he lived in high esteem those places that appear the least exwith Pope Sixtus the Fifth, when, be- posed, are not always the most secure ing invited to Florence by Fernando, from his attacks." While Tasso lived Grand Duke of Tuscany, who had been with his friend Manso, Cardinal Hipcardinal when Tasso first resided there, polito Aldibrandini was raised to the and who now employed the Pope's Papacy by the title of Clement VIII. His two nephews, Cynthio and Pietro over, that your holiness would Aldobrandini, were created cardinals: silence Pasquin, the only way is to the first, afterwards called the Cardinal put people into employments as may of St. George; the eldest was a great give no occasion to any libels or dis. patron of science and learned men; he affected discourse." Disgusted with had known Tasso when at Rome, and the life of a courtier, Tasso obtained had a great esteem for him, and now permission to retire to Naples to proso earnestly pressed him to come secute his law-suit, and lodged at the thither, that Tasso, unable to refuse, convent of St. Severin, with the fathers once more left his retreat at Naples. of St. Benedict. Thus Tasso found The confines of the ecclesiastical states himself again in his desired tranquilwere then so infested by banditti, that lity, so much desired by him, when travellers went in bodies for each Cardinal Cynthio found means to recall other's protection. Tasso joined him- him to Rome, by persuading the Pope self to one of these companies, and to give him the honour of being solemnly when they came within sight of crowned with laurel in the capital. Mola, a little town near Gaieta, they Tasso was not desirous of this honour, received intelligence that Sciarra, à but he at last yielded to the persuasion famous captain of robbers, was near at of Manso, and departed for Rome; but hand with a great body of men, Tasso he had a secret presage it would never was of opinion that they should con. be. Tasso was greatly affected at parttinue their journey and endeavour to ing with Manso, and took his leave of defend themselves, but his opinion was him as with one he should never see overruled, and they threw themselves again. Tasso arrived at Rome 1595, into Mola for safety; here they re- where he was met by many prelates mained some time, in a manner blocked and other persons of distinction, and up by Sciarra. At last, the outlaw was afterwards introduced by the two hearing that Tasso was one of the Cardinals, Cynthio and Pietro, to the party, sent a message, assuring him he presence of the Pope, who was pleased might pass in safety, and offered to to tell him, “ that his merit would add conduct him wherever he pleased, as much honour to the laurel he was Tasso returned his thanks, but declined going to receive, as that crown had the offer; not perhaps daring to rely added to the honour of those on whom on the word of such a man as Sciarra. it had formerly been conferred.” The robber then sent another message, Nothing was now thought of but the informing Tasso, that on his account approaching solemnity; orders were he would withdraw his men, and leave given not only to decorate the Pope's the ways open; a proof of the great palace, but the capital and all principal reputation his works had gained him streets through which the procession even amongst the vilest of mankind. had to pass. Tasso appeared unmoved Sciarra did as he said, and Tasso, con- by all these preparations, and being tinuing his journey, arrived at Rome shown a sonnet, composed for the ocwithout accident. He was graciously casion by a relation, he made the folwelcomed by his friends, the two car- lowing answer from Seneca, descriptive dinals and the pope. One day the two of his forebodings: cardinals held an assembly of several prelates to consult, among other things, Magnifica verba mors propè admota on a method to put a stop to the license
excutit, of the Pasquinades. One proposed (approaching death cuts short all that Pasquin's statue should be broken praises). And it proved too true; for to pieces and cast into the river. But whilst they waited for fair weather to Tasso's opinion being asked, he said, celebrate the ceremony, Cardinal Cyn. “ It would be much more prudent to thio fell ill, and as soon as he recovered let it remain where it was; for other. Tasso was seized with his last sickwise, from the fragments of the statue ness; and although he had not comwould be bred an infinite number of pleted his 51st year, his studies and frogs on the banks of the Tiber, that misfortunes had brought on him a would never cease to croak day and premature old age. Being persuaded night," The Pope, to whom Cardinal that his end