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for holy orders were permitted to act up in the breast even of him for whom plays, (a custom prevalent among the the mask is worn. Thus we perceive students in his days) appears to have how different it is from true politeness, been inconsistent with his own prac- which always is agreeable and esteemtice; for, during his temporary dismis- ed. Indeed, if we judge of its nature sal from college, he says, that he found by the terms and actions used, we compensation for that absence in the discover nothing but what is innocent pleasures which the theatre afforded and praiseworthy. To polish a work, him; and it appears that he himself in the language of an artisan, means went to the university with an inten- to remove the roughness and to cause tion of taking holy orders, though he it to shine. The same meaning may altered his mind; in doing which he be applied to the mind, in a motaphodeclared, “ that whoever became a rical sense. Do not the phrases, “ a clergyman must subscribe slave, and polished discourse," “ an elegant extake an oath withal, which, unless he pression,”“ polite conversation or mantook with a conscience that could ners," signify that they are exempt retch, he must straight perjare himself, from rudeness, asperity, and bombast ? He thought it better to prefer a blame. Do they not imply gentleness and moless silence before the office of speak. desty; and are they not necessary for ing, bought and begun with servitude the peace and harmony of civilized and forswearing." Here Milton re- society? When confined within proper fused the subscription to the thirty- limits, are they not conducive to the nine articles, or to canonical obedience, happiness of social life? It seems to a thing he could not brook in any me that there is a benevolent and genshape.

tle impulse implanted in the heart, (To be continued.)

which causes the mind to discern what

ever may be agreeable either in our. ON POLITENESS.

selves or others; and it also teaches

us, in a delicate manner, to avoid what BY MADAME THE ABBESS OF —

is painful or pernicious in our commuWhat is politeness? To answer this nications with society. But let it be question accurately is no easy task; understood, that politeness, like taste, the definition of politeness requires depends more upon a natural feeling considerable thought. How often civi- than an acquired habit. If we were lity, flattery, and politeness, are con- to examine minutely how rudeness insidered synonymous. The first is very jures, and how true politeness embelproper, but it is not so valuable, nor lishes and adorns every thing upon so rarely to be met with as politeness. which it reposes, I should spin out this Flattery is base and grovelling com- essay to an unwarrantable length; I pared with the latter. Every body shall therefore select a few examples may learn to become civil, because it of each kind, and briefly observe upon consists only in certain little forms them. What attention is required to subject to language, country, and dive into good things, when they are fashion ; but politeness cannot be learn- enveloped in an uncouth covering! ed unless the disposition be good; and How many men of solid information, it is belonging to no particular people how many works of deep erudition, or country. It is found among ancients how many learned writings, are disreand moderns; it is found combined garded by all but persevering people, with peculiar and simple customs.– who, notwithstanding asperities, or However, flattery is not less natural, crabbed notions, still press on, to benor less independent of time and place, come acquainted with their respective as the passions which produce it have merits? And whence arises this almost always, and will still continue to be universal neglect? Because the agreemet with in the world. One might able polish is wanting. On the other reasonably think that those who are hand, what will not politeness do? A born in an elevated state would scorn word, a look, even silence, accompato be under the influence of so mean a nied by that quality, may become impower; but experience proves such a portant. Waving all remarks as renotion to be unfounded in fact. When gards the two former, I beg to ask if flattery is put forth under the mask of silence is not highly beneficial occapoliteness, it is exceedingly dangerous; sionally in society? How frequently but luckily, whenever the disguise is has it checked raillery, when unpleadiscovered, disgust and contempt spring sant consequences might be feared from its continuance? And how third day she came into the neighbour's often has it silenced the gabbling house, who left her in the kitchen all tongue of the man who is anxious to night. There the servant found her the display his information? Has not the following morning, but on opening the polite man been compelled to become kitchen-door she ran out, and in a few silent, when the ready keen retort has days afterwards returned to her mishung upon his lip? Has not timely tress's habitation in a most deplorable silence even stopped compliments when state, being almost reduced to a skelebecoming too fulsome? Has it not pre- ton, and so feeble for several days that vented disputes, and contributed to she could scarcely take any food. One preserve the peace of society?

eye appeared much inflamed, as if from A polish given to moral discourses cold, and since then she has utterly diminishes the apparent weight and lost the sight of it. She is now living, austerity of the precepts inculcated. and evinces her attachment to her misIt cannot be denied that politeness tress by sitting daily at her side. The may become corrupt, and be used as cat was absent about ten days. The the most dangerous instrument for the distance from Cowley to Leeds, through worst of purposes. In admitting that Barnsley and Wakefield, is twentyit is susceptible of pollution, appears, eight miles. in my judgment, to acknowledge its nature to be pure and innocent. If so, the question proposed is answered.

ST. DOMINGO. However, I am not to determine whe- - A recent traveller in St. Domingo ther it is properly answered or no; computes the population at 500,000 notwithstanding I cannot forbear re- negroes and about 20,000 mulattoes, marking, that politeness is indebted to exclusive of those formerly governed virtue for its existence; that in being by Spain. The mulattoes, from their confined to its proper sphere, it would superior knowledge and activity, form remain virtuous; that if it occasionally a sort of aristocracy, and fill most of be made subservient to vice, it only the civil offices. They are hated by proves that the best of worldly things the negroes, but are too useful to be may become corrupt by man's abuse left unemployed. They are the prinof them. Beauty, wit, knowledge- cipal inhabitants of the towns. Their in short, every thing of worth, is often manners are modelled on those of the employed to a vile purpose, and thus French. The women transact most of they lose their pristine goodness. the business; and the name of the busFinally, all the abuses which spring band is frequently omitted in accounts. from politeness, do not show that it The Haytian females have the usual is not a good, neither in its origin nor failing of fondness for dress: 100 Maeffects.

dras hankerchiefs, 30 or 40 gowns, and other dresses in proportion, not un

commonly belong to a single person. THE ADVENTURES OF A CAT. The negroes who reside in towns are

Two elderly ladies, who for many chiefly labourers and porters. Their years resided in Leeds, had a favour. wages are very high; and their indeite cat, which was brought up by them pendence is such that they will brook from a kitten, One of the ladies dying no incivility. The bulk of them, how. in September last, the other shortly ever, are cultivators of the soil. “Many afterwards shut up her house at Leeds, of them have coffee plantations, and and came to reside at Cowley, in Ec- from the high price which that article clesfield. She brought her cat with her has for some time brought in the marin a small hamper, which was placed kets of Europe and America, they have under the seat of the carriage. The acquired greater riches than they know cat remained at her new residence very what to do with. Some of them were quietly for nearly two months, when a pointed out to me who were said to servant one day beat her for some possess many thousand pounds. The fault. On this affront she ran away, men and women were plainly dressed and in a few days afterwards was seen in the manufactures of Europe; the at Leeds by a neighbour, sitting and men's dress being comprised of a short watching at the kitchen-door of the blue jacket of woollen cloth, and waisthouse lately occupied by her mistress. coat and trowsers of white chintz; the There she remained three days without women's consisting of a cotton shift intermission. On the evening of the and petticoat, made much after the English fashion, with handkerchiefs here always wears a smiling appear., tied round their heads as turbans. For ance; the chill blast of winter is never articles of food, however, besides the felt. A continual summer seems to productions of their own plantations, reign in this climate, and an effulgent such as coffee, yams, plantains, with sun gives even to the rugged rock a poultry, such as geese, fowls, turkeys, more lively aspect than it presents in which are reared about their cottages, our northern latitude. In travelling they had supplied themselves with through some parts of St. Domingo, I rice, four, and dried fish, imported found myself shaded by groves of into the sea-port from America, and orange trees, giving to the air an with wines and spirituous liquors agreeable perfume, and the beautiful brought from France.

fruit of which hung over me in the “ They are generally to be seen greatest abundance. I confess to you, clean, with what raiment they have that in such a novel situation, I almost neatly put on. Those country people conceived myself in fairy-land, and who frequent the Sunday markets have had some difficulty to reconcile myself a healthy clean appearance, and all of to the reality of the appearance before them are clothed. Their appearance me,”-Glasgow Chronicle. in general is indicative of happiness and contentment. In general, they CHARACTER OF THE DUKE OF can read and write; their reading is MARLBOROUGH, BY THE LATE chiefly plays and novels.”

LORD CHESTERFIELD. Thus comfortable in their domestic circumstances. they export annually Of all men that I ever knew in my 30.000.000 lbs. of coffee, which at 1s. life (and I knew him extremely well), a pound gives us as high a produce a the late Duke of Marlborough possessed head as that which, according to Mr. the graces in the highest degree, not to Barham, is got from the slave. Our say engrossed them; and indeed he got traveller does not think highly of the the most by them, for I will venture (concourage of the blacks; but he thinks trary to the custom of profound histothat in consequence of the climate and rians, who always assign deep causes for mountainous country they will not be great events) to ascribe the better half easily overcome. The independence of the Duke of Marlborough's greatness of Hayti has not yet been acknow. and riches to those graces. He was emi. ledged by any power. The late Pope nently illiterate, wrote bad English, and sent them a Bishop and eleven priests; spelled it still worse. He had do share who were well received, but having of what is commonly called part; that is, excited suspicion by attempting inno- he had no brightness, nothing shining in vations in the government, they were his genius. He had most undoubtedly obliged to leave the country.