was approaching, he de: Aldobrandini related what had passed, sired to spend a few days in the monasinterrogated Tasso on the subject. “It tery of St. Onuphrius, to which place is true, holy father," said Tasso, “such he was carried in Cynthio's coach, and was my opinion; and I shall add, more was received and treated with the ut. most tenderness by the prior and SPANISH ETIQUETTE. brethren. The physicians in Rome The etiquette or rules to be observed tried all their art, but Tasso, notwith in the royal palaces is necessary (writes standing, grew worse; and when Baron Bielfeld) for keeping order at Rinaldini, bis intimate, and the Pope's court. In Spain it was carried to suck physician, told him his last hour was lengths as to make martyrs of their at hand, he thanked him for the tidings, kings. Here is an instance, at which, and “ acknowledged the goodness of in spite of the fatal consequences it God, who was pleased at last to bring produced, one cannot refrain from him into port after so long a storm.” Smiling. From that time he disengaged his Philip III. was gravely seated by thoughts from earthly things, received the fire-side; the fire-maker of the the sacrament in the chapel of the court had kindled so great a quantity convent, whither he was carried by of wood, that the monarch was nearly the brethren, and then brought back suffocated with heat, and his grandeur to his chamber. Being asked where he would not suffer him to rise from the would be interred, he replied in the chair: the domestics could not presume church of St. Onuphrius. To the re- to enter the apartment, because it was quest, that he would leave a memorial against the etiquette. At length the of his will in writing, and dictate the Marquis de Potat appeared, the King epitaph to be engraven on his tomb, he ordered him to damp the fire; but he smiled and said, “ In regard to the excused himself, alleging that he was first, he had little worldly goods to forbidden by the etiquette to perform leave, and as to the second, a plain such a function, for which the Duke stone would suffice over him.” He d'Usseda ought to be called upon, as left Cardinal Cynthio his heir, and
it was his business. But his blood desired his picture to be given to his was heated to such a degree, that the friend Manso, and received the Pope's
erysipelas of the head appeared the benediction from the hand of Cynthio, next day, which, succeeded by a vioan honour never so conferred but on lent fever, carried him off in 1621, in cardinals and men of distinction. He the 24th year of his age. received it with great humility, and The palace was once on fire; a solsaid, “ This is the crown I came to dier who knew the King's sister was in Rome to receive.” On the Cardinal's her apartment and must inevitably have desiring to know if he had any request have been consumed in a few moments to make, Tasso said, “ he had but one by the flames, at the risk of his life favour to desire of him, which was, rushed in, and brought her highness that he would collect and commit his safe out in his arms: but the Spanish works to the flames," (particularly his etiquette was here woefully broken Jerusalem Delivered, the most perfect). into! The loyal soldier was brought In the middle of next day, finding to trial, and as it was impossible to himself growing faint, he embraced the deny that he had entered her apart. crucifix held to him by his confessor, ment, the judges condemned him to and expired ere he could utter the whole die ! The Spanish Princess, however, of the sentence,“In manus tuas, Domine!" condescended, in consideration of the -(Into thy hands, O Lord!-). He was circumstance, to pardon the soldier, buried the same evening where he had and very benevolently saved his life! desired, and a plain stone placed over When Isabella, mother of Philip II. his remains. Cardinal Cynthio in- was ready to be delivered of him, she tended to have placed a magnificent commanded that all the lights should monument over his remains, but had be extinguished; that if the violence been prevented by 10 years' sickness, of her pain should occasion her face when Manso came to Rome to visit the to change colour, no one might per. grave of his friend, and entreated to ceive it. And when the midwife said, take charge of the erection; but this Madam, cry out, that will give you the cardinal would not permit. He ease,” she answered in good Spanish, prevailed so far as to have engraved “How dare you give me such advice? on the stone :-Hic jacet Torquatus I would rather die than cry out,” Tasso., (Here lies Torquato Tasso).
“ Spain gives us pride—which Spain to
all the earth May largely give, por fear herself a dearth!"