an excellent good plain understanding, The face of the country is very bean with sound judgment. But these alone tiful. “I used often to dwell with de would probably have raised him but light upon the many romantic spots to something higher than they found him, be met with in Caledonia. But what which was page to King James the Seare all these, when compared with the cond's Queen. There the graces prostupendous mountains and beautiful tected and promoted him ; for while be scenery of Hispaniola ? It may well be was an Ensign in the Guards, the Dutermed the Garden of the Sun,' or chess of Cleveland, then favourite mis* Eden of the World. Excuse me tress to King Charles the Second, struck when I say, that our most rugged and by those very graces, gave him five thouromantic spots of Scotland, our lofti- sand pounds, with which he immediately est hills, and steepest precipices, are bought an annuity for his life of five huntame, when compared with the scenery dred pounds a year of my grandfather, of St. Domingo. From the summit of Halifax, which was the foundation of his one of the high mountains of that subsequent fortune. His figure was island, the prospect is inexpressibly beautiful, but his manner was irresistible grand. Nor does Nature appear less by either man or woman; it was by this magnificent when the traveller, follow- engaging graceful manner, that he was ing the track of a river which sweeps enabled, during all his wars, to connect along the foot of some of those stupen, the various and jarring powers of the dons steeps, casts his eyes upwards, grand alliance, and to carry them on to and contemplates the summit of the the main object of the war, notwithstandlofty cliff, that overbangs him. Nature ing their private and separate views,

jealousies, and wrong-headedness. What- HAYMAN AND THE MARQUIS OF ever Court he went to (and he was often

GRANBY. obliged to go himself to some resty and When Hayman was painting the picrefractory ones), he as constantly pre- tures of the British heroes for the Rovailed. and brought them into his mea- tunda at Vauxhall, the Mara. of Granby sures. The pensionary Heinsius, a ve- paid him a visit at his honse in si Man nerable old minister, grown grey in busi

tin's-lane, and told him he came at the ness, and who had governed the republic

request of his friend Tyers, the proprieof the United Provinces for more than tor of Vauxhall Gardens, to sit for his forty years, was absolutely governed by portrait. “But, Frank, said the Marthe Duke of Marlborough, as that re- quis, “ before I sit to you, I insist on public felt many years afterwards. He having a set-to with you." _Hayman was always cool, and nobody even ob- not understanding him, and appearing served the least variation in his counte- surprised at the oddity of the declaration, nance; he could refuse more gracefully the Marquis exclaimea:-" I have been than other people could grant, and those told you were one of the best boxers who went away from him the most dis- of the school of Broughton, and I am satisfied as to the substance of their bu

of their bu not altogether deficient in the pugilistic siness, were yet personally charmed with art; but since I have been in Germany, him, and in some degree comforted by his I have got a little out of practice, theremanner. With all his gentleness and fore I will have a fair trial of strength gracefulness, no man living was more and skill.” Hayman pleaded bis age conscious of his situation, nor maintained and gout as insuperable obstacles. To his dignity better.

the first position the Marquis replied that

there was very little difference between L'ALLEGRO.

them; to the latter, that exercise was GOING OFF.

a specific remedy; and added, that a few A person once visiting the museum of

rounds would cause a glow that would the celebrated gun-smith, Mr. Wallis, at

give animation to the canvas. At length Hull, happened to take hold of a very

to it they fell, and after the exertion of

much skill and strength on both sides, curious fowling piece, and fixed his at

Hayman put in such a blow on the stotention very particularly upon it.

mach of the Marquis, that they both fell Mr. W. not liking the appearance of

with a tremendous noise, which brought the man, requested him to replace the gun where he had found it. The man

up the affrighted Mrs. Hayman, who replied, “The gun is not charged, and

found them rolling over each other on therefore there can be no danger of its

the carpet like two bears. going off.“True," said Mr. Wallis, co but I had a fowling piece of the same NORRIS, THE ACTOR, AND THE kind stole the other day, so that you see

DOCTOR. it may go off, though it is not charged ! Norris, the actor, was a man that

seemed to derive a great part of his ALL GONE.

merit from the oddity of his little formal During the year 1794, a Theatrical figure, and his singular squeaking tone Correspondent wrote to a friend from a of voice, and to that degree, that his great commercial town :-"That things entrance into a coffee-house, and calling were in a bad way in consequence of the to the waiter for a dish of coffee in the war. The little company who visited soberest mood, would have raised a smile our boxes are all gone into the pit; those on the face of the gravest man present. from the pit are all gone into the gallery; When Farquhar brought out his Constant and our gallery friends are all gone for Couple, Norris was so universally adsoldiers !

mired in the part of Dickey, that he re

tained the name of Jubilee Dickey to his Some persons talking lately of the death. As he lay bed-ridded for some taking of Trocadero to the Countess of time, quite worn out with age, his rela- who is as ignorant as she is noble; tions would send for a physician, though “ Ah! thank God," she cried, “ thé against his positive order; when the wretch is taken! Riego is hanged al- doctor came to his bed-side, he asked the ready, and that is a fine thing? Ah, patient the usual questions, to which that miserable Trocadero! the rebel! I Norris gave no manner of answer, but hope they will take care that he does being very much pressed by the doctor not escape."

to speak to him, he at last turned his

head, and in his usual comic, squeaking rally told this story in the company of tone of voice, said, “Doctor, pray can some medical man), “what do you think you tell how to make an old clock go was the consequence ?"_"Why, the old when all the wheels are worn out?" He joke, that the lady, leaving off medicine, died soon after.

recovered of her maladie imaginaire."

“ No such thing, I assure you ; the apoMODE OF BURYING ATTORNEYS thecary was too wise to trust so common IN LONDON.

a case: for, understanding that his paA gentleman in the country who had tient's brother was coming to town in a just buried a rich relation, who was an

fortnight in order to alter the will, which attorney, was complaining to Foote, who he supposed was in his favour, he took happened to be on a visit with him, of

care the sister should die before that time. the very great expenses of a country fu

But alas! when the will came to be neral, in respect to carriages, hatbands, opened, there was no legacy for the docscarves, &c. " Why, do you bury your tor, so that he had nothing but the murattorneys here ?" asked Foote, gravely. der to console him for his ingenuity." “ Yes, to be sure we do : how else ?” “Oh! we never do that in London."

PHYSIOGNONY. “No!" said the other, much surprised; Foote being asked whether the infant “ how do you manage ?”—“Why, when child of a very weak father did not carry the patient happens to die, we lay him a corresponding likeness, he replied: "I out in a room over night by himself, lock

am not so great a physiognomist as to the door, throw open the sash, and in know wbether the father is like the child; the morning he is entirely off.”—“ In but this I know, there is a great deal of the deed !” said the other in amazement; child in the father.” “what becomes of him ?"_"Why, that we cannot exactly tell, not being acquaint

THE HOUSEWIFE. ed with supernatural causes. All that we know of the matter is, that there's

No. XIII. a strong smell of brimstone in the room the next morning."


Mix vinegar and treacle in equal quanTHE APOTHECARY OUTWITTED. tities, and let a tea-spoonful be taken A gentleman having a rich aunt (to

te occasionally, when the cough is trouble

some. This is a recipe of the late Dr. whom he was much in the hands of her apothecary ;

Hugh James, of Carlisle. who not only laid her under an annual contribution for medicines she little RF

RECIPE FOR MAKING BUTTER wanted, but frequently meddled in fa

WITHOUT CHURNING. mily affairs; at last took a resolution to Put the milk in a flat earthen dish, let retaliate on him in the following manner: it stand twelve hours, put it over a slow

-He called upon him one day, seemingly fire until it is scalded, but not to boil ; in a violent passion; and after reprobat. afterwards let it stand twelve hours, take ing him for the various impositions prac- off the cream, and put it in a round tised on his relation, added :-"But this earthen dish, and stir it round with a is not the worst of it, Sir; not satisfied clean wooden spoon, and it will come to with imposing on her credulity in expen- butter in five or ten minutes.-N.B. The sive and unavailing medicines, I find you cream cannot be kept too cool during bave had influence enough to prevail on the time you are stirring it. It is, thereher to bequeath you two thousand pounds fore, the best way to put your dish into legacy in her will, to the absolute rob- some cold water. As soon as the butter bery of me and family."

is so forward that you can take off a This last piece of news, though pleas- little butter milk, keep putting in cold ing to the apothecary's ear, he most stre- water and washing the milk out. You nuously denied having the least know. may keep your cream after it is scalded ledge of. “Well, well,” continued the three or four days before making your other, "you may go on a little longer, butter-it will not hurt it. but my father will be in town in about a fortnight's time; and then, as much as Any person who has swallowed a pin you may plume yourself on your hypo. or bone of a fish, will find almost instant crisy, the will shall be entirely altered.” relief by taking four grains of tartar

"And now," said Foote (who gene- emetic, dissolved in warm water, and

